Welcome to the Pierce, Campbell, Crow, Dreiling Family Tree of H5. I am focusing specifically on H.F. Pierce, E. L. Campbell, H.M. Crow, and P. Dreiling. This is their tree.
I haven't done a lot of work on the tree this past year but I did expand the branches of my half sister's matrilineal side (ISBELL & OSHANT) and kept chipping away at a few branches. I've also posted my mtDNA results below. As of 02/13/11 the tree includes 23 generations, 363 surnames, 1,473 individuals, 469 marriages, & an average lifespan of 66 years and 9 months. Earliest birth date is 1394 for John CLERKE, my 18th great grandfather.
GENETICS: I have been investigating the deep or distant ancestry of my PIERCE male lineage via Y-chromosome testing & my mother's lineage via mtDNA testing.
To date what I have discovered about the genetic background of my patrilineal lineage (Y-DNA) is that this haplogroup originated in Central Asia (horsemen of the steppes). Northern Ossetians who live in modern Georgia in the Causcus Mountains share a very high genetic similarity. The Ossetians believe they are ancestors of the Alans who were a Scythian/Sarmatian tribe, nomadic pastoralists of the 1st millennium AD who spoke Eastern Iranian - descendents of the Androvono culture of the Central Asian Steppes. We are of the G haplogroup – G2a is the current most detailed description I have but little is currently known of this subclad. It is one of the rarest, most recent, and least well-understood additions to our species. The most intriguing part is that the G haplogroup is not found in Europe or the UK but at very low frequencies. No individuals with a G haplogroup and a Pierce / Pearce surname have currently been identified.
It will be interesting to see if it can be determined how a man of ancient Persia ended up with direct male descendants with the surname Pierce living in the UK in modern times. My current theory is that when the Alans were overrun by the Huns around 370 CE our progenitor migrated into Gaul under the service of the Romans or with another group that invaded Gaul. He could have been an invader, a mercenary or a subject. Some Alans in the service of Rome were rumored to have been directly located in Britain to guard Hadrian's Wall and are mixed up in the legends of King Arthur & his knights of the round table. However our progenitor got to the area, over the course of a thousand years this man's descendants were assimilated into the Celtic populations at large. If you'd like to read more about this follow this link: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haplogroup_G2a1_(Y-DNA)
Haplogroup J (mtDNA - or my mother's mother's lineage J1b): Around 45,000 years before present, a mutation took place in the DNA of a woman who lived in the Near East or Caucasus. Haplogroup J is associated with the spread of farming and herding in Europe during the Neolithic Era (8,000-10,000 yrs ago). The average frequency of J Haplogroup as a whole is highest in the Near East (12%) followed by Europe (11%), Caucasus (8%) and North Africa (6%).
J1b – this particular subclad is between 12,000 and 28,000 years old. A casual glance at the map for J might suggest that it originated in what is now Yemen and expanded through the Balkans and on to northwest Europe with spurs on both sides of this line. However, a look at the length of the corresponding haplotype branches suggests that the oldest populations are in the Bedouin, Iranian, and Kurdish regions, supporting the idea of a Middle East origin, but further north. J1b is found distributed in the Near East and southern Iberia, and may have been part of the original colonization wave of Neolithic settlers moving around the Mediterranean 6000 years ago or perhaps a lineage of Phoenician traders.
If you'd like to read more about this follow this link: http://www.kerchner.com/haplogroups-mtdna.htm