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View Tree for King of Scotland Donald III 'Donald bane', King of ScotlandKing of Scotland Donald III 'Donald bane', King of Scotland (b. 1033, d. 1099)

Donald III 'Donald bane', King of Scotland (son of Sybilla of Northumbria) was born 1033, and died 1099 in Rescobie, Forfarshire, Scotland.

 Includes NotesNotes for Donald III 'Donald bane', King of Scotland:
Donald III 'Donald bane' of Scotland, King of Scotland1 (M)
b. circa 1033, d. 1099, #102881
Pedigree
Last Edited=9 Dec 2002

Donald III 'Donald bane' of Scotland, King of Scotland was the son of Duncan I 'the Gracious' (?), King of Scotland and Sybilla of Northumbria. He was born circa 1033.1 He died in 1099 at Rescobie, Forfarshire, Scotland, after being blinded by his successor.1 He was buried at Isle of Iona, Scotland.1
He gained the title of Earl of Gowrie circa 1060.1 He gained the title of King Donald III of Scotland on 13 November 1093.1 He was deposed as King of Scotland in May 1094.1 He gained the title of King Donald III of Scotland on 12 November 1094.1 He was deposed as King of Scotland in October 1097.1



Child of Donald III 'Donald bane' of Scotland, King of Scotland:
Bethoc of Scotland+ b. b 1099
Citations

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 186. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

Donald III of Scotland
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Donald III of Scotland (Domnall mac Donnchada) (c. 1033 - 1099) was king of Scotland from 1093 to 1094 and 1094 to 1097.

In his native Gaelic language he was known as Domnall Bán which means Fair Donald. The minor character of Donalbain in Shakespeare's play Macbeth is loosely based on him, this name is an English phonetic spelling of the former name. He is also known as Donaldbane, Donald Ban, Donald Bane, or Donald Bain.

He was born about 1033 and became Mormaer (or Earl) of Gowrie about 1060. He was the son of Duncan I, brother of the previous king Malcolm III, and uncle of his successor Duncan II.

Donald III took the throne of Scotland in 1093 on the death of his brother Malcolm III, in a joint rule with his nephew Edmund I. No record exists that indicates that Donald was ever crowned. Malcolm's son Duncan II deposed Donald III in May 1094 with the help of English troops, who then withdrew. Donald III and Edmund then rose against Duncan, killed him, and retook the throne the following November, with Donald ruling the north of the kingdom and Edmund ruling the south. Donald III and Edmund were deposed by King Edgar in 1097, again with the help of English troops.

Donald died, imprisoned at Rescobie, Angus, in 1099. He is buried on Iona.

At some point in his life Donald married, and had a daughter, Bethóc, through this marriage. Bethóc married and had children of her own. Bethóc's husband was Ughtred of Tynedale, an Anglo-Saxon noble and lord in Northumbria. They had a daughter Hextilda, who married Richard de Comyn, a noble of Norman descent. Their descendants, the Comyns became important in Scotland, for example obtaining the earldom of Buchan by marriage, and lordship of Badenoch. However, Bethóc's descendants did not make a bid for the Scottish throne until 1290, when her descendant John Comyn of Badenoch, heir of William Comyn, son of Hextilda, was one of claimants to the Scottish throne after the death of Margaret of Norway. See Competitors of Scotland.


Donald Bane and Macbeth

Macbeth was born circa 1005 and died (killed in battle) on August 15,1057. Macbeth was actually a competent monarch who suffered badly at the hands of William Shakespeare. Although he had a sound claim to the throne of Scotland he had to deal with many who would take his place, including Crinan and Duncan's sons Malcolm and Donald Bane.

Donald Bane, also spelled Donaldbane, or Donalbane, Bane also spelled Ban or Bain was born circa 1033 and died sometime shortly after 1097. He was king of Scotland from November 1093 to May 1094 and from November 1094 to October 1097.

Upon the death of his brother Malcolm III Cænmore in 1093 there was a fierce contest for the crown. Donald Bane besieged Edinburgh Castle, took it, and, with the support of the Celtic Scots and the custom of tanistry (the Celtic system of electing kings or chiefs; whereby the successor of a king was elected during his lifetime from the eldest and worthiest of his kin, often a brother or cousin in preference to a descendant), he was king nominally for at least six months. He was expelled by Duncan II, son of Malcolm, assisted by English and Normans and some Saxons. Duncan’s reign was equally short, for Donald Bane had his nephew slain and again reigned for three years.

These years saw the last attempt of the Celts to maintain a king of their race and a kingdom governed according to their customs. Edgar the Aetheling, who had newly befriended William Rufus, the Norman King of England, led an army into Scotland, dispossessed Donald Bane, and advanced his nephew Edgar, son of Malcolm III, as sole king of the Scots.

It is fitting that Donald Bane was interred, as was Macbeth, at the Isle of Iona, with the ancient Celtic Kings of Dalriada, Alba and Scotland around him. He was the last Scottish King to be buried there.




Children of Donald III 'Donald bane', King of Scotland are:
  1. +of Scotland Bethoc, b. 1099.
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