Notes for Jean-Baptiste Sicard De Carufel: Husband: Jean-Baptiste SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: abt 1666 St-Jacques, Haut-Languedoc, France Emigration: 1 Aug 1685 Quebec Renounced Faith: 20 Jan 1686 Québec Property: 21 Apr 1705 Seigneurie de Carufel, Quebec Will: 27 Jan 1737 Death: Aug 1743 St-Justin, Quebec AKA: Sieur de Carufel Marriage: 27 Nov 1694 St-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Quebec Father: Pierre SICARD DE CARUFEL (b abt 1646) Mother: Marie DE FARGUES Wife: Genevieve RATE Birth: 27 Jan 1677 Ste-Famille, Ile d'Orleans, Quebec Baptism: 2 Feb 1678 Quebec Death: 29 Nov 1732 Maskinongé, Quebec Father: Jacques RATE (b abt 1627) Mother: Anne MARTIN (b Mar 1645) Children 1 F Ursule SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 17 Sep 1695 St-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Quebec Baptism: 18 Sep 1695 St-Pierre, Île d'Orléans Spouse: Charles DUPUIS (m 24 May 1720) 2 F Marie-Anne SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 12 Jul 1698 St-Pierre, Île d'Orléans, Quebec Baptism: 20 Jul 1698 St-Pierre, Île d'Orléans Death: 4 May 1746 Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec Spouse: Antoine TROTTIER DESRUISSEAUX POMBERT (m 16 Aug 1717) Spouse: Etienne-Charles LEMAÎTRE AUGER BEAUNOYER (m 5 Jul 1734) 3 M Jean SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 11 Jun 1700 Île d'Orléans, Quebec Baptism: 12 Jun 1700 Île d'Orléans Death: abt 1769 AKA: Sicar deCaruffel, Sieur de Carufel Spouse: Elisabeth (Isabelle) LEGARDEUR (m abt 1719) Spouse: Marie-Angélique LUPIEN BARON (m bef 1 Apr 1728) 4 M Joseph SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: abt 1702 Baptism: 1703 Death: bef 9 Apr 1793 Spouse: Marie-Ursule FOUCAULT (m 24 Aug 1729) Spouse: Marie Therese Louise BLANCHARD TURENNE (m 28 Jan 1754) 5 M Louis SICARD DERIVE Birth: 5 Mar 1705 Trois-Rivières, Quebec Baptism: 5 Mar 1705 Trois-Rivières, Quebec Burial: 6 Jan 1783 Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec AKA: SICARD DECARUFFEL DESRIVES Spouse: Charlotte LEMAÎTRE AUGÉ (m 1757) Spouse: Marie-Catherine TROTTIER POMBERT (m 13 Nov 1727) 6 F Agathe SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 18 Nov 1706 Maskinongé, Quebec, Baptism: 20 Nov 1706 Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Death: bef 1 Mar 1785 Burial: 1 Mar 1785 Maskinongé, Quebec, Spouse: Joseph PETIT BRUNEAU (m 28 Feb 1729) Spouse: Pierre-François RIGAUD (m 22 Aug 1749) 7 F Geneviève-Michelle SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 29 Sep 1708 Maskinongé, Quebec, Baptism: 11 Jan 1709 Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Burial: 6 Oct 1787 Maskinongé, Quebec, Death: abt 6 Oct 1787 Spouse: Jean-François BARIL DUCHESNY (m 9 Jul 1733) 8 M François-Xavier SICARD CARUFEL LAVAULTE Birth: 29 Apr 1711 Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Baptism: 29 Apr 1711 Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Death: bef 7 Nov 1785 AKA: LAVAULTE DESICARD DECARUFEL Spouse: Marie-Geneviève LAMPRON LACHARITÉ DEFOSSE (m 11 Jan 175 9 F Marie-Elisabeth SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 11 Oct 1714 Maskinongé, Quebec, Baptism: 17 Oct 1714 Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Chr: 17 Oct 1714 St-Maurice, Quebec, Death: 9 Feb 1799 Maskinongé, Quebec, Burial: 11 Feb 1799 Maskinongé, Quebec, AKA: Elisabeth Isabelle Marie SICARD CARUFEL Spouse: Louis DELPE ST CERNY (m 3 Jul 1745) Spouse: Jean-Baptiste BASTIEN VANASSE (m 22 Apr 1751) 10 M Pierre-Amable SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 8 Oct 1716 Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec, Baptism: 18 Oct 1716 Louiseville, Quebec, Spouse: Marie-Charlotte BELLEVILLE (m 1740) 11 F Marie-Madeleine SICARD DE CARUFEL Birth: 13 Jul 1718 Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec, Death: 1808 Spouse: Joseph Lupien LAFRENIERE ETHIER BARON (m 9 Feb 1741) FAMILY NOTES Marriage(1,2): Jean SICARD and Genevieve RATE were married by the priest/cure Dauric. Present at the ceremony were Pierre Sicard & Marie Defargues, parents of groom; Jacques Ratte & Anne Martin, parents of bride and Ignace GOSSELAIN (brother-in-law or step-brother), and Pierre ROBERGE. General(3): All of the children with the exception of Joseph are included in this listing. There is, however, a "parchemin" [notarized contract] that states Joseph was the son of Jean and Genevieve.
HUSBAND NOTES: Jean-Baptiste SICARD DE CARUFEL Renounced Faith(4): General(5,6,7,8,9): At the age of 19, Jean-Baptiste [Pierre and Marie de Fargue's son] joined the Marine Troops under the command of Capitan [Écuyer ] François-Marie-Renaud d'Avesne des Meloizes. The Company, recruited by the new governor, Jacques-René Brisay de Denonville, was integrated into the 500-man detachment that left the port of LaRochelle in 1685. During the Atlantic crossing scurvy and typhoid claimed 60 victims. Eighty more soldiers were hospitalised at the Hôtel-Dieu -- already overcrowed with 300 fever patients -- upon their arrival in Quebec on August 1, 1685. [In 1685 The population of New France was 10,725 French and 1,538 settled savages.]
After only a few weeks rest, Denonville and his men left for Fort Frontenac (Kingston). The Governor found the colony in horrible disarray, hundreds of colonists had abandoned their land to become coureurs de bois. In addition to the challenge of social reform, Denonville was faced with the imminent danger presented by the Iroquois and the English surrounding the French possessions.
The first mention of Jean's presence in New France is the act in the Notre-Dame de Quebec church register dated 20 January 1686 in which the young nobleman renounced his faith. According to the "Acte d'Abjuration", Jean SICARD, native of the parish of St. Jacques in the city of Castres-d'Albigeois in Haut-Languedoc, a sergent in the regiment of Renaud d'Avesnes des Meloizes recanted from the pretended reformed religion [a fait abjuration de la religion pretendue reformee] before Jean Baptiste DE LACROIX DE ST VALLIER, Bishop of Quebec. Witnesses were: Jacques DEBRISAY DE DENONVILLE, Governor, Lieutenant General of the Army, Quebec and his wife Catherine COURTIN. [The fact that Jean recanted his faith would support the notion he was either a Cathare -- one of the many Albigeois who suffered religious persecution and fled from France c1538-1750 or a Protestant.]
On June 13, 1687, at the head of 832 marine troops, more than 900 militiamen and 400 indigenious allies, Denonville headed up-river resolved to crush the Tsonnontouans who, with arms furnished by the New York English, were harassing the colony in the southern Lake Ontario/Niagara region. Fort Denonville was built "on the same side as Fort Conti, which is today the site of Fort Niagara, USA, opposite Niagara -on-the-Lake." Before returning to Montreal, Governor Denonville, left about 100 men under the command of Raymond Blaise des Bergères de Rigauville. Scurvy and the Iroquois wiped out all but Blaise and twelve men. [Although not documented, it is probable that the young Sicard de Carufel took part in the manoeuvres as Capitan Raymond Blaise was his commanding officer and among the twelve who survived the winter of 1687-88.] From 1690 to 1720 the fort was abandoned.
Towards the end of 1688, shortly after returning to Montreal, Raymond Blaise des Bergères replaced Captain François Lefebvre-Duplessis-Faber as the head of the troops stationed at Fort Louis in Chambly. A duel between the two men on July 15, 1689 landed both in prison. They were tried the next day in Montreal. On November 16, the Souvereign Council absolved them and ordered Lefebvre to pay Blaise 600 pounds in damages. According to the transcript, Jean Sicard de Carufel, first sergeant in the Company was called to care for Blaise des Bergères' wound.
A marriage contract prepared by the notary, Etienne Jacob and signed 25 November 1694, states that, at the time, the Jean was a sergeant in the Company of Michel Leneuf de la Vallière. Two days later, Sergeant Jean Sicard de Carufel, married Geneviève, daughter of Jacques Ratté and Anne Martin [grand-daughter of Abraham Martin dit l'Ecossais, a royal pilot. The land of Martin, called the Plains of Abraham, adjoined the famous plateau where Wolfe and Montcalm battled.] The ceremony in the parish of Saint Pierre de l'Île d'Orléans was officiated by the Abby Dauric and witnessed by Jacques Ratté and his wife, Anne Martin, Jacques Gosselin, the bride's brother-in-law andPierre Roberge. In addition to the dispensation of two bans, due to Sicard's military career, permission was granted by the Governor-general.
Jean returned to France in 1696 and, on May 22, in a ceremony held before a notary in Castres, the noble Jean Sicard, lord of Farguettes, officer in the Marine Troops in Canada, declared his loyalty and respect for his father, Pierre Sicard, and, in addition to words of affection and courtesy by Pierre, was emancipated and declared free to make his own decisions.
There are indications that Jean bore arms with "de geules, au paon rouant d'or, au chef cousu d'azur chargé de trois étoiles d'argent." -- registered to the St. Maurice de Coudols family. [There is no indication that, following the Sicards being declared nobles at the Montpellier tribunal of 1669, the family registered their own coat of arms.]
Jean returned to Nouvelle France and, on March 18 1704 after living ten years in Saint-Pierre d'Orléans, had the sale of property to his brother-in-law, Pierre Ratté notarised by Etienne Jacob. At the time of the birth of their fifth child, Louis, in March 1705, Jean and Geneviève were living in Maskinonge in the seigneurie des Legardeur de Repentigny. The Governor, Marquis Philippe de Rigaud de Vaudreuil (1703-1726) and the intendant François de Beauharnois officially granted Jean Sicard the fief de Carufel on April 21, 1705 in an "Acte de concesson.
The domain, two leagues [a "lieue" is an old unit of measure about 4 km] across by the same depth was in the area now known as Saint Justin. "de l'espace de terre qui reste dans la riviére Maskinongé, dans le lac St. Pierre, depuis celle qui a esté cy-devant concédée au sieur Le Gardeur jusqu'au premier sault de la dite riviére, ce qui contient deux lieues ou environ de front sur pareille profondeur En titre de Fief et seigneurie, haute, moyenne et basse justice." In return, Jean, an officer in the troops of the marine detachment, made an act of faith and hommage for the fief and seigneurie to de Vaudreuil et de Beauharnois.
Under the French seigneurial regime, seigneurs were duty-bound to promote colonization by providing "immigrants with favourable conditions for the settlement and agricultural development ..." [Translated] "From the time he took possession of his fief," wrote l'abbé Hermann Plante, "the lord of Carufel attempted to establish himself; but the timing was not good. In 1705, it was difficult to move away from the Saint Lawrence River. The clearing of the seigneurie in Maskinongé wasn't advanced enough to provide for colonisation... fear of the Iroquois still existed. The peace treaty signed four years earlier in Montreal between the French and the savages buried the hatchet but the Indians hypocritical temperment made attracting settlers difficult. The 1701 treaty, still unproven and providing no guarantees, did little to aid the lord of Carufel in attracting settlers to move far from the river... But the lord was aging," adds l'abbé Plante, "he didn't want to die before realising the profits from his land." After vain attempts to attract his companions to follow him, around 1720 Jean travelled up the Maskinongé River, the only route at the time, and, with his sons, began working on the south-west side about a quarter of a league from the Maskinongé fief.
In a statement/ennumeration of 19 February 1723, Jean declared a sixteen foot square house enclosed by a pallisade and three acres of workable land. Few seigneurs could afford to live off their annual rents and, unless a seigneurie has 25-50 settled families, maintenance costs generally surpassed revenues. While clearing the land, at least until 1732, Jean continued his military career as Ensign of the Troops of the colony. There are also several transactions recorded in the minutes of Pierre Petit including an agreement August 16, 1728 with the Ursulines of Trois-Rivières ending a land boundary dispute.
The 27 January 1737, the land-clearing septuagenarian made his testament in favour of his children. Four years later, in 1741, Jean Sicard de Carufel witnessed the sale of portions of his land as his children sold their share to their brother-in-law, Jean-François Baril-Duchesny, spouse of Geneviève. The old officer-colonist-lord descended from the French aristocracy did not survive long afterwards. He died in August 1743 at the age of 77.
Eight of Jean's ten children married before their father's death; the others married in 1745 and 1751.
SOURCES 1. University de Montreal -- P.R.D.H. - Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique. www.genealogy.umontreal.ca. Mariage-St-Pierre Ile d'Orleans #36770 1694-11-27. 2. Abbé Cyprien Tanguay. Dictionnaire Genealogique des familles canadiennes. Tome 7 pg 176 -- 1694. 3. Ibid. Tome 7 -- 1694, (27 nov.) St-Pierre, I.O. 4. University de Montreal -- P.R.D.H. - Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique. www.genealogy.umontreal.ca. Abjuration #404045, Quebec 1686-01-20. 5. Family Files -- Marchi, François. Nos Origines en France des débuts é 1825; Histoire de Saint-Justin , Décés de Jean Sicard; Généalogie descendante de Jean Sicard de Carufel qui vint au Canada en 1685, p. 2, p. 10, p. 11; Aperçu sur quelques contemporains, p. 52, âgé de 66 ans en 1732; Information Familiale , de Gilles de Carufel;. 6. Abbé Cyprien Tanguay. Dictionnaire Genealogique des familles canadiennes. Tome 7, pg 176 1694, 27 novembre, St-Pierre, I.O. -SICARD, Jean [footnote: deCarufel; officier, sergent de M. de la Valliere, voy. vol I, pg 548.]. 7. Denis Beauregard. Dictionnaire généalogique de nos origines, [S-Z] (échantillon). (S.G.C.F. 5753). p. 1047, 1re colonne SICARD, Jean * m 1694 RATÉ, Geneviève. 8. Family Files -- Elzéar S. de Carufel. Notes for Jean. 9. Chambre des notaries du Quebec. http://www.cdnq/org. #1729-08-18 PA 015999 Contrat de mariage for his son, Joseph, prepared by Puperoux de Lafosse in Montreal indicates that the father was Jean-Baptiste SICARD DE CARUFEL. 10. University de Montreal -- P.R.D.H. - Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique. www.genealogy.umontreal.ca. Bapteme Ste-Famille I.O. #31592 1678-02-02; Sepulture - Maskinonge (Civil Archives) #135505 1732-11-29.; also Family of Jacques RATE & Anne MARTIN LESCOSSOIS. 11. Internet. http://epf.planete.qc.ca/bases/clarc/d0018/ (see Marie Bineau-Bureau; Marie-Anne SICARD) Genevieve's parents: Jacques RATTE & Anne MARTIN; Grandparents: Francois RATTE & Jacquette HUGUET and Abraham MARTIN-L'ECOSSAIS & Marguerite LANGLOIS. ). 12. University de Montreal -- P.R.D.H. - Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique. www.genealogy.umontreal.ca. Bapteme St-Pierre IO #36115 1695-09-18; also Family of Jean Sicard Carufel and Genevieve Rate. 13. Ibid. Bapteme: St-Pierrre IO #36169 1698-07-20; Individu -- Marie Anne SICARD CARUFEL first marriage to Antoine Trottier Desruisseaux Pombert; second to Etienne LeMaitre Auger Beaunoyer. (Apparitions dans les actes); Sepulture - Riviere du Loup (135416) 1746-05-05; also Family of Jean Sicard Carufel and Genevieve Rate. 14. Ibid. Bapteme -- St-Pierre, I.O. #36201 1700-06-12; also Family of Jean Sicard Carufel and Genevieve Rate. 15. Kindred Konnections -- individual submitter's data. Submitter jo000237 TTL World Family Tree, Vol 9, Ed 1 AUTH Broderbund Software, PUBL Release date: March 31, 1997 Customer pedigree MEDI Family Archive CD Tree #3062. 16. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. www.familysearch.org. Batch number: 5018446 Source Call No. - 1553805 Film NONE. 17. Abbé Cyprien Tanguay. Dictionnaire Genealogique des familles canadiennes. Tome 7, pg 176 -- 1719. II-SICARD, Jean [footnote: De Carufel]. 18. Family Files -- Elzéar S. de Carufel. 19. University de Montreal -- P.R.D.H. - Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique. www.genealogy.umontreal.ca. Marriage references: Members: Individual -- Joseph Sicard (68476); also Family of Joseph SICARD CARUFEL and Marie Ursule FOUCAULT COURCHESNE LEFRANCOIS. 20. Ibid. Baptism of Marie-Genevieve 1728. 21. Ibid. Bapteme -- Trois Rivieres #88435 1705-03-05 ; Sepultchure #373225 Riviere-du-Loup (Louiseville) 1783-01-06; also Family of Louis SICARD CARUFEL DERIVE and Marie Catherine TROTTIER DESRUISSEAUX POMBERT. 22. Chambre des notaries du Quebec. http://www.cdnq/org. Land Concession: Doc #17630920PA 010123. 23. Abbé Cyprien Tanguay. Dictionnaire Genealogique des familles canadiennes. Tome 7, pg 177 1727, (13 nov) Riviere du Loup II-SICARD, Louis [Footnote: Sieur Desrives]. 24. University de Montreal -- P.R.D.H. - Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique. www.genealogy.umontreal.ca. Bapteme Trois Rivieres #88490 1706-11-20; Sepulture - Maskinonge (373306) 1785-03-01. 25. Ibid. Bapteme -- Trois Rivieres #88537 1709-01-11; Sepulture - Maskinonge (389814) 1787-10-06. 26. Ibid. Bapteme -- Trois Rivieres #88610, 1711-04-29; Marriage -- Maskinonge Civil Archives #293152 1751-01-11; also Family of Francois SICARD CARUFEL LAVAUTE and Marie genevieve LAMPRON LACHARITE DEFOSSE. 27. Ibid. Individual: (25738) Elisabeth reference to marriages to Louis DELPE ST CERNY and to Jean Baptiste BASTIEN VANASSE. 28. Ibid. Bapteme - Trois Rivieres (88719) 1714-10-17; Sepulture #389919 Maskinonge 1799-02-11; Family of Jean Sicard Carufel and Genevieve Rate; also Family of Louis DLEPE STCERNY and Elisabeth Isabelle Marie SICARD CARUEL. 29. Ibid. Bapteme - Riviere-du-Loup (Louiseville) #25259 1716-10-18; Family of Jean Sicard Carufel and Genevieve Rate. 30. Abbé Cyprien Tanguay. Dictionnaire Genealogique des familles canadiennes. Tome 7 pg 177 1740 - II-Sicard (4), Pierre-Amable [son of Jean I] [Footnote: Sieur de Carufel]. 31. University de Montreal -- P.R.D.H. - Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique. www.genealogy.umontreal.ca. Bapteme Riviere-du-Loup #25280 1718-07-13L aLSO Family record of Joseph LUPIEN LAFRENIERE ETHIER BARON and Marie Madeleine SICARD CARUFEL.
Children of Jean-Baptiste Sicard De Carufel and Genevieve Rate are: