Luke Petty (b. August 11, 1792, d. February 23, 1865)
Luke Petty (son of William Petty and unknown) was born August 11, 1792 in Kershaw County (Craven), South Carolina, and died February 23, 1865 in Walton, Layafette County, Mississippi. He married Mary Coward on June 19, 1817 in Jones County, Georiga, daughter of Benjamin Coward and Millie.
Notes for Luke Petty: LUKE PETTEY-MARY COWARD
Luke was born August 11, 1792 in Kershaw County (Craven), South Carolina (Luke's Family Bible). His mother is unknown. At some point Luke moved with his family and neighbors to Georgia in an effort to acquire tracts from the land lotteries being held beginning in 1805. Luke is first mention as a tax defaulter in 1816 Tax Digest in Jones County Captain Wallers District along with his father William and Uncle Zachariah. We see him in the marriage lists the following year where he married Mary Coward on June 19, 1817 (Murray, 1991). Mary's sister Nelly Coward married Luke's brother George on July 10, 1817. The Cowards were neighbors of the Pettys in South Carolina (State Plats Volume 15, pg. 199), and their father was Benjamin Coward and their mother was Millie Coward (Lancaster County, South Carolina Deed Book A, 1788) (see Appendix A). Luke appears in the Georgia 1821 Land Lottery where he was a fortunate drawer (Lucas, S.E., 1986). He obtained a 202½ acre plot by paying a $19 fee for lot 226 section 3 in Monroe County. One year later Luke was forced to sell his lottery land winnings to satisfy two small executions in favor of Joel Rushin (Hartz and Hartz, 1992). Luke is in the 1830 Harris County Georgia census, and the county first opened up to settlement in 1828 (Barfield, 1991; Thomason, 1986). Along with Luke was sister Susan Petty, who was married to Hezekiah Harmon, and sister-in-law Elizabeth Coward who married William Gardner. About 1833 Susan died, probably in childbirth. Luke moved his family back to Bibb County (formerly Houston County) Georgia to be near his brother George. There he purchased land in 1833 from Millie Parks (Index to Deeds Grantees 1823-1919 Book D p. 67). He later sold that land, in 1841 to his nephew George Petty Jr. (Index to Deeds Grantors 1823-1919 Book G p. 403). Mary was a member of the Mt. Paron Primitive Baptist Church located at the county line with Bibb and Crawford Counties on the Echeconnee Creek near present day Hwy 80 in Crawford County. The Pettys must have lived close to this church, as travel was difficult. Mary was recorded as joining by letter on June 1, 1833 and was later dismissed by letter on August 3, 1844 after she moved ( Taylor Co. Tracer, 2002). Family tradition tells of the Luke and Mary Petty family moving to Mississippi, arriving in the winter of 1842 (Coffey, 1986; Wilkerson letter, 1957). Other families that moved to Mississippi about this time included the Coward, Gardner, Singletarry, and Swinney families. The original destination was the independent nation of Texas but winter overtook the family at Pontotoc County, Mississippi and they settled there and in Lafayette County. The Petteys settled on the Tallahachie River in the Rockyford District. Rockyford, Mississippi changed its name to Etta, Mississippi and was placed in Union County, Mississippi in 1870. The principle crop of the area was cotton. The cotton was transported up river to Caswell and shipped by rail to either Abbeville or Memphis. The money from the sale of cotton was used to purchase clothing, shoes, flour, sugar, salt, and coffee (Coffey, 1997). Mary is listed as a member of the Laodicea Primitive Baptist Church in Pontotoc County, Mississippi. The only record of her in the minutes is an August 1855 entry where she returned from the Missionary Baptist split to rejoin the Primitive Baptist (Patterson, no date). This was a hard time for the Petty household where Lewis had died a few months earlier and George was to die in November of 1855. Apparently Mary was seeking comfort in the Lord. Luke and Mary's sons, George and Lewis, are found in the 1850 Lafayette census. The daughters accompanied their parents to Mississippi. Cynthia Ann married Albert G Maughan and later died in childbirth in 1859. Caroline Ellen married Andrew J. Draper (Draper Letter, 2001; Census 1850, Pontotoc, MS.). Both the Maughans and Drapers moved to Pike/Hot Springs Arkansaw. Rebecca married Nate B. Hale and her sister Mary Duren married Nate's brother Elijah Hale. Sarah Jane married John Waldrop and died in 1864 after five years of marriage. Frances Ann died at the age of 12 in 1843 about a year after the family arrived in Mississippi. Luke and Mary's second son Lewis died in 1854 having only one son James William to carry on his line. The oldest son George died in 1855 without a son to carry on the family name. This left the youngest son Andrew Jackson to preserve the family name. Jack was 24 years of age when he enlisted on March 13, 1862 in the Mississippi 34th Infantry Regiment, known as the Smith Rifles (Coffey, 1986). After being wounded in the foot during the battle of Chickamauga September 18, 1863, Jack was discharged from Marshall Hospital, Columbus, Georgia July 12, 1864. A Georgia cousin Littleton Petty of Newton County, Georgia tended him and latter hid him during his stay in Georgia (Wilkerson letter, 1957). He then trekked 400 miles on his crutch from Georgia back to Pontotoc County Mississippi. Within a year he buried both parents. Jack married Harriet Jane Bonds in August 1865. The couple had sons Luther Joshua and George Luke to continue the family name in Mississippi.
More About Luke Petty: Burial: Unknown, Old Covered Wagon Cemetery, Lafayette Co. Mississippi.
More About Luke Petty and Mary Coward: Marriage: June 19, 1817, Jones County, Georiga.
Children of Luke Petty and Mary Coward are:
+Lewis Petty, b. February 02, 1822, Jones County, Georgia, d. March 15, 1855, Lafayette County, Mississippi.
+George Petty, b. January 03, 1818, Jones County, Georgia, d. Bet. November 11, 1853 - 1855, Lafayette County, Mississippi.
+Cynthia Ann Petty, b. December 12, 1820, Jones County, Georgia, d. August 22, 1859, Hot Springs county, Arkansas.