Notes for Richard Clough Anderson: Richard Clough Anderson was of Scottish and Welsh ancestry. He grew up in Hanover Co., VA, where he received little schooling other than that of the great outdoors. In 1766, at age 16, much against his father's will, he accepted the patronage of a rich merchant, Patrick COOTS. He shipped out on merchant vessels.
Was in Boston at the time of the Boston Tea Party. Was a super-cargo ship from Richmond, and carried the news of the tea party to his neighbor Patrick Henry.
Soon after the outbreak of the Revolution he became Captain of a Hanover Co. company. In 1776: Commissioned Captain, 5th VA Regiment, Revolutionary War. Three months after becoming captain he transferred with the same rank to the 5th Virginia Continentals. The 5th VA, Continental Line, under Col . Charles Scott, part of Gen. Adam Stephens' Brigade in the campaign of 1776 . His 1st Lt. was John Anderson.
In 1776, 25 Dec: On the night before the battle of Trenton, he crossed the Delaware River and alarmed 15 Hessian sentries, killing 1 sentry, wounding 6. He had been sent as a scout under orders from Gen. Stephens. Although the British were now aware of Colonial forces and the element of surprise was lost, they seemed to have been deceived into thinking the American forces consisted of only a few scouts. Present at the battle of Trenton . Family tradition was that he was wounded in a battle at Trenton with Maj. James Monroe (who was later President). Records show, however, that while Monroe was wounded, Anderson was wounded at the 2nd Battle of Trenton in 1777. Took part in the battle of Germantown. Took part in the battle of Brandywine. Spent the winter at Valley Forge. 1777, 2 Jan: Wounded at the 2nd Battle of Trenton, or Assumpink. Took part in the battle of Monmouth. 1778: Promoted to Major, 1st VA Regiment, Continental Line. 1779: Took part in the "misdirected" attempt to capture Savannah. In an assault, he received a sword wound through the shoulder. Despite the wound, he administered to the last wishes of General Pulaski, who was mortally wounded. The Polish soldier was so grateful he gave Richard his sword. . After withdrawal from Savannah, he was stationed at Charleston. Was captured when Charleston fell to the British and remained a prisoner for 9 months. Upon his release from the British, he joined Gen. Morgan and remained with him until Washington ordered him to report to Lafayette in Virginia.
In 1780: Lt. Col., 3rd VA Regiment. Before the end of the war, was promoted to Lt. Colonel. Served as aide to Gen. Lafayette in his campaign against Cornwall in VA. Acted as a messenger to bring Gen. "Mad Anthony" Wayne to the rescue of Lafayette, who was being hard-pressed by Cornwallis. When Cornwallis retreated, Richard was detailed to the Governor of Virginia to organize the Virginia Militia. Served as an aide to Gov. Nels at the siege of Yorktown. Became a charter member of the Society of the Cincinnati. 1783: Appointed Surveyor-General to divide the lands reserved by Virginia in the West for her Continental Troops.) Named in Adams Co., OH deed of Abraham SHEPHERD as principle surveyor of the lands set apart for the officers and soldiers of the Virginia Continental Line between the Scioto and Little Miami Rivers. Made surveyor of the VA Military Land District and established an office in Louisville the same year. Appointed Surveyor General by his fellow officers of the Society of the Cincinnati. Moved to Kentucky and settled near Louisville. He built a home which he called "Soldier's Retreat." His home became famous for its hospitality. His home "Soldier's Retreat" was situated about 10 miles east of Louisville. The residence was made of stone, the walls said to be 4 feet thick . Nothing is left of it but the foundation and that is covered with turf. The spring house and some of the out-houses were of stone, still standing (when article was written). The family burial ground is there. Settled at Soldier' s Retreat, Louisville at the close of the war in 1783.
Attended the Danville Convention and opposed efforts of Wilkinson and Sebastian to entice the people of KY to declare their independence and form an alliance with Spain. Wilkinson's correspondence with the Spanish Government recommended that they officer a $1,000 bribe to R.C. Anderson, whom he described as "a man of ordinary ability but great influence."
1788: Served in the Kentucky constitutional convention. 1788, 17 Nov: The Lexington, KY Masonic Lodge No. 25 (later No . 1) of the Grand Lodge of VA was chartered. Richard served as first master of t he Lodge, with Green CLAY and Capt. John FOWLER. Some years later a portrait of him was presented to the lodge by Alex F. Anderson of Cincinnati, OH, his great-grandson. 1792: Was an elector for state officials. 1793: Was a presidential elector. 1794: Built a schooner named the "Caroline" for carrying merchandise of the Mississippi Valley to New Orleans and across the Atlantic to foreign ports. The schooner made one voyage, being wrecked somewhere in the Caribbean upon it's return.
1817: President Monroe, Andrew Jackson, and Simon Kenton were visitors at his home.
More About Richard Clough Anderson: Military service: 1776, Lt.Col. during the Revolutionary War.
More About Richard Clough Anderson and Sarah Marshall: Marriage: 17 Sep 1797, Louisville, Jefferson, Kentucky, USA.53
More About Richard Clough Anderson and Elizabeth Clark: Marriage 1: 24 Nov 1787, Louisville, Jefferson, KY, USA.54, 55 Marriage 2: 24 Nov 178755 Marriage 3: 24 Nov 1787, Louisville, Jefferson, Kentucky, USA.55
Children of Richard Clough Anderson and Sarah Marshall are: