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Descendants of Aleksander Strzyzowski ~

Generation No. 5


6. JULIAN5 STRZYZOWSKI ~ (AUGUSTYN TADEUSZ4, MICHAL3, ANDRZEJ2, ALEKSANDER1) was born Bet. 1822 - 1827 in Wejliszki, Suwalki Province, Poland-Russia, and died Bef. Jul 1882. He married PELAGIA JOZEFA KAZIMIRA BABIANSKA ~ 19 Jun 1855 in Wladyslawow, Suwalki Province, Poland-Russia, daughter of WINCENTY BABIANSKI and KLARA STANKIEWICZ. She was born 12 Mar 1824 in Lawciszki, Siluva parish, Rasienny district, Kovno, Poland-Russia, and died Aft. Jul 1882.

Notes for J
ULIAN STRZYZOWSKI ~:
Julian is described in his daughter Eugenija-Liudvika's birth record as "City Cashier of Wladyslawow". He is described in his son Branislaw's marriage record as an officer. His daughter's birth record indicates that he was 29 years old on 29 July 1856, while his marriage record indicates that he was 33 years old in 1855. The first date would suggest a birth year around 1827, while the latter record would suggest that he was born in about 1822.

Files found in Lithuania of the Augustow Gubernya Board Office, 1816-1867, which refer to the economy of Wladyslawow in the 1850-1860s, contain the signature of "STRZYZOWSKI", the city cashier, in July 1862 and 1865. It can therefore be concluded that he occupied that office from at least 1855-1865 [personal correspondence with Vilius Botyrius (bovil@takas.lt), 12 February 2003 -- JTS; I have a photograph of this signature].

Julian's marriage record indicates that he was born on a "folwark", near Wejliszki, Suwalki Province, Poland-Russia (modern Veiliskiai in southwestern Lithuania), which one translator (Jadwiga Weralska (igswer@friko6.onet.pl)) renders as "large manorial farmstead". Another translator (Virginijus Misiunas (v.misiunas@it.lt)) says: "The key word is "folwark" . . . It was a 'small manor' more than an 'individual farm': folwark had no serfs usually, but hired many labourers and tenanted them in special houses 'kumetynas'. Even large farmstead hired only several labourers and tenanted them in owner's house. The folwark work was more industrial and oriented to sell the production. The farmstead had many features of the 'natural economy' still. Folwark ('palivarkas' in Lithuanian) was typically leased by local landlords to noble family, having no their own land (e.g. the second son couldn't divide a maiorate). It was rather expensive, so an noble pauper couldn't lease the folwark. Sometimes the leaseholder could be a rich peasant, but such cases were rather rare. Also the folwark could be just a branch of large manor, directed by a manager (usually a noble too, but not rich enough to become a leaseholder). Folwark leaseholders were the most mobile layer of nobility, and they could resettle very far to get the profit or to seek oportunity. Sometimes an leaseholder changed 4-5 posessions during his life, sometimes several generations lived in one place. Their dream was to accumulate enough money to buy their own manor. But it was very difficult. So those families produced many officers, priests and since the end of 18th century - the first inteligentsia of cities and towns. Of course, the native language of this layer was Polish. They married poor noblemen daughters sometimes, and even more often - rich peasants' daughters :). But those women were assimilated immediately."

The following entry from the 15-volume Polish gazetteer Slownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów slowianskich, published 1880-1902, was translated at my request [JTS] by William F. Hoffman: "Wejliszki, a folwark [manorial farmstead] and settlement in Wylkowyszki county, Zielonka district, parish of Olwita, 8 versts from Wylkowyszki, lies north of the Wylkowyszki-Boblawka stretch of railroad line, has 9 houses, 165 inhabitants, 956 morgs (782 of farmland, 103 of meadows, 27 of pastureland, and 44 unused); the settlement has 1 morg. In 1827 there were 14 houses, 176 inhabitants [Vol. 13, page 193]."

The Lithuanian State Historical Archives writes:

"...we have looked through all the books that our archive has received of Kudirkos Naumiestis [i.e., Wladyslawow] and all surrounding churches... in this Suvalkija (Suvalki) province the church and the civil ceremonies were carried out together. Therefore, there were no separate civil records for that time. The geographical reference book 'Slownik Geograficzny Krolevstva Polskiego' indicates that the rural district Wejliszki...belonged to ALVITAS parish. Our archive has not received the record books of Alvitas' Roman Catholic Church and civil offices. They, as well as other record books, among them records of Wladislawow for 1858, evidently, have been destroyed during the wars and fires....

"...Wejliszki was a small individual farm (altogether the population was 165). There were no churches in such small villages. Usually about twenty surrounding villages belonged to one church (parish).

"Concerning Julian Strzyzowski's age...the age of the person used to be recorded not from documents but from saying. Therefore we are used to it that the error of age can be +5 years and more, sometimes up to 20 years.

"In reference to Babianski (Babianskas) ir Sobolewski (Sobolewski) families we have to explain that they are popular names in Lithuania. However, see the copy of the marriage. It is written there that Kazimiera Babianska was born in Russia! (the more precise place is not indicated), so we are unable to continue the search" [personal correspondence from Laima Tautvaisaite, Director, and Neringa Ceskeviciute, Department Manager, the Lithuanian State Historical Archives, 25 October 2001 -- JTS].

An independent researcher, Vilius Botyrius suggests that the owner of the Wejliszki estate in the 1860s was a Mr(s?). Wiktor Gawronski, and that it appears likely that the property was owned by the Gawronski family in the preceding decades. This indicates that the Strzyzowskis were probably leaseholders or managers (see above). The full report from Vilius, dated 18 April 2003, is as follows:

"I read the file of the following opuses Nr.I, Ia, VI, VII and VIII of Suwalki Board office the collection, 1865-1915. It contain the most files of the Departmens of Administration, Land reform, Finance, Religion and Police-Military. It contains about five thousand handwritings Russian and Polish call of archival files. The most calls are not very concrete. So, I found two which mentioned 'Wejliszki' only. There were more files of Wladislawov town, but it did not fit for us, or were not concrete at all. So, I research these three files. First I reported earlier and sent the digital copy of a plan of 'Wejliszki' estate [I have an electronic photos and printouts of these maps -- JTS]. Last two files I reported on 14th. of April (also see below) and now, I am sending the digital copies of the most interesting pages of these files" [the title page of the documents he was examining and a page indicating the "widow Strzyzowski's" ownership of a pair of plots in Wladyslawow. I have electronic photo and printouts of each of these -- JTS].

"It's difficult to suggest anything to you for next. Three-Four opuses of the same 'Suwalki Board office' collection are not read yet, which include the files of the same departments, not counting the opuses of Medical and Veterinary branches. Also I mean the had really success to know the owner of 'Wejliszki' estate - Mrs. Wiktor Gawronski. It could very help in future.

"So, I have read this Russian file today. It is 1868 file of The Committee Peasantry Affairs of Suwalki gubernya and is called 'The Liquidation Table of Wejliszki (present Vailiskiai) settlement, Zelenka gmina (present area of Zalioji village), Vilkaviskis district'.

"It is made as result of the 1864 Tsar's order of the agriculture reform. Really it is The Assignment of a former landlord's lands to a peasant family - a real user of this land.

"Unfortunately, this Wejliszki settlement of this file contains only farmer- Vincent Kwiatkowski (or Vincas Kvietkauskas if he was Lithuanian). His 'new' prpperty contains just 0,288 'morgi' of land piece (it's equivalent ~ 0,3 ha) which lies under his farm buildings. It is known from the short note made in 1873 ther, that the main owner of the large estate of Wejliszki is Mrs. Wiktor Gawronski (or Viktor Govronski). The both reach the deal in 1873 to change the little pieces of a land, plus Vincent Kwiatkowski refused his right to pasture two cows, two sheeps and two pigs on the land of big estate.

"I believe that Mrs. Wiktor Gawronski or his father was the owner of the large estate of Wejliszki in 1850s and more earlier too. Because the sell of land was very restricted in Suwalki gubernya. Russian authority afraided for a grow of Polish posesions and political power and in other hand that to avoid the dividing the estates to little pieces. So, usually the land was inheritable by only owner. So, I guess that Strzyzowski was the leasholder too. Only the question, what piece? Large estate of Wejliszki or only a farm inside?

"Next the same1869 file includes some 'new' their town possesion's owners, the residents of Wladyslawow town (present Kudirkos Naumiestis ). Among 21 names 'the widow of Strzyzowski' is named. Maybe she had two possesions. No more name you need is included there. Maybe, she is Kazimiera, nee Sobolewska, Strzyzowski? [might well also be Kazimiera, nee Babianska; i.e., it is not clear whether this is the widow of Augustyn or the widow of Julian. The former would be about 62 years old in 1869, while the latter would be about 39 -- JTS] They paid very less tax to Cash of Wladyslawow town - ten people paid one and half ruble. I guess these pieces belonged to the town before the 1864 land reform."

Notes for P
ELAGIA JOZEFA KAZIMIRA BABIANSKA ~:
Her wedding record indicates that Pelagia Jozefa Kazimira went by her third name by the time of her marriage in 1855. She was born on 12 March 1824 and baptised 19 March 1824 [From Vilius Botyrius (bovil@takas.lt), searching the 1816-1834 birth records for Siluva parish, 16 June 2005 -- JTS]. Her birth record reads as follows:

"In the year of Our Lord 1824 March 19th, I Stanislaw Giedgowd parish-priest in Szyd?[owiec] baptised the child named Pelagia Josepha Casimira, born on the 12th of this [month and year] from the legal couple of father nobleman Vincentis Babianski and mother noble lady Anna Stankiewiczówna from the manor [mansion] Lawczyn[s]ki. The child's parents were present at the baptism with noble lady Anna Kuszelewska, citizen accompanied with sponsors: nobleman Ludovicus Pitrudzki and noble lady Barbara Gruzewska, all from Szydlowiec." [From the baptism register of the parish church in Szydlowiec for the entire year of 1824, acquired from the research of Vilius Botyrius (bovil@takas.lt), 17 June 2005; translated from the original Latin by Deborah Irwin (starrynite@racc2000.com), Genealogist/Research Director, Ancestral Attic, 27 June 2005 -- JTS].

Kazimira's wedding record indicates that she had been working as a governess in Wladyslawow prior to her marriage.

Marriage Notes for J
ULIAN STRZYZOWSKI and PELAGIA BABIANSKA:
The marriage certificate of Kazimiera and Julian, as translated by the Lithuanian State Historical Archives, reads as follows:

"On July 7 (n.st.19), at 11 o'clock in the morning in the year 1855 in Vladislavovas Roman Catholic Church, the priest Vincentas Rusinskis registered the marriage between JULIJONAS STRIZOWSKIS, a youth 33 years old, born in Veiliskes individual farm, the citizen of Vladislavovas, the cashier of the City Municipality, the son of Augustinas (already dead) and Kazimiera Sabaliauskaite, and KAZIMIERA BABIANSKA, the girl, 26 years old, born in Russia, governess in Vladislavovas, the daughter of Vincentas and Klara, maiden name not pointed (both dead). The marriage was preceded by three bans on 05 25, 1855, 06 03, 1855 and 06 09, 1955. The witnesses were the governor of the estate Ksaveras Florijanowiczius, 40 years old, and the honorary doctor of the city Leonas Danilavicius, 42 years old."

Here's a second translation, by Jadwiga Weralska (igswer@friko6.onet.pl), done 6 December 2001:

"It took place in Wladyslawow on the seventh / nineteenth of June, 1855 at 11:00 a.m. Hereby we announce that today the religious marriage has been contracted between: Julian Strzyzowski, 33 year old bachelor, the City Cashier, living in Wladyslawow, born at the Wejliszki folwark (= large manorial farmstead) as the son of Augustyn and Kazimira nee Sobolewska, the Strzyzowskis, of whom the father is dead, and Miss Kazimira Babianska, age 26, born in the Empire of Russia, daughter of Wincenty and Klara, the late Babianskis, staying at the City of Wladyslawow as a governess. The above marriage has been concluded in the presence of the following witnesses: Xavery Floryanowicz, the leaseholder of the Sokolupiany estate, 40 years old, and Leon Danilowicz, the Honorary Counsellor (to?) the Wladyslawow City Medical Doctor, age 42.The ceremony has been preceded by three banns: on May 27, June 3 and 9 at the Parish Church of Wladyslawow. No objections to this marriage have been raised. The newly married declare that no antenuptial contract has been written down and that they got married of their own accord. The religious ceremony has been conducted by Father Wincenty Ruszynski, the local Vicar. This Act has been read to the newly married couple and to the witnesses and signed together with them.

"signatures: The Parish priest of Wladyslawow - W. Kolbaszewski (?), J. Strzyzowski, Kaziimira Babianska, Floryanowicz, Danilowicz."

More About J
ULIAN STRZYZOWSKI and PELAGIA BABIANSKA:
Marriage: 19 Jun 1855, Wladyslawow, Suwalki Province, Poland-Russia
     
Children of J
ULIAN STRZYZOWSKI and PELAGIA BABIANSKA are:
8. i.   EUGENIJA LIUDVIKA6 STRZYZOWSKA, b. 15 Jun 1856, Wladyslawow, Suwalki Province, Poland-Russia; d. 1933.
9. ii.   BRANISLAW FRANCISZEK STRZYZOWSKI ~, b. Abt. 03 Mar 1858, Wladyslawow, Suwalki Province, Poland-Russia; d. 18 Feb 1907, Chicago, Cook County, Illinois.


7. EDWARD WLADISLAW5 STRZYZOWSKI (AUGUSTYN TADEUSZ4, MICHAL3, ANDRZEJ2, ALEKSANDER1) was born 10 Oct 1830 in Wejliszki, Olwity parish, Kalwary district, Poland-Russia, and died 1909 in Verki, Tambov province, Russia. He married ALEKSANDRA FEDOROVNA ZMAKINA 15 Jan 1861 in Durasovka, Saransk district, Penza province, Poland-Russia, daughter of FIODOR ZMAKIN and EKATARINA NIKIFOROVA. She was born Abt. 1838, and died 1911.

Notes for E
DWARD WLADISLAW STRZYZOWSKI:
Edward was born on October 10, 1830 at 5am, baptized on October 14, 1830 in the parish Olwity of the Kalwary district. His godparents were Warfolomei Kulwiets - owner of the manor Skodupjany, chorunzi's wife Therezia Murossova [who may be a relative of Anna Moross], Jusef Kulwietzov and Sigizmund Urbanski, who was "wojt" of the gmine Wejliszki. In the year 1871 Edward-Wladislaw resided in the gmine Ballja-Welkas. Edward-Wladislaw swore for citizenship to Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich in March 1855. In the years 1872-1873 he served in the army in the province of Tambov. His petition from the year 1872 lists the address: Tambov province, Temnikov district, the city of Kadom, Verki settlement [From Elena Tsvetkova (blitz@peterlink.ru) of Blitz Information Services in St. Petersburg, examining files from the Russian State Historic Archive, Fond 1343 inventory 29 file 7338: "The Strzyzowski nobility registered in the Polish Kingdom. Year 1872" (26 May 2005) -- JTS].

Edward-Wladislaw was married to Alexandra Zmakina. They married in the church of the settlement of Durasovka (Saransk district, Penza province) on January 15, 1861. That year Edward-Wladislaw was a manager in the Augustow district of the Polish Kingdom. In the year 1869 he was owner of land in the settlement of Veren (Temnikov district, Tambov province) [from Elena Tsvetkova (blitz@peterlink.ru) of Blitz Information Services in St. Petersburg, examining files from the Russian State Historic Archive, Fond 1343 inventory 38 file 2161: "Concerning the Stzyzowski nobility registered in Warsaw province; May 3, 1907" (1 July 2005 -- JTS)].

Edward moved to Russia from Poland sometime in the middle of the nineteenth century. He bought 200 dozens of land in the Tambor Guberniya (a village named Verki). There he married a Russian, Zhmakina Alexandra Fedorovna (who died in 1911), and had two sons: Alexander (1861) and Fedor (1869). By their birth they were hereditary noblemen of the Russian Empire [from notes given to me in St. Petersburg by Nina Strzhizhovskaya, 23 June 2006, compiled originally by her father, Alexander Strzhizhovsky -- JTS].

Edward applied to the Noble Assembly of the Warsaw province to register his nobility in 1872. He explained that he served in the army and was in the province of Tambov in the years 1872-1873. In addition, he refers to the decision of the State Council of the Polish Kingdom from November 5/17, 1838 [From Elena Tsvetkova (blitz@peterlink.ru) of Blitz Information Services in St. Petersburg, examining files from the Russian State Historic Archive (29 April 2005)].

"The case was initiated according to the petition of Stzizowski (some times is spelled as Stzyzewski), Edward-Wladislaw, son of Augustin dated January 29, 1872. He asked to include him in the Noble Register of the province of Warsaw referring to the nobility of his family added to the Gozdawa blazon in the year 1688." This petition was declined because Edward allegedly had not payed the tax for this case in time. He did this [subsequently?], but the next decision of the Heraldry Department of the Senate, on February 12, 1873, again failed to confirm his right to nobility because the deadline for presenting the documents had expired [From Elena Tsvetkova (blitz@peterlink.ru) of Blitz Information Services in St. Petersburg, examining files from the Russian State Historic Archive, Fond 1343 inventory 29 file 7338: "The Strzyzowski nobility registered in the Polish Kingdom. Year 1872" (26 May 2005) -- JTS].

An assistant to barrister Tit Ponikowicki, who was Edward-Wladislaw Augustynovich Strzizowski's attorney, applied to the Senate with a request to attach the posterity of the second son of Andrzej Michal Strzizowski, i.e. Edward-Wladislaw Augustynovich, along with his sons Alexander (who in turn had sons Boris, Dmitry and Grigori) and Fiodor (who had son Alexander), to the noble family of Strzizowski, which used the Gozdawa” coat-of-arms in 1906. An appropriate report about this was prepared by the Warsaw Provincial Government and dated November 18, 1906 ("no obstacles" (pg.1)). The attorney refers to the decision of the State Council of the Polish Kingdom dated October 5/17, 1838, which confirmed the nobility of the Strzizowski family including Tomasz, the son of Kazimir Andreevich (pg.2). On May 3, 1907, the Senate considered the aforementioned report of the Warsaw Provincial Government (pgs 12, 12v). The Senate decided to refuse the request to the petitioner. The reasons for such a decision were as follows: 1) The aforementioned promissory note dated 1792, which was provided for proving the origin of Michal Strzizowski from his father Andrzej, was not certified in a proper way; 2) The extract about the birth of Augustyn-Faddey Strzyzowski was not certified in a proper way; 3) The file does not contain proof that the father of Augustyn-Faddey Strzizowski was the same Michal whose nobility was confirmed in 1838 in the promissory note of 1792. 4) Edward-Wladislaw is called the son of Augustyn (single name) in his birth entry, and not of Augustyn-Faddey (double name). 5) The provided documents call the aforementioned people either Strzizewski or Strzizowski, not Strzyzowski. So the Senate could not establish that the petitioner, and his sons and grandsons belonged to the noble family of Strzizowski [from Elena Tsvetkova (blitz@peterlink.ru) of Blitz Information Services in St. Petersburg, examining files from the Russian State Historic Archive, Fond 1343 inventory 38 file 2161: "Concerning the Stzyzowski nobility registered in Warsaw province; May 3, 1907" (1 July 2005 -- JTS)].

Marriage Notes for E
DWARD STRZYZOWSKI and ALEKSANDRA ZMAKINA:
When she married Edward, Alexandra was 23 years old. She was a daughter of deceased staff-captain of cavalry Fiodor Akimovich Zmakin. Their guarantees were physician of the Suzdal Infantry Regiment, Alexander M. Surin and some other officers of the regiment [from Elena Tsvetkova (blitz@peterlink.ru) of Blitz Information Services in St. Petersburg, examining files from the Russian State Historic Archive, Fond 1343 inventory 38 file 2161: "Concerning the Stzyzowski nobility registered in Warsaw province; May 3, 1907" (1 July 2005 -- JTS)].

More About E
DWARD STRZYZOWSKI and ALEKSANDRA ZMAKINA:
Marriage: 15 Jan 1861, Durasovka, Saransk district, Penza province, Poland-Russia
     
Children of E
DWARD STRZYZOWSKI and ALEKSANDRA ZMAKINA are:
10. i.   ALEXANDER EDUARDOVICH6 STRZHIZHOVSKY, b. 10 Dec 1861, Durasovka, Saransk district, Penza province, Poland-Russia; d. 1937.
11. ii.   FIODOR EDUARDOVICH STRZHIZHOVSKY, b. 21 Mar 1869; d. 05 Nov 1957.
  iii.   EKATARINA EDUARDOVNA STRZHIZHOVSKAYA, d. 1920, Mordova.
  Notes for EKATARINA EDUARDOVNA STRZHIZHOVSKAYA:
Ekatarina was killed, along with her niece and nephew, Marina and Dmitry, by bandits. The house they were in was burned to the ground [from data provided to me in St. Petersburg by Nina Strzhizhovskaya as compiled by her father, Alexander, in 1992 -- JTS, 23 Jun 2006].

  iv.   ERENA EDUARDOVNA STRZHIZHOVSKAYA, m. PAVEL NIKIFOROV.
  Marriage Notes for ERENA STRZHIZHOVSKAYA and PAVEL NIKIFOROV:
Pavel and Erena were first or second cousins, on the side of Erena's maternal grandmother [from data provided to me in St. Petersburg by Nina Strzhizhovskaya as compiled by her father, Alexander, in 1992 -- JTS, 23 Jun 2006].




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