A STOUGH AHNENTAFEL
Tracing the Ancestry of
Evelyn Stough Schroeder
Hugo William Schroeder, Jr.
Update – 22 February 2008
Evelyn Mae STOUGH
1. Evelyn Mae1 STOUGH , born1 [private] at home, in Windsor Twp, York Co., PA; daughter of 2. Curtis Jerome2 STOUGH and 3. Dora Ellen2 HOKE . Since her mother was of River Brethren extraction (they do not believe in infant baptism), she was not baptized2 until 18 Apr 1943 at Trinity Lutheran Church, Wrightsville, PA. She was married3 25 Dec., 1959, at Trinity Lutheran Church, Wrightsville, York Co., PA to the Rev. Hugo William SCHROEDER, Jr., born4 24 May 1937 in York, York Co., PA; son of the Rev. Hugo William SCHROEDER, Sr. and Florence May SMITH [see Schroeder Ahnentafel on this website for a family history] .
The daughter of a Pennsylvania farmer, Evelyn moved with her family from the farm near Wrightsville to York City when she was eight years old. Graduating from William Penn High School, she worked as a secretary at several firms in York before deciding to become a deaconess of the United Lutheran Church in America. After a year's study at York Junior College (now the York College of Pennsylvania), she transferred to Gettysburg College, where she met and married her husband, putting an end to plans for the diaconate. Graduating from college in 1959, she joined her husband in parish ministry, devoting herself to church and family. The Schroeders served parishes in Bittinger, MD; Lancaster, PA; Altoona, PA; Williamsport, PA; Bloomsburg, PA and Albany, NY. After her husband’s retirement in 1999, they settled in Liverpool, PA, near daughter Sue.
After her`children were raised, Mrs. Schroeder worked at several jobs in Williamsport and Bloomsburg as a temp secretary and then managed an office at Bloomsburg University. But home and family remain her first love, and she is happiest when caring for grandchildren.
Children of Evelyn Mae STOUGH and Hugo William SCHROEDER (Jr.) were as follows:
i The Rev. Hugo William SCHROEDER, III
1. York Co., PA, Birth Certificate, Evelyn May Stough
2. Evelyn Stough Baptismal Certificate
3. Wedding Certificate, No. 75386.
4. York County, PA., Birth Certificate No. 67777 - Hugo W. Schroeder, Jr. ,
2. Curtis Jerome2 STOUGH, was born1 14 Mar, 1889, in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; he died1 20 Oct, 1979, in York, York Co., PA, and was buried in Mt Zion Lutheran Church Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. He was the son of 4. John Calvin3 STOUGH and 5. Elizabeth3 GRAYBILL . On 25 Jan, 1912, he was married2 at Wolf's Lutheran Church, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA, to 3. Dora Ellen HOKE , born3 2 Sep, 1894, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died4 11 May, 1981, at York, York Co., PA; and was buried in Mt Zion Lutheran Church Cemetery, Springettsbury, York Co., PA. She was the daughter of.6. Howard3 HOKE and 7. Susan3 STRICKLER .
Curt, as he was known to friends and family, was born just west of York, PA, on his father's farm. His mother dying when he was very young, he was raised by a stepmother, Leah nee Eyster. The family was Pennsylvania Dutch, and Curtis was raised speaking that dialect in the home, learning English only when he went to school.
He often shared stories of his childhood, which showed that he was no goody-two-shoes. There were fist fights in the school yard, in which he held his own, though he was unusually short.
In his teens, Curtis ran one of the old steam threshing rigs, powered by a huge boiler on wheels, taking it from farm to farm in harvest season, quite on his own. He recalled moments when life hung in the balance as he manipulated the huge boiler over hilly fields. Once it actually tipped over.
Curt and Dora met at a dance while she was still quite young (he was already 23); and the relationship struck fire though they lived on opposite sides of the city. He told of returning home with horse and wagon after dates, letting the horse find its own way while he slept in the wagon. After the wedding, which in the old fashioned way took place in the parsonage of Wolf's Church by Rev. Adam Stump, they honeymooned to Atlantic City; his chldhood friend, now a hotel operator, gave the trip as a gift. For many years there were photographs in the family picture box of them on the beach, she in the black women's swim wear of the day, with skirt and full bodice covering the figure to the knees, he in knee-pants and a shirt we would call today a "muscle shirt."
At first Curtis planned to support his family in "public works" (as non-farming jobs were then called), and he did hold several factory positions briefly. One, with the Pennsylvania Railroad at the Enola yards lasted exactly one day. His father-in-law wondered aloud whether Curt “would ever amount to anything," but the problem was that his heart was really on the farm. Soon he found a place to farm “for the half” (an arrangement in which the farmer provides labor, the landlord seed, and profits are shared). For many years, that was his life, and farming for the half served his family well, especially during the hard years of the depression; since most of the expense fell on the landlord.
Curtis and Dora Stough moved frequently, farming at the following places: 1) near Stonybrook, not far from Dora’s parents; 2) at Stonybrook, in a double house rented from the Feltrows; 3) at Heeston Station; 4) on Maisch's Farm, on the East Prospect Rd (Evy was born here), 5) On the Joe Strickler farm [now the Clear Creek Golf Course, just west of Wrightsville].
In the end he fulfilled a lifelong ambition by buying a small farm on the East Prospect Road outside of Wrightsville. He had owned it only eight years when a savvy real estate dealer offered to buy it. Having no desire to sell, he turned down several offers. Late in the night, after Dora had already gone to bed, the real estate man finally said, "You name the price."
"I don't want to sell," said Curtis.
"Everything has a price," said the dealer. "How much?"
To end the conversation, Curtis mentioned a figure he thought utterly unreasonable. "$8000," he said. "And I won't settle for less."
"Sold," said the dealer.
And so it was. Curtis took the dead upstairs for Dora sign and soon they were making plans to move. The farm was developed into building lots, and the dealer made a killing on it. But Curtis held no malice. This happened in 1945. He was already past 50, and farming with horses was hard work. He had only paid $2000 or so for the farm, so he was pleased with the sale, feeling that he had made a handsome profit on it.
Moving to York, the Stoughs purchased a home at 1123 East Poplar street from their son Howard (who was then undergoing a divorce). Curtis took a job as a welder at the York-Hoover, a a`plant on East Princess Street which made truck frames. There he spent his last working years.
At heart, Curtis remained a farmer long after he took up “public works.” He was a horse farmer and loved the huge beasts that powered the old time farm. In old age he loved nothing more than to tell his "horse stories."
In retirement Curtis and Dora enjoyed the fruits of their labor, visiting daughter Susan in Florida each winter. Once or twice a year they visited their daughter Evy and her family in South Williamsport, staying two or three weeks, visits filled with pleasure for adults and children alike. Similar visits were made to other family homes. In between, Curtis helped on the farm of a cousin, Curwin Benzel, and with other family members who had small farms. A lung, injured decades before in a fall from a hay wagon, eventually made it difficult for him to breathe, forcing him to surrender these pleasures. An avid sports enthusiast, Curt watched baseball on TV with great enthusiasm and enjoyed watching bowling; but his greatest enjoyment was attending sales with old friends, "jawing" about days gone by.
Short in stature, Curtis was a muscular man with a barrel chest. Bone white hair, wavy and thick even in old age, gave him a distinguished look; as Dora put, “he cut a trim figure of a man.” With a wry, pleasant sense of humor, he was pleasant company.
At first, coming from such diverse religious backgrounds (she was of River Brethren and Reformed extraction, he was Lutheran) the two attended whichever church first visited them. Eventually they settled on Trinity Lutheran Church in Wrightsville as their religious home and were very active there. Curtis served one or two terms on Church Council and was a faithful member of the Men's Class; in retirement he often worked on the church building. And religion was not just an institutional matter for them; lifelong tithers, they supported many Christian ministries, visited the sick and lent their help to the abused and orphaned. Generous to a fault, they lived by the highest Christian standards.
The end came swiftly to Curtis. A series of strokes paralyzed him, prohibiting speech and leaving him bedfast. The family nursed him at home, and nature took its course in a few weeks. Ninety years old when he died, he was genuinely grieved by all who knew him.
DORA ELLEN HOKE STOUGH was raised by a River Brethren mother and a non-attending Reformed father. Allowed to chose her own way religiously, she was confirmed Reformed, but in many ways her heart remained with the Brethren. A plain sect that had been founded in the late 18th century by her Strickler forebears, it was still quite rigorous in her childhood, though they have since become a bit more relaxed. It was their tradition to “shun” all who went “worldly,” and at first she suffered for having done so. But throughout her life Dora kept in close contact with “the Yorker Brethren,” as they were called. In time they came to reciprocate her love and constancy. She was a spirited, passionate woman in her loves, likes and opinions, perhaps too much so for that rigid sect, which shares the plain folks’ suspicion of strong feelings except those directed toward God. She met Curtis, who lived west of York, at a local picnic. He was working on the farm of a relative east of York; she was the date of another man, Normie Emmenheiser. But Curtis cut in, and, as they say, the rest is history. She fell in love with him quickly and they were married when only she was only seventeen. Throughout life they remained close, though there were stormy moments. As they prepared to celebrate their sixty-fifth wedding anniversary, Dora, in a pique, acerbically commented that there was really nothing to celebrate, since they were not talking at the moment. But such moments passed rapidly and were soon forgotten.
Though her father and mother were well off financially and marriage to Curtis must have required some adjustment, Dora pitched in whole-heartedly, working with the men in the fields when needed, or hustling off to town in the family car to purchase parts as farm equipment was repaired. Children came fast and were the center of her life. She was a loving mother, and a good parental model, demanding the best of her children. She knew well how to cook and bake, and the family enjoyed their meals. The loss of a fourteen year old daughter to leukemia was an awful scar, but she took it in stride, and though past forty, was soon became pregnant again, filling the hurt and pain with a new daughter, Evelyn. Late in her life a young Mormon missionary proudly told Dora that she could continue her marriage and bear more children in heaven; she responded that she’d borne her share of children in this world and wasn’t interested in doing so in the next.
In later years, Dora and Curt were core members of Trinity Church in Wrightsville. She was active in the women’s organizations, faithful in attending Sunday School as well as church. She was quick to help her children in harvest seasons, and ready to take care of grandchildren. At 82 years of age, she felt sickly one day on rising in the morning and phoned the doctor.
He said, “Call your daughter and lie quietly on the sofa.”
Sara came quickly. They prayed together, and shortly she passed peacefully to the next life.
Children5 of Curtis Jerome STOUGH and Dora Ellen HOKE:
i Howard Calvin1 STOUGH, born 7 Aug 1913 in York Co., PA; died 30 May 1998 in York, York Co., PA; and was buried 3 Jun 1998 in Mt. Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. He married (1) on 23 Sep 1939 Helen SPRENKLE (the marriage was a casualty of World War II, ending in divorce) by whom he had one daughter, Sonia ; and (2) Millie ROTH (this marriage also ended in divorce). Howard had hoped to become a schoolteacher, but family financial pressures during the Depression precluded that, and he became a truck driver, working for York Transportation Co. When World War II started, he at first received a draft deferment, but eventually enlisted in the Navy, serving as a machinist's mate on an LST in the Pacific. After the war ended, when he remarried, he bought a small farm east of York. When this marriage ended, about 1960, he resumed living with his parents, staying there until they died. In time he developed a relationship with Velma Stein, which brought much joy and comfort to both. “Hob” (as he was known) lived an exemplary life, and was a faithful member of Trinity Lutheran Church, Wrightsville. In his younger years he greatly enjoyed stock car races and even worked for a while in the pit as a mechanic for a friend who was a driver. An avid baseball fan, he would follow three games simultaneously on TV.
ii Margie Elizabeth1 STOUGH, born 3 Dec 1914 in York Co., Pa; died 11 Feb 1929 in York Co., PA; and was buried in Mt. Zion Lutheran Cemetery, York Co., PA. She died at 14 years of age from leukemia, said to have been occasioned by a bad bruise received while attending camp.
iii Sara Agnes1 STOUGH , born 23 Apr 1916 in York, PA. She was married on 24 Dec 1934 to Alvin C. SIPE, of York Co., PA, a machinist. Married during the Depression, they lived with her parents before establishing their own home. Of their large family she joked, "in those [Depression] days we couldn't afford any other recreation," but in fact, mothering was her true vocation. She provided a home for several foster children in addition to four of her own. The last of these foster children, Alan Keith, they adopted. Sara and Alvin lived for many years on Kreutz Creek Road just north of Hellam. When the children were raised, they moved to Hellam, and late in life bought a cottage at the Brethren Home, Cross Keys (in Adams County). Alvin died there 16 Mar. 1995, and was buried in Kreutz Creek Cemetery, Hellam Twp., York Co., PA. Sara is a warm, pleasant woman with deep evangelical religious convictions.
iv Susan Jean1 STOUGH , born 25 Oct 1918 in York Co., PA; died Apr 1994 in Luther Haven, Ovieda, Seminole Co., FL, where she was buried. She was`married on 24 Dec 1936 to Raymond Washington "Shorty" SINDLINGER, who was born c1903 in the Shenandoah Valley, VA. They later purchased a farm on the East Prospect Road, near today’s I-83. Rearing a family of five children in the 40’s and 50’s (when money was still tight), Sue kept a large garden and sold produce door to door. “Shorty” worked at the American Chain Works on East Princess St., where he became a union representative after loosing several fingers in an industrial accident. When he retired, Sue and “Shorty” left York County and moved to Plant City, Florida,. Active members of the Missouri Synod Lutheran Church throughout their lives, they later built a cottage on the grounds of Luther Haven (a church retirement community) at Ovieda, FL, where they remained until their deaths. Shorty served as maintenance man and general handyman there as long as he was able, dying in 1993. Both are buried at Luther Haven.
v Marianne Louise1 STOUGH , was born 11 Oct 1923 at Wrightsville, Hellan Twp., York Co., PA. In April, 1941, she eloped to Maryland and was married 1) to Eugene E. HINKLE, born 25 Aug 1920 in York Co. (known in the family as "Gene-er"). They settled in the borough of Hellam, where they raised two children. Marianne worked for many years as a dietician at the local high school. After her first husband's death in 1980, she married 2) William YOUNG, a lifelong friend. Their first home was on the grounds of the Cool Creek Country Club (both are avid golfers); in an apartment building located on the exact site of the farmhouse in which she had been born. They later moved into Wrightsville to care for her father-in-law as he aged. A nurturing woman, Marinanne also caried for her brothers.in their final illnesses
vi Curtis Jerome1 STOUGH, Jr., was born 29 Jan 1925 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. Born and raised on his parents' farm outside of Wrightsville, Curtis was a handful in his teen years, cutting school so often that his father took to driving him there and watching until he went through the door. Even this did not work, as Curtis would walk through the building and out the back door, going to a local garage to work on cars.
When he was only 15, Curtis Jr. (as he was known) informed his parents he had enlisted in the army. This was in the late 30's, when there was no compelling reason to sign up, but they decided not stand in his way. "Maybe the army can do something with him," his father said; "I sure can't." When World War II broke out, realizing that he might be in serious danger and thinking to get out because he was underage, Curtis asked his sergeant, "What would they do if a boy lied about his age when he signed up?"
"Oh, put him in Fort Leavenworth for 10 years or so," said the sergeant, who was no dummy. So Curtis served for the duration of World War II.
He was assigned to drive trucks, and landed at Normandy shortly after D-Day in 1944, participating in the drive into Germany. Because he spoke Pennsylvania Dutch he was used as an interpreter from time to time. In later years he recalled how, when the convoys were under fire, they would stop and hide beneath the trucks; so he must have been, as we say, "in harm's way."
After the war, Curtis had difficulty re-entering society. Finding his parents quiet lifestyle restrictive, he eventually settled into a relationship with Lydia Jordan SMITH, the widow of a soldier killed in France. She was unwilling to marry him, however, until her husband’s body had been returned and laid to rest on American soil, so they were not wed until 3 July, 1949 . They made their home at 759 Oatman Street until the last year or so of their lives. They had no children. Curtis worked throughout his career (39 years) as a truck driver for Hall's Motor Freight, Inc., and Lydia was supervisor in a sewing factory.
Known for his sharp wit and raucous humor, Curtis was good company. Once, vacationing in Atlantic City (long before the casinos), he inquired at a boardwalk shop about the price of something. Hearing how much it cost, he responded, "And just think, Jesse James had to carry a gun!" The shopkeeper threw him out, but everyone had a good laugh.
Dogged by ill health in retirement, he entered a nursing home, where Lydia soon joined him. He died 29 Nov 1998 in Memorial Hospital, York, and was buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery, York, Pa. Lydia died at the nursing home in 2000 A.D and is buried beside him.
1. Funeral Card, Curtis J. Stough, Etzweiler Funeral Home
2. Curtis & Dora Stough 50th Anniversary Clipping (Source unknown).
3. Howard Hoke Family Bible, (Philadelphia, A.J. Holman & Co., 1894), in possession of Hugo W. Schroeder, Jr
4. Funeral Card, Dora E.. Stough, Etzweiler Funeral Home
5. Accounts of children drawn largely from recollections of their sister, Evelyn.
6. Baptismal Certificate of Evelyn Stough.
Abigail H, Strickler et. al.,, The Stricklers Of Pennsylvania (Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing House, c1942, p293.
Funeral Cards of various family members.
Mary Strickler Bible, (Philadelphia, A.J. Holman & Co., 1882), in possession of Hugo W. Schroeder, Jr.
Obituary, Dora (Hoke) Stough.
Obituary, Curtis J. Stough.
Obituary, Curtis Stough, Jr.,.
Personal Memories, Evelyn Stough, Hugo Schroeder
Tombstones, Mt. Zion Lutheran Cemetery.
US Federal Census Records (Ancestry.com) for 1920, 1930.
York Daily Record Newspaper.
4. John Calvin3 STOUGH, born1 17 Jun 1862 in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died1 5 Feb 1946 at 1441 Munroe St., York, York Co., PA and was buried in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. He was the son of 8. Martin4 STOUGH and 9. Louise/Lucy Ann4 BAHN. He was married2 (1) 13 Sept., 1885, by Rev J. H. Leeser, York, PA, to 5. Elizabeth3 GRAYBILL , born1 c19 Jan, 1867, in West Manchester Twp., York, PA; died1 28 Dec, 1894, in West Manchester Twp., and was buried in Wolf's Cemetery. She was the daughter of the 10. George W.4 GRAYBILL and his wife 11. Elizabeth4 . Calvin Stough was married3 (2) on 2 Apr, 1896, by Rev. Adam Stump, of York Co., PA to Leah EYSTER , born1 16 Aug, 1863, in York, PA; died1 2 Apr, 1937, in York Borough, York Co., PA. She is buried in Wolf's Cemetery, where her husband lies between his two wives. John Calvin Stough was a longtime member of St. Paul (Wolf’s) Lutheran Church, Leah Eyster was a member of Holzschwamm Reformed Congregation.
Calvin Stough farmed in western York County at Graybill's Station, the Five Mile House and several other locations, farming “for the half” until he retired and moved to town. There he worked for the Green Dairy. In later life he was completely blind, a condition which overtook him very suddenly, in both eyes, while working in a field.
Little is known of Elizabeth Graybill STOUGH, who died nine years into her marriage, when her oldest child, Curtis, was only five years old.
Leah Eyster was raised in Holtzschwamm Church. The marriage was very strained (at time they did not even talk to each other, passing necessary messages back and forth through the children, using a slate board and chalk). But her step-son Curtis remembered her as making no distinctions between her natural and step children. “If she beat one of us, she beat all of us,” is how he put it. The result was that the children were all united by a common bond
Children of John Calvin STOUGH and Elizabeth GRAYBILL:
i George2 STOUGH, born 1887; died 1891; buried1 in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp, York, Co. PA.
2 ii Curtis Jerome2 STOUGH, born4 14 Mar, 1889, in York, Pa; died4 20 Oct, 1979, at 1123 East Poplar St, York, York Co., PA.
iii Annie Naomi2 STOUGH , born 19 Apr, 1890, in York Co., PA., baptized5 16 Apr 1891 at St. Paul Lutheran (Wolf’s) Church; died6 Nov. 1984 at 1441 Monroe St., York PA.. She married Chauncey LENTZ and lived in York R.D. 6 until they moved in with her father at 1441 Monroe St., York, PA.
iv Minnie2 STOUGH, born 30 Oct 1891 in York Co., PA, and died in 1893; buried1 in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA.
v Charles Paul2 STOUGH, born 18 Nov 1894 in York Co, Pa; baptized5 4 Dec 1894 at Wolf's Lutheran Church, West Manchester Twp, York Co., PA; died6 Oct. 1983. He and his wife Elizabeth lived in York R.D. 4, where he farmed until he was about 50 years old, after which he sold tombstones for a living.
Children of John Calvin STOUGH and Leah EYSTER:
i Peter Calvin2 STOUGH, born 28 Nov, 1896, in York, PA, baptized5 9 Feb 1897 at St. Paul’s (Wolf’s) Lutheran Church; died6 Mar 1987 in York, York Co., PA.. His wife was named Gertrude.
ii Raymond Eyster2 STOUGH, born 20 Aug 1899 in York Co., baptized5 25 Sep 1899 at St. Paul (Wolf’s) Lutheran Church, West Manchester twp., York Co. PA; he died6 Jan. 1970 in the York Hospital, York, York, Pa; buried at Wolf's Church, West Manchester Twp., York, PA. He married Flora R. EYSTER.
iii Allen Eugene2 STOUGH, born 24 Sep 1900 in York Co., PA, baptized5. 16 Dec 1900 at St. Paul (Wolf’s) Lutheran Church, West Manchester, York Co., PA; died6 Nov. 1892, York, York Co., PA. He married Carrie HESS. They resided in Jacobus; he worked in York for Graybill appliances.
iv Elma Irene2 STOUGH , born 3 Aug 1902 in York Co., PA, and died6. Sep 1972 in York, York Co., PA. She is buried at Wolf's Church, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. She married Austin YEAGER and they.made their home at 98 North Fayette St, York, PA.
v Edna Romaine2 STOUGH, born7 13 Jun, 1904, in York Co., PA; died 1 Apr 1992 at Stonybrook, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA She is buried at Wolf's Church, West Manchester Twp., York Co. Edna was single throughout life. When not living with her parents or siblings, she supported herself by working as a live-in companion and housekeeper for the elderly.
1. Tombstones, Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co..
2. Marriage Index to York Newspapers, 1851-1901 (typescript in Historical Society library)
3. York County Archives, online marriage database: <<http://www.york-county.org/cgi-bin/marriage.cgi>
4. Funeral Card, Curtis Stough
5. Wolf's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church Records.
6. Social Security Death Index, Ancestry.com database.
7. Howard Stough, Personal Knowledge
Obituary, John Calvin Stough.
Obituary, Raymong Eyster Stough.
Obituary, Edna Irene Stough, Yeager
US Federal Census Records (from Ancestry.com) for 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930.
6. Howard3 HOKE, born1 13 May, 1873, in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; died1 21 Mar 1957, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA, and was buried in Mt Zion Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co. , PA, son of 12. Michael4 HOKE and 13. Sarah Ann4 LUCKENBAUGH. He was married on 4 Feb 1894 by Rev. Jacob Keller to 7. Susan3 STRICKLER , born1,3 11 May 1875, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died 19 Dec 1958, in a nursing home in Mountville, Lancaster, PA; buried 22 Dec 1958 in Mt Zion Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. She was the daughter of the 14. Rev. George R.4 STRICKLER and 15. Elizabeth Gerber4 MUSSER .
Raised in a Reformed family, Howard married a member of the Old Order River Brethren (there must a be a story there, if we just knew it!). She remained faithful to her religious rearing, being the daughter of a bishop, but he soon lapsed into inactivity and stopped attending church. Dora recalled that a seamstress visited the house for a week or two each year to make new clothes for the family, and that a neighborhood girl was always hired to do the housework, so money must not have been a problem. Both Howard and Susan were of Pennsylvania Dutch stock. There were only three children, and one of these, a little boy named Clarence, died a few months after his birth in 1901.
Howard was an independent farmer in Springettsbury Township. Located along the Lincoln Highway, his farm had perhaps been the site of an inn in the distant past (or maybe, more romantically, was part of the Revolutionary Prisoner of War Camp at Stonybrook, for Howard found many colonial coins as he plowed the fields. That was in the days before tractors were in common use, and he farmed with horses. Retiring in his 50’s, in about 1922; he held a public sale to dispose of the livestock and farming implements. A sale advertisement5 describes the farm as "in Springettsbury township, York County, Pa., about 4 miles east of York along the Lincoln Highway, 1/4 mile west of Stony Brook." The sale, held March 6, 1922, included 3 horses, 8 head of cattle, 14 hogs, 3 farm wagons, various implements and harnesses. Afterward’s, Howard’s son Earl took over the farm, and operated a dairy on it, moving into the old farmhouse, while Howard and Susan built a new home on the Lincoln Highway. The dairy continued in operation until 1945, when the whole business was sold. Today the land is heavily developed.
Howard was celebrated in the family for holding onto his money. Many stores circulated among his grandchildren of his ability to make them feel guilty for borrowing money from a bank instead of coming to him; but when they did, they were made to feel still more guilty. Be that as it may, he left the family a good inheritance!
In retirement Howard was an avid gardener, and took great pride in having the earliest, biggest and best tomatoes in the neighborhood. It was, in fact, as he walked to the store to buy onions sets for his garden that he was struck by an automobile along the Lincoln Highway, killing him instantly. His funeral was held by River Brethren preachers. Susan continued living in the home as long as she was able, then lived for a time with a granddaugher, Dora’s daughter Sarah, then finally moved in with her brother Earl. In the end she entered a nursing home in Mountville, where she died. The family home eventually became the Flamingo Motel.
Children of Howard HOKE and Susan STRICKLER:
3 i Dora Ellen2 HOKE6 , born 2 Sep 1894 in Springettsbury Twp, York, Pa; died 11 May 1981 at home on East Poplar St. in York She married Curtis Jerome STOUGH.
ii Raymond Earl2 HOKE, born1 21 Sep 1899 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died7 June 1963 in York, York Co, PA; buried in Mt Zion Cem, York Co, PA. He married Mabel R. HOFFMAN , born7 4 Aug 1900; died7 Jun 1981, and is buried with him. As a young man he led a carefree life. He had a motorcycle and with his wife, Mabel Hoffman in a sidecar, he traveled to Iowa and worked on the farm of his uncle, Daniel Keller. Learning to ride horse, he mastered rodeo tricks and sent back pictures of himself dressed as a cowboy, standing up on a horse's back. Eventually he and Mabel settled down, returning to York, where they lived on his father's farm. From it he operated the HOKE DAIRY until 1945, when they moved into York, buying a home on Albemarle St. There they lived until their deaths.
iii Clarence2 HOKE1, born 4 April, 1901, in Springettsbury Twp, York, Pa; died 23 July, 1901, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA, and is buried in Mt Zion Cemetery, Stoneybrook.
1. Howard Hoke Family Bible.
2. York County Archives, Online Marriage Database < http://www.york-county.org/cgi-bin/marriage.cgi
3. Abigail Strickler et. al, The Stricklers of Pennsylvania (Scotdale, PA: Mennonite Publishing Couse, c1942), p293
4. Susan Strickler Funeral Card
5. Howard Hoke Sale Bill.
6. Dora (Hoke) Stough Obituary.
7. Social Security Death Index, <Ancestry.com>.
Original Marriage Application and Certificate
Susan Strickler Obituary.
Susan Strickler Funeral Card.
Tombstones, Mt Zion Cemetery, York Pa.
Mary Strickler Bible.
US Censuses, 1900-1930
8. Martin4 STOUGH, born 28 Jan 1841 in York Co., PA; baptized1 14 May 1841 at Strayer Reformed Church, Dover Twp., York Co., PA; died 29 Jun 1919 at New Salem, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; buried1 at St. Jacob Lutheran Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. He was the son of 16. Michael5 STOUGH and 17. Sarah Ann5 STOEHR . He was married2 on 12 Jan 1860 by Rev J C. Deininger, York Co., PA to 9. Louise/Lucy Ann4 BAHN, born3 17 May 1837 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; baptized3 10 Sep 1837 at Wolf's Lutheran Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died4 18 Jan. 1922 in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; buried 21 Jan 1922 in St. Jacob Lutheran Church Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. She was a daughter of 18. Henry5 BAHN and 19. Elizabeth5 GLATFELTER .
He was born 28 Jan 1841 and baptised 14 May 1841, as the son of Philip and Sarah Stauch (an error in record keeping). The 1850 census, however, shows that he was the son of Michael and Sarah (pastor’s do make errors in record keeping). The marriage record indicates that at that time he was a resident of West Manchester Twp. He began purchasing land in North Codorus Twp in 1876, accumulating a total of 164 acres in six purchased by 18875. Between the 1870 and 1880 censuses, he left West Manchester township and moved to North Codorus, where he spent the remainder of his life working his farm. Census records show that his mortgage on the farm was not paid off until after 1900. That year he identified himself as the operator of a cider and saw mill, but generally the records show him as a small farmer.
The story is told in the family that in old age he went to buy a cow, telling the owner, "I need a gentle cow, because a lady in her 80's has to milk her." They kept their house and farm almost to the day of their death.
Martin is buried beside his wife in St. Jacob's Lutheran Church Cemetery.
Lucy BAHN STOUGH was baptized at Wolf’s Church as “Lousanna,” but she is identified on her death certificate as Louise A. [Ann] and her tombstone gives her name as Lucy Ann. Census and other records show she went by both of the last two, and also simply as Ann.
Children of Martin STOUGH and Louise/Lucy Ann BAHN:
i Sarah Agnes3 STOUGH , born 27 April, 1861, in West Manchester Twp, York Co., PA, and baptized6 13 Nov 1861 at Wolf's Lutheran Church. She married Hamilton KLINE7. She died before her father (1909).
4 ii John Calvin3 STOUGH, born8 17 June, 1862, in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died8 5 Feb., 1946, in York Co., PA and was buried 9 in Wolf's Church Cemetery.
iii Alice M.3 STOUGH , born10 c1863. She married Charles MOSBERGER7.
iv William3 STOUGH, born10 c1866; died aft 1946. He married Sarah DOLL7. When his brother John Calvin died William resided in York, RD 69.
v Michael3 STOUGH, born11 26 Mar., 1869, in York Co., Pa; died11 19 Aug 1933 in North Codorus Twp., York, Pa; buried at New Salem, North Codorus Twp., York Co., Pa. He was married3 on 6 Dec 1891 in York Borough to Louisa Rebecca SHINDLER , born 25 Aug., 1872, in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; where she died on 27 Nov., 1936. They are buried at New Salem, York Co., PA. Evelyn Stough Schroeder recalls that they had 14 children, but some died young. "The Mikes's," she recalls, "had the worst Dutch accent in the whole family." A deed of 190412 indicates that he went bankrupt:
vi Minnie3 STOUGH , born10 c1869 in York Co., died9 sometime after 1946. She married3 (1) on 11 Aug., 1895, in York Co., John Latimer RAUHAUSER. He must have died young, because she later married9 2) Charles Cunningham, whose first wife had been her sister, Emma. They lived on Pleasureville Hill in York RD7. Minnie lived to a ripe old age.
vii Charles3 STOUGH, born10 c1874. He married3 on 27 July, 1897, at Hanover, York Co., PA Susan ALTLAND .
viii Kate3 STOUGH , born10 c1871; died after 1946. She was married3 on 6 Feb., 1898, by Rev. Adam Stump, York Co., PA, to William LENTZ, born c1875.
ix Emma3 STOUGH , born10 c1872. She was married3 on 19 Oct., 1890, by Rev. Wanner, at York, York Co., PA to Charles CUNNINGHAM.
x Lucy A.3 STOUGH , born13 6 Mar., 1876, in York Co., PA, died13 13 Feb., 1922, at York, PA. She was married on 17 July, 1900, William Clayton HERMAN, born 30 Dec 1877; died 27 Nov 1942 in York Co.
xi Martin3 STOUGH, born10 1877/78 inYork Co., Pa. He was married3 on 2 Sept., 1900, at Faustown, York Co., to Elsie WITMER. Evelyn Stough Schroeder recalled that at family reunions he used to tell how he had helped build the road from York to Dallastown with his yoke of oxen. They lived at Seven Valleys RD 2.
xii Jennie May3 STOUGH6, born c26 Jun., 1881, in North Codorus Twp., York Co., Pa; died 28 Sept., 1881, in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; buried in St Paul's (Wolf’s) Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA.
xiii Edward T.3 STOUGH,14 died c1909. He is known only from his father's will, of which he (with John Calvin Stough) he was an executor.
1. Stough-Stauch Report, YHT, p135..
2. Marriage Index to York Newspapers, 1851-1901.
3. York Historical Trust Vital Statistics Card.
4. York Death Records, File No. 21490..
5. York County Deeds, 11I/376, 11I/42, 11I/46, 11I/381, 11L/39.
6. Wolf's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church Records.
7. Martin Stough Will, York Wills, 3G, p660.
8. Tombstones, Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co..
9. Obituary, John Calvin Stough.
10. 1880 US Census.Records, North Codorus Twp, York Co., p38
11. Hartman, Don and Jeanine., Family Group Sheet 2522.
12. York Deeds, 13S/94.
13. Hartman, Don and Jeanne, The Glattfelders in America, typescript in library of the York Historical Trust.
14. 1860 U.S. Census, West Manchester Twp, York Co., PA, p73.
15. US Censuses 1850—1910.
10. Rev. George W.4 GRAYBILL, born1 22 Feb 1822 in (West) Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died1 4 Feb 1888 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; buried at Bair's Station, Manchester Twp., York, Co. PA. He was the son of 20. Joseph5 GRAYBILL [Jr.] and 21. Nancy5 SPRENKLE . He married 11. Elizabeth5 (---).
George Graybill was a minister of the Mennonite faith, although no record of his service could be found in the Mennonite Historical Society. There has been a great deal of difficulty in reconstructing the family since the Mennonite church does not keep records. They were Pennsylvania Dutch, and consequently spoke that dialect of German.
The first child, mentioned in his will (but crossed out, as though she had died) was born in 1849. The long hiatus until the birth of the second child in 1864 suggests that there may have been more than one wife.
George Graybill, like his parents, seems to be completely missing from the 1850 census. Perhaps they had all gone on a trip that took them away at the time of the census, or had even moved temporarily to an unknown location.
If there were two marriages, his marriage to Elizabeth may have taken place as late as 1863. She would have been in her late 30's by that time. Her last pregnancy took place in 1872 at the advanced age of 45. Probably it was this pregnancy that occasioned her deah that November.
After his wife's death, George's housekeeper, Mary Bobb (as revealed in his will), conceived a child, John Bobb, by him. When this became known by the community, he was apparently defrocked and removed from the church. "Grandpa wanted to marry that woman," a grandchild told Dora Hoke many years later, "but she refused." He provided a small income for her in his will. The remainder of his life was spent as a farmer in West Manchester Township.
Children of George W. GRAYBILL (Rev.) and Elizabeth MARTIN were as follows:
i Ellen3 GRAYBILL , born2 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died2 12 Aug 1903. She married Lafayette REITH.3 Since her name is crossed out in her father's will, she probably died without heirs after the will was prepared and before its probate.
ii George W.3 GRAYBILL (Jr.), born215 Oct 1863 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died2 26 Jan 1947.
5 iii Elizabeth3 GRAYBILL , born4 c19 Jan., 1867, in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died4 28 Dec.,1894, in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. On 13 Sept., 1885, she married John Calvin STOUGH.
iv Agnes3 GRAYBILL, born5 1 Apr., 1868, in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died5 8 June, 1889, in York Co., PA; buried in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. She never married, and her will (York Wills, FF p119) was probated in York Co. on 1 July 1889 with her brother, George W. Graybill, [Jr.] as executor.
v Joseph3 GRAYBILL, born6 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA.
1. Tombstones, Bair Meeting House Burial Ground.
2. International Genealogical Indez, v. 5.0.
3. George W. Graybill Will, York Co., Wills.
4. Tombstones, Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co.
5. York Historical Trust, Vital Statistics Card.
6. US Censuses, 1860, 1870, 1880
12. Michael4 HOKE, born 7 Aug 1853; baptized1 15 Apr 1854 at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died2 18 Jan 1917 in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Lischy's Cemetery, York Co., PA; son of 24. Joseph5 HOKE and 25. Sarah5 HERSHEY . He was married3 on 28 May, 1871, by the Rev. Sechler, of York, Pa. to 13. Sarah Ann LUCKENBAUGH , born1 26 Feb 1853 in York Co., PA; baptized 15 May 1853 at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus, York Co., PA; died4 30 May, 1930, in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; buried5 2 Jun., 1930, in Lischy's Cemetery, North Codorus Twp.,York Co., PA, daughter of 26. Samuel5 LUCKENBAUGH and 27. Barbara Jane5 HARNISH .
He was a twin.
Children of Michael HOKE and Sarah Ann LUCKENBAUGH:
i Emma3 HOKE , born 16 Feb., 1872, in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. On 2 Dec., 1900, the Rev G. P. Fisher married6 her to Edward NEWCOMER. She may be the "Emma J." buried on the lot of Harry Hoke; (the stone reads simply: "Emma J, 1873-1956") Widowed young, she spent most of her years working as a housekeeper for families in the west end of York County (near Spring Grove), in old age living with her sister Lucy.
6 ii Howard3 HOKE, born7 13 May, 1873, in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; died7 21 Mar., 1957, in Springetsbury Twp., York Co., PA, and is buried in Mt Zion Cem, Stonybrook, York Co., PA.
iii Wilson3 HOKE, born8 8 May, 1875, in Noth Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died8 May 1982; buried in Mt Zion Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. He was married6 12 Apr 1902 at Mt Zion Lutheran Church by Rev. Korn, to Laura NESS , born7 1879; died 1925. They are buried in Mt Zion Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA.
iv Harry3 HOKE, born7 4 Sep 1876 in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; died7 1955; buried in Mt Zion Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. He was married6 on 28 Jan., 1897, in York Co., PA to Sadie WALLICK . They lived in Stonybrook and had many children, putting his daughters out to work in the homes of wealthy persons of the area. When his first wife died young, Harry married Emma Horn, a older spinster, to whom he had no children. She ran a small grocery store in Stoney Brook.
v Lucy3 HOKE, born8 6 July, 1878, in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; died Feb8 1969. she lived with her husband, Ed Stine, in North York. They had one daughter, Sarah King.
vi Annie3 HOKE, born 6 Nov., 1880, in Jackson Twp., York Co, PA; baptized1 2 Mar., 1881, at Lischy's Lutheran Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died after 1979. As a young girl she fell in love, only to discover that the man was already married. Disappointed in romance, she never married but lived with her sister Lucy.
vii Samuel3 HOKE, born 17 Oct., 1882, in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; died 25 Mar., 1966. In his last years he lived alone in a room in downtown York.
viii Mollie3 HOKE, born 27 Dec., 1884, in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; baptized1 13 May, 1888, at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co.,PA; died in Jan., 1973. She and her husband, Ed Meyers, lived in Spring Grove, where he was a businessman. They had one son named Gordon.
ix Sally3 HOKE, born 14 May, 1887, in Jackson Twp.,, York Co., PA; baptized1 13 May, 1888, at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. Her husband, Emory Reese, was a Gypsy, and they were never well accepted by the family because of his race. At first they lived with his family in York, then later operated a stand in the Philadelphia Street Market selling baskets, which led to the establishment of a store, through which they became fairly wealthy. At first they in an apartment over the store, but later purchased a summer home in Florida and a cottage near Bair's Station. The latter had a large pool which had once been a public facility. They never had any children.
x Walter3 HOKE, born 3 June, 1891, in York Co., PA; died8 Feb., 1975. He ran a bakery in York for many years, making a flat bread which was the only of its kind available. His wife, Myrna once told a humorous story on herself at a family reunion.It seems Walter had become involved with another woman, but unlike so many she wasn’t about to loose him. So one night as he went to pick up this lady friend, she hid in the back seat of the car. As the other woman got into his car, Myrna grabbed her hair and pulling out a hank of it. Then she said, "Look this man is already married, and he’s the father of 5 or 6 children. I have no intention of letting him go." When she told the story, she added, for the younger women’s benefit, that, if "you stay in there and fight for your man, everything will work out fine."
xi Ellen3 HOKE, born 28 Oct., 1893, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. Her husband was John Miller. They lived somewhere in the east end of York, between Market and Philadelphia Streets, where they raised two sons. After her husband died, she worked at Woolworth's. A deeply religious woman, she was belonged to the Christian and Missionary Alliance Church.
xii Murray3 HOKE, born 14 June, 1896, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died 1929. He died in his 30's, leaving a wife, Margaret E. Hoke.
1. William J. Hinke (transcriber), Lischy's Reformed Church Records (typescript, 1939, in library of the York Historical Trust).
2. Tombstone, Lischy's Cemetery.
3. Marriages in Hannover, Pa. (typescript in York Historical Transcript library).
4. Howard Hoke estate, Letters of Probate, 6/5/1930.
5. Perhsonal papers of Howard Hoke estate (in possession of Hugo Schroeder, Jr.)—Funeral Bill, Carl H. Schaffer Funeral Director, Spring Grove, PA., 5 Jun 1930.
6. York County Archives Online Marriage Database http://www.york-county.org/cgi-bin/marriage.cgi.
7. Tombstones, Mt Zion Cemetery, York Pa.
8. Social Security Death Index.
Abigail H. Strickler et.al.: The Stricklers Of Pennsylvania. (Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Pub. House, c1942), p293.
Historical And Biogrpahical Sketch Of The Hock, Hoke, Hook, Huck And Hucke Family, Compiled by the Historical Research Bureau, 8829 4th St., N.W., Washington, D.C..
Howard Hoke Family Bible.
Howard Hoke Sale Bill.
Marriage Index to York Newspapers, 1851-1901(typescript in HYT library).
Obituary, Susan Strickler
Obitary of Mrs. Susan S. Hoke from the Gazette and Daily newspaper of Dec. 20, 1958.
Original Marriage Certificate.
Perhsonal papers of Howard Hoke estate.
Susan Strickler Funeral Card.
York County Marriage Records.
US CENSUS Records, 1880, 1900
14. Bishop George R.4 STRICKLER, born1 25 May 1844 in Spring Garden Twp., York, PA; died1 8 Apr 1905 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; buried in the Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA, son of 28. John F.5 STRICKLER and 29. Harriet RUBY . He was married1 on 11 Jan 1874, by the Rev Jacob Hostetter, Lancaster Co., PA to 15. Elizabeth Gerber4 MUSSER , born 4 Jul 1848 in Lancaster Co., PA; died 21 Feb 1934 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co.., PA; buried in the Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. She was a daughter of 30 Michael Siegrist5 MUSSER and 31. Elizabeth5 GERBER .
Both George and Elizabeth Musser Strickler were of Pennsylvania Dutch extraction. Growing up on the family farm (which is now the grounds of the York County Prison in Springettsbury), he attended the one room school near his home and became a minister of the Old Order River Brethren Church, to which his family had belonged since its inception in the 1790’s. According to the History Of The Old Order River Brethren, by Laban Brechbill, 1972, he taught school for a time and then was married to Elizabeth G. Musser, by whom he had 10 children, four of whom died young. He operated a farm near York, in Springettsbury Twp., and eventually became a Bishop in the Old Order River Brethren Church, titular head of York group, which at the time appears to have been comparatively strong, perhaps numbering over a hundred souls. In that capacity he traveled quite widely to Old Order River Brethren settlements in Canada, Iowa Franklin County and other places, working to maintain harmony among the scattered settlements of the small denomination of plain folk. Granddaughter Dora Hoke Stough recalled:
“Grandfather Strickler was a Bishop of the church then, though he was a sort of swinger for those times, I guess. I don’t think he liked to work too much, because every year in the heart of the planting season he would take nearly a month off to go and visit the brethren in Franklin County, Ohio, and then in Iowa when they were held their love feasts.
“The love feast was very important then, and was held once a year by each [River Brethren] community. It began on a Thursday or Friday with ‘preparation day,’ and would continue through Sunday. The climax was when the preachers kissed each other, and then, as the New Testament teaches, they washed each other's feet. After this, the men and women separated and went to different tables, where they were communed. Wine was served from a simple tin cup (men and women were served separately by different preachers). And they used unleavened bread, baked by the preacher's wives. It was the custom for each Brethren community to exchange a few members with the others when love feasts were held, and Grandpa tried to go to all.
“In fact, he loved to travel for any reason. He would often go to visit the brethren in Canada, and once he even took his wife and another woman, whom they had raised, to Atlantic City to 'see the world' -- something unheard for the Brethren. One time he took my mother along to Canada too.
Grandfather died when I was about 8. I can still see him lying in the bed in the "kammer" (Pennsylvania Dutch word for a downstairs bedroom) in his last days.”
Probably Dora was not exactly correct in her belief that her grandfather’s travels resulted from the desire to escape farm work. In his young childhood (1853) a major argument in the denomination over the use of buildings for worship had led to a large exodus of members, who formed the Brethren in Christ Church. They continue today, using church buildings and have since dropped most of the plain folk ways, except for caps, which women wear. Other divisions occurred in succeeding years. In a denomination which was never large, numbering only several huindreds of members, it was exceedingly important that the various groups make every possible effort to maintain unity. That was doubtless the true reason for the frequent travels.
Bishop George Strickler is buried in the Strickler Burying Ground, adjacent to the old family homestead, which is now on the grounds of the York County Prison in Springettsbury Township. After his death, Elizabeth Gerber Musser Strickler lived with her son John. When the Simon Musser group split off from the other Old Order groups about 1920 she joined with them in the separation.
Children of George R. STRICKLER and Elizabeth Gerber MUSSER:
i Samuel M.3 STRICKLER;1 a twin to Susan, he was born 11 May 1875 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died2 1959. He married Sarah "Sally" STRICKLER . A member of the Old Order River Brethren Church, he married Sallie Strickler, daughter of John and Anna (Stoner) Strickler and they made their home in Wrightsville, PA. They had two children, Anna and Elizabeth.
7 ii Susan3 STRICKLER ;1,3,4 a twin to Samuel, she was born 11 May 1875 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died 19 Dec 1958 in Mountville, Lancaster Co., PA; buried 22 Dec 1958 in Mt Zion Cemetery, Spring Garden Twp, York Co., PA. She married Howard HOKEand lived in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA.
iii Fannie3 STRICKLER,1 born 15 Feb 1877 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died in Dallas Center, Iowa. She married Daniel Keller of Dallas Center, Iowa, and spent her life there. They had no children.
iv Harriet3 STRICKLER,1 born 26 Jun 1879, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died 1914. She never married.
v Sarah3 STRICKLER,1 born 19 Sep 1880 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died young on 13 Mar 1893 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA.
vi Mary3 STRICKLER,1 born 1883 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., Pa.; died2 1966. Unmarried, she lived with her brother John.
vii Elizabeth3 STRICKLER,1 born 6 May, 1884, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. She married Jacob Etter and they lived in Bradford, Ohio. There were no children.
viii John M.3 STRICKLER1 (Bishop) While still in his teens he joined the River Brethren Church and was baptized 1904. He was married 14 Nov 1906 by Rev. Jacob Hostetter to Martha M. SIEGRIST, born 18 Sept., 1885, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. . From this union were born five children. A major loss was incurred in 1911 when a tornado completely demolished the large barn which had been on the farm for generations. It was a terrible loss, but with typical fortitude and the help of kinsmen, it rebuilt. In 1935 John moved from York to Lancaster County to a farm near Mountville. Shortly after began problems that would up splitting the family apart. Dora Hoke Stough recalled about 1980:2
The River Brethren were very simple people in those days, all farmers, and had a deep sincerity. They spoke Pennsylvania Dutch and lived in very plain homes, decorated with simple, homemade furniture. Electricity and automobiles were not used at first, but I guess had already accepted by 30 years ago [say 1950]—though at first all chrome on the cars was painted black.
The Old Order split up about 1918. That year a love feast was held at Amos Musser's. It was attended by so many people that it looked like a sale. During this feast groups of men gathered in little knots arguing--I'm not sure what about. Problems between the preachers were at the heart of it, I guess. Being a preacher really meant something; if you couldn't be a preacher, that could cause trouble. I guess they just needed more churches to accommodate more preachers. [Note, according to Stephen Scott, the issue was more significant. In 1919, he says, a OORB member in Iowa purchased an automobile contrary to discipline. The Pennsylvania bishops, led by Simon Musser, protested strongly, and after protracted negotiations with others the Simon Musser group severed relations with other OORB groups.]
This split had to do with the death of Ezra Wenger. Ezra always wanted to be a preacher, but wasn't allowed to be for some reason. He became very upset, and one day killed himself--'by accident' they sais--as he was dynamiting a stump. He was last seen fanning the fuse with his hat in the field. They picked up the pieces with a basket! At Ezra's funeral several men were very angry; Amos Musser in particular, kept picking arguments. Uncle John (Strickler) was the preacher; he and Simon Musser were just starting a new community, which Ezra had refused to join, though his wife did. In his funeral sermon, John said, ‘We all know the life he lived; and we all know the death he died’ [Note--meaning that his death was God’s punishment for not going with the Musser group]. That went down hard with some!
John and Simon broke with the rest completely after that, and took a lot of families with them…. There were disagreements over many things, of course, like whether or not the "nickel skirting" on stoves had to be painted black, how much red should be woven into rag rugs, and so on. Also, John had wanted to buy a tractor in 1911, but the church would not let him keep it at the time.
This division led to great bitterness. Members of the two sides would run into each other on the Wrightsville Bridge returning from meeting, and would turn their heads away, refusing to even look at each other. John and Simon went to Iowa to get some followers there too, but their discussion didn't go well. They say John shook his fingers in the faces of the Iowa preachers. John wrote back to his brother's wife, ‘They treated us like we were dirt.’ This brother, Sam Strickler, and his wife, stayed with the Old Order, even though their mother went with John. The family was just torn apart.
Later, (about 1950) John Strickler and Simon Musser split apart too. There was a big love feast, which had been very peaceful, it seemed. Monday morning, John Strickler and and his son John Jr., went to Simon's. John Sr., said, "I'm going to Harrisburg to get my papers as a Bishop; we can't work with you no more." And he did. No one really knows what caused this split, but even John's daughter believed the basic cause was his desire to be a bishop. [Note: Stephen Scott says, “The Strickler group resulted from a division that occurred in the Musser group in 1948, centering mainly on personality conflict between Bishop Simon Musser and Minister John M. Strickler (1885-1976)]
It seems strange that so much of the trouble begins at love feasts.
Laban Brechbill5 put a somewhat different spin on the second split, explaining that “After John M. Strickler and those who agreed with him withdrew from Bishop Simon H. Musser’s group, there was a vacancy in the bishopric. The result of this condition caused the members of [the] preacher John M. Strickler group to have him as their bishop. He opened his home many times for regular worship, also love feasts. He was deeply concerned about the matter--not to forsake the assembling, as stated in the scriptures (Heb.10:25). Exhorting one another: and so much the more as ye see the day approaching. He delivered many sermons, extolling his creator. He reared his family in the nurture and admonition of the of the Lord, taking a great interest in young souls to direct them to remember their creator in the days of their youth. In the year 1911 they suffered a loss when their barn was completely demolished by wind, also part of the house. But God was good and it was again rebuilt.”
However it all transpired, the split was a sad and bitter for everyone involved. Fortunately, in recent years there has been rapprochement among all the factions involved.
An interesting story is told about John Strickler and President Eisenhower. Eisenhower’s mother, of course, was a Strickler, and he had been sworn in “on a Strickler Bible,” as the story is told. So naturally the River Brethren felt a special kinship with him, and he, apparently, agreed to meet with John Strickler and others from the group. This was in the most volatile days of the Cold War, when the nation was in the grip of a general fear of nuclear war, and people were building back yard bomb shelters and what not. John Strickler is said to have the President his personal reassurance that he need have no fear, because God had placed “an invisible shield” around him, and would protect him no matter what. One wonders what the hero of WW II, president, and national icon made of this tall, thin, white-bearded, simple country prophet in plain clothes and the reassurance he offered on this occasion.
John M. Strickler lived a long life, in the bosom of his family, respected—even revered--by the group that he led, until his death in Oct. 1976.8
ix Michael M.3 STRICKLER,1 born 11 Aug., 1887, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died young, 26 Aug., 1889, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA.
x Annie3 STRICKLER,1 born c23 June, 1889, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co, PA; died young 12 Mar., 1890, in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA.
1. Strickler, Abigail H, Jacob S., Alice N., and Mame E., The Stricklers Of Pennsylvania (Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Pub. House, c1942), p293-294.
2. Dora Hoke Stough, personal memory.
3. Susan Strickler Funeral Card
4. Susan Strickler Obituary, York Gazette And Daily, 20 Dec. 1958.
5. Brechbill Laban T., History Of The Old Order River Brethren, (Brechbill & Strickler, 1972), p66.
7. Scott, Stephen., “The Old Order River Brethren Chruch,” in Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage, Vol. 1, No. 1, July 1978.
8. Social Security Death Index, <Ancestry.Com>
9. US Census Records: 1180, 1890, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930.
16. Michael5 STOUGH, born 25 Feb 1812 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA; baptized1 19 Mar 1812 at Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA; died2,5 30 Sep 1890 in Warrington Twp., York Co., PA; buried1 in Barren's Cemetery, Washington Twp., York Co., PA, son of 32. Johannes6 STAUCH and 33. Anna Maria6 WHITMEYER . He was married3 on 8 Jul 1838 at Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA to 17. Sarah Ann5 STOEHR , born4 12 Sep 1820 in York, York Co., PA; baptized3 25 Nov 1820 at Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA; died5 9 Mar 1899 near Wellsville, Warrington Twp., York Co., PA; buried1 in Barren's Cemetery, Washington Twp., York Co., PA, daughter of 34. George6 STOEHR and 35 Salome (Sarah Ann)6 ILGENFRITZ .
Though baptized by the pastor of Christ Lutheran church in York town, which was his mother’s home church, and with which his father’s family had been associated since first coming into the county, he was probably born and was definitely raised in Dover township. Family connections to York remained strong, however, and in 1838 Michael chose a York girl, Sarah Stehr, as his life mate and they were married at Christ Church. They do not, however, appear to have been punctual in church membership, and children were baptized some months after birth; the last two, indeed, appear not to have been baptized at all, though they both died young. Michael Stough was a farmer, probably farming for the half much of his life until he had accumulated money to purchase his own farm, which happened in 1870.6
Michael and Sarah settled outside the city, in West Manchester Twp., where he was enumerated in 1850 as a laborer (36 yrs old), with his wife and five children. He was still living in West Manchester in 1860 when Martin was married. During these years the family may have attended Strayer's Reformed Church (though both Michael and Sarah had been raised Lutheran), for that is where most of the children were baptized. By 1870 he was living in Washington Twp., when he purchased the first of several two of land (the second was bought in 1874) totaling 24 acres. There were located in nearby Warrington Twp. While living at this location he seems to have attended Barren's Church, and probably kept his membership there, for thatis where he is buried. By 1874 he was living in Warrington Twp, probably near Wellsville, when he purchased a lot in York Borough on 26 March, 1874. The reason for this purchase is unknown.6 On 5 April, 1879, he bought another 100 acres in Warrington Twp. from son, Clinton Stough, which apparenty completed the farm,6 dying in 1890.
Sarah Ann STOEHR appears as a member in the records of Salem Lutheran Church, Barrens, Washington Twp., without any dates being entered.
Children of Michael STOUGH and Sarah Ann STOEHR:
i Melinda4 STOUGH, born 3 Jun., 1839, in York Co., PA; baptized1 7 July, 1839, in Strayer's Reformed Church, Dover Twp., York Co., PA.
8 ii Martin4 STOUGH, born 28 Jan., 1841, in York Co., PA; baptized1 14 May, 1841, in Strayer Reformed Church, Dover Twp., York Co., PA; died1 29 June, 1919, in New Salem, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. He married Lucy Ann BAHN.
iii Clinton4 STOUGH, born1 12 Dec., 1842, in York Co., PA; baptized 11 Feb., 1843, in Salem ("Strayers") Lutheran Church, Dover Twp., York Co.; died 3 Dec., 1894, in York Co., PA; buried1 in Barren's Cemetery, Washington Twp., York Co., PA. He married1 [Anna] Maria Eisenhart on 8 Feb 1863 at Christ Lutheran Church in York, PA.
iv Amanda4 STOUGH, born 19 Feb., 1845, in York Co., PA; baptized1 3 Apr., 1845, in the Moravian Church, York, York Co., PA. A family tradition claims that she died young, which her baptism in a strange place may also seem to indicate.
v John4 STOUGH, born 31 Jan., 1847, in York, PA; baptized1 27 Jun., 1847, at Strayer Reformed Church, Dover Twp., York Co., PA; died 1 Apr 1891 at York, York Co., PA; buried in Greenmount Cemetery, York, York Co., PA. He served in the Union Army in the Civil War, in Co. E., 200th PA Volunteers.
vi Anna Maria4 STOUGH, born 14 Aug., 1849, in York Co., PA; baptized1 18 Apr., 1849, at Strayer Reformed Church, Dover Twp., York Co., PA.
vii Emma4 STOUGH, born 1 Nov., 1850, in York Co., PA; baptized1 17 Aug., 1851, at Strayer Reformed Church, Dover Twp., York Co., PA.
viii George W.4 STOUGH, born abt 17 Sep 1856 in York Co., PA; died 17 Jan., 1862, in Warrington Twp., York Co., PA; buried1 in Barren's Cemetery, Washington Twp., York Co., PA.
ix Sarah A.4 STOUGH, born abt. 30 Sept., 1857, in York Co., PA; died 22 Jan., 1862, in York Co., PA; buried1 in Barren's Cemetery, Washington Twp., York Co., PA.
1. Young, Henry, Stough-Stauch Report, HSYC (Unpublished Typescript in York Historical Trust library), pp112, 114, 122, 123f, 129
2. Tombstone, Barrens Cemetery, Washington Twp., York Co.
3. Henry James Young, trans., Christ Lutheran Church, York PA, Records (manuscript in York Historical Trust Library), #11614,, #6188
4. George Stoehr Family Bible, York Historical Trust.
5. York Death Index, 1851-1900 (manuscript in York Historical Trust Library)
6. York County Deeds, 11I/376, 381; 11L/39, 42, 46; 5T/194; 6T/619.
7. Last Will and Testament, Michael Stough, York Wills, 3G/660
8. York County Orphans Court Records, Vol. 5S, p349, 387, 405.
18. Henry5 BAHN, born1 19 Jul 1810 in Shrewsbury Twp., York Co., PA; baptized1 24 Aug 1810 at Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys, York Co., PA; died1 13 Aug 1853 in Shrewsbury, York Co., PA; buried1 in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA, 36. son of 36. Frederick6 BAHN and his wife 37.Catharine6 . He married 19. Elizabeth5 GLATFELTER , born2 c1809 in York Co., PA; died2 21 June, 1883; buried in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA, daughter of 38. Johan Daniel6 GLATFELDER and 39. Margaret6 EMIG .
Henry Bahn was enumerated on the 1850 Census3 as a 39 year old laborer living in West Manchester Twp., with wife: Eliza, 40 years old; and two daughter, Sarah and Emmalin. Daughter Lucy was living at this time with Henry Stouffer, in Paradise township, where she was probably a “mother’s helper.” Henry died just three years later.
Elizabeth GLATFELTER’s lived a good while longer, dying on June 21, 1883, aged 74 years.
Children of Henry BAHN and Elizabeth GLATFELTER:
9 i Lousanna "Louise A." "Lucy Ann"4 BAHN , born1, 17 May, 1837, in York Co., PA; baptized1 10 Sep 1837 at Wolf's Lutheran Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died6 18 Jan., 1922, in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; buried in St. Jacob Lutheran Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. She married 1860 Martin STOUGH.
ii Emmaline4 BAHN , born3 c1840 in York Co., PA. She was married4 on 3 May 1855 by Rev. David Bossler to Henry SHARP.
iii Katie4 BAHN.4 She married Henry SHARP. Apparently she was married to her sister's husband, though the source gives no information concerning this.
iv Sarah4 BAHN.4
1. Vital Statistics Cards, York Historical Trust
2. Cemetery Cards, in the York Archives (File #21490)
3. 1850 Federal Census, West Manchester Twp, York Co., PA,; [284/89/93].
4. Hartman, Don & Jeanine compilers, The Glattfelters In America: The Descendants Of Two Brothers, Johan Peter & Caspar Glattfelder; And Their Uncle, Hons Heinrich; And Others. 1992. (Typescript of book later published, in the library of the YHT), p328.
5. 1840 Federal Census., roll 501, p83.
6. Louise A. Stough Death Certificate, County Recorders Officce, File No. 21490
20. Joseph5 GRAYBILL [Jr.] , born1 25 Sep 1792 in Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died2 14 Jul 1853 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; buried at Bair's Meeting House Cemetery, Bair’s Station, Manchester Twp., York, PA, son of 40. Joseph6 GRAYBILL (Sr.) and 41. Mary6 BRILLHART . He married3 on 11 Feb 1813 at Trinity 1st Reformed Church, York, York Co., PA 21. Nancy5 SPRENKLE , born1 8 Apr 1790 in York Co., PA; died1 27 Apr 1861 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Bair’s Meeting House Cemetery, Bair's Station, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA, daughter of 42. Peter6 SPRENKLE (Jr.) and 43. Elizabeth6 EYSTER .
Deed records11 indicate that on 4 Apr 1831 Peter and Margaret Sprenkle of Codorus Twp, York County conveyed 193 acres in West Manchester Twp to their son-in-law Joseph Graybill; and there are several other deeds and releases from about the same time (this was the year of Sprenkle’s death, and he was disposing of his real estate). These records, along with records of the Orphans Court regarding Joseph’s estate, establish Nancy SPRENKLE’s paternity.
Very little is kjnown about the family. The Graybills were Mennonites, so there were no infant baptismal or other records to retain information. The names of the children and their spouses is drawn from Orphans Court Records of Joseph’s estate.4 An unsolved mystery is the disappearance of the family on the 1850 census, which is compounded by the fact that son George W. Graybill is also missing from census records this year.
Joseph Graybill was a wealthy man. At the time of his death he owned three properties in West Manchester Twp (a farm of 110 acres, another of 90 acres, and a house and stable on ¼ acre of land); three 6 acres tracts of woodland in North Codorus Twp.; two properties in South Codorus Twp (a grist mill with 17 acres and a farm of 90 acres); and a house & stable at the corner of King and Penn Sts. in York borough. It seems, on a casual reading, that all or most of these properties adjoined each other and had been amassed over nearly 75 years by Joseph Graybill Sr., Joseph Jr., and Peter Sprenkle. The widow and children asked the court to partition the lands for distribution among his heirs, but the committee could not do so equitably, and the case continued in court a long time before it was eventually settled.
Children of Joseph GRAYBILL ([Jr.]) and Nancy SPRENKLE:
i [Son]4 GRAYBILL, died 20 Sep 1825 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA, buried in Bair Meeting House Cemetery, Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. He died Young.
ii Samuel4 GRAYBILL,4 born in York Co., PA.
iii Joseph4 GRAYBILL (III),4 born c1817 in York Co., PA. He married5,6 Elizabeth MARTIN , born c1821 in PA, daughter of John MARTIN and Nancy GROVE .
10 iv George W.4 GRAYBILL (Rev.) , born1 22 Feb 1822 in York Co., Pa; died1 4 Feb., 1888, in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Bair Meeting House Cemetery, Bair's Station, Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. His wife, Elizabeth, is buried with him.
v Elizabeth4 GRAYBILL4, born in York Co., PA.
vi Rebecca4 GRAYBILL,4 born in York Co., PA.
vii Isabella4 GRAYBILL ,4 born in York Co., PA. She married Joseph KEAGY. She married Josephy Keagy.
viii Nancy4 GRAYBILL ,1,4 born c11 Dec., 1819, in York Co., PA; died 22 Mar., 1904; buried in Bair Meeting House Cemetery, Bair's Station, York Co., PA. She married Joseph MARTIN, born c23 Nov., 1816; died 6 Mar., 1901; buried in Bair Meeting House Cemetery, Bair Station, York Co., PA, son of John MARTIN and Nancy GROVE .
ix Veronica (Fanny)4 GRAYBILL ,4,7,10 born 1 Jan., 1826, in York Co., PA; died 23 Nov., 1901; buried in Leschy's Cemetery, York Co., PA. She married George HOKE ([II]) , born 23 July, 1824; died 18 Mar., 1893; buried in Leschy's Cemetery, York, PA, son of George HOKE and Catherine STAMBAUGH .
x Maria4 GRAYBILL ,4 born in York Co., PA. She married Joseph HERSHEY.
1. Tombstones, Bair Meeting House Cemetery, Bair’s Station, York Co.
2. York Death Index, 1851-1900 (index of newspaper obituaries), YHT, published in the Democratic Press, 19 July, 1853
3. LDS Pedigree Resource File, CD’s 63 and 7. Submitted by Mary Jo Martin, 3740 Habberline St., Wilmington, NC 28412.
4. York County Orphans Court Records, Y/306, 357, 438, 440, 448, 557; DD/395.
5. 1850 Census, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA , http://www.rootsweb.com/~cenfiles/pa/york/1850/west-manchester/2pg0278a.txt.
6. Will of John Martin, York County Wills.
7. Tombstones, Lischy's Cemetery
8. 1830 U.S. Census (Microfilms), Roll M19, p395; West Manchester Two, York Co.
9. 1840, U.S. Census <http://www.rootsweb.com> West Manchester Twp., Reel 704-503, p310
10. Hinke, William J., trans., Records of Lischy's, St Peter's, Reformed Church, North Codorus Township, York Co., Pa, (Typescript, YHT Library, July 1939).
11. York County Deeds, 4E/194, 575; 3H/282; 3K/439; 3L/280, 317; 4M/120; 15I/424.
24. Joseph5 HOKE, born1 c19 Aug 1813; died2 12 June 1887 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Garber's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA, son of 48. Michael6 HOKE and 49. Catharina Barbara6 FISHEL. He married 25. Sarah5 HERSHEY , born2 15 July, 1816, in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co.., PA; died2 24 Nov., 1895, in York Co., PA; buried in Garber's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA, daughter of 50. Christian HERSHEY and his wife, 51. Barbara6 (---) .
Children of Joseph HOKE and Sarah HERSHEY:
i George4 HOKE, born3 2 May, 1842; baptized3 18 June, 1842, in Holtzschwamm Reformed Church, Paradise Twp., York Co., PA.
ii Elizabeth4 HOKE, born3 26 Apr., 1842; baptized3 15 June, 1842, in Holtzschwamm Reformed Church, Paradise Twp., York Co., PA; died5 25 Sept., 1931, in Fulton Co., IL; buried in Woodland Cemetery. She married5 Solomon Rudisill of York Co. 1 Nov 1860 and they emigrated to Fulton Co., IL.
iii Joseph4 HOKE, born3 22 Feb., 1843, in Heidelberg Twp. York Co. PA; baptized3 9 July, 1843, in Holtzschwamm Reformed Church, Paradise Twp., York Co., PA; died4 13 Sept., 1849, in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Garber Mennonite Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA.
iv Anna Mary4 HOKE, born3 6 June, 1847, in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; baptized3 2 Mar., 1847, in Holtzschwamm Reformed Church, Paradise Twp., York Co., PA; died4 6 Sept., 1849, in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA.; buried in Garber Mennonite Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA.
v William4 HOKE, born 10 Sept., 1849, in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; baptized6 29 Mar., 1850, in Lischy's Ref ormed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died4 17 Oct., 1929; buried in Lischy's Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. He married7 (1) on 6 Oct., 1881, by Rev Hilbish, in York Co., PA Lucy A. BOLLINGER , born4 5 Sept., 1856; buried in Lischy's Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; married (2) Maggie (---) , born4 c26 Mar., 1844; died4 4 Oct., 1880; buried in Lischy's Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA.
vi Christian4 HOKE, born4 7 Aug., 1853, in Heidelberg Twp.; baptized6 15 Apr., 1854, in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died4 2 Jan., 1913; buried in Greenmount Cemetery, York, York Co., PA. He was married7 on 11 June, 1871, by Rev. Sechler, in York Co., PA to Sophia SINNER , born4 5 Mar., 1850; died4 1 Jan., 1924; buried in Greenmount Cemetery, York, York Co., PA.
12 vii Michael4 HOKE, born6 7 Aug., 1853; baptized6 15 Apr., 1854, in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died4 18 Jan., 1917, in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Lischy's Cemetery, York Co., PA. He was married7 on 28 May, 1871, by Rev Sechler, York Co., PA to Sarah Ann LUCKENBAUGH , born 26 Feb., 1853, in York Co., PA; baptized6 15 May, 1853, in Lischy's Ref ormed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died8 30 May, 1930, in Heidelberg Twp.
viii Martin4 HOKE, born 12 Jul., 1855; baptized6 27 Oct., 1855, in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA.
1. Kauffman, Charles Fahs, 826 FLorida Ave., York PA, A Record Of The Crone-Fahs/Feiser-Fishell/Krone Freundschaft (Typescript of a book later published), p149, York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403,
2. N.A., Caspar Hoke, typescript genealogy from the LDS Genealogical Library, p389
3. Holtzschwamm (Paradise) Church Records (Typescript copy), York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403. In the cases of George and Eliza the baptismal and birth dates have been transposed.
4. Vital Statistics Cards, York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403.
5. Davidson, Alice Patton, Descendants of Franz/Franziest Hersche (Typescript, received from Ed Morrill, 5185 Downwest Ride, Columbia, MD 21044-1505), p3.
6. Hinke, William J., transcriber, Lischy’s Reformed Church Records (Typescript, July 1939), in library of the York Historical Trust; p34
7. N.A., Marriages in Hanover, PA, (Typescript) in library of the York Historical Trust.
8. Sarah Luckenbaugh Hoke Estate, Letter of Probate, 6/5/1930.
9. US Census, 1850.
26. Samuel5 LUCKENBAUGH, born1 c7 Mar 1823 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; died2 4 Jul 1894 in Heidelberg Twp; buried2 6 July 1894 in Leschy's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp. He was the son of 52. John6 LUCKENBAUGH and 53. Sarah6 . He was married3 on 31 Oct 1850 by Rev. Sechler, of York Co, PA to 27. Barbara Jane5 HARNISH born4 12 Nov 1826 in PA; died4 20 Oct 1914 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., Pa; buried4 23 Oct 1914 in Leschy's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. She was the daughter of 54. Jacob HARNISH and 55. Nancy BECHTEL .
There is considerable doubt about Samuel’s origins. No baptismal record for him has ever been found, his name is missing from John’s will, and his death certificate does not name parents. He was certainly raised in the home of John and Saeah Luckenbaugh where a Samuel Luckabaugh must have been enumerated in the 1840 census and definitely appears in the home on the 1850 Census. John and Samuel’s families are also buried very close to each other in Lischy's cemetery. A careful study of the 1830 and 1840 Federal Censuses, however, suggests that John have have been widowed and remarried 1830-40 with Sarah as his second wife. She seems to have came to him with three children, two girls, Lovina and Sarah, and one son, Samuel. If this is true, the identitification of Samuel’s birth father awaits the discovery of a record of Sarah Luckenbaugh’s first marriage. Until that is established, Samuel will be treated in this genealogy as the son of John Luckenbaugh.
Samuel was still living with John Luckenbaugh in Oct. 1850 when the US Censuses was taken. He lived and worked in Heidelberg Twp., where he was a laborer. Family events were celebrated at Lischy’s Reformed church, where Barbara (but not Samuel) appears on the list of members. The fanily was Pennsylvania Dutch and apparently spoke German, as the 1910 census reveals Barbara did not speak (or write) English. After his death in 1894, his widow, Barbara, lived with daughter Amanda Sipling in Heidelberg until her death.
Children of Samuel LUCKENBAUGH and Barbara Jane HARNISH:
13 i Sarah Ann4 LUCKENBAUGH , born5 26 Feb 1853 in York Co.,, PA; baptized5 15 May 1853 at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus, York, PA; died1 30 May 1930 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; buried 2 June, 1930, in Lischy's Cemetery, York Co., PA.
ii Amanda4 LUCKENBAUGH, born5 5 March 1856 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; baptized5 11 May 1856 at Lischy's Ref ormed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA.
iii Anna4 LUCKENBAUGH , born5 20 Oct 1859 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; baptized5 8 Jan 1860 at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. She married3 Joseph SIPLING..
1. Lischy's Cemetery Tombstones
2. Pennsylvania Death Certificates, York Register's Office, 1:286.
3. Lau, Michael, Luckenbaugh Families, (Unpublished manuscript) #929.2l941 in York Historical Trust library.
4. Pennsylvania Death Certificate, Dept of Vital Records, File No. 97812.
5. William J. Hinke, Lischy's Reformed Church Records (Typescript copy), York Historical Trust.
6. 1880 US Census (Microfilm), York County, PA: 56/135/135.
28. John F.5 STRICKLER, born11 Feb 1818 in Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; died1 3 Jan 1890 in Stonybook, Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; buried1 in Strickler Cemetery., Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA, son of 56 John STRICKLER and 57. Salome TREICHLER . He married1 c1840 29 Harriet RUBY , born1 c19 May 1818; died1 28 Sept 1851; buried1 in Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. She was only 33 years and 4 months old when she died.
Children of John F. STRICKLER and Harriet RUBY were as follows:
i Frederick R.4 STRICKLER,1 born 1842 at Stonybrook, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died 6 Nov 1905, in Stony Brook; buried Nov 1905 in Mt. Zion Cemetery, York Co., PA. He married Amanda G. Hake, by whom he had one child.
14 ii George R.4 STRICKLER,1 born 25 May 1844 in Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; died 8 Apr 1905 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; buried Apr 1905 in Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., Pa.
iii Sarah4 STRICKLER,1 born 3 Apr 1846 in Stonybrook, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. Her husband was Jacob Hiestand.
iv Mary R.4 STRICKLER,1 born 1 Sep 1849 in Stonybrook, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died 30 Dec., 1937. She never married.
1. Abigail H, Jacob S., Alice N., and Mame E. Strickler, The Stricklers Of Pennsylvania (Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Pub. House, c1942), p293-294.
30. Michael Siegrist5 MUSSER, born1 24 Feb 1815 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 27 Dec 1894 in Lancaster Co., PA; buried in Simon Musser Farm Cemetery, West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA, He was the son of.60. Martin MUSSER and.61. Anna SIEGRIST . Michael Musser married1 (1) on 25 Sep 1834 31. Elizabeth GERBER , born 12 Mar 1816 in Lancaster Co., PA; died1 3 Jul 1857 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; buried in Simon Musser Farm Cemetery, West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA, daughter of 62. Jacob GERBER and 63 Barbara (---) . Michael Siegrist Musser married (2) Fanny HERSH.
Michael Musser, was a farmer and school director for many years.
Children of Michael Siegrist MUSSER and Elizabeth GERBER:
i Jacob4 MUSSER, born 20 Mar 1836 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 17 Mar 1841.
ii Benjamin Garber4 MUSSER, born 1 Sept 1838, in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 18 Oct 1931.
iii Anna Garber4 MUSSER, born 18 Jul 1840 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 17 Aug. 1889. Her husband was Henry Kauffman.
iv Martin Garber4 MUSSER, born2 19 Jan 1842 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 16 Oct 1926. He married Mary Ann Root.
v Michael4 MUSSER, born2 Feb 1844 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died3 2 Jun 1861 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA.
vi Barbara4 MUSSER, born2 19 Feb 1846 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 24 Jun 1921. She married Daniel Forrey, a farmer in West Hempfield Twp.
15 vii Elizabeth Gerber4 MUSSER ,4 born 4 Jul 1848 in Lancaster Co., PA; died 21 Feb 1934 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA.
viii Fanny4 MUSSER, born2 18 Sep 1850 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died3 14 Feb 1904. She married J. H. Nolt, a farmer in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co.
ix John4 MUSSER, born1 29 Jan 1853 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 2 Oct 1938. He was a farmer in East Hempfield Twp, Lancaster Co.
x Andrew4 MUSSER, born1 8 Mar 1855 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 21 Mar 1855 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA. He and Mary were twins. He died as an infant.
xi Mary4 MUSSER, born1 8 Mar 1855 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 30 Mar 1861 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA. She and Andrew were twins. She died at in her seventh year.
Children of Michael Siegrist MUSSER and Fanny HERSH:
i Christian Hersh4 MUSSER, born1 14 Jun 1859 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 13 Oct 1931. He was a farmer in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co.
ii Henry Hersh4 MUSSER, born1 4 Jul 1864 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 9 May 1956. He farmed the family homestead in West Hempfield Twp, Lancaster Co., PA.
1. Zimmer, Dr. Fred, with C. Robert Secrist, Descendants of Anna Siegrist and Martin Musser (Pintout of a computer genealogy by Progeny Family History Services, 959 Firefly Ave., Galesburg, MI, 49053-9721), p400
2. Biographical Annals Of Lancaster County Pennsylvania, (np, J.H. Beers & Co, 1903)
3. Eby, Henry N. and Amos F., with Steven Ness, “Death Record from Lancaster County, PA (1858-1918) Part II, K-Z,” (Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage, Vol 23, No. 2, Apr 2000) p21
4. Abigail H, Jacob S., Alice N., and Mame E. Strickler, The Stricklers Of Pennsylvania (Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Pub. House, c1942), p293-294.
32. Johannes6 STAUCH, born1 12 Feb 1781 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA; died1 3 Sep 1844 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA, son of 64. John Andrew7 STAUCH and 65. Elizabeth7 . He married 33. Anna Maria6 WHITMEYER , born2 29 Apr 1783 in York Co., PA; baptized2 1 May 1783 at Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., Pa, daughter of 66. Simon7 WHITMEYER and 67. Elizabeth7 .
According to tax3 and records4, Johannes and his family lived in West Manchester Twp 1803-1812 where appears on tax lists as a tenant, owning 1 horse and cow until 1807, when that number rises to 2 or more of each. In 1811 and 1812, he also appears the owner of 100 acres in Dover Twp, so in this year he must have moved to Dover Twp . From 1813 to 1821 he appears owning a farm of 100-112 acres. About that time some disaster must have struck the family, for in a deed5 of 29 May 1822 John Stough of John Stough of York County Farmer and wife Mary: sold the 123 acre farm in Dover Twp. on which they were living to Philip and Matthias Smyser Jr.; for the benefit of creidtors. Apparently they continued to operate the farm, however, for in two futher deeds5 of 18 Feb 1823 and 28 May 1823 the crops on the farm were sold to George Stough for $80.
Whatever caused the bankruptcy, John and Anna Maria with their family moved back to West Manchester Twp where resumed farming for the half 1824-1830. Perhaps by this time his health was beginning to fail (he was 50 years of age, after all), for the tax records of 1831-32 show him as butcher. that of 1833 as a "senior," and beginning 1834 he is listed as a gelder. Tax records are missing after 1836. In 1844 John died.
John's wife is identified as Anna Maria in baptismal records at Strayer’s Church1 as late as 1833, when she sponsored the baptism of a grandchild. The 1850 census lists her as “Amelia,” but we assume that can be accounted for by an English ear trying to decipher a German dialect answer (she did not speak English). She has been identified as Anna Maria Whitmeier on the basis of strong circumstancial evidence (The godparents her of son Michael were Simon and Elizabeth Whitmeier, the only persons to stand at family baptisms who were not Stoughs; they had a daughter, Anna Maria, born in 1783, and they lived on an adjacent farm). After John's death, "Amelia" Stough was bonded to administer the estate (he died intestate), and the 1850 census shows "Amelia" Stough living with sons David and Jesse in Dover Twp. (according to the 1820 census, Jesse Stough was deaf and dumb). Between 1850 and 1860 she disappears from all records and we assume she must have passed away.
Children of Johannes STAUCH and Anna Maria WHITMEYER:
i Carl5 STAUCH, born2 5 Jan 1800 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA; baptized2 30 Mar 1800 in Salem Lutheran Church, Strayers, Dover Twp., York Co. He does not appear in the area as an adult and may have died young.
ii Daniel5 STAUCH, born1 3 Aug 1805 in York Co., baptized1 11 Aug 1805 in Christ Lutheran Church, York; buried 24 Feb 1881. He married1 Elizabeth Simmons on 2 Aug 1836, by whom he had one daughter baptized1 at Strayer’s Reformed Church..
iii David5 STAUCH, born2 11 Jul 1809 in York Co; baptized2 19 Aug 1809 in Christ Lutheran Church, York; died1 7 Oct 1879. He married1 9 Sep 1832 Elizabeth Quickel, by whom he had three children baptized at Strayer’s Reformed Church1.
16 iv Michael5 STOUGH, born1 25 Feb 1812 in York Boro, York Co; baptized1 19 Mar 1812 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, died1 30 Sep 1890 in Warrington Twp, York Co; buried1 Sep 1890 in Barren's Cemetery, Washington Twp, York Co., PA. He married2 8 Jul 1838 Sarah Ann Stoehr/Stair.
v Jesse5 STAUCH, born1 4 Dec 1815 in York Co.; baptized1 7 Apr 1816 in Salem Lutheran Church, Strayers, Dover Twp., York Co.; died1 10 Feb 1889 in Dover Twp.; buried1 in Strayer Cemetery, Dover Twp., York Co. Active at Strayers (Salem) Lutheran 1788-1815, Jesse Stough was listed deaf and dumb on the 1820 Census.
1. Young, Henry James, Stauch-Stough Report (manuscript in the York Historical Trust library, p138.
2. Bates and Wright, York County Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1991),
3. Jay Stauch research into original tax records of York County, 1800-1840.
4. U.S. Federal Census records, Ancestry.com; research by Hugo Schroeder.
5. York Deeds 3F/426; 3G/411 and 3G/412.
6. Blake Stough Research, 2 (Email from Stough1752@aol.com), 23 Aug 1999, Blake Stough, 3704B Davidsburg Road, Dover, PA 17315.
7. US Federal Censuses for 1810, 1820, 1830
8. Rachel Shearer (Evy’s second cousin) and her son Todd Ziegler.
34. George6 STOEHR, born1 28 Sep 1782 at York Boro, York Co., PA; baptized1 30 Nov 1782 in Christ Lutheran Church, York; died2 17 Jun 1830 at York; son of 68. George Christopher7 STOEHR and 69. Maria Dorothea7 DOUDLE . He was married1 1812 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, to 35. Salome6 (Sarah Ann/Sally) ILGENFRITZ , born3 18 Aug 1790 inYork; baptized3 12 Sep 1790 in Christ Lutheran Church, York; died4 31 Aug 1873 at York, and was buried4 2 Sep 1873 in Prospect Hill Cemetery, York, daughter of 70. Samuel7 ILGENFRITZ and 71. Maria Magdalena7 CRONE .
George was a slave owner in 1780. His wife, Salome, was a widow for 50 years.
Children of George STOEHR and Salome (Sarah Ann) (Sally) ILGENFRITZ were as follows:
i George Washington5 STOEHR, born 20 Aug 1813 at York, York, Pa; baptized 27 Sep 1813 in Christ Lutheran Church, York. He was married on 2 Jun 1839 (wife unknown).
ii Matilda5 STOEHR, born 18 May 1817 at York; baptized 28 Jul 1817 at Christ Lutheran Church; she died 12 Sep 1817 at York.
17 iii Sarah Ann5 STOEHR, born 12 Sep 1820 at York; baptized 25 Nov 1820 in Christ Lutheran Church,; died 9 Mar 1899 near Wellsville, Warrington Twp, York Co, PA; buried in Barren's Cemetery, Washington Twp., York Co., PA. She married 8 Jul 1838 in Christ Lutheran Church, Michael STOUGH,
iv Mary Koons5 STAIR , born 5 Mar 1822; died 6 Oct 1896; buried in Mt. Bethel Cemetery, Columbia, Lancaster Co., PA. She married 27 Jun 1847 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, James SCHROEDER. Her baptismal name, according to granddaughter Helen Schroeder, was Mary Jane Stair, but she had it legally changed to Mary Koons Stair before her marriage.
v Oliver P.5 STOEHR, born 10 Jun 1818 at York; baptized 28 Nov 1818 in Christ Lutheran Church; died 24 Nov 1873; buried 27 Nov 1873. He married on 21 Jul 1840 Charlotta (---) .
vi Henry5 STOEHR, born 8 Aug 1827 at York; baptized in Christ Lutheran Church; died 5 Dec 1849. He married on 24 Jun 1849 Mary Ann DICKINSON .
vii Samuel Ilgenfritz5 STOEHR, born 4 Sep 1824; baptized in Christ Lutheran Church; died 26 Mar 1860; buried 28 Mar 1860.
viii Dorothea Magdalena5 STOEHR, born 24 Dec 1831; baptized in Christ Lutheran Church; died 1 Jan 1853; buried 3 Jan 1853.
1. Young, Henry James, trans., Records of Christ Lutheran Church, York PA, (unpublished typescript), Record No. 2612., York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403.
2. Obituary, George Stoehr, in the York Republican, 17 Jun 1839 (microfilm in York Historical Trust library).
3. Bates and Wright, York County Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publication, 1991), Vol. 2, p239.
4. Stoehr/Stair Bible (Transcript of inscriptions in Family Bible), Flyleaf, York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403.
5. York Death Index, (of obituaries), Manuscript in York Historical Trust.
6. Earl M Schroeder, personal genealogical research (in possession of his son, David R. Stephenson).
7. Stair Genealogical Report by Henry J. Young, p13; YCHS [Vol III, p333 in original]
8. George Stoehr Estate, Orphans Court Records of York County, York County Archives, 150 Pleasant Acres Rd., York, PA. 17402.
9. York County Deeds, Volume 3F, p299, 12 May 1820, York County Archives, 150 Pleasant Acres Rd., York, PA. 17402.
36. Frederick6 BAHN, born1,2 13 Mar 1758 in Hamburg, Germany of unknown parents; died3 19 Nov 1856 in Shrewsbury Boro, Shrewsbury Twp., York Co., PA; buried in the Lutheran Cemetery, Shrewsbury Twp., York Co., PA. He married 37. Catharine (---), born1 1763; died1 1838 in Shrewsbury Boro, Shrewsbury Twp. York Co.; buried in Lutheran Cemetery, Shrewsbury Twp., York Co., Pa.
John Gibson, History Of York County4 states that he was only four years old when he came to York County, but according to his naturalization petition he arrived in Pennsylvania about 1790, possibly having resided in another state until then. Tax lists5 show him in York County for the first time in 1793 as Frederick Bond owning 62 acres, 1 cow. In 1797 Frederick Bond, taylor, is listed as owning 2 cows. In 1799-Adam Bahn (his father? brother?) owned land called "Chestnut" and Frederick Bunch owned 1 house and 3 lots. In 1800 Frederick Bohn, taylor, owned 12 cows and 114 acres (bought from Melchor Pfifer); what all the cows were about we do not know, but if he had thoughts of starting a dairy, he must have given them up quickly., for in 1801 he owned 114 acres, 1 horse and 1 cow. The next few entries are similar, but in 1805 in addition to 118 acres warrant land, 1 horse, 1 cow he appears as owning a tanyard.
On 21 Sep 1802 Frederick Bahn, native of Hamburg, subject of the Emperor of Germany, was naturalized2 as a citizen. The petition stated he had lived in Pennsylvania for 12 years.
On 17 Apr 1810 Frederick Bahn was granted 181. acres in Springfield Township, which had been surveyed 23 June, 1767, to Peter Lice 6. Bahn’s close friends must have been the Becker family, as Orphans Court records7 show that on 16 May, 1820, Bahn was appointed guardian of George Becker, minor son of Philip Becker. A few months later, 12 Sep 1820, Philip Becker and Frederick Bahn, execs of Philip Becker, dec., showed a balance of $445.28. A bit later, on 13 May 1823 Frederick Bahn administered the estate of Salome Becker of Shrewsbury Twp.
The 1850 Census8 of Shrewsbury Borough, York County, PA, shows Frederick Bahn (the first time he appears under that spelling of the name) as a farmer, aged 83, born in Germany. Living in the household that year were (daughter) Dorothy Strasburg, age 45, born in PA, and granddaughter Susan Strasburg, age 11, born in PA. If the age given on this census is correct, Frederick would have been born in 1767, not 1758.
The records of Christ Lutheran Church, Shrewsbury, indicate that Frederick Bahn died 19 November, 1856, at 98 years, 8 months & 6 days age. His will9, dated 17 Oct 1856 was probated 1 Dec 1856. In it he names his children as John, Jacob, Hannah (wife of John Shaffer), Dorothy Strasbaugh, Mary (deceased, leaving 2 children), Henry (deceased, leaving 3 children), and grandson Amos Strasbaugh.
Children of Frederick BAHN and Catharine (---):
i John5 BAHN, born in Shrewsbury Twp., York Co., PA; baptized11 24 Sep 1794 in Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys, York Co., PA; died10 9 Mar 1871. He married10 Magdalena (Polly) Schwarts. He is buried10 at Shrewbury.
ii Frederick5 BAHN, born 24 Dec 1796 in York, Pa; baptized11 18 Mar 1797 in Christ Lutheran Church, York. He died in 1856.3
iii Andreas5 BAHN, born11 2 Feb 1799 in York; baptized in Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys, York Co., PA.
iv John Jacob5 BAHN, born3 1 May 1801 in York, York Co., PA; baptized 10 May 1801 in Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys, York, Pa.
v Dorothea5 BAHN, born3 1 Dec 1803 in York, York Co. PA; baptized3 15 Apr 1804 in Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys. She was a twin to John. Her married name, Strasbaugh or Strasburg, is recorded in 1850 census of her father's household and in his will.
vi John5 BAHN, born3 1 Dec 1803 in York, Pa; baptized3 15 Apr 1804 in Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys. He was a twin to Dorothea.
vii Hannah5 BAHN, born10 1804 in Shrewsbury Twp., Her husband's name, John Schaffer, is cited in her father's will.
viii Anna Maria5 BAHN, born3 28 Sep 1806 in, Shrewsbury Twp, York, Pa; baptized3 31 Oct 1806 in Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys; died before her father’s will was written in 1856.
18 ix Henry5 BAHN, born3 19 Jul 1810 in Shrewsbury Twp, York, Pa; baptized3 24 Aug 1810 in Friedensaal Lutheran Church, Seven Valleys; died1 13 Aug 1853 at Shrewsbury; buried in Wolf's Cemetery, West Mancherster Twp., York Co, Pa. He married Elizabeth GLATFELTER.
1. Cemetery Cards, York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403.
2. NA, “York County Naturalizations, 1802” in Codorus Chronicles, Vol 1, No. 1.
3. Calendar of Vital Statistics, York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403. Cites its source as the records of Christ Lutheran Church, Shrewsbury, York Co., PA.
4. Gibson, John: History of York County Pennsylvania (Chicago: F.A. Battey Publishing Co., 1886), Biographical Section, pp92-93.
5. York County Tax Records, microfilms available at the York Historical Trust.
6. Neal Otto Hively, Index And Summary To Connected Draft Maps, Codorus Twp.
7. York Co. Orphans Court Docket, N/71, N/102.
8. 1850 Federal Census of York County, Shrewsbury Township 204/70/78.
9. York Wills, Bk U, p344, York County Archives, 150 Pleasant Acres Rd., York, PA. 17402.
10. Barnes, Robert: The Bahn Family Of York County, Pennsylvania, Revised and Enlarged 30 September, 1990, in Family File #1113 (Bahn), 30 Sep 1990. York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403.
11. Bates and Wright, York County Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1991), I/98, II/261, I/30,
38. Johan Daniel6 GLATFELDER, born1 30 Jul 1786 in, York, Pa; baptized1 (the date does not appear in the record) at St Peters Reformed (Yellow) Church, Springfield Twp., York Co.; died2 abt 1837 in York, York Co., PA, buried at York. He was the son of 76. Felix7 GLATTFELTER and 77. Maria Elizabeth RENNOLL . He married3 on 15 Aug 1807 in First Reformed Church, York, York Co., PA, 39. Margaret EMIG , born1 20 Mar 1788 in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; baptized1 13 Apr 1788 at Ziegler's Lutheran Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA, daughter of 78. George Carl (Charles) EMIG and 79. Anna Maria CARVER .
Daniel and Margaret Glatfelter lived in Codorus township, York County, PA.
Children of Johan Daniel GLATFELDER and Margaret EMIG:
i Philip G.5 GLATFELTER4, born abt 1808 in York, PA. He married Sarah (---).
19 ii Elizabeth5 GLATFELTER4,5 , born abt 1809 in York Co, PA; died 21 Jun 1883; buried in Wolf's Cemetery, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. She married Henry BAHN of Shrewsbury Twp.
iii Rebecca Margaret5 GLATFELTER4 , born abt 1811 in York, PA. She married Henry STAUFFER of York, York, Pa.
iv Benjamin5 GLATFELTER4, born 20 Sep 1812 in North Codorus Twp., York Co, PA; baptized 23 Nov 1812 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA; died 21 Nov 1883. He married Sarah GIBBONS , born 9 Aug 1818; died 25 Feb 1892 in Seven Valleys, York, Pa.
v Anna5 GLATFELDER4, born 14 Aug 1815 in York, PA; baptized 25 Sep 1815 in Trinity Reformed Church, York, York Co., PA.
vi Charles5 GLATFELTER4, born 1816 in Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; baptized 2 Jan 1817 in Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died 31 Dec 1881; buried in Hanover Junction, York, PA. He married Leah KLINEDINST , born 1816; died 1884.
vii Barbara5 GLATFELTER4 , born 30 Apr 1817 in York, Pa; baptized 17 Jul 1817 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. She married Jacob GISE, born in Jackson Twp, York Co., Pa.
viii George5 GLATFELTER4, born 26 Dec 1819 in York Co., PA; died 7 Apr 1899. He married Christiana (---) .
ix Susan5 GLATFELTER4 , born 18 Mar 1820 in York, Pa; died 20 Aug 1888. She married on 17 Feb 1843 George CRONE, born 5 Aug 1803; died Feb 1845.
x Dallas5 GLATFELTER4, born abt 1821 in York Co., PA.
xi Emmanuel5 GLATFELTER4, born in New Salem, York, Pa; died bef 1901. He married Elizabeth BRENNEMAN .
xii Israel5 GLATFELTER4, born 27 Jan 1828 in York Co., PA; baptized 29 Mar 1828 in North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died aft 1901. He married on 17 Nov 1851 in Franklin, Warren, Oh Catharine ZORBOUGH , born in on the Ohio Canal, at Winchester, Franklin Co., Ohio. He lived in Canal, Winchester Co., Ohio.
xiii Nancy5 GLATFELTER4 , born 1835 in York, Pa. She married Michael KOOP
1. Bates and Wright, York County Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster: Family Line Publ., 1991), Vol.1, p34, 121.
2. Glatfelter, Charles H., The Early Glattfelder Family in America: An Overview (York, PA: The Caspar Glattfelder Family Asso.ciation of America, 1993), p23.
3. Hartman, Don and Jeanine, Personal Genealogical Research, Family Group Record 1363.
4. Hartman, Don and Jeanine, The Glattfelders In America (typescript), York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403 p313f..
5. Cemetery Cards, York Historical Trust, York PA.
40. Joseph6 GRAYBILL (Sr.) , died1 abt Sep 1802 in Franklin Twp., Adams Co., PA. His parents are unknown. He married 41. Mary6 BRILLHART , born abt 1743 in Codorus Twp., York Co., PA, daughter of 82. Peter7 BRILLHARDT and 83. Ottilia (---)7.
Origins of the Graybill Name and Family
As of this writing (2005) the immigrant ancestor of our Graybill family has not yet been discovered. In his "Studies on the Origin and Ancestry of the Graybill Family," Edward Earl Reeves-Graybill of Spencerville Maryland, indicates that the numerous Graybill immigrants to Pennsylvania were Deutsche Schweiz (German speaking Swiss). Mostly Anabaptist (Mennonite), they had been persecuted across the centuries for their faith and eventually left Switzerland, migrating into the Palatinate, settling along the Rhine River near Mannheim. In the reign of Louis XIV, King of France, this country was devastated, and in the winter of 1688-89 a French General ordered the populace to vacate their homes.
About the same time, William Penn was touring the lower Rhine seeking to win settlers for his colony of Pennsylvania. Through his efforts large numbers of Germans and Swiss persons decided to leave their war-torn homeland, and emigration to Pennsylvania began, which picked up speed and numbers across the next 75 years. Among those coming to Pennsylvania Reeves-Graybill found 13 persons with variations of the name Graybill who tarrived in Philadelphia between 1727 and 1764. Without doubt there were others.
Reves-Graybill also presents a study of the name Graybill, which seems to derive from the name of a town, Kraehenbuehl (meaning‘wooded hilltop where crows gather’). This was a village in the parish of Höchstetten (Grosshöchstetten) in the Aargau, Switzerland. I. Imobersteg, Das Emmenthal nach Geschichte, Land und Leuten (Bern: Huber & Co., 1876), lists several spellings of the Graybill name found there (p244), and notes that the Graybills are one of the largest families in the community of Signau, about 12 miles east of Bern). The name is also found in in 1621 at Langnau, about 18 miles east of Bern. A Swiss clergyman, Ernst Müller, in his Geschicht der Bernischen Täufer (Frauenfeld, 1895) mentions (p80) Hans Krähenbühl of Signau as one of the participants in the official disputation of Bern in March 1538, which the "Swiss Brethren" (or Anabaptists) had requested of their government. So already in Martin Luther's lifetime, the Graybills belonged to the radical Reformation.
So far is known, all the Mennonites who emigrated from Switzerland into the Palatinate came after 1650, most after 1654. On Aug. 4, 1664, Elector Karl Ludwig granted a "Concession" allowing the Anabaptists to settle in his land under certain conditions. Among other things, they had to pay an annual tribute of 6 florins per family. For this reason, censuses were kept to enumerate them. These census lists have been published as "Palatinate Mennonite Census Lists 1664-1774" in The Mennonits Quarterly Review (vols XIV and XV, Jan. 1940-Jan. 1941). Various spellings of the Graybill name are found throughout them.
A Hans Krenbuhl was also among those driven into exile down the Rhine river in 1711; a Christian Kayenbuhl was among those jailed in "the Island" and the "Upper Jail," notorious prisons, in 1710. By 1727 the first Graybill families were beginning to come to Pennsylvania, where they initially settled in Lancaster county, from which place the earliest in our line, probably this Joseph Graybill, Sr., must have entered into York county shortly after it was esablished.
Joseph Graybill, Sr.
It is not clear at this writing when Joseph Graybill was born, or where he came from. He may, indeed, have been born in York County as late as the early 1740’s (as he wife was), or perhaps he was the first of his family to enter this area. Our first knowledge of a Joseph Graybill comes in the form of a land claim taken out 10 May 1744, on 100 acres in Lancaster county (York County would not come into existence).2 Probably the family’s progenitor entered the county shortly after, if not before, and began to work the land on his claim. It was common for incoming Germans to obtain a land license like this and not follow through—often in their entire lifetimes—leaving it for heirs to complete the transaction. Apparently that is what was done here, for it was not until 8 Nov 1768, that 218.40 acres of land in present West Manchester, township was surveyed to Joseph Graybill on a Blunston License taken out in 1736 by Dennis Myer. A patent for the land, which lay adjacent to lands of Michael Ebert, Peter Hoke, Matthias Smysor, Michael Smysor & Geo Meyer, was not obtained until 3 Nov 1774.3
But Joseph had apparently taken his place in the community as a respected person, for in 1771 he was appointed Supervisor of Manchester Twp, a position of considerable significance. In 1782 he served as co-executor of the estate of his father-in-law Peter Brillhart. In 1787 he was the tax collector for Manchester Twp.
As the tide of public opinion turned in support of the Revolutionary War, Joseph played his part. From 1777 to 1783 "Josep Kraebbiel" is listed as a private in the York Co Militia. He appears on returns dated 5 Apr 1778 and 17 Apr 1778 of Cpt Emmanuel Herman’s company, the 5th company , 2nd Battalion in the 7th class,. Joseph remained in this company in 1780 when it became the 1st Co. (Capt Reinhart Bott) of the 3rd Batt. according to undated returns of 1780 and one of 11/20/1782. But he was not a young man, and we can understand why in 1781 he hired Robert Lewis as a substitute for his tour of duty guarding Camp Security. The certificate of discharge reads: "This is to certify that Robert Lewis, a substitute for Joseph Graybill, has served in the fatigue party in the 7th Class of York County Militia for the space of which is in full of Tour, and is hereby Discharged. Given under my hand at Camp Security this 24th day of December A.D. 1781. Andrew Patterson, Capt."
Tax records show a healthy economic situation. In 1772 Joseph was taxed in Manchester Township with a total valuation £54. In 1779 he paid the State Tax4 in Manchester Twp on 200 acres, 3 horses and 4 cattle; in 1780 on 217 acres, 3 horses and 6 cattle, and in 1781 on 217 acres, 3 horses and 4 cattle. In 1783 county tax was paid on 217 acres, 2 houses, 2 outhouses, 10 inhabitants, 4 horned cattle, 3 horses, 8 sheep, altogether valued at £693 (but this was in currency inflated by the war. In 1793 county tax was paid on 217 acres, 2 cattle & 4 horses.
Census records also give a picture of the family. In 1790 the household was enumerated in Manchester Twp, York Co., with 2 males over 16 years of age (Joseph Sr., and one older son) 2 males under 16 (probably Joseph Jr. (who was still a minor at his father’s death) and Michael) and 8 females (wife Margaret and 6 daughters, so there must have been a daughter who died young,
On 16 Apr 1793 Joseph and his neighbor Jacob Smysor, Esq., jointly purchased 50 acres in Codorus Twp for £50 from Valentine Gable6.
Tax records between 1790 and 1800 show that in 1795 Joseph was taxed in York Co. on 217 ac, 6 cattle and 4 horses. In 1797 paid taxes that property, 3 cattle, 2 horses, and for the first time, a stone house and barn in West Manchester Twp. The 1799 tax lists shows only the 217 acre farm with 4 horses and 4 cattle.
On 9 Apr 1800 Joseph sold7 the 217 acre farm in Manchester Twp. for £3600 to Michael Graybill of Earl Township, Lancaster Co. This was probably a relative, and may perhaps contain a clue as to the origin of the York Graybills. It also suggests that perhaps as children were leaving home and age was taking its toll, Joseph was finding the work on such a large farm burdensome.
By 1800 Joseph is found in Franklin Twp, Adams county, but perhaps this does not indicate an actual move, as Adams county was separated from York that year. The Graybills were ennumerated in Franklin with 1 male under 10 (Joseph, Jr.), 1 male 10-16 (probably Michael), 1 male 16-26 (perhaps Joel, since his mother seems to have lived with him in 1810), and 1 male over 45 (Joseph); 1 female 10-16 (Sarah?), 1 female 16-26 (Sarah or Mary, both of whom were unmarried in 1802), and 1 female over 45 (Margaret). One other free person living in the household was possibly a hired man or woman.
On 7 May 1802 Joseph Graybill wrote his will. It is an interesting document. In it he makes extensive provisions for his wife to continue living in the family home; the farm is to be divided and given to sons Joel and Michael, who are jointly provide their mother’s needs and give annuities to the remaining children, who are named. A codicil was added on 3 July. The will was probated on 20 Sept 1802 in Adams Co, PA. Joseph had died July and September.
Mary Brillhart’s marriage to Joseph Graybill is documented in her father's8 will.
Children of Joseph GRAYBILL (Sr.) and Mary BRILLHART:
i Eve5 GRAYBILL9, born, say 1765-1780, in West Manchester Twp., York Co., married John Weyer.
ii Lydia5 GRAYBILL9 , born, say 1765-1780, in West Manchester Twp., York Co., married on 2 Apr 1820 in First Reformed Ch, York, York, Pa John SHRIVER.
iii Shem5 GRAYBILL9, born, say1765-1784, in West Manchester Twp/, York Co.
iv Joel5 GRAYBILL, born, say 1765-1784, in West Manchester Twp, York Co.
v Hannah5 GRAYBILL ,9 born, say 1770-1780, in West Manchester Twp., York Co. She married Abraham BOSSERMAN.
vi Mary5 GRAYBILL9, born probably after 1785, in West Manchester Twp., York Co.
vii Michael5 GRAYBILL9, born abt 1791 in West Manchester Twp, York Co.
viii Elizabeth5 GRAYBILL9, probably bprn after 1785, may be the Elizabeth who married Johan Daniel Schwob, s/o Johan Cunraudt Schwob.
ix Sarah5 GRAYBILL9, probably born after 1785, West Manchester Twp., York Co. She may be the Sarah Graybill who married Johan Adam Schwob.
20 x Joseph5 GRAYBILL (Jr.) 9, born12 25 Sep 1792 in Manchester Twp, York, Pa; died12 14 Jul 1853 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., buried in Bair's Station, Manchester Twp. Husband of Nancy SPRENKLE
xi Abram5 GRAYBILL9, born say 1765-1775, dead by 1802 when the codicil to his father's will was written.
1. NA, Abstracts of York County Pennsylvania Wills 1749-1819 (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publ., 1995), p78.
2. Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, volume 24, p416.
3. Neal Otto Hively, The Manor Of Springettsbury, York Co., Pa (1993), p83.
4. Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, 21, pp14, 184, 370.
5. US 1790 Census, PA, p274. The Name and same data appear twice, an apparent error.
6. York Deeds, 2H/530.
7. York Deeds, 2O, 498.
8. NA., Abstracts of York Co., Pennsylvania Wills, 1749-1819 (Westminster, MD: Damily Line Publications, 1995), p78.
9. Will of Joseph Graybill, probated in Adams Co, 20 Sep 1802
10. Gibson, John: History of York County Pennsylvania from the Earliest Period to the Present Time (Chicago: F.A. Battey Publishing Co.,1886), p612.
11. Dull, Keith A.: Early German Settlers Of York County Pennsylvania (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1997), p8.
12. Tombstone, Bair Stattion Cemetery.
42. Peter6 SPRENKLE (Jr.), born1 25 Feb 1753`in Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died1 11 Jul 1831 in York Co, PA; buried at Bair's Meeting House, York Co., PA; Son of 84.Peter SPRENKLE (Sr.) and 85. Hannah AISTER .. He married 43. Elizabeth EYSTER , born2 abt 23 Oct 1762 in York Co., PA; died2 23 Oct 1845 in Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; buried at Bair's Meeting House, York Co., PA.
Nearly every Sprenkle family in every generation has had a son named Peter, so it is difficult to separate one from the other, especially in Revolutionary War records. Then too, since our Sprenkles were Mennonite, conventional church records—such as baptisms, marriages and burials—do not exist. We must piece together the data from tombstones, land records, taxes, censuses, wills and orphans courts as best we can.
His tombstone provides a birth date for our Peter; but it is problematic. While his mother, born in 1735, was indeed old enough (but just) to have a child 1753, the next child in the family does not appear for 14 years, and the family really seems to begin in 1770 when Michael was born. After that children were born every two years. Odd! Could it be that in fact Peter was the child of a first marriage? And if so, was Hannah the first wife or the second? Who knows? But this conundrum probably accounts for the birth date of 1768 which is sometimes erroneously assigned to Peter.3
We next hear of Peter in a deed4 dated 17 Mar 1775—he would have been 22 years old—in which George Sprenkle of Manchester Twp grants Peter Sprenkle of the same place liberty to build a mill on Codorus Creek. Ah, but which George? Certainly not his brother, who was not born until 1803, so it was most likely his uncle, Johan George, born in 1741, who lived in Manchester township. In fact, the land associated with the mill seems to have been partly in Manchester, partly in Codorus townships, and Peter is mentioned in both places. One must especially be careful to distinguish him from the Peter Sprenkle in York Township,5 a farmer of more modest means.
This, of course, was the last year of peace in the colonies. When the Revolutionary War broke out in 1776 Peter, his father and uncle George all were listed on a roster6 dated 5 Apr 1778 of Capt. Emmanuel Herman’s 5th Co., York County Militia. It is hard to distinguish which Peter served in which unit thereafter, and I have not made a study of the matter. A Peter Sprenkle, Jr., and Peter Sprnkle appear also on an undated “Payroll of a Party of York Co. Militia who apprehended British deserters Prisoners and brought them to the Stockade Fort.”7 The name appears on other rosters too, but it is difficult to tell which might be our Peter.
The Sprenkle’s appearance on these lists, of course, raises a question. Mennonites, of course, are pacifists and would be expected to eschew military service. While law required all men up to age 50 to serve in the militia, Mennonites often hired substitutes to perform their active tours of duty (which could last as long as 2 months a year). There is no indication the Sprenckles did so. Indeed, their capture of British prisoners seems to indicate that they supported the war effort in spirit and not just to accommodate the law; after all, they could have let others “do the dirty work.” But this is just one indication that their brand of Mennonism was not exactly mainstream. Indeed, we are surprised to discover that immigrant Michael (who attended Lauck’s Mennonite Church), had his children baptized as infants8. Within a generation many of his grandchildren were attending Reformed churches, and seem to have fully entered secular society. But not So Peter Sprenkle, Jr. He and his family attended Bair’s Meeting House9 in present-day West Manchester township (where Bair Station now marks the location of a former railroad depot).
Our Peter may appear on two tax lists in 1779. In Manchester township10 a Peter Sprenkle was taxed as a young (i.e., single) man and in Codorus Township11 a Peter Sprenckle paid tax of £12, though he owned no land (remember, this was in inflated war currency). Perhaps as a single man he was still living in his father’s household but operated the mill on George’s land in Codorus. He is also listed, with George Sprenkle, as among the taxable residents of Codorus township on the state tax of 1783.12
It must have been shortly after this that Peter and Elizabeth Eyster were married, for the first child whose birth has been dated, Christina, was born in 17832. Something seems to have been wrong with Christina; perhaps she had a birth defect or something of that sort, as her father took pains later13, as we shall see later, to provide for her care in later life. She was probably not the first child in the family; that distinction may go to son Jesse.
When the 1790 federal census14 lifts the curtain of obscurity, it revealed a family of seven living in Manchester Twp. In addition to Peter and Elizabeth there were 2 boys under 16 years of age; Peter III, b 1785 and another, otherwise unknown who appears also on the 1800 census. Probably this was a son who died after 1800. There were 3 daughters, Veronica b1782, Christina b1783 and Nancy born April 1790). There were two other Peter Sprenkles in York county this year, one in York township—mentioned above--and Peter’s father, who was also in Manchester Township. Actually Peter Sr. had died in May 1789, so the census shows his family with only one male—under 16—and 3 females (one of whom would have been his mother, who did not die until the early 1820’s.
A deed15 shows that on 24 Mar 1796 Peter Sprenkle sold 150 acres of the estate named “Fair Hill” in Manchester and Codorus townships to his brother Michael. It had been patented by his father on 9 May 1769 and contained 450, so he was left with 300 or so. He had bought the land from his father’s estate15 for £2137/10, which gives us some indication of the wealth he was acquiring. This is put to good use on 26 Mar 180216 when he bought 200 acres in West Manchester Twp from Christian Harnish for £300. Just a month later Peter and Elizabeth Sprenckle of Codorus Twp sold Daniel Sprenkle of West Manchester Twp 103 acres in West Manchester for £2106/15/10.18 The same day he also sold his brother George 6 acres in West Manchester, which were part of his father’s original patent.19 One wonders what this spate of real estate transactions was about. Was it just land speculation? Or had something happened in Peter’s family which necessitated serious adjustments. The 1800 census14, Peter’s family with 1 male born before 1755 (Peter himself), and the male born 1784-1790, whom we also saw on the preceding census. There were now 3 females born 1790-1800, Nancy, b 1790 and Elizabeth, b1791. The third is unknown to us but will appear continuously through 1830. A comparison of these three censuses shows she must have been born in 1800. There were 2 females born 1774-1784 (Christine, b 1783 and Veronica, b 1782) and 1 woman listed as born before 1755; this must be Elizabeth, though she was in fact born in 1762.
On the 1810 Census14 there is 1 son under 10 (George, b 1803), 1 son 16-26 (Peter, b 1785, who did not marry until 1811) and 1 male over 45 (Peter, b 1753). The unknown son has now disappeared, and probably had died during the decade. On the distaff side was 1 daughter 10-16 (the unknown girl first seen on the 1800 census), 1 daugher 16-26 (Elizabeth, b 1791, who never married), 1 daughter 26-45 (Christina, b 1783, never married) and one female over 45 (Elizabeth, b 1762). The family was aging.
Not much was changing in the household by now. We have only census records to consult in these later years. In 1820 the federal census14 shows Peter and Elizabeth living with 1 son, 16-18 yrs old (George, b1803) and three sons of 16-26 yrs (I have no idea who these may be, perhaps grandchildren temporarily staying with them), 2 daughters 16-26 years old (one is the girl born in 1800; the other is unknown). There is no sign of Christina and Elizabeth Or, alternatively, the enumerator may have made errors in copying, entering the 2 into the wrong column, accounting for the two single daughters. Perhaps the 3 sons were also an error.
On 30 Jan 1827 Peter made another acquisition20, purchasing 200 acres in West Manchester and Codorus townships from the heirs of William Penn for $720.
The 1830 census shows the household consisting of Peter and Elizabeth, daughter Elizabeth (b1791) and a daughter born 1800-1810 (the daughter seen before). Peter was now 77 years old, and must have been preparing for the end when on 4 Apr 1831 he and Elizabeth sold son-in-law Joseph Graybill 193 acres of land in Codorus and West Manchester townships for $8, 692.87.21 That same day22 145 acres in Codorus Twp together with 50 acres woodland were sold George for $8994.93, now 27 years old and on his own. He was, however, directed in the deed to retain $2949.60 “to be used to maintain his (i.e., Peter’s) daughter Christina until her death,” and the remainder was to be distributed among his heirs. Clearly Peter felt the end was drawing near.
A few months later, on 11 Jul 1831, he passed away intestate and was buried at Bair's Meeting House Cemetery, in West Manchester township, York Co. On 24 Aug 1831 an Administration Bond was granted Abraham Darbert.23 The Account, presented on 11 Dec 1832, showed a balance of $8619.9524. The estate, however, remained unsettled for a long time, no doubt because of the provisions for Christina’s care. After her death in 1861 it seems to have finally been settled. A deed of release dated 20 Apr 1862 shows the children of Peter III acknowledging the settlement. 25
Elizabeth Eyster Sprenkle lived on another 14 years, dying in Codorus township on 23 Oct, 1845. She is buried in Bair’s Meeting House Cemetery beside her husband, surrounded by children.
Children of Peter SPRENKLE (Jr.) and Elizabeth EYSTER were as follows:
i Veeronica5 SPRENKLE,25 born 15 Sep 1782 in Manchester Twp., York Co., PA, died 5 Nov 1856 in Heidelburg Twp., York Co., PA. She married Abraham Garber, born 22 Jun 1775 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA, d. 23 Aug 1850 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. Veronica and Abraham are buried in the Garber Mennonite Cemetery, Menges Mills, York Co., PA.
ii Christina5 SPRENKLE, born2 abt 23 Feb 1783 in Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died2 17 Sep 1861 in Manchester Twp.; buried Sep 1861 at Bair's Meeting House. She was mentioned in a will of 1832 in which Peter Jr. arranged for George Sprenckel and Joseph Graybill (i.e., his son and son-in-law) to retain $2949.60 from a sale of land “to be used to maintain his daughter Christina until her death….” Apparently Christina was in some way incapacitated by birth or by accident. (listed in 1862 quit claim, though she was dead, perhaps because of the agreement concerning her maintenance.)
iii Peter5 H. SPRENKLE [III], born25 12 Aug 1785 in York Co., PA., died25 19 March 1856 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA. He is buried25 in the Hershey Mennonite Cemetery, Dover Twp., York County, PA. He is listed in 1862 quit claim. He married25 7 Nov. 1811 Lydia Huber/Hoover, born 9 Jul 1798, died 1 Jun 1842 in York County, PA, who is buried with him.
21 iv Nancy5 SPRENKLE ,25 born2 8 Apr 1790 in York Co., PA; died2 27 Apr 1861 in York Boro, York Co., PA; buried at Bair's Station, West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. She married Joseph GRAYBILL [Jr.]. (Not listed in the 1862 quit claim but 1) she was dead; and 2) her husband is affirmed to be his son in law by Peter Sprenkle, Jr., in a deed of 4 Apr 1831.
v Elizabeth5 SPRENKLE,25 born2 18 Dec 1791 in York Co., PA; died2 18 Apr 1858 in Manchester Twp., York Co.; buried at Bair Meeting House, York Co, PA. She died unmarried. (not listed in 1862 quit claim, but she was dead by then.)
vi George5 SPRENKLE,25 born2 abt 5 Dec 1803 in Manchester Twp., York Co, PA; died2 23 Feb 1857 in York Co; buried at Bair's Meeting House. (not listed in 1862 quit claim—he was dead—but see deed of 4 Apr 1832). He married 5 Jun 1828 Elizabeth Baer, born 12 Oct 1808 in West Manchester Twp., York Co., died 12 Aug 1898 near Menges Mills, York Co., PA. She is buried wit her husband.
1. According to his tombstone in Bair’s Station Meeting House Cemetery, which gives the following data: “Peter Sprenkle, 2/25/1753-7/11/1831, 78-4-16.” However, the date customarily given for his birth is 1768, and obvious impossibility since he served in the Revolutionary militia in 1778! And yet, 1768 fits the record of Peter Sprenckle’s marriage to Hanna Aister; but Peter Sr. would have been 42 years old at the time of that marriage, so it is likely that he had been married previously, and the children listed in his will were in face children by two marriages. Since the family was Mennonite and did not believe in infant baptism (the Mennonites also did not keep records apart from Family Bibles), it will be difficult to resolve this issue.
2. Tombstone, at Bair’s Meeting House Cemetery.
3. As, for example, in Keith Dull, Early Families of York County Pennsylvania, Vol 1., (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1995) p48.
4. Yk Deeds 3I/203.
5. Dull, op. cit., pxxf, identifies Peter of York Twp., York Co., as the son of William Sprenkle, a brother of immigrant Michael (No. 114 in this ahnentafel), which would make him a first cousin, once removed, of Codorus Peter, the miller.
6. Pennsylvania Archives, Series 6, VoI, 2, p619.
7. Pennsylvania Archives, Series 6, VoI, 2, pp717-719.
8. Dull, Keith, Early German Settlers of York County Pennsylvania (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1997, p265f)
9. At least a lot of the family are buried there.
10. Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, 21, p19.
11. Pennsylvania Archives, Series III, 21, p81.
12. Gibson, John, History of York County Pennsylvania, p699. Other Peter Sprenles appear this year in Manchester twp. (Peter Sr), Warrington and York townships.
13. Yk Deeds 3L/282.
14. Census records, Ancestry.com.
15. Yk Deeds, 2O, p48.
16. Yk. Deeds F, p219.
17. Yk Deeds, 2Q, p475.
18. Yk Deeds 2Z, p145.
19. Yk Deds 2T, p116.
20. Yk Deeds, 3I, p247.
21. Yk Deeds 3I, p280.
22. Yk Deeds 3L, p282. The records as I have them are confused regarding this obviously duplicatory transactions.
23. Orphans Court, Docket 2L, p23.
24. Orphans Court, Docket R, p57.
25. Margaret L Sopp, Margaret’s Genealogy Collection, <http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/s/o/p/Margaret-L-Sopp/BOOK-0001/0009-0001.html
26. Mentioned in the Quit Claim of 1862.
27. Young, Henry James: Report on Peter Sprenkle in the York County Historical Socity, Vol VI, p53.
48. Michael6 HOKE, born1 16 Jul 1785 in Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; baptized1 bef 6 Nov 1785 in Wolf's Reformed Church, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; died2 21 Mar 1868; buried2 in Garber's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. He was the son of 76. Caspar7 HOKE and 77. Anna Margaretha7 EMIG . He married (1) about 1809 49. Catharina Barbara7 FISHEL , born1 22 Aug 1787 in Paradise Twp., York Co., PA; baptized1 8 Nov 1787 at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died3 1 Jun 1829, daughter of 98. Johann Heinrich "Henry"7 FISHEL and 99. Anna Barbara7 FISCHEL ; married4 (2) 26 Mar 1837 Susan HERSHEY , born2 abt 27 Apr 1800 in Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; died2 1 Aug 1881 in Manchester Twp., York Co., PA; buried2 in Garber's Mennonite Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA.
Michael was a farmer in Manchester Township and is said to have been a hotel keeper also, although I have not been able to confirm this. It has been said that he was a Mennonite by faith,2 which his burial in the Garber’s cenetary would seem to confirm. The fact that none of children were presented for infant baptism in York County also makes it likely that he did not follow the Reformed tradition of his parents. There must have been some commotion over his conversion to Anabaptism, as the two were poles apart—and largely remain so. If, as one source says,2 Michael’s son George was baptized with George Hoke (presumably Michael’s brother) as sponsor, there must have been conflict over religion in the family.
As is true of so many Mennonite families, we do not have much information about Michael Hoke. He would have been old enough to take part in the war of 1812, but we do not that he did. About 1809 he married Catharina Fishel, and children came rapidly to the young couple, who lived in Paradise Twp. They appear on the 1810 census with their first child, Magdalena, born in February of that year. There were also two girls under 10 living with them. I have not been able to find him on the 1820 census. By 1829 Michael and Anna had 8 children (4 of each sex). That year tradgedy hit the family when Barbara, on 41 years old, died. In those days, when farming was still done as it had been from time immemorial—everything laboriously done by hand—this was a major catastrophy for a young family.
Yet Michael did not, as most husbands would, marry immediately. Nearly 8 years passed by before his relationship with Susan Hershey matured into wedlock. She was not a young woman—37 years old on her wedding day—but even so the marriage was blessed with 3 children, 2 girls and a boy. The 1850 census this family, and son George from the first marriage, still living on the farm in Paradise Twp. Michael’s net worth that year was listed as $18,000; apparently he had prospered. There has been no indication on all these censuses of a hotel; Michael is everywhere identified simply as a farmer. Perhaps they rented out rooms to passersby.
At 65 years of age, Michael must have found farming demanding work, even though a few of the modern farm implements were coming into use. Living with the family in 1850 was a 35 year old woman, Julian (Julie Ann) Wagner. In the next few years she and son George were married, and the 1860 census shows Michael and Susan Hoke living in Jackson township with the young couple in 1860; he was now 75 years old. This was the year he made his will, and in it he says that he is “under a Serious apprehension of soon quitting this sublumary Stage, by the Lord God’s Pleasure.” It is a fascinating document, showing extraordinary forethought to care for his wife and children. For example, a son, Michael Jr., was apparently alcoholic. Unwilling to entrust money or possessions to him, Michael arranged for a small farm to be put at his disposal to give him a place to live. Should he “reform,” it was to be sold to him. On his death, either the farm or the money from its sale, would go to the grandchildren involved.
Just a few years later Michael did pass on, leaving his wife Susan behind. The 1870 census shows her still living with her step-son George (and a maid and hired man). Next door was stepson George with his large family. She was still living there in 1880 at 79 years of age. The next year she too passed away. Both Michael and Sarah are buried at Garber’s Mennonite cemetery. Where Barbara was buried I do not know.
Children of Michael HOKE and Catharina Barbara FISHEL:
i Magdalena5 HOKE ,2,3 born 7 Feb 1810; died 17 Feb 1882. She married Dr.John/Joseph Hershey (7/19/1785-3/21/1868).
ii Elizabeth5 HOKE ,2,3 born 1812; died 1887. She married George MEYERS.
iii Rebecca [Margaretha]5 HOKE ,3 born 1812 in York Co., Pa; died 1853. She married John HELSEL, Jr. , born 1820; died 1889.
24 iv Joseph5 HOKE,2,3 born abt 19 Aug 1813; died 12 Jun 1887 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Garber's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. He married Sarah HERSHEY , born 15 Jul 1816 in Hamilton Twp, Adams Co., PA; died 24 Nov 1895 in York Co., PA; buried in Garber's Cem, Heidelberg Twp, York Co., Pa, daughter of Christian HERSHEY and Barbara (---) .
v Michael5 HOKE,3 born 30 Jul 1817 in Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; died 19 Jul 1863; buried in Garber Mennonite Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. He married Anna (Nancy) MARTIN, daughter of David MARTIN and Elizabeth (---) .
vi George5 HOKE,2 born 2 Nov 1819 in York Co., Pa; christened 14 Nov 1819. He married Julia WAGNER.
vii Henry5 HOKE,2,3,5 born 4 May 1822 in Jackson Twp., York Co., Pa; died 18 Jan 1896. He married, 1844, Anna HERSHEY , born 26 Aug 1820 near Spring Grove, Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; died 1 Dec 1883 in York Co., PA; buried in Pidgeon Hill Churchyard, York Co., Pa, daughter of Christian and Barbara HERSHEY . He was a farmer and worked in general merchandising, belonging to the Reformed Church. In 1822 he moved to Nashville, where he was a school director. In 1844 he married Anna, daughter of Christian Hershey, of Jackson Twp., who died 1 Dec 1883, the mother of twelve children.. Henry Hoke was a school director
viii Susanna5 HOKE.2, She married Jesse RUNK.
Children of Michael HOKE and Susan HERSHEY:
i Eliza5 HOKE, born 1868.2,6
ii Abram/Abraham5 HOKE,2 born abt 18 Jan 1839 in York Co., Pa; died 17 Apr 1921 in Spring Grove, York Co, PA; buried in Spring Grove Cemetery. He married Margaret MENGES , born abt 22 Nov 1840; died 14 Apr 1917 in Spring Grove, York Co., PA; buried in Spring Grove Cemetery, York Co., PA. They lived in Spring Grove,
iii Nancy5 HOKE.2 She married Absolom MENGES.
1. Bates and Wright, York County Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1991), Vol. 3, p140.
2. _____, Casper Hoke, typescript copy of a genealogy from the LDS Genealogical Library (shelf number 929.273 H689). It was shared with me by a correspondent who did not know the name if the biik of the bibliographical detail, p383-392.
3. Kauffman, Charles Fahs, A Record Of The Crone-Fahs/Feiser-Fishell/Krone Freundschaft (Typescript of a book later published), p149., York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403.
4. International Genealogical Index, on FamilySearch.com
5. Gibson, John, The History of York County (Chicago: F.A. Batey Publishing Co., 1886)
6. 1850 US Federal census.
7. York County Wills York County Archives, 150 Pleasant Acres Rd., York, PA. 17402. Will of Michael Hoke, Vol. B, p10
50. Christian6 HERSHEY, born1 2 Feb 1782, Paradise Twp., York Co., Pa; died1 10 Oct 1852, Adams Co., PA; son of 100. Joseph7 HERSHEY and 101. Barbara8 SCHENCK . He married1 abt 1805 51. Barbara (---)7 , born1 24 Aug 1783; died1 19 Apr 1862, Adams Co, PA.
CHRISTIAN HERSHEY was born just as the Revolutionary War came to an end in Paradise Twp. He was a boy of 15 when York county was divided and the western end of it became Adams Co., named for the second president of the new nation. He was just 20 years old, young for the time, when he married a girl who doubt came from a neighboring farm, but whose surname is not known.
He is said to have inherited (his father died in 1822) 75 acres in Adams Co and 175 in York Co, and to have lived on the Adams Co. land until 1836 when he returned to York County.3 Census records do not support this, however. The 1810 census shows Christian, son of Joseph Hershey living in Paradise Twp, York Co., and he is found there on every other census until his death, with the possible excepttion of 1820, when it is difficult to find him at all. His will2, written on 7 Nov, 1849, was probated at York 25 October 1852; in it he names his eleven children.
His forebears have been difficult to follow. Most of its branches were Mennonites, so no church records remain. Generally the Hershey’s used only a few male names, and there are numerous persons by those names in York and Lancaster counties. As a result older genealogies have significant errors. All trace the family back to Franziest Hersche of Appenzell, a community near Berne in Switzerland; but they take different routes back to that progenitor. The line of descent presented here is taken from a Hershey genealogy by Alfreda Patton Davidson shared with me by Justin E. “Ed”Morrill, which utilizes the most recent research. It is well sourced.
Children of Christian and Barbara HERSHEY:
i Henry5 HERSHEY,1 born 20 Jan 1806 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 27 Aug 1878, of Seven Valleys, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. He married Elizabeth Strickhouse..
ii Polly/Mary5 HERSHEY,1 born 6 Jun 1807 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 26 Jan 1872. She married Jacob Shaffer.
iii Elizabeth5 HERSHEY,1 born 6 Apr 1809 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 3 Jun 1873. She married John Hershey on 27 Jan 1831.
iv Catharine5 HERSHEY,1 born 6 Jan 1813 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 14 Jun 1889 of West Manchester Twp., York Co., PA. She married Gabriel Baer on 8 Dec 1831.
v Barbara5 HERSHEY ,1,3 born 20 Nov 1814 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 22 Jan 1896 in York Co., PA; buried in Lischy's Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. She married Caspar HOKE, born 27 Dec 1808; died 24 Aug 1849 in Paradise Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Lischy's Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA, son of George HOKE and Catherine STAMBAUGH .
25 vi Sarah5 HERSHEY ,1 born 15 Jul 1816 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 24 Nov 1895 in York Co., PA; buried in Garber's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. She married Joseph HOKE, born abt 19 Aug 1813; died 12 Jun 1887 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Garber's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA, son of Michael HOKE and Catharina Barbara FISHEL .
vii Joseph5 HERSHEY,1 born 16 Jul 1818 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 13 Aug 1897; of Jackson & Paradise Twps., York Co., PA. He married Barbara Bear.
viii Anna5 HERSHEY ,1,3 born 26 Aug 1820 near Spring Grove, Jackson Twp., York Co., PA; died 1 Dec 1883 in York Co., PA; buried in Pidgeon Hill Churchyard, York CO., PA. She married in 1844 Henry HOKE, born 4 May 1822 in Jackson Twp, York, Pa; died 18 Jan 1896.
ix Lydia5 HERSHEY,1 born 28 Apr 1822 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 20 Dec 1900; of Mt. Pleasant Twp., Adams Co.
x Margaret5 HERSHEY,1 born 7 Apr 1826 in Hamilton Twp., Adams Co., PA; died 2 Feb 1851. She married Michael Hoffman.
xi Rebecca5 HERSHEY1
1. Davidson, Alfreda Patton: Descendants of Franz/Franziest Hersche, Typescript, p3.
2. York Wills, U/26f.
3. _____, Casper Hoke, typescript copy of a genealogy from the LDS Genealogical Library (shelf number 929.273 H689). It was shared with me by a correspondent who did not know the name if the biik of the bibliographical detail, p383-392.
52. John6 LUCKENBAUGH, born1 17 Jul 1801 in the Kreutz Creek settlement, Hellam Twp., York, PA.; baptized2 9 Aug 1801 at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA; died3 2 Apr 1881 in York Co., PA; buried in Leschy's Cem., North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA, son of 104. Johann Heinrich7 LUCKENBACH and his wife 105. Hannah7 (---). He married 53. Sarah6 (---), born3 abt. 7 Jul 1797 in PA; died3 10 Oct 1881 in York Co., PA; buried in Leschy's Cemetery., Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA.
John Luckenbaugh appears to have married for the first time around 1821/22 and to have lived initially in Codorus Township, York County., where he appears on the 1830 Census. From a study of census records I conclude that Sarah was probably not his first wife. The first wife seems to have died before 1830, as there was no woman of sufficient age in the household that year to have been the mother of his children. So his first wife must have died before 1830. Two older persons, possibly parents, were living in the home, leading to the assumption that after his first wife died he either returned home, had his parents living with him, or found another older couple (in their 50's) to move in with him and help care for the children. There was also a 15-20 year old girl who may have been a daughter of the older couple.
John probably remarried sometimetime between 1830 and 1840. Sarah seems to have come to the marriage with several children from a previous marriage, Lovina b1830 and possibly Sarah b1827, and 1 son, Samuel b1823. She and these children first appear on the 1840 census. John Luckenbaugh probably entered this second marriage with two sons, John Jr. b1826 and George b1824.
Despite these circumstances I have listed Samuel, Lovina and Sarah as children of John Luckenbaugh, since on the census records they appear in his household and bear his name, and Samuel, at least, is buried near him in Lischey’s cemetery. Conjectures based on the census evidence remain to be substantiated.
The 1840 census shows the Luckenbaugh’s still living in North Codorus township, now with 3 sons and 5 daughters. By 1850 the family had moved to Heidelberg township, where John was farming; there were still 6 children living at home this year, including Samuel, who was by now 29 years of age. I have not yet found them on the 1860 and 1870 censuses. They were definitely not living in Heidelberg township in 1860 (I have inspected every sheet of the township). In 1880 the Luckenbaughs are living in Heidelberg township in an extended family of 4 generations. The head of the household was Jacob Rudisill, husband to John and Sarah’s daughter Elizabeth; they had 6 children. John Luckenbaugh, age 77, is listed as father-in-law and a laborer on the farm. His wife is named Susan (I take this to be an error because her age, 83, calculates to Sarah’s birth year). Apparently In a separate dwelling on the same farm is Elizabeth’s brother Samuel Luckenbauch and his wife Barbara. Living with them are a granddaughter, Emma Hoke (daughter of Sarah Ann and Michael Hoke), and also a young couple, Amanda (24 years old) with her husband Jacob Zifing (the surname is hard to read) and a daughter. An amazing household! Clearly John and Sarah Luckenbaugh were drawing near to the end of life; they would both die the very next year.
Children of John LUCKENBAUGH and Sarah (---) were as follows:
26 i Samuel5 LUCKENBAUGH born3 abt. 7 Mar 1823 in Heidelberg Twp, York, Pa; died4 4 Jul 1894 in Heidelberg Twp, York, Pa; buried4 6 Jul 1894 in Leschy's Cem, Heidelberg Twp, York, Pa. He was married5 in York Co, on 31 Oct 1850 by Rev. Sechler, to 27. Barbara Jane HARNISH .
ii George5 LUCKENBAUGH, born6 21 May 1824 in York, Pa; baptized6 3 Jun 1835 at Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., Pa; died5 20 Aug 1908; buried in Mt Joy Lutheran Cemetery, Mt Joy Twp., York Co. He was married5 in York Co, on 20 Sep 1849 by Rev. Sechler, to Susan HARBOLD , born5 1829; died5 1902.
iii John5 LUCKABAUGH, born 626 Jun 1826 in PA; baptized6 3 Jun 1835 in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., Pa; died5 19 Mar 1909 in York Co., buried in Lischy's Cemetery, North Codorus Twp., York Co. He was married5 on 15 Nov 1849 in York Co, by Rev Sechler, to Catharine MEYER , born5 20 Feb 1821; died5 30 Oct 1902 in York Co., and was buried in Lischy's Cemetery.
iv Sarah5 LUCKENBAUGH, born6 10 Oct 1827; baptized6 3 Jun 1835 in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp.
v Lovina5 LUCKENBAUGH, born6 12 Feb 1830; baptized6 3 Jun 1835 in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp.
vi Maria5 LUCKABAUGH , born 624 Dec 1831 in York Co., PA; baptized6 3 Jun 1835 in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp. She married2 on 9 Jan 1857 in York Co., George MOUL.
vii Catharine5 LUCKABAUGH , born2 16 Dec 1834 in PA; baptized2 3 Jun 1835 in York Co., PA. She was married2 on 12 Jan 1860 in York Co, by Rev D. Gring, to Christian HERSCHEY, born in Shrewsbury, York Co.
viii Sarah5 LUCKENBAUGH, born6 6 Feb 1838; baptized6 26 Aug 1838 in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York, PA.
ix Joseph5 LUCKABAUGH, born6 9 Jul 1840 in York Co., PA; baptized6 20 Sep 1840 in Lischy's Reformed Church, North Codorus Twp., York Co., PA. He married5 (1) on 14 Feb 1864 in York Co., Mary Magdalena BAIR , born 10 Jul 1845; died 4 Jan 1891 in York Co.; buried in Mt Carmel Church Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp, York Co., Pa; he was married 2 (2) on 21 Jul 1892 by Rev Metzger, Heidelberg Twp, York Co., to Kate E. STAUB.
x Elizabeth5 LUCKABAUGH, born5 6 Feb 1838 in York Co., PA. On the 1880 census she is listed as the wife of Jacob Rudisill in a household that included her father and mother, as well as her brother Samuel and his wife.
1. LDS International Genealogical Index, Batch 8716217, Sheet 58, Call #1396358 (1988).
2. Calendar of Vital Statistics, York Historical Trust, 250 E. Market St., York, PA 17403.
3. Tombstones in Lischy's Cemetery.
4. Death Certificate, York Register’s Office, Register #1, p286.
5. Lau, Michael W., comp.:,Luckenbaugh Families Of York County, Pennsylvania And Surrounding Areas, Arranged in Alphabetical Order by Father of the Family. (typescript, March 1994, in York Historical Trust
6. Hinke, William J., transc.: Records of Lischy's, St Peter's, Reformed Church, North Codorus Township, York Co., Pa, (typescript, July, 1939, in York Historical Trust.
54. Jacob6 HARNISH, born1 11 Mar 1794, Manheim Twp. 2, York Co., PA; died1 Aug 1874, prob. Heidelberg Twp, York Co., PA, buