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Descendants of Quirinus Dieter

8. Paul7 Dieter (Johann George6, Hans Johann Michael5, Wolfgang4, Michael3, Michael2, Quirinus1) was born Abt. 1732 in Rowan County (now Davidson County), North Carolina, and died 1784 in Rockingham, Pendelton County, West Virginia. He married Rebecca Henkle Abt. 1760 in Rowan County (now Davidson County), North Carolina, daughter of Johann Henckel and Maria Eschmann. She was born October 05, 1736 in Upper Milford Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and died Aft. 1797 in Cahokia, St. Clair County, Illinois.

Notes for Paul Dieter:
In 1797, Paul and Rebecca went to Cahokia Il, with their son, Abraham and his wife, Mary Kittle, their daughter Hanna Teter, and her husband Peter Mitchell who later married Mary Kittle Teter after Abraham and Hannah Teter's deaths.
1777 American Revolution, Virginia Militia
1. Biography by Professor Joseph M. Kellogg

Paul Teter was born about 1730, probably in Pennsylvania. He lived as a young man for some years in Rowan County, North Carolina, but removed from there about 1760 with the other Teters and Henkels to Augusta County Virginia. The first mention of Paul Teter on the records of Augusta County appears to be on August 19, 1766, when he and his brother George proved by their oaths in court the will of one Felten (or Valentine) Koil (later Kyle). They had been witnesses to the will which was dated October 11, 1765. It seems likely that the Goil (Kyle) family were relatives or close friends of the Teters (the two families continued to be associated in later years). An abstract of the will is as follows:

I, Felty Goil, "under a lingering state of health," commends his soul to God, his body to be buried, etc.
To loving wife Margaret fifty pounds, one milch cow, and half the produce of the land, whilst she lives.
To eldest son Gabriel, one black horse rising five years old by me how delivered into his custody and possession, over and above his equal part of the estate after dividing the moveable part thereof.
To son Jacob, one equal child's part of all moveables.
To son George, one equal child's part of all moveables.
To son Martin, all the freehold land that I claim by right, in quantity 130 acres, providing he pay his sisters Barbary and Elizabeth fifteen pounds each, on his entry into possession of the same, with one black horse and one set of plough irons. He to give to his mother and sisters the privilege of living peaceably on sd. land, to wit his mother as long as she lives with the half product of sd. land for her maintenance whilst she lives, and his sisters to reside till they are married or otherwise provided for, and if he prove disobedient or by turbulent means offers to deprive them of peaceable enjoyment is to lose all right of possession, and the land is to devolve to his mother and after her decease to Barbary and Elizabeth. He is likewise to have two milch cows.
To daughter Barbary, 2 milch cows and one mare colt.
To daughter Elizabeth, 2 milch cows and one mare colt.
This I allow my daughters over and above a child's part.

Appoints George Hammer and son George Goil as Executors, and empowers them to dispose of the estate in the above mentioned manner.
Dated October 11, 1765.
Signed Felten Koil
George Teter
Paul Teter
George Wooldridge

The will of "Valentine Goile, deceased" proved August 19, 1766, by the oaths of George and Paul Teter.
The bond of George Coil and George Hammer as Executors is also dated August 19, 1766. Sureties were Henry Stone and Sebastian Hoover. (Augusta County Will Book 3. page 452).
Tracings of signatures from the original will. [omitted]
As can be seen Paul Teter signed his name in German script as "Paullus Dieder".

The appraisement of the estate - "The prass. of Valentine Giles desesed Estate" - was dated Sept. 9, 1766. It was made by Jonas Friend, George Dice and Michael Mallow. Returned and recorded on May 22, 1767. The total was the comparatively large sum of 186-14-3. Among the items were: to George Teter's acct. 3-0-0; to acct. of Moses Elsworth 15-12-0; of Youst Henkel 18-0-0. The numerous personal accounts suggest that Valentine Koil was a sort of merchant or storekeeper. The settlement of the estate was recorded on August 19, 1767. After a long list of payments to various people, including Gabriel and Martin Coyle, there was a balance of 149-9-1 left for the heirs, (Augusta County Will Book 4, pages 14 and 35).

On September 10, 1767, Paul Teter was granted a patent for 40 acres of land on the North Fork at the mouth of Seneca creek. (Virginia land books #37, page 122, in Land office at Richmond). On October 29, 1767, he had surveyed for himself another 53 acres below the mouth of Seneca. (Augusta County Survey Book 2, page 124). Survey plot follows. [plot not available].

Patent for this tract was granted him on March 1, 1773 (Virginia Land book No. 41, page 269).

On October 28, 1773, he also had surveyed another 43 acre tract on the north side of the North Fork, beginning at his own old corner etc.
[tracing of survey omitted]

(Survey Book 2, page 235)
Patent for this granted him on July 17, 1783.

On March 17, 1768, Paul Teter made oath in the Augusta Court that he had attended for 5 days as a witness for "Jesse Hancle" in the latter's suit for slander against Alexander Painter. For this service it was ordered by the Court that he be paid 125 pounds of tobaccos, (the common currency of the time). From Augusta County Court Order book No. 11, page 518.

On April 19, 1773, when a new road was ordered to be made from Tygart's valley to the Mouth of Seneca, Paul Teter was appointed overseer of the work on the road from the top of the Allegheny mountains to the mouth of "Sinecar". (same Order Book 15, page 457)
On January 18, 1775 his name appears in a list of those who made claims which appear to have been a result of the Dumore War in 1774 (Morton's History of Pendleton County, page 392; also the Augusta County Order Book No. 16, page 42)

On August 20, 1777, in a list of Tithables taken in the various companies of militia, "Captain Paul Teter's company" is mentioned (Augusta County Order book #16, page 222). Evidently, therefore, Paul Teter was a Captain in the Revolutionary War. (Virginia Militia in Revolutionary War. - J. T. McAllister, page 184).

Paul Teter's name also appears among those in Rockingham County who preferred claims for furnishing supplies to the army during the Revolutionary war. At a Court on Sept. 28, 1782, the claim of Paul Teter, of date August 8, 1778 for "24 Diets" (for soldiers) at 6 pence each was allowed; also the later claim dated August 3, 1782, for "Pasturage for 36 head of horses 1 night at 3 pence each". (Rockingham County Order Book 1, page 183). At the court on October 29, 1782, two further claims of his were also allowed: that dated June 5, 1782, for 15 horses and pasture, 1 night at 6 pence each; and that dated July 29, 1782, for 36 head of horses at 6 pence each in pasture. (Same, Book l, page 198). (also see Morton, pages 393, 394).

In the Personal Tax lists for Rockingham County in 1782 he is noted as having 11 horses and 16 head of cattle (a rather large amount for that period).

He appears again in the list for 1784 with 13 horses and 16 cattle. (These Personal Tax lists, which will often be referred to in these notes are a long series of Manuscript volumes in the Virginia State Library at Richmond, covering all the counties of the state from about 1782 to 1850. They form, of course, immensely valuable source material for the study of history and genealogy). In the "Property Books" (which show the list of those taxed for land, as distinct from the Personal tax lists), Paul Teter appears on the list for Rockingham County in 1782, as having 96 acres of land, of an assessed value of 25 pounds. (Although this is about 10 acres less than the amount of land owned by his brother Philip Teter, the value of Paul's land is over three times that of Philip's, showing of course either more fertile land or the presence of more or better improvements on it.)

Paul Teter died some time in the year 1784, after the date of taking the property tax (usually done early in the year) since his name appears on that list, but before the taking of the second Personal tax list for that year (published in the volume for Virginia in the series of the 1st U. S. Census), where his name does not appear but instead his widow Rebecca is given as head of the family.

On November 22, 1784, "the last will and testament of Paul Teeter was presented into Court and proved by the oaths of Joseph Cheverunt and Jacob Root, whereupon Moses Elsworth and Geo. Teeter Senr., the executors therein named, having complied with the law, certificate is granted to them to obtain probate in due form." (Rockingham County Minute Book 1, page 369). On the same date it was ordered "that Yost Henkle, Robert Minnis, Jacob Carr and Isaac, or any three of the them being first sworn do appraise the estate of Paul Teeter deceased and make a return to the next Court." (same. The name of Henkle is probably what is omitted after "Isaac" above). The actual will books and the files were long ago destroyed by fire in Rockingham County, so the original will or a copy, cannot now be seen.

Paul Teter married about 1760, probably in North Carolina before the removal to Virginia, Rebecca Henkel. She was born October 5, 1736, and was the daughter of Justus Henkel Sr. and his wife Magdalena Eschmann. After the death of her husband, Rebecca Teter appears as the head of the family on the tax records, since their eldest son George was married and living separately and the other children were still rather young at the death of their father. In the so-called "Census" of 1784, Rebecca Teter appears as having 7 white souls in the family, 1 dwelling and 2 other buildings, (son George appears separately). She appears on the Personal tax lists for the years 1785-89, and on the Land tax lists for 1787 and 1788. In the latter she is 2 tracts of land one of 40 acres and the other of 43 acres. In the personal list for 1785 she has no male children of age over 16 yrs. but under 21 yrs. (she has 2 horses and 4 cattle); but in 1787 she has 1 son of such an age in her family (in addition to son George, who appears for himself separately).

In September, 1794, "widow Teter" is mentioned in a letter from Moses Henkel in regard to her son Abraham's survey. (Augusta County Records, Chalkley Vol. 1, page 483). On June 5, 1792, Rebecca Teter was granted 62 acres of land in Randolph County on the Dry Fork of the Cheat river. (Land office records, Book #26, page 581). (Her son George Teter had also obtained land in that neighborhood both before this time and again afterward).

On March 6, 1797, Rebecca Teter, "relict of Paul Teter", together with Abraham Teter, "land heir of sd. Paul Teter decd" and his wife Mary, made a deed, for a consideration of 400 pounds, to Isaac Henkle, of, apparently, all the land which had been granted to Paul Teeter at various times in the vicinity of the Mouth of Seneca. This now consisted of 4 tracts as follows: (1) 42 acres granted to Paul Teter decd. by patent dated September 10, 1767; (2) 53 acres adjoining the above granted to Paul Teter decd by patent dated March 1, 1773; (3) 43 acres also adjoining the above first tract granted to him by patent of July 17, 1783; (4) 130 acres granted to Abraham Teter himself by patent of July 22, 1794. Abraham Teter signed the deed actually, the two women made their marks. The deed was acknowledged in court and recorded the same date, March 6, 1797. (Pendleton County Deed book 2, page 319)

Then on March 29, 1797, Rebecca Teter, "relict of Paul Teter Decd. of Pendleton County" appointed Robert Green of Randolph County her attorney to make a deed for that land of 62 acres in Randolph County on the Dry Fork of Cheat which had been patented to her on June 5, 1792, he to make the deed to Daniel Ketterman of Hardy County. Rebecca made her mark. Witnesses were George Ketterman, Frederick Hedrick and Joseph Teter. Recorded March 6, 1798. (Pendleton County Deed Book #3 page 98).

Thus all the land belonging to Rebecca and her son Abraham was disposed of. This was just prior to Abraham's removal to Illinois. It would seem that the mother Rebecca went with him. There seems to be no mention of either of them in Pendleton County after this date. We know that the two daughters, Mrs. Barbara Shook and Mrs. Hannah Mitchell also accompanied Abraham in his removal to the west, and probably the whole family made a wholesale removal with the exception of George who had already gone to Randolph County) as so many of the Pendleton County families were doing at that time. The date of Rebecca Henkel Teters death is not known. Probably it was during the epidemic of 1797, at New Design, Illinois.

More About Paul Dieter and Rebecca Henkle:
Marriage: Abt. 1760, Rowan County (now Davidson County), North Carolina
Children of Paul Dieter and Rebecca Henkle are:
  i.   GEORGE8 TETER, b. 1762; d. Unknown.
16. ii.   ABRAHAM TETER, b. January 1768, Pendelton, West Virginia; d. May 03, 1815, St. Clair, Illinois.
  iii.   MARY TETER, b. Bet. 1768 - 1769; d. Unknown.
  iv.   HANNAH TETER, b. 1773; d. Unknown.
  v.   BARBARA TETER, b. Abt. 1775; d. Unknown.
  vi.   JOHN TETER, b. Abt. 1778; d. Unknown.
  vii.   SARAH TETER, b. Abt. 1780; d. Unknown.
  viii.   SOLOMON TETER, b. Abt. 1783; d. Unknown.
  ix.   REBECCA TETER, b. Abt. 1786; d. Unknown.

9. Maria Barbara7 Teter (Johann George6 Dieter, Hans Johann Michael5, Wolfgang4, Michael3, Michael2, Quirinus1) was born May 1734 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and died February 08, 1814 in Pendelton County, West Virginia. She married Jacob Henkle August 01, 1753 in Rowan County (now Davidson County), North Carolina, son of Johann Henckel and Maria Eschmann. He was born March 14, 1733 in Macongie Creek, Upper Milford, Bucks County (now Lehigh County), Pennsylvania, and died February 14, 1779 in Hampshire County, West Virginia.

Notes for Maria Barbara Teter:
May have died Feb. 7, 1814. Source for second family is Eva Winfield, P.40. From Rev. Paul Henkel's diary, dated "Friday, Aug. 20, 1813. Visited our old Mother who seems to be near her end."
1. Biography by Professor Joseph M. Kellogg

Barbara Teter was born in 1734. She married, in Rowan County, North Carolina, Jacob Henkel eldest son of Justus Henkel Sr. The date of the marriage was probably about 1753-54, since the Rev. Paul Henkel, their eldest child, was born in Rowan County, December 15, 1754. As told in preceding notes, Jacob Henkel was living then in the neighborhood called Dutchmans Creek, in the Forks of the Yadkin river; but in 1760 he removed with his family and went back up north. Rev. Paul Henkel in his diary tells of the wanderings of the family. They went from North Carolina first to Loudoun County Virginia, and then, after a short stay there, on across to the other side of the Potomac River in Maryland, where they lived until the beginning of the following summer (1761) when they went to Hampshire County, Virginia During the winter of 1760-61, Jacob Henkle had built a house for one of his neighbors. He worked with his hatchet during the day, and made shoes at night. "In this way he managed to bring his household through with much difficulty". He had suffered great losses through the migration from North Carolina. After living in Hampshire county for almost a year, until the spring of 1762, on account of Indian outbreaks the family had to seek refuge in a fort, where they remained three years (1762-65). While living in the fort one of Jacob's children, Hannah, was killed in an Indian attack. "It was a most confining life, a regular prison," said Rev. Paul. During this stay in the fort they "were acknowledged as sons of the communionists (Episcopalians) and learned the catechism of that church". This fort where the Henkels stayed so long was probably one of these on the South branch of the Potomac, possibly Fort Peterson on site of the present town of Petersburg, county seat of Grant county.

After it was safe to leave the fort Jacob Henkel and his family lived on a farm on Mill creek there in what is now Grant county. He had lands granted to him, or leased, by Lord Fairfax, on August 3, 1773, "on the east side of the South Branch of the Potomac," 130 acres as is shown by a later deed on the Hardy County records from Benjamin Hinkle and wife Mary of Shenandoah County to Henry Landes. The land had been leased during the lives of Jacob Henkle, Benjamin Henkle and Isaac Henkle, sons of said Jacob Henkle. This deed was dated August 22, 1789 (Hardy County Deed book 1, page 337).

There came to be quite a settlement of related families in that section, along the North and South Mill creeks. Rev. Paul Henkel says that about 1768 Pastor Johannes Schworback (who was the regular minister at Hebron Lutheran church) came there and established a Lutheran church.

There Jacob Henkel died in the spring of 1779, (The inventory of his estate was dated May 26, 1779), and was buried in the church yard, since Rev. Paul Henkel in his diary under date of July 8, 1807, after telling of riding through Brock's Gap to Hardy County says "here I preach in the church in which I was brought up and my father of blessed memory lies buried." It is said that his widow Barbara, a number of years later, married again, Peter Schall. She died February 7, 1814. (Barbara Henkel appeared on the Personal Tax lists for Hampshire County in 1782-84). A portrait of Barbara Teter Henkel is published in "the Henkel Memorial" as frontispiece opposite page 83. It is reproduced from an old drawing in pastel, predominantly blue in color, now in the possession of Dr. C. O. Miller of New Market, Virginia (see photograph) [not available].

Rev. Paul Henkel in his diaries several times speaks of his mother. On August 29, 1805, "my old mother made the trip across the mountains all alone" to visit him. On horseback of course it must have been. On Sept. 10th he rode back with her across the mountains. (This in itself shows what a strong and characterful person this old lady of over 70 years must have been.)

On Friday, July 10, 1807, "I ride over the mountain to Isaac Herman [Harman?] where I find my old mother still alive, and in good health." The next day he tells of a fine and profitable conversation he had with her his sister Christina Harman. On Friday, August 20, 1813, he visited "our old mother who now seems to be near her end." On March 1, 1814 he writes: "In the evening my son Solomon brought a letter from my brother Moses informing me that my old mother had died on the seventh of the previous month in her eightieth year. She had fallen asleep in the Lord." This was while Rev. Paul was in North Carolina.

Of his father Rev. Paul says that he had books which he diligently read, contemplated and spoke much about. Rev. Paul also borrowed books of his uncle Paul Dieter. (He says that three of his mother's brothers: George, Paul and Philip Dieter lived near by).
Title: Teter Descendants of Hans Jorg and Maria Dieter
Author: Eva A. Winfield
Publication: Gateway Press, Baltimore, Maryland, 1992
Note: Teter Descendants of Hans Jorg and Maria Dieter
Note: Wisconsin State Historical Library
Call Number: CALN 929.273 T291we
Media: Book
Page: Page 40
Title: Hager Family Genealogy
Author: Joel Hager
Publication: RootsWeb
Note: Virginia Family Research
Joel Hager's Southern West Virginia Research
Call Number:
Media: Electronic

More About Maria Barbara Teter:
Alias: Barbara Maria Dieter
Burial: February 1814, Lutheran Cemetery, Mill Creek, Hardy County, West Virginia

Notes for Jacob Henkle:
Jacob HENKEL was born on 14 Mar 1733 in Pennsylvania. He died on 14 Feb 1779 in West Virginia. Jacob Henkle (14 Mar. 1733-14 Feb. 1779) the second child but first son of Jost Henkel, married about 1753 in Rowan (now Davidson) Co. NC Barbara Teter (Dieter) (? May 1734-7 Feb. 1814) and were the parents of ten children. Jacob accompanied his parents to the settlement on Dutchman's Creek (then Rowan Co. NC) in 1750 and likely married Barbara here as their first child, Reverend Paul Henkel, was born in that locality in 1754 and is not clear if Jacob and his family went in 1760 to Va. with his father. There is a deed recorded in Salisbury, NC for "Jacob Hincle (Henkle) Planter Grantee, Earl of Granville, Grantor, Book for year 1753-1754 (date of deed 1755) for land in Parish of St. Luke, Co. of Rowan, .... at forks on the Yadkin...656 acres..." In EARLY SETTLERS OF ROWAN CO. NC by Eugene N. Bean, he records Jacob Henkle as a settler
of 1753. Jacob's son, the Reverend Paul, in his autobiography stated the first winter at the Fort his father worked as a carpenter during the day and at the shoemaker's trade of evenings, providing for his family.

He was married to Mary Barbara TEETER (daughter of George TEETER
Sr.) about 1753 in Rowan Co. [Davidson], NC.
Mary Barbara TEETER
was born in May 1734. She died on 8 Feb 1814.

Jacob Henckel
GIVN: Jacob
SURN: Henckel
Sex: M
Born: 14 MAR 1733 in Upper Milford Twp., Bucks (Now Lehigh) Co. PA12
Died: 14 FEB 1779 in Hampshire Co. VA (Now WV)2
PROP: 656 acres MAR 1755 in Rowan (Now Davidson) Co. NC

"Jacob Hincle Planter Grantee, Earl of Granville, Grantor book for year
1753-1754. Land in Parish of St. Luke, County of Rowan,beginning at
white oak on Squire Been's land in the forks of the Yadkin six hundred
and fifty six acres."


Father: Johan Justus Henckel, b. 10 FEB 1706 in Daudenzell, Baden, Germany
Mother: Maria Magdalena Eschmann, b. BET 1710 AND 1712 in Berks Co. PA

Family 1 Maria Barbara Dieter, b. BET 1731 AND 1733

Married: BET 1750 AND 1754 in Rowan (Now Davidson) Co. NC2

1.Paul Henkle, b. 13 DEC 1754 in Forks of Yadkin River, NC
2.Moses Henkle, b. 18 SEP 1757 in NC
3.Elizabeth Henkle, b. ABT 1759 in NC
4.Hannah Henkle, b. BET 1759 AND 1763
5.Christina Henckel, b. ABT 1763
6.Benjamin Henkle, b. ABT 1765
7.Isaac Henkle, b. ABT 1767
8.Joseph Henkle, b. ABT 1770 in nr Upper Tract, Pendleton Co., now WV
9.John Henkle, b. 21 MAY 1774 in Upper Tract, Pendleton Co., now WV
10.Jacob Henkle, b. ABT 1776 in Upper Tract, Pendleton Co., now WV


1.Title: Henckel/Hinkle Family:
Author: Moran, Faye Jarvis
Publication: web site
2.Title: Moist, Kenneth. The Henckel-Teter (Dieter) Connection. Morgantown,PA:
Masthof Press, 1996. Available from the author at R.R. 3, Box92, Newport, PA

Page: p.45
3.Title: Moist, Kenneth. The Henckel-Teter (Dieter) Connection. Morgantown,PA:
Masthof Press, 1996. Available from the author at R.R. 3, Box92, Newport, PA

Page: p.46. Cited from Grantor book for year 1753-1754, Earl of Granville,Parish
of St. Luke, NC.


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Jacob Henkel, son of Justius Sr. came to what is now Pendleton County, WV, then Hampshire, later Hardy, from Rowan County, NC. via Loudoun County VA, near 1760. His father, Justus, Sr. was the first of the Henkel name in Pendleton County and was the man who built or had built what was known as the "Henkel Fort"--was its owner.
Title: The Henckel Genealogy, 1500-1960
Author: William Sumner Junkin and Minnie Wyatt Junkin
Publication: Rev. Anthony Jacob Henckel Family National Association, 1964
Note: Ancestry and Descendants of Anthony Jacob Henckel, 1668-1728, pioneer Evangelical Lutheran minister, emigrant from the German Palatinate to America in 1717. 1447 Pages.
Note: Concordia Seminary, Saint Louis, Missouri
Call Number: CS 71 H4954 1964
Media: Book
Page: Page 192
Title: The Henckel Genealogy, 1500-1960
Author: William Sumner Junkin and Minnie Wyatt Junkin
Publication: Rev. Anthony Jacob Henckel Family National Association, 1964
Note: Ancestry and Descendants of Anthony Jacob Henckel, 1668-1728, pioneer Evangelical Lutheran minister, emigrant from the German Palatinate to America in 1717. 1447 Pages.
Note: Concordia Seminary, Saint Louis, Missouri
Call Number: CS 71 H4954 1964
Media: Book
Page: Page 193
Title: The Teter Family
Author: Joseph Mitchell Kellog
Publication: Unpublished, Circa 1941
Call Number:
Media: Book
Title: Hager Family Genealogy
Author: Joel Hager
Publication: RootsWeb
Note: Virginia Family Research
Joel Hager's Southern West Virginia Research
Call Number:
Media: Electronic

More About Jacob Henkle:
Burial: Unknown, Lutheran Cemetery, Mill Creek, Hardy County, Virginia

More About Jacob Henkle and Maria Teter:
Marriage: August 01, 1753, Rowan County (now Davidson County), North Carolina
Children of Maria Teter and Jacob Henkle are:
  i.   PAUL8 HENKLE, b. December 15, 1754; d. Unknown; m. ELIZABETH NEGLEY, November 20, 1776, New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia; b. September 20, 1757, New Jersey; d. Unknown.
  Notes for PAUL HENKLE:
ID: I27063
Name: Paul Henckel
Sex: M
ALIA: Paul /Henkel/
Title: Reverend
Birth: 15 DEC 1754 in Dutchman's Creek, Rowan County, North Carolina 1
Death: 17 NOV 1825 in New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia 1
Burial: Emmanuel Lutheran Church, New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia 1
Occupation: Lutheran Minister
Event: 1820 US Census 1820 Paul Henckel Household, New Market Township, Shenandoah County, Virginia 2
ORDN: 6 JUN 1792 Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
1. REVEREND PAUL HENKEL, from The Eller Chronicles, Volume 8, February 1, 1994
Paul Henckel, son of Jacob and Barbara Teter Henckel, born 15 Dec 1754, Dutchman's Creek, Rowan [now Davidson] County, North Carolina; died 17 Nov 1825, buried, New Market, Virginia; married 20 Nov 1776, Elizabeth Negley. This grandson of John Justus Henckel, a nephew of Catherine Henckel Biffle, and first cousin of Mary Biffle Eller, became a most prominent Lutheran minister in the southeast during a remarkable ministry that spanned forty years (1785 -1825). He was the father of nine children and the progenitor of a long line of Lutheran ministers.

Paul Henkle wrote almost daily in his diary in German throughout his busy and productive life. The diary remains today a primary source for Henkle family history (I have not yet seen a copy - apparently parts of it have yet to be translated). Because a very busy Paul Henckel took time to write in his journal each day, the Henckel family and descendants know more family history than most American families.

Paul Henckel received a remarkably fine education for a person of that day. During his early years he was taught in the German language, first by Cathrine Alein and second by a doctor of medicine, Dr. William Geiniz. In 1764 an English school was established in the area and his teacher, William Robinson, who had studied at Oxford University, taught him English. In 1776 he enrolled as a theological student of Reverend Krugh, Lutheran minister, of Frederick, Maryland. By the time he completed his studies he was able to speak, read, and write in Latin, German and English.

After serving in the Revolutionary War, Paul Henkle's first and only attempt at farming ended when a flood destroyed a dam intended to provide water power for a grist mill. He began preaching in 1781 but was examined by the Lutheran Diocese of Pennsylvania in 1783 and ordained June 6, 1792,"

The quiet and peaceful life of a village pastor did not appeal to Paul Henckel. He chose to be an itinerant Lutheran minister and travel and preach among the frontier settlements. He traveled constantly to carry the Lutheran message to the people in the most remote cabins on the frontiers of North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia (then including West Virginia), Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio and probably Indiana. He preached almost daily in either German or English in barns, cabins, or under the trees to all who would listen.

The Paul Henkle family moved a dozen times before settling in 1818 for the last time in New Market, Virginia where he had lived once before and where he and his sons had achieved ever lasting fame as founders of the Henckel Press. Perhaps it is not stretching to say that few men had as great an impact on the German settlers in western North Carolina, western Virginia and East Tennessee. He was the founder of the Lutheran Diocese of North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, and the Henckel Press. He was a poet, a composer and publisher and his descendants continued to have a profound impact on the course of Lutheranism in the southeastern United States.

Because of his constant travels along the Appalachian frontier, Paul Henckel knew better than most men the nature and concerns of the German settlers. Well-educated for his day, he recognized the great need for better educational materials for use in both church and school. He began to contemplate how such educational aids might be improved and provided. He is said to have engaged in long discussions with his son, Solomon, about the matter and with the help and support of his sons, a Press was purchased and placed in operation. Solomon gave financial assistance to the enterprise and eventfully became the owner while his son, Ambrose, served as the principal printer and editor. Paul continued his ministry and wrote much of the material published by the press, especially religious hymns of which he composed hundreds, in both German and English. The Henkle Press in New Market, Virginia dates from 1806.

The impact of the Henkle Press throughout the southeast should not be underestimated. The wide influence of the diverse and extensive publications of the Press extended over a broad area embracing several states. A letter from one of the employees in 1812 says, "We have printed and finished (the following) books and pamphlets: 1500 English Catechisms, 2500 A.B.C. Books, 100 Free-Mason Sermons... about 1500 Honig Tropfen, 200 Communion Hymns, 150 copies of the Address of the Governor to the Assembly, a large number of orders for books to be printed in New York, blanks and many notices... we are printing an edition of 2500 Hymn Books."

An uneducated Paul Henckel would have resisted any notion that English should be used in their churches or schools. The Germans clung to their beloved native language with great tenacity and stubbornness. This attitude did not derive from a nationalistic ambition to establish a bit of the fatherland in America. Rather, these conservative Germans were convinced that the most profound religious teachings could provoke their deepest feelings and convictions only when expressed in the German language. They also understood that the preservation of their German heritage depended upon the retention of their native language.

Paul Henkle, although a full German but an educated one, apparently came to recognize that the political and social climate of the time required Germans to learn and use the English language if they were to realize their full potential as citizens in a democratic society dominated by English-speaking people. He supported bilingualism for the Germans throughout his life. Such views were not universally welcomed, and he no doubt had some critics. But his introduction of printed bilingual information from the Henckel Press unleased a powerful force for change. For example, his ABC books were printed in the German language on one page and the English translation on the following page.

As a need for publications in both German and English languages became apparent, the Henkle Press responded. Paul Henckel wrote in 1811 of his plans to publish books including a book of Hymns and various schoolbooks in both English and German languages. In 1816 his English Hymnbook, with 347 hymns, of which 292 were his own composition, came from the press. After his death in 1825, the second edition, published in 1838, contained 292 of his hymns. The Henckel press continued to operate well into the next century and evidence of its existence are still to be found in New Market, Virginia

Rev. Paul Henckel was a remarkably enlightened man for his day.

2. The Autobiography and Chronological Life of Reverend Paul Henckel, 1754 - 1825. edited by Ken Hinkle

This book provides a fascinating account from diaries of the life of the Lutheran minister Paul Hinkle and his wife as they traveled by horse and buggy on missionary trips through the mid-Atlantic states in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Their travels took them on many trips to North Carolina and to Pendleton County, Virginia (West Virginia). They lived at short intervals in Sheperdstown and Point Pleasant, West Virginia. The diaries were translated from German to English by the late Reverend William J. Finck in the 1930s.

Reverend Henckel was born in Rowan County, North Carolina but moved with his parents (Jacob & Barbara Hinkle) to what is now Pendleton and Grant Counties, West Virginia where he spent much of his boyhood and went to school. The diaries tell of Paul and his brother Moses going to a school close to or in the fort where his grandfather John Justus Henkle lived. The fort is known as Hinkle's Fort and was located in Germany Valley near present Riverton in Pendleton County. An Indian attack is mentioned that probably occurred in the county near the North Fork River.

Paul preached numerous times in churches and homes in Pendleton County and was even a resident for a few years. His brother Moses Henckel was one of the officers that formed Pendleton County and is listed on the monument at Ruddle that commemorates the formation of the county. Paul's sister Christina married Isaac Herman (Harman) and lived in Germany Valley. Paul's mother, the former Barbara Dieter (Teter), lived for many years in the county. Local names mentioned in the diaries besides Harman, Hinkle and Teter include Arbogast, Bennett, Herber (Harper), Mallo (Mallow), Propst and Trambauer (Trumbo).

The diaries chronicle the many places Paul Henckel journeyed to and lived, the people he knew and lodged with, the ministry he performed, the places where he preached and the many hardships he and his wife endured in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. A wealth of genealogical records includes scores of marriages, funerals and baptisms performed by Reverend Henckel in Shenandoah, Page, and Rockingham Counties, Virginia and adjoining states. Paul lived much of his life at New Market, Virginia where he and his wife are buried at Emmanuel Lutheran Church.

Two of Paul Henckel's sons, Solomon and Ambrose, established the Henckel Press at New Market, Virginia in 1806.

3. Biography from Virtual American Biographies

HENKEL, Paul, clergyman, born in Rowan county, North Carolina, 15 December, 1754; died in New Market, Virginia, 17 November, 1825. His ancestor, Gerhardt, a court-preacher in Germany, and one of the earliest Lutheran ministers who came to America, settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania, about 1740. Nearly all the male descendants have been Lutheran clergymen. Paul's father settled in North Carolina, but in 1760 the family were driven by the Catawba Indians to take refuge in western Virginia. The son grew up an expert hunter, and familiar with Indian warfare. About 1776 he listened to the preaching of Whitefield, and determined to enter the ministry. After receiving a brief classical and theological training from the Lutheran clergyman in Fredericktown, Maryland, he was licensed to preach by the synod, settled at New Market, Virginia, and was ordained in Philadelphia on 6 June, 1792. He established several churches in the vicinity of New Market and in Augusta county, Virginia, and Rowan county, North Carolina, where he labored subsequently. While in North Carolina he helped to form the synod there. In 1805 he returned to New Market, and made missionary tours through western Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. He was a fervent speaker and writer, both in English and German, and a man of earnest convictions, who roused much opposition by his insistence on the conservation of the original confessions and rites of the church. He published a work in German on "Baptism and the Lord's Supper" (1809; afterward translated into English); a German hymn-book (1810), and one in the English language (1816), in each of which were included many hymns composed by himself. He also issued a German catechism (1814), followed by one in English, and was the author of a German sataical poem entitled "Zeitvertreib." His nephew, Moses Montgomery, clergyman, born in Pendleton county, Virginia, 23 March, 1798; died in Richmond, Virginia, in 1864, became an itinerant minister of the M. E. church in Ohio in 1819, was for some time a missionary to the Wyandotte Indians, and preached in that state and in Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Alabama. He established a religious magazine, and associated himself in 1845 with Dr. McFerrin in the editorship of the "Christian Advocate " at Nashville. In 1847 he established the " Southern Ladies' Companion," which he conducted for eight years. He taught in Philadelphia and other places, and was thus engaged in Baltimore, Maryland, during the civil war, but was sent within the Confederate lines. He published, among other books, a volume of "Masonic Addresses" (1848); "The Primary Platform of Methodism " (1851); "Analysis of Church Government" (1852); "Life of Bishop Bas-coin" (1853); and "Primitive Episcopacy" (1856).

4. Biography of Reverend Paul Henkel

Rev. PAUL HENKEL was born on Dec. 15, 1754, at Dutchman's Creek, about 13 miles from Salisbury, Rowan County, North Carolina. The town has since been flooded to form a lake. Paul was the son of Jacob Henkel and Barbara Dieter (Teter) and a brother to Christina Henkel, great great grandmother of David Algie Carpenter, Sr.

Paul's family left Rowan County, North Carolina early in 1757. Soon after their arrival at Ft. Seybert, Pendleton County, Virginia(Now West Virginia), his sister was burned to death in an Indian attack upon the Fort. His family settled just to the west of the Shenandoah Mountains.

Paul spoke and wrote both English and German well. He learned the Lutheran Orthodox and Cooper's trade.

He married Elizabeth Negly on Nov. 20, 1776. They had 6 Children. They were:

1. Solomon 1777--1847
2 Phillip 1779--1833
3. Ambrose 1786--
4. David 1795--1831
5. Andrew 1790--1870
6. Charles 1798--1844

Paul preached his first sermon in 1781. He was encouraged by the Rev. John Andrew Krug of Fredrick, Md. So he resolved to devote himself to the ministry and studied Latin, Greek, and Theology under the Rev. Christian Streit at Winchester, Virginia. He was licensed in York, Pennsylvania. In 1783, and later ordained by the same body at Lancaster, Pennsylvania on June 6, 1792.

Paul became the greatest American Lutheran Missionary of his lifetime, traveling each year through Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana. He founded many permanent congregations, and sought out the pastors to take charge of them. Much of his work was at his own expense. He turned his home into a family theological seminary and trained four brothers and five sons for the ministry.

Paul's headquarters were at New Market, Virginia, although he frequently was gone on trips. From 1800--1805, he made his home in Rowen County, North Carolina, where he was born and probably had relatives remaining. During the war of 1812, he lived at Point Pleasant, Virginia on the Ohio River.

Paul provided much text for his sons who ran the Henkel Press. He wrote and they published "Das New Eingerichtete Gesand-Buch" (1810)," Kurzer Zeituertreib" (1810), "The Church Hymn Book" (1816), and numerous more lesser works. The Henkel Press circulated these writings widely. Paul was a copious diarist and used his diary to write his autobiography, which was also published by the Henkel Press in German.

In 1819, Paul's son David was seeking ordination by the General Synod, but failed to receive it. Both David and Paul were disturbed by this and became more so when a leader in the General Synod promised to censor David at the coming 1820 meeting, for David's harsh stand on non-Lutherans. In a sermon, David had said Lutherans marrying outside the church were like cows and horsed mating. Sensing there was no chance for David to receive ordination at the next Synod, they openly broke with the Synod in 1820, setting up their own Synod just before the General Synod opened. Paul and David declared that theirs was the only true Synod to be recognized and that the former General Synod was of Non-effect. Their first item of business was to ordain David Henkel. They drew many away from the General Synod. Those who followed them were termed "Henkelites".

Paul and David traveled widely to spread a continuing falling away from the General Synod. Instead of a unified body, Paul and David now worked for many organizations which would not be controlled by a central body. For awhile, it appeared the unified Lutheran Church in America might disappear due to this movement.

Paul was for from home on a trip when he was struck by a paralytic stroke in 1823. His right side was paralyzed; he could neither Walk nor speak. He was taken back to New Market, Virginia. Where he made some recovery. It was hard for him to walk, and his speech remained slow and slurred, but he was able to continue writing. He retired from all his activities except for writing, which he continued to do till six weeks before his death on November 27, 1825.

David and his brother Phillip continued their work against the General Synod. They almost realized their complete ambition, but fate was against them. In 1831, David died at age 36. Two years later Phillip was dead at age 54. Without the divisive factor of these three men, Paul, David, and Phillip, the General Synod reorganized in 1835.

5. Life Sketches of Lutheran Ministers, North Carolina and Tennessee Synods 1773-1965, Pages 86 to 91

HENKEL, PAUL, born Dec. 15, 1754, on Dutchman's Creek, 16 miles from Salisbury, in Rowan County (Now a part of Davie County), was the first Lutheran pastor born in North Carolina. Parents: Jacob and Mary Barbara (Teeter) Henkel. Married Elizabeth Negeley (sometimes spelled Negly, Nagly), Nov. 20, 1776. Children: Six sons and three daughters: Solomon (a physician), and five minister sons, Philip, Ambrose, Andrew, David and Charles; daughters were Hanna (married the Rev. John N. Stirewalt), Naomi, and Sabina. While preparing to become a minister and in his early ministry supported his family by working at the cooper's trade. In 1776 he began his study in theology and the classics under the guidance and sponsorship of the Rev. John Andrew Krugh, Fredericktown, Maryland. Licensed by the Ministerium of Pennsylvania in June 1783, with renewal annually until ordination by the same synod on June 6, 1792. Served churches in Virginia, and perhaps in other states, from his home in New Market, Virginia, until 1806 when he was appointed "travelling preacher," and was allowed $40 a month for the time he was actually engaged in his work. The next year (1807) he reported that he travelled 128 days in the service of the synod and baptized 158 children and received $106.05 on this journey. In 1808 he was appointed missionary for Virginia, North Carolina and Tennessee, and from records it appears that he was re-appointed annually with his field widened to "territory of his own selection". It seems reasonable to assume that during the years he was travelling preacher he would have lived in N. C. from 1800 to 1805 while serving the following churches in this state: Dutchman's Creek Church (later called New Jerusalem, then Reformation from 1870 to disbanding in 1925), Davie County, 1800-05; Becks-Bethany-Pilgrim, St. Luke, Davidson County, Nazareth-Shiloh, Forsyth County, 1800-05; also, in same area occasional supply with other Tennesee Synod pastors. Assistant to Johann Gottfried Arends (Arndt), Emmanuel, Lincolnton-Zion, Catawba County, 1803; and supply, St. Mark, Gaston County, 1803-1805. Because of malarial climate moved back to New Market, Virginia, 1805. Made repeated missionary tours in North Ccarolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Tennesee, Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana." No more active, indefatigable and self-denying missionary than the Rev. Paul Henkel ever labored in this country" (p. 308, The Lutherans in America by Edmund Jacob Wolf, D.D.). One of four pastors with 14 laymen, organizing the North Carolina Synod in 1803. Assisted in organizing Ohio Synod in 1818, but did not becoming a member. Also an organizer of Tennesee Synod, with six other North Carolina Synod pastors, including sons Philip and David. Wrote and published the following: A work on Baptism and the Lord's Supper in German (1809), later translated into English; a German hynmbook with 246 hymns (1810), with some hymns (perhaps in both books) written by himself. Also German and English catechisms based on Luther's Small Catechism. Preached in both German and English. One of the stalwart fathers of the Lutheran Church in North Carolina and in other states as well, particularly in Virginia and Ohio. To him and his family the church owes a great debt of gratitude. The records of the Ministerium Of Pennsylvania show that he attended its convention at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in 1820 for the last time. Died in New Market, Virginia, Nov. 17, 1825; buried at Emmanuel Church, New Market.

6. Two Hundred Years - Bethany-Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church

During the period 1794-1797 the Rev. Paul Henkel of the eminent Henkel family of New Market served as pastor, He started many churches in Virginia and traveled extensively in Kentucky, Indiana, Tennessee, and Ohio, traversing all Ohio in a two-wheeled cart, and participated in the organization of three synods. A remarkable versatile man, he found time to be both author and publisher of hymnbooks and catechisms in English and in German, and to rear five sons for the Lutheran ministry who carried on the family publishing firm. This firm's most important enterprise was the English translation of the Book of Concord after seven years' work. It appeared in 1851 and was carefully read and studied by the members of this congregation, as was "Luther on the Sacraments" (1853) and "Luther's Church Postil" (1869) . Pastor Kuegele, in his "Historical Sketch" of the congregation wrote:

"If the now rising generation, many of whom the writer . . . has instructed and confirmed, will study Luther's 'House Postil' as their grandfathers did Luther's Church Postil', then is the future of this congregation secured; for then verily the blessing of the Lord will not depart from it."

We see how the providence of God used this publishing firm to recover the almost forgotten treasures of the Reformation and revive and preserve the faith of our fathers.

We might add here that one of the congregation's treasures is the small German pulpit Bible used in the log church. On the back page, written in German, probably by Pastor Paul Henkel and signed by the two elders of the church, we read:

"This copy of the Holy Scriptures was bought for the use of this congregation and is to be kept for that purpose. We as elders of this church attest this with our own hands.

Augusta County, Keinert's Church
(signed) Nicholas Busch
November 9, 1797 Casper Keinadt"

7. Reverend Paul Henkel's Missionary Trip to Ohio


Translated from the German by Rev. F. E. Cooper, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and edited by Clement L. Martzolff, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio.

Paul Henkel was commissioned to undertake this missionary journey by the Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsylvania, which had examined, licensed and finally ordained him in 1792. At this time (1806) he was located at New Market, Va., and undertook this missionary journey from that point. The Ministerium of Pennsylvania paid him $40.00 a month for the actual time that he was engaged on this journey and on the similar journey which he made to North Carolina three weeks after his return to New Market, from the journey to Ohio. Mention might be made of the fact that General Peter Muhlenberg, according to a tradition in the Henkel family, personally presented to Paul Henkel the clerical gown which Muhlenberg had worn in the pulpit at Woodstock in 1775, when after preaching his sermon, he threw off his gown and revealed his colonel's uniform. This gown is now preserved in the Krauth Memorial Library of the Lutheran Theological Seminary, at Mt. Airy, Philadelphia.

The Journal was sent in by Henkel to the Ministerium of Pennsylvania as a part of his official report and has remained in the custody of the Ministerium ever since, together with a great deal of similar material. It is now in the care of Dr. Luther F. Reed, Archivarius of the Ministerium, the Archives also being kept in the Library of the Seminary.

The English translation of the Journal is the work of the Rev. F. E. Cooper, formerly of Lima, Ohio, and now of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It is through the courtesy of Dr. Reed that I am permitted to present this substantial contribution to the early religious history of Ohio.

Web site:

Marriage: November 20, 1776, New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia

  ii.   MOSES HENKLE, b. September 18, 1757, Rowan County, North Carolina; d. July 28, 1827, Morefield Township, Clark County, Ohio; m. MARGARET MARY MONTGOMERY, October 21, 1779, York County, Pennsylvania; b. September 1761, York County, Pennsylvania; d. Unknown.
  Notes for MOSES HENKLE:
Children of Moses Henkle:
Jesse Henkle b: 16 JUL 1780 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Saul Henkle b: 9 JAN 1782 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Joel Henkle b: 28 SEP 1785 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Eli Henkle b: 15 APR 1787 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Silas Henkle b: 16 MAY 1789 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Mary A. Henkle b: 22 OCT 1792 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Elizabeth Henkle b: 17 APR 1795 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Moses Montgomery Henkle b: 23 MAR 1798 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Sampson Henkle b: 13 MAR 1801 in Upper Tract, Pendleton County, Virginia
Lemuel Green Henkle b: 22 DEC 1803 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia
Benjamin Henkle b: 9 SEP 1806 in Upper Tract, Hardy County, Virginia

Title: The Henckel Genealogy, 1500-1960
Author: William Sumner Junkin and Minnie Wyatt Junkin
Publication: Rev. Anthony Jacob Henckel Family National Association, 1964
Note: Ancestry and Descendants of Anthony Jacob Henckel, 1668-1728, pioneer Evangelical Lutheran minister, emigrant from the German Palatinate to America in 1717. 1447 Pages.
Note: Concordia Seminary, Saint Louis, Missouri
Call Number: CS 71 H4954 1964
Media: Book
Page: Page 211
Title: Henckel Family Records, Numbers 1 - 14
Author: The Henckel Family Association, Elon O. Henkel, Editor
Publication: The Henkel Press, Inc. New Market, VA, 1962
Call Number:
Media: Book
Page: Page 192
Title: Henckel Genealogical Bulletin
Call Number:
Media: Book
Page: Page 130
Title: Hiller and Marshall Family Genealogy
Author: Liz Schulte
Publication: RootsWeb
Note: The Hiller-Marshall Family
Call Number:
Media: Electronic

  More About MOSES HENKLE:
Burial: Unknown, Pleasant Hill Cemetery, Clark County, Ohio

Marriage: October 21, 1779, York County, Pennsylvania

  iii.   ELIZABETH HENKLE, b. Abt. 1759; d. Unknown.
  iv.   HANNAH HENKLE, b. Abt. 1761; d. Unknown.
  v.   CHRISTINA HENKLE, b. Abt. 1763; d. Unknown.
  vi.   BENJAMIN HENKLE, b. Abt. 1765; d. Unknown.
  vii.   ISAAC HENKLE, b. Abt. 1767; d. Unknown.
  viii.   JOSEPH HENKLE, b. Abt. 1770; d. Unknown.
  ix.   JOHN HENKLE, b. May 21, 1774; d. Unknown.
  x.   JACOB HENKLE, b. Abt. 1776; d. Unknown.

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