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View Tree for Sir Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of NorfolkSir Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (b. 1443, d. 21 May 1524)

Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (son of John Howard, Duke of Norfolk and Catherine Moleyns) was born 1443 in Tendring Hall, Stokes-by-Nayland, County Suffolk, England, and died 21 May 1524 in Castle Farlingham, England. He married AgnesTylney on 30 Apr 1472 in Ashwellthorpe, County Norfolk, England, daughter of Hugh Tylney and Daughter Tailboys.

 Includes NotesNotes for Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk:
Thomas Howard, Norfolk
Norfolk, Thomas Howard, 2nd duke of (1443-1524). Norfolk had a remarkable political and military career, despite a bad start. His father was a prominent Yorkist, who died fighting at Bosworth for Richard III. The son was wounded at Barnet in 1471 and taken prisoner at Bosworth. He spent some years in the Tower before Henry VII restored his title as earl of Surrey and in 1489 made him chief justice in Eyre north of Trent. From 1501 to 1522 he was lord high treasurer. In 1510 Henry VIII made him earl marshal for life and in 1513 he annihilated the Scots at the battle of Flodden. His reward was the dukedom of Norfolk. In the king's absence in France at the Field of Cloth of Gold in 1520, Norfolk acted as guardian of England. For a man who started on the wrong side, this was a crowning achievement.

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk (1443 21 May 1524) was an English soldier and statesman, and son of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk by his first wife Catherine de Moleyns the daughter of William de Moylens and Margery Whalesborough.


Life
Howard went to Ipswich School in his youth. As the First Earl of Surrey, Howard fought for King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, following which he was imprisoned for several years before having his titles and estates restored. He continued in the service of the Tudor dynasty. Beginning in 1497, Howard and the English repelled Scots assaults at Norham Castle, a stronghold of the Bishopric of Durham, among others. In 1502, a treaty was signed between Scotland and England ending hostilities for a time, and Howard was able to rest from his military career for a while. He was appointed Lieutenant General of the North.

In 1511, Lord Surrey was appointed Warden-General of the Northern Marches. In 1513, the Scots invaded England to meet their treaty obligations to France under the Auld Alliance. At the Battle of Flodden Field, the English, under Howard's command, crushed the Scots. With victory, Lord Surrey was restored as Duke of Norfolk in 1514, which title had been forfeit since 1485 because of his father's support of Richard.


Burial location
He died in 1524 and was buried in Thetford Priory. The priory was abandoned at the Dissolution of the Monasteries and while some of the Howard family tombs were moved to the St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham it is not known whether his tomb was moved also. Fragments of what is thought to be from his tomb were found during excavations.

Where his body now lies is not known for certain. A monumental brass depicting him was formerly in the Church of St. Mary at Lambeth so his body could have been moved to the Howard family chapel where many members of his family (including Anne Boleyn's mother) were interred.

However it is known that there are also four coffins in the tomb of the 3rd Duke of Norfolk at St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham so possibly the 2nd Duke and the 1st Duke of Norfolk were buried in the tomb of their descendant.


Marriages and issue
1. Elizabeth Tilney, daughter of Sir Frederick Tilney of Ashwellthorpe and Elizabeth Cheney.


Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
Lord Edmund Howard, father of Catherine Howard, queen consort to Henry VIII of England
Henry Howard
Edward Howard (admiral)
Muriel Howard. Married John Grey, 2nd Viscount Lisle.
Lady Elizabeth Howard, wife to Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, mother to Queen Anne Boleyn, and grandmother to Queen Elizabeth I of England.
Richard Howard.
Sir John Howard.
Charles Howard.
2. Agnes Tilney (1478-1545), daughter of Hugh Tilney of Boston and Eleanor Tailboys. His first wife's cousin, As Dowager Duchess of Norfolk, she was involved in her step-granddaughter's, Catherine Howard, downfall in 1542.


William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham
Lord Thomas Howard (1511-1537).
Elizabeth Howard (d. 1536). Married Henry Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Sussex and was mother of Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex.
Catherine Howard (d. 1554). Married Henry Daubney, 1st Earl of Bridgewater.
Dorothy Howard. Married Edward Stanley, 3rd Earl of Derby.
George Howard.
Agness Howard.
Anne Howard. Married John de Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford.

References
M.A. Tierney, The History and Antiquities of the Castle and Town of Arundel : Including the Biography of Its Earls, From the Conquest to the Present Time (1834) [Chart V, "Pedigree of Howard"]

Thomas Howard, second Duke of Norfolk, K.G. created Earl of Surrey, June
28, 1483. Lord High Treasurer, June 25, 1501; Earl Marshal in 1510;
General-in-Chief at the battle of Flodden, Sept. 5, 1513. His first wife,
Elizabeth, bore him a son, Thomas, who was the third Duke of Norfolk.

Sir Thomas fought at Barnet for Edward IV and was made Steward of the royal household and created Earl of Surrey in 1483 (at the same time that his father was created the 1st Duke of Norfolk). Taken prisoner at Bosworth Field while fighting for Richard III, he remained a captive until January 1489, when he was released and restored to his earldom of Surrey but not to the dukedom of Norfolk. He was then entrusted with the maintenance of order in Yorkshire and with the defense of the Scottish borders. Sir Thomas was made Lord Treasurer and a Privy Councillor in 1501. He helped to arrange the marriage between Margaret, the daughter of Henry VII, and James IV of Scotland. Henry VIII, too, employed him on public business, but the earl grew jealous of Thomas Wolsey and for a short time he absented himself from court. He commanded the army that defeated the Scots at Flodden in September 1513, and was created Duke of Norfolk in February of the following year. In his later years Sir Thomas worked more harmoniously with Wolsey. He was guardian of England during Henry VIII's absence in France in 1520, and he acted as Lord High Steward at the trial of his friend Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, in 1521 - "Dictonary of National Biography," Volume 10, p. 62-64


More About Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk:
Burial: 1524, Thetford Abbey, County Norfolk, England.

More About Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk and AgnesTylney:
Marriage: 30 Apr 1472, Ashwellthorpe, County Norfolk, England.

Children of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk and AgnesTylney are:
  1. +Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, b. 1512, Ashwell Thorpe, Norfolk, England1050, d. date unknown, Tower London, London, Middlesex, England1050.
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