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View Tree for Daniel Frederick BakemanDaniel Frederick Bakeman (b. October 09, 1759, d. April 05, 1869)

Daniel Frederick Bakeman (son of Andreas Philip Bakeman and Catarien Miller) was born October 09, 1759 in NJ/Holland?, and died April 05, 1869 in Freedom, Cattaraugus County, New York. He married Susan Brewer on August 29, 1772 in Schoharie County, New York.

 Includes NotesNotes for Daniel Frederick Bakeman:
Daniel Frederick Bakeman (Bachman) was the last living Revolutionary War soldier. Got a $500 a year pension two years before his death.

Named in Appleton's Encyclopedia.

(Notes from Beverly are following)

Marriage date from Arlene LeQue, Little Falls, NY. Married in a church known as Trinity Lutherland Church. She states that the family was Lutheran. Perhaps she found the information in the Lutheran church records.

Baptism record from Schenectady Reformed Church Records, shows:
Nov. 27, 1773, Daniel Frederick to Phillip and Catarien Miller Bachman.
Witness Daniel Frederick Augerer and Maria Magdalena Auger.

As a young man Daniel resided in Start and Danube townships. Later in life Daniel and son Christopher were settled in Arcade, Wyoming county (then part of Genesse county), NY in 1825 where he lived until 1845 when he moved to Freedom Township where he remained until his death.

Daniel served as a private in the New York Militia under Col. Willett and Capt. Van Arnum. By a special act of Congress he was pensioned at the rate of five hundred dollars a year on a certificate (#17265-file #33,429) that was issued on July 17, 1867. It is stated that it was retroactive by a few years thus giving him a small lump of money with which he purchased a carriage and horses. People enjoyed seeing him ride around town. (see a copy of the transcript of conversation among the Congressmen the day that it was passed in the archives) Connie's note: Don't know if I will have this from Beverly.

A survivor made a claim on Daniel's service record at some point...the reference is on a list of Revolutionary War Pension Applications- -claim number S17265. (Borderbund CD 210)

"ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COMMISIONER OF PENSIONS FOR THE YEAR 1874"...states the following, "With the death of Daniel T. Bakeman, of Freedom, Cattaraugas County, NY, April 5, 1869, the last of the pensioned soldiers of the Revolution passed away."


In the book, "Saints and Sinners, Stories of Upstate New York," Daniel is described as "tall, very slender and erect, with a heavy head of hair he managed to keep all his life and wore chin whiskers."

Daniel and Susan are also written about in the book, YORK STATE TRADITIONS, pub. date 1971, page 25-26. (copy in archives) It states in this article that they survived the loss of three of their homes to house fires. This article states that he was "probably of Dutch descent" and that family history stated that he was born by the Delaware River in NJ and then moved as a young boy to the Mohawk Valley.

He is also written about in HISTORICAL GAZETTE AND BIOGRAPHICAL MEMORIAL OF CATTARAUGUS COUNTY, NEW YORK, editied by Wm. Adams, and published in 1893. Same information as in other articles. (see copy in archives)

Also, in the CORRESPONDENT, Autumn edition, 1970, there is an article with photo entitled, "Who Was The Last Surviving Soldier of the Revolution?" It is stated in this article that Daniel served as known from 1779 to 1783. It states that he served under Col. Marinus Willett of the Continental Army, having entered the service under the command of Capt. William Van Arnum's company under Willett's regiment. His company was ambushed at Fort Plain on Sept. 7, 1781. He apparently also served as a teamster hauling farm produce from the Mohawk Valley to supply Washington's army on the lower Hudson.

See copy of pension papers in archives.

It is a proven fact that he was the last living survivor of the Revolutionary War. (see letter from Dept. of Interior in archive)

1850 census Chautauqua county, Sherman Twp, NY:
Dwelling 225, page 285:
REYNOLDS, Haseltine, 43, born NY
Orpha 12, David 10, Louise 8, Louisa 6, Susan 4, all born NY
Bateman, Frederick, 88, born NY
Wife: Susan, 90, born NY
Susan Bateman, 50, born NY
Jacob Bateman, 13, born NY

1855 NY state census, Cattaraugus county, Freedom Twp:
Page 225, dwelling 40:
BAKEMAN, Frederick 97
Wife: Susan, 97, b. New Jersey (?)
Jacob N. Bakeman looked like 40 or 6 yrs. but could it be the Jacob who is also listed in the 1850 census. Very hard to read.

1860 NY state census, Cattaraugus county, Freedom Twp:
BAKEMAN, Frederick, 1010, b. NY, Albany (though this was not a "sure" read)
Wife: Susan, 102, b. NJ, occupation: Housework
Susan Bakeman, 56, b. NY, occupation: Housework
Index also listed Jacob Bakeman in the neighboring town of Yorkshire
There is a note on the edge of this census page stating that Frederick was the last surviving Rev. Soldier and that he died in 1869.

Jacob Bakeman, 13, born NY

Notes from Joyce Mosher Moyer 10/21/99

"My great-aunts said he was born in New Jersey of "Holland Dutch people." This was to distinguish from "Mohawk Dutch" which was what the English called all the inhabitants of New York regardless of their origin. It was a very important distinction at that time because the Mohawk Dutch were really landless, dis-possessed Palatine Germans, and the Dutch from Holland were much better off financially. There were not Lutheran Church goers originally but Dutch Reformed which at that time was again an important distinction. However, marriages usually took place in the church of the bride's family so that very likely accounts for the statement Arlene made. Also, they lived in the settlement around Gen. Herkimer's Camp (now Danube, Indian Castle, etc.) and the only church was Lutheran.

By the way, DFB came back to Newville to visit, the summer he was 100 years old. His wife came with him and they drove their own buggy. He flatly refused to come by stage. Aunt May said she could just barely remember him. When his wife was 100 years old the family wrote and asked what they could send her and the only thing she really wanted was a "Turkey-Red" dress. Her daughters were appalled and said it was not at all suitable for her years and persuaded their Father not to get it for her. My Gr-Aunts always said they thought this was very wrong - if you live that long you should have what you want! But I suppose they thought she should be quiet and dignified."

The following copied out of SINNERS AND SAINTS Stories of Upstate New York
by George W. Walter
Fay Edward Faulkner Printing Company
Sherburne, New York c. 1973


He was a man of mystery. His exact birthplace is unknown; he was an army veteran, but his name does not appear on the service rolls. Because he used an assumed name, it required a special act of Congress to grant him a pension.

His real name was Daniel Frederick Bachman, but he took the name Bakeman. He was the last surviving pensioned veteran of the Revolutionary War. When he died at the age of one hundred and nine years, it was recalled he had cast his first vote for General George Washington and his last for General Ulysses S. Grant for the presidency.

Bachman or Bakeman, as he was known in his later years, was married to the same woman for eighty-one years. Today, his descendants spread across New York, Pennsylvania and Nebraska.

Bachman was born September 28, 1759, but his birthplace is a subject of conjecture. Some believe he was a Dutchman, born in New Jersey. Others who knew his children believe he was born on Firey Hill, near Newville, in Herkimer County or in the VanHornsville-Starkville area. He married Susan Brewer in 1782. She is also believed to have been born in the Newville area. Like their descendants, the Monks, Walter and Bettingers, Bachman is believed to be of Palatinate German descent.

The index of the Daughters of the American Revolution, lists him under the name of Bakeman. The index also lists a John Bachman, who was born in 1731 and died in 1800, and his wife, Christina Smart. There is a possibility they might be Bachman's parents.

When he was young, Bachman lived for many years in the Town of Stark and in the Town of Danube. He was seventeen when the spark of the Revolution ignited. When Chief Joseph Brant and his Mohawks and Captain Walter Butler, his rangers and tories began their raids on the Valley, Bachman became a militiaman.

Although his name does not appear in "The New York Line", a record book of soldiers of the Revolutionary War, family records indicate he served under Lieutenant Colonel Ebenezer Cox of the First Tryon County Regiment, in Captain Van Arnum's Company. One source claims Bachman fought in the battle of Fort Plain.

Bachman was a farmer. Like most farmers of his time, he also did carpentry work and blacksmithing.

When he changed his name to Bakeman is not known. There is a possibility some town official might have listed it that way. Various histories also have listed him as "Beekman" and "Beakman."

Mr. and Mrs. Bakeman had eight children, Philip, Richard, Christopher, Betsey, Margaret, Susan, Mary and Christine.

In appearance Bakeman was tall, very slender and erect, with a heavy head of hair he managed to keep all his life, and wore chin whiskers.

Three of his homes and their contents were destroyed by fire while he resided in Herkimer County. One home was burned while he was in Albany with a load of potash to sell.

Several of his children married while he and his wife resided in the valley. His daughter, Mary, became the second wife of John Monk, who also was a Revolutionary War veteran. Bakeman's daughter, Margaret, who never married, resided with the William Walter family of Newville. Walter was married to Mary Monk. Mr. and Mrs. Bakeman visited the Walter home on Firey Hill many times.

When Mrs. Susan Bakeman was visiting at the Stephen Maxwell home in Stark, she fell and broke her leg. It was set and healed.

In 1825, Mr. and Mrs. Bakeman joined the westward movement. He was 66 and his wife, 67, when they packed their belongings in a wagon and started westward. Their son, Christopher, accompanied them.

The family settled in Arcade, a hamlet then in the Town of China in Genesee County. Arcade was a post village in the southern part of the town, forty miles southwest of Batavia. It had a Presbyterian Church, a grist mill, several sawmills, a carding and cloth dressing mill; two stores, a temperance tavern and about fifty dwellings. Bakeman build his home on the north side of the County Road.

When Wyoming County was formed from the southern part of Genesee County in 1841, the Town of China and hamlet of Arcade became a part of the new county.

Four years later, Mr. and Mrs. Bakeman moved to the Town of Freedom in Cattaraugus County where they were to live out their lives. The population of the town was about 1,831.

Bakeman was described by William Vernon Smith, a Michigan attorney, who knew him well, as "a man of wit and spirit, a jollier and a lover of life. Bakeman never grew too old to enjoy a joke."

"Some men were digging a well and the old man was down maybe sixteen or eighteen feet," Smith recalled. "The bell rang for dinner and the gang went off and left Bakeman down in the well. They hadn't much more than sat down when in he walked. They never got a word out of him as how he climbed out of the well. He left them guessing."

The Wyoming County Mirror, in a July, 1859 issue reported: "At Ardade during the 4th of July observance, Mr. W. H. Wilson introduced Daniel Bakeman and wife, respectively 100 and 102 years old, both having lived before the Revolution and seen every fourth of July celebrated so far."

A few days prior to the observance, Mrs. Bakeman exhibited specimens of her needlework, which she made without the aid of glasses.

Bakeman was thoroughly filled with the Spirit of '76. Early on the morning of the fourth of July, he would load his old flint lock musket he had carried in the war, and start firing it into the air. He would load the musket and fire it thirteen times in memory of the original thirteen colonies while yelling at the top of his voice, "Hurrah for Washington, Gates, Putnam and Lee and all der brave men who fought for libertee!"

The old man had no use for those who were friendly with the British.

"I shall never forget one thing," Smith said. "He came to the post office one summer evening and sat down on a dry goods box, about the time the people had got away from work. You know how the country people used to gather around the center and swap lies.

"Well, here was the old man," the attorney said, "and here was Dariah Strong and his brother, William, who had the farm between us and town. Everybody knew that Catherine Herkimer, their mother, was a niece of old General Herkimer. They prided themselves that they were somebody because of this relationship. They came from the same place that Bakeman did.

"Well, Dariah asked Bakeman some questions and I remember the old man didn't warm up to him at all. I didn't know until fifty years later that most of General Herkimer's family went out and made peace with the British after General St. Leger landed on the shore of Lake Ontario and was preparing to march up the Mohawk Valley and join Burgoyne," Smith said.

Bakeman never cared for some members of the Schuyler family who resided near Newville in the Town of Danube, where he previously lived. Peter Schuyler was married to Barbara Herkimer another sister of General Herkimer. One of their sons was Hon Yost Schuyler, whom the old man always considered a traitor and scoundrel.

"Of course, Bakeman was a big figure in our little world", Smith recalled. "He had always been a pioneer farmer, never earning much, never doing anything extraordinary."

As Bakeman had entered the militia when he was about seventeen years of age and served during the last four years of the war, some of his neighbors though he should receive a pension. With the assistance of his many friends, Bakeman applied for a pension in 1867.

The document reads as follows: "Daniel Frederick Bakeman, the last pensioner of the war of the Revolution, was pensioned at the rate of $500 per annum on Certificate No. 33,429, which was issued July 17, 1867, under a Special Act of Congree, dated February 22, 1867, the bill being reported by Mr. Price of the committee on Revolutionary Pensions. His formal application of pension under said act, was executed before Hyder Barnes, justice of the peace in Arcade, June 17, 1867, in which he stated that he was 107 years old, a resident of Freedom, Cattaraugus County, New York, and that he served during the last four years of the war under Captain Van Arnum and Colonel Willett in the New York Troops."

The delay of nearly fifty years after the act of authorizing the pensioning of Revolutionary soldiers, before this patriot was rewarded was undoubtedly due to the fact of the misspelling of his family name, it having been written Bachman, also Bakeman, Bateman and even Baker."

The $500 pension allowed Bakeman to buy his own horse and carriage. At the annual fourth of July celebrations, the authorities of many communities begged him to participate.

After eighty-one years of married life, Mrs. Bakeman died September 10, 1863, at the age of 105 years.

Bakeman had two nephews residing in the township, Austin and Jacob Bakeman. The old veteran used to go to Jacob's place to visit. It was there that Attorney Smith met Bakeman.

The old Revolutionary War soldier died at the age of one hundred and nine years on April 5, 1869. Both he and his wife are buried in Freedom.

On July 17, 1915, the one hundred and fortieth anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill, the Olean Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, marked the graves of Daniel and Susan Bakeman. Members of the chapter presented an American flag, which has become known as the "Bakeman flag" to the Baptist Church, following a parade and all-day observance.

Since then, the graves have been a focal point in Freedom. On fourth of July observances, tribute is paid to Daniel Frederick Bakeman, the last surviving pensioner of the Revolutionary War.

More About Daniel Frederick Bakeman:
Age at Death (2): 109.
Burial: Unknown, Freedom or Sandusky, New York.
Fact 7: Last surviving Revolutionary War Soldier.
Last Residence: Freedom, New York.
Occupation: Farmer.

More About Daniel Frederick Bakeman and Susan Brewer:
Marriage: August 29, 1772, Schoharie County, New York.

Children of Daniel Frederick Bakeman and Susan Brewer are:
  1. +Mary Bakeman, b. December 21, 1794, Newville, Herkimer County, New York, d. October 14, 1845, Danube, New York.
  2. +Phillip Bakeman, b. September 12, 1782, New York, d. 1868.
  3. Johan Philip Bakeman, b. March 07, 1783, Stark, Herkimer County, New York, d. November 08, 1808, NY.
  4. +Daniel Christopher Bakeman, b. December 16, 1789, Albany County, New York, d. February 23, 1869, Freedom, Cattaraugus County, New York.
  5. Elizabeth Bakeman, b. December 18, 1796, New York, d. 1863.
  6. Margaret Bakeman, b. August 27, 1799, Stark, Herkimer County, New York, d. February 24, 1884, Herkimer County, New York.
  7. Susan Bakeman, b. February 02, 1802, d. date unknown.
  8. +Richard Bakeman, b. March 26, 1804, New York, d. date unknown.
  9. Christine Bakeman, b. May 24, 1804, New York, d. date unknown.
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