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Descendants of John Henry Scharnhorst

Generation No. 1

1. JOHN HENRY1 SCHARNHORST was born Abt. 1811 in Hamburg, Germany, and died June 27, 1851 in Howard County, Missouri. He married DURINDA A (LORINDA) WEAVER December 23, 1841 in St Charles County, Missouri, daughter of ELIJAH WEAVER and NANCY. She was born Abt. 1815 in Tennessee, and died Aft. 1880 in Missouri.

Notes for J
The name Scharnhorst, most likely when pronounced by the immigrant from Germany, must have been hard to understand by the 1850 census enumerator, as when he wrote it on the census list, he spelled it Chonhaust. Census takers spelled names as they heard them. The name continued to be misspelled in subsequent census reports.

Though not proven, it is likely that John Henry came to America from Hamberg, Germany through the Port of New Orleans, up the Mississippi River and to mid Missouri. Many Scharnhorst families who entered through this port are found in Lafayette County and Johnson County in the mid Missouri area, as well as the St Louis, Missouri area. Other Scharnhorst names are found in Iowa near the Mississippi River.

Minerva Jane, the oldest child of John Henry Scharnhorst was born in 1837 in Lexington, Missouri located in Lafayette County and may be his child by a previous marriage, unknown, as his marriage to Durinda was four years after Minerva's birth date.

Durinda was the daughter of Elijah and Nancy Weaver. The family is found in the St Charles, County, Missouri census in 1840. Shown are four females: one would be her mother, Nancy; one Durinda; and one her sister Elizabeth who married Alexander Carter. There is a small female child under the age of five in the household. The census indicates two males in the household, one an older man who would be Elijah and a younger man in his twenties.
Durinda and John Henry Scharnhorst were married December 23, 1841. It is pure speculation by this writer that the young man and the child under five could have been John Henry and Minerva Jane Scharnhorst who may have lived with the family prior to their marriage. Minerva would have been about four years old in 1837. Her birth year would indicate that John Henry had been married previously to Minerva's mother and that he brought Minerva to this marriage.

The 1850 Howard County, Missouri census registers Henry Chonhaust (as spelled), age 39, born in Europe, (Germany) his occupation listed as painter; his wife, Lorinda, age 36, born in Alabama (Tennessee); Manerva, age 13; George, age 8; Louis, age 5; James, age 4 and Sadie, age 1, all born in Missouri.
Living next neighbor is Elijah Weaver, age 75 and Nancy Weaver, age 70, presumed to be the parents of Durinda.
The 1860 census records for this family not found, perhaps they were missed. It is possible they were in the Leavenworth, Kansas area during this time period as Louis served in the 15th Kansas Cavalry which was organized in September of 1863 at Leavenworth. Minerva married Henry Mertel in 1852 and is found with him in the 1860 Johnson County, Missouri census.
The 1870 Clay County, Missouri, City of Liberty census registers Dora A Shornhorst, age 50 (should be 56) born in Tennessee, living in the same residence as her two sons, Louis and James, most likely rooms above a business establishment as another family is listed at this address. Sarah is found in Holt County, Missouri in the 1870 census (see entry in her bio), no record of George.
The 1870 report indicates Louis W, age 25, born in Missouri, his occupation listed as upholster, with a personal value of $300, his father of foreign birth; Louis married that year in May; his wife, Mary J, age 15, born in Missouri, married that year in May; James I, age 19, born in Missouri, his occupation listed as upholster.
The 1880 Livingston County, Missouri, City of Chillicothe census registers Lorinda Shornherst, age 57(should be 65), widow, she and her parents born in Tennessee; Louis Shornherst, age 36; and James Shornherst, age 32, both born in Missouri, their father in Germany and their mother in Tennessee. Both men list their occupation as Upholster. Mary, the wife of Louis, is not shown.
Durinda/Lorinda not found in the 1900 census. See entries for Louis and James for the 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 census reports.

The notice of death for John Henry Scharnhorst was found in the Glasgow, Missouri Times newspaper published July 3, 1851. It reads: "DIED on the 27th (June), Mr John Sharnhorst of this place, of Cholera. Mr S had just returned from California and came home laboring under strong premonitory symptoms." (Notice found by this writer in 2007 at the Missouri Historical Society Newspaper Archives).

It would seem likely that John Henry got caught up in the California gold rush. He would have left his small young family to find his fortune sometime after October 28, 1850, the date of the 1850 census. According to this notice, his adventure to California was short lived, retuning to Glasgow where he died in June 1951.

