Notes for Reginald Scott: SCOTT Family Of Scot HALL HISTORY II
Of The Family of BALIOLLE SCOT THE SCOTT'S OF KENT, AND SCOT'S HALL:
The "Ancient and Knightly" Family of Scott resided in the County of Kent, from the early Fourteenth Century to the late Eighteenth Century. They lived in the vicinity of Smeeth, Brabourne and Chilham, were lineal descendants and representatives of the ancient, but now, in name, extinct Norman Family of Balliol, and through them of the Kings of Scotland of Malcolm's line. 3. These Scotts who claim direct lineal descent from William de Balliol le Scot, lived mostly in Scot's Hall, in Smeeth. They served their King and country over many centuries with loyalty and distinction, and contributed in large amount to the Kings and nobles of the time, and in many cases achieved high office.The Scot's Hall scrolls, 2, which consist of beautifully illustrated vellums and scrolls complete with coats of arms impaled with the arms of the families of their various spouses, are a measure of the pride of this illustrious family. They certainly were able to marry well, their many connections to the Royal families of the time, and wealthy landowners in that part of England are well recorded in the scrolls and J.R. Scott's "Memorials.." 2, 3, and are graphically displayed in the coats of arms in these documents. According to J R Scott, "There was a time when one could ride from Scot's Hall to London without leaving Scott Property". Some statement !
The following extract from "The Scotts of Scots Hall" gives some idea of the achievements and services to the State by members of this family during the Kentish era., and many of them are immortalised in the magnificent Memorials, Altar, and Stained Glass Windows of Brabourne Church. 3,16
Sir John Scotte
Sir William Scott Of Brabourne, Lord Chief Justice and Knight Marshall Of England, in the Reigns Of Edward II, and Edward III. Buried in Brabourne, 1350.
Sir William Scotof Scot's Hall, Knight Of The Shire Of Kent, and Sword-Bearer to Henry V, at Agincourt. Died: 1433.
Sir Robert Scot Lieutenant Of The Tower Of London, 1424
Sir John Scotte Of Scot's Hall, Knight Of The Shire, Comptroller Of The Household Of Edward IV. High Sheriff Of Kent, Privy Councillor, Lord Warden Of The Cinque Ports and Governor Of Dover Castle, Chamberlain To Edward, Prince Of Wales (Edward V., Murdered in the Tower), and Ambassador To The Dukes Of Burgundy and Bretagne in 1473. Died: 1485. He is depicted above in a detail from the Scot's Hall Scrolls.
Thomas Scott, (alias Rotherham), b 1423, Cardinal Archbishop of York, and Lord Chancellor Of England. d 1500
Sir William Scotte Of Scot's Hall, Lord Warden Of The Cinque Ports, High Sheriff Of Kent 1491 to 1517, and Governor Of Dover Castle, temp. Henry VIII.
Sir John Scotte Of Scott's Hall, Knight Of The King's Body Guard, Henry VIII. Sheriff Of Kent 1528
Sir John Scott, A Judge Of The Exchequer, 1530.
Sir Reginald Scott Of Scot's Hall, Captain Of Calais Castle, Temp. Henry VIII. High Sheriff Of Kent, 1541-42.
Sir Thomas Scottof Scot's Hall, Knight Of The Shire, Commander in Chief Of The Kentish Forces, at The Approach Of The Spanish Armada. Commissioner Of Dover Harbour, 1581, and the Draining Of Romney March.
Sir John Scott Of Scot's Hall and Nettlestead, Knight Of The Shire, implicated in Essex's Plot, and Confined to The Tower Of London, Temp. Queen Elizabeth.
Sir William Scott, Ambassador To Florence, Venice, and Turkey, in the Reign Of James I. Died: 1612.
Sir Edward Scott Of Scot's Hall, K.B., Knight Of The Shire, and a Member Of The Committee Of Safety for The County Of Kent, during The Troubles Of King And Parliament, 1649-50.
As well as others of distinguished note, who witnessed the decay of their family and fortune in more recent, but less troubled times, and thus, apparently paid the penalty suggested in the ancient Kentish Proverb, that :
Scot's Hall shall have a fall; Ostenhangre was built in angre (pride), Somerfield will have to yielde; And Mersham Hatch shall win the Match."
All were Large Estates in Kent, at that time.
Scot's Hall eventually fell into decay along with the decaying family fortunes, and was demolished in 1808. 3 Source: SCOTT Website.
John Scott Of Scot's Hall:
One of the owners of Scot's Hall in the days when it 'rivaled the most splendid houses in Kent' in Elizabethan times, was Sir Thomas Scott, Lawyer, Superintendent of the improvement of Dover harbour, and commissioner of the draining of Romney Marsh, and improving the breeds of horses in England. He seemed quite an affable fellow judging by the poem, probably written by his famous cousin Reginald, and depicted in the "Sir Thomas", page. 3,10. Sir Thomas had four wives and seventeen children.
In the same period, Thomas Scott's Cousin, Reginald Scot, whose "Discoverie of Witchcraft" is a famous book which gives an eye-opening exposure of the beliefs and superstitions of that time. He, with an insight far in advance of his age sought to stay the hideous persecution which, especially in rural districts, made any lonely aged person, (and many others), liable to a charge of witchcraft with but the rarest opportunity of escape from consequent barbarities. It is said that this book was used as a reference by Shakespeare. 10
At that time it was a common belief that :
"They sacrifice their owne children to the divell before baptisme, holding them up in the aire unto him, and then thrust a needle into their braines . . .They use incestuous adulterie with spirits . . . They eate the flesh and drinke the bloud of men and children openlie . . . They kill mens cattel . . . They bewitch mens corne . . . They ride and flie in the aire, bring stormes, make tempests . . . They use venerie with a divell called Incubus and have children by them, which become the best witches." 11
Many of this Reginald's contemporaries hailed his reasonable exposure of unreasonable superstition with joy, for, as one of them put it, he "dismasketh sundry egregious impostures, and in certaine principall chapters, and speciall passages hitteth the nayle on the head with a witnesse".
James the VI, of Scotland described the work as "damnable," and on becoming James I, of England, the same bigoted and pedantical Monarch ordered all copies of the "Discoverie" to be burnt. 10 In spite of this, there seems little doubt that this book was largely instrumental in changing the thinking which eventually ended wichcraft in England and Scotland. Happily it has been reprinted several times since, and is available on the Internet in paperback from www.Amazon.com.
The same Reginald (sometimes spelled Reynold), published his first book; "A Perfect Platforme of a Hoppe-Garden" in 1574, which led to the establishment of hop-harvesting in Kent. To this day, hops are still one of Kent's major agricultural products.
* The line of descent from the Scot's Hall Scotts to the Norfolk Scotts is still being researched for confirmation of the information I have assembled.
SOURCE: Wikipedia Encyclopedia. Research Of Patricia McMahan-Chambers.
PATRICIA CHAMBERSadded this on 22 Aug 2010 ==================================================================================
Nephew Reginald ScottSCOTT or SCOT, REGINALD or REYNOLD (1538?–1599), writer against the belief in witches, was son of Richard Scot, second son of Sir John Scot (d. 1533) of Scots Hall in Smeeth, Kent [see under Scott, Sir William (d. 1350)]. His mother was Mary, daughter of George Whetenall, sheriff of Kent in 1527. The father died before 1544, and his widow remarried Fulk Onslow, clerk of the parliament; dying on 8 Oct. 1582, she was buried in the church of Hatfield, Hertfordshire. Reginald or Reynold (as he signed his name in accordance with contemporary practice) was born about 1538. On 16 Dec. 1554 his uncle, Sir Reginald Scot, died and included him in the entail of his family estate in default of his own issue, but this disposition was without practical result. Next year, when about seventeen, he entered Hart Hall, Oxford, but left the university without a degree. His writings attest some knowledge of law, but he is not known to have joined any inn of court. Marrying in 1568, he seems to have spent the rest of his life in his native county. His time was mainly passed as an active country gentleman, managing property which he inherited from his kinsfolk about Smeeth and Brabourne, or directing the business affairs of his first cousin, Sir Thomas Scot, who proved a generous patron, and in whose house of Scots Hall he often stayed [see Scott, Sir William, (d. 1350), ad fin.] He was collector of subsidies for the lathe of Shepway in 1586 and 1587, and he was doubtless the Reginald Scot who acted in 1588 as a captain of untrained foot-soldiers at the county muster. He was returned to the parliament of 1588–9 as member for New Romney, and he was probably a justice of the peace. He describes himself as ‘esquire’ in the title-page of his ‘Discoverie,’ and is elsewhere designated ‘armiger.’ He witnessed the will of his cousin Sir Thomas on 27 Dec. 1594, and made his own will (drawing it with his own hand) on 15 Sept. 1599. He died at Smeeth on 9 Oct. following, and was doubtless buried in the church there. He married at Brabourne, on 11 Oct. 1568, Jane Cobbe of Cobbes Place, in the parish of Aldington. By her he had a daughter Elizabeth, who married Sackville Turnor of Tablehurt, Sussex. Subsequently Scot married a second wife, a widow named Alice Collyar, who had a daughter Mary by her former husband. His small properties about Brabourne, Aldington, and Romney Marsh he left to his widow. The last words of his will run: ‘Great is the trouble my poor wife hath had with me, and small is the comfort she hath received at my hands, whom if I had not matched withal I had not died worth one groat.’
Scot wrote two books, each in its own department of high practical value, and indicating in the author exceptional enlightenment. In 1574 he published his ‘Perfect Platform of a Hop-garden, and necessary instructions for the making and maintainance thereof, with Notes and Rules for Reformation of all Abuses.’ The work, which is dedicated to Serjeant William Lovelace of Bethersden, is the first practical treatise on hop culture in England; the processes are illustrated by woodcuts. Scot, according to a statement of the printer, was out of London while the work was going through the press. A second edition, ‘now newly [ ?corrected and augmented,’ appeared in 1576, and a third in 1578.
More noticeable and no less useful was Scot's ‘The Discouerie of Witchcraft, wherein the Lewde dealing of Witches and Witchmongers is notablie detected, in sixteen books … whereunto is added a Treatise upon the Nature and Substance of Spirits and Devils,’ 1584. At the end of the volume the printer gives his name as William Brome.
There are four dedications—one to Sir Roger Manwood, chief baron of the exchequer, another to Scot's cousin, Sir Thomas Scot, a third jointly to John Coldwell [q. v.], dean of Rochester (afterwards bishop of Salisbury), and William Redman [q. v.], archdeacon of Canterbury (afterwards bishop of Norwich), and a fourth ‘to the readers.’ Scott enumerates no less than 212 authors whose works in Latin he had consulted, and twenty-three authors who wrote in English. The names in the first list include many Greek and Arabic writers; among those in the second are Bale, Fox, Sir Thomas More, John Record, Barnabe Googe, Abraham Fleming, and William Lambarde. But Scot's information was not only derived from books. He had studied the superstitions respecting witchcraft in courts of law in country districts, where the prosecution of witches was unceasing, and in village life, where the belief in witchcraft flourished in an endless number of fantastic forms. With remarkable boldness and an insight that was far in advance of his age, he set himself to prove that the belief in witchcraft and magic was rejected alike by reason and religion, and that spiritualistic manifestations were wilful impostures or illusions due to mental disturbance in the observers. He wrote with the philanthropic aim of staying the cruel persecution which habitually pursued poor, aged, and simple persons, who were popularly credited with being witches. The maintenance of the superstition he laid to a large extent at the door of the Roman catholic church, and he assailed with much venom credulous writers like Jean Bodin (1530–1596), author of ‘Démonomie des Sorciers’ (Paris, 1580), and Jacobus Sprenger, joint-author of ‘Malleus Maleficarum’ (Nuremberg, 1494). Of Cornelius Agrippa (1486–1535) and John Wier (1515–1588), author of ‘De Præstigiis Demonum’ (Basle, 1566), whose liberal views he adopted, he invariably spoke with respect. Scot performed his task so thoroughly that his volume became an exhaustive encyclopædia of contemporary beliefs about witchcraft, spirits, alchemy, magic, and legerdemain. Scot only fell a victim to contemporary superstition in his references to medicine and astrology. He believed in the medicinal value of the unicorn's horn, and thought that precious stones owed their origin to the influence of the heavenly bodies.
Scot's enlightened work attracted widespread attention. It did for a time ‘make great impressions on the magistracy and clergy’ (Ady). Gabriel Harvey in his ‘Pierce's Supererogation,’ 1593 (ed. Grosart, ii. 291), wrote: ‘Scotte's discoovery of Witchcraft dismasketh sundry egregious impostures, and in certaine principall chapters, and speciall passages, hitteth the nayle on the head with a witnesse; howsoever I could have wished he had either dealt somewhat more curteously with Monsieur Bondine [i.e. Bodin], or confuted him somewhat more effectually.’ The ancient belief was not easily uprooted, and many writers came to its rescue. After George Gifford (d. 1620) [q. v.], in two works published respectively in 1587 and 1593, and William Perkins (1558–1602) [q. v.] had sought to confute Scot, James VI of Scotland repeated the attempt in his ‘Dæmonologie’ (1597), where he described the opinions of Wier and Scot as ‘damnable.’ On his accession to the English throne James went a step further, and ordered all copies of Scot's ‘Discoverie’ to be burnt (cf. Gisbert Voet, Selectarum Disputationum Theologicarum Pars Tertia, Utrecht, 1659, p. 564). John Rainolds [q. v.] in ‘Censura Librorum Apocryphorum’ (1611), Richard Bernard in ‘Guide to Grand Jurymen’ (1627), Joseph Glanvill [q. v.] in ‘Philosophical Considerations touching Witches and Witchcraft’ (1666), and Meric Casaubon in ‘Credulity and Uncredulity’ (1668) continued the attack on Scot's position, which was defended by Thomas Ady in ‘A Treatise concerning the Nature of Witches and Witchcraft’ (1656), and by John Webster in ‘The Displaying of Supposed Witchcraft’ (1677). More interesting is it to know that Shakespeare drew from his study of Scot's book hints for his picture of the witches in ‘Macbeth,’ and that Middleton in his play of the ‘Witch’ was equally indebted to the same source.
Abroad the book met with a good reception. A translation into Dutch, edited by Thomas Basson, an English stationer living at Leyden, appeared there in 1609. It was undertaken on the recommendation of the professors, and was dedicated to the university curators and the burgomaster of Leyden. A second edition, published by G. Basson, the first editor's son, was printed at Leyden in 1637.
In 1651 the book was twice reissued in London in [ ? quarto by Richard Cotes; the two issues slightly differ from each other in the imprint on title-page. Another reissue was dated 1654. A third edition in folio, dated 1665, included nine new chapters, and added a second book to ‘The Discourse on Devils and Spirits.’ In 1886 Dr. Brinsley Nicholson [q. v.] edited a good reprint of the first edition of 1584, with the additions of that of 1665.
Life of Reginald ScottSir Reginald Scott of Scotts Hall (c. 1507-1554)
ezh45added this on 29 Dec 2008
Sir Reginald Scott, of Scott's Hall, will dated 4 Sep 1554, pr. 13 Feb 1554/5, sheriff of Kent 1542; m. (1) Emelyn, daughter of Sir William Kempe of Ollantigh, Kent and Eleanor, widow of Thomas Fogge and daughter of Sir Robert Browne, and aunt of Sir Thomas Kempe and of Anne Kempe, wife of Sir Thomas Shirley; m. (2) Mary, living 1555, daughter of Sir Bryan Tuke, Knt., of Layer Marney, Essex, secretary to Cardinal Wolsey. [Magna Charta Sureties]
Note2: Sir John Scott's second son, Sir Reginald Scott (1512-1554), sheriff of Kent in 1541 and surveyor of works at Sandgate, died on 15 Dec. 1554, and was buried at Brabourne, having married, first, Emeline, daughter of Sir William Kempe; and, secondly, Mary, daughter of Sir Brian Tuke [q.v.] He had issue six sons and four daughters. [Life Sketch of Sir William Scott & Selected Descendants, www.burgoyne.com]
Note3: Sir Reginald Scott b. Scott's Hall, Brabourne, Kent, England, occupation High Sheriff of Kent 1542, m. (1) 1528, Mary Tuke, b. of Layer Marney, Essex, England, d. living 1555, only daughter and Heiress, m. (2) Emelyn Kempe. Sir died 16 Dec 1554/5, will dated 4 Sep 1554, prob. 13 Feb 1555, Capt. of Calais & Sangatte 1542.
Visitations of Kent 1663-1668 p. 145; Visitations of Essex, Vol. 1 p. 137, Vol. II p. 610; F. H. Kemp, A General History of the Kemp & Kempe Families of Great Britain & Her Colonies (1902) p. 24-5; James Renat Scott, Scotts of Scott's Hall (use with care);- researcher: James W. G. MacClamroch, of Greensboro, NC. VA Hist. Mag. Vol. II p 71; Wurts p. 970, 1751 or 1761, 1830, 1831, 1964, 2765, 968-970 Chap. 23; Hasted: History of Kent Vol. II p. 292; Burke's Commoners Vol. IV p 742; Burke's Ext. & Dorm Baron. p 32, 261, 519; Weis: Magna Charta Sureties
Nancyboyarsky73added this on 22 Nov 2009
More About Reginald Scott and Mary Tuke: Marriage: 1538, Layer Marney, Essex, England.3, 3
Children of Reginald Scott and Mary Tuke are:
+Mary Scott, b. 1546, East Sutton, Kent, England3, 3, 3, 3, 3, d. 1605, Maidstone, Kent, England3, 3, 3, 3, 3.