Howard County, Missouri Probate Records (Note: Names as spelled in record).
Volume 4 Page 185 Wills Book
Know all men by these presents that we Durinda A Scharnhorst as principal and Philip Baier and Philip Foust as sureties are held and firmly bound unto the State of Missouri in the penal sum of One Thousand Dollars for the payment of which well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators fully and firmly by these presents.
Sealed and dated this eleventh day of November A D, 1851.
The condition of the of this bond is that if the said Durinda Scharnhorst as administratrix of the Estate of John H Scharnhorst, deceased, shall faithfully administer said estate, account for pay, and deliver all money and property of said estate and perform all other things trusting said administration required by law or the order or decree of any court having jurisdiction, then the above bond to be void, otherwise to remain in full force.
Durinda A Scharnhorst (seal) Philip Baier (seal) Philip Foust (seal)
Filed Nov 11th 1851 A J Herman, Clerk
County of Howard
The State of Missouri to all persons to whom these presents shall come. Greeting.
Know ye that whereas John H Scharnhorst late of the County of Howard died intestate, as it is said, having at the time of his death property in this state which may be lost, destroyed, diminished in value if speedy cure be not taken of the same. Then and therefore that said property may be collected, preserved and disposed according to law, we do hereby appoint Durinda A Scharnhorst administratrix of all and singular , the goods and chattels, rights, and credits which were of the said John H Scharnhorst at the time of his death with full power and authority to secure and dispose of said property according to law, and collect all money due said deceased, and in general to do and perform all other acts and things which are or hereafter may be required of her by law.
In Testimony Where of I, Andrew J Herman, Clerk of the County Court in and for the County of Howard aforesaid, have hereunto signed my name and affixed the seal of the Court at the office this 11th day of November A D, 1851.
Recorded on the 11th of Nov 1851, therefore delivery. A J Herman, Clerk

Book 4, Page 349 Will Book
Know all men by these presents that we Dorrindia A Sharnhorst as principal, and Philip Bair and Elijah Weaver as securities are held and firmly bound unto the state of Missouri in the sum of Six hundred dollars for the use of George M, Louis W, and James, and Sada M Sharnhorst to which payment will and truly to be made. We bind ourselves, our heirs, executors and administrators firmly by these presents signed and filed this ninth day of November, A D 1853.
The condition of this obligation is such that wherein the said Dorrinda A Scharnhorst was by the County Court of Howard County at the November term 1850 thereof appointed Guardian and Curator of the said George M, Louis W, James, and Sada M Scharnhorst. Now therefore if the said Dorrinda A Sharnhorst shall well and truly and faithfully discharge the duties of said guardian and curator according to law, then this obligation shall be void. Otherwise shall remain in full force and virtue.
Dorrindia A Sharnhorst (seal) Philip Bair (seal) Elijah Weaver (seal)
Filed Nov 9, 1853 A J Herman, Clerk

Volume 6 Page 153 Probate Record Book
February 3, 1858
Ordered by the Court that Saml C Major, Pub Admin of Howard Co to take charging of the Estate of John H Sharnhorst, decd.
(Note: no further records)
Children of J
2. i.   MINERVA JANE2 SCHARNHORST, b. Abt. 1837, Lexington, Missouri; d. Aft. May 1861, Johnson County, Missouri.
3. ii.   GEORGE M SCHARNHORST, b. October 1842, Glasgow, Missouri; d. Aft. 1900, Colorado.
4. iii.   LOUIS W SCHARNHORST, b. January 1845, Glasgow, Howard County, Missouri; d. March 30, 1929, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas.
  iv.   JAMES SCHARNHORST, b. Abt. 1847, Glasgow, Missouri; d. Aft. 1910, Colorado.
The 1910 Denver County, Colorado, Denver City census registers a James Schornherst, age 62, single. born in Missouri, his father in Germany, his mother in Alabama (Tennessee), his occupation listed as laborer for general work. He is shown as a lodger in what appears to be a hotel on Fifteenth Street.
Family history records him in Canon City, Colorado in 1908 where he assisted in building two homes for his brother and family.
No further records for James found after this time.

5. v.   SARAH (SADIE) AMARANTH SCHARNHORST, b. January 16, 1850, Glasgow, Missouri; d. November 17, 1933, Chillicothe, Missouri.

Page 184 of 240

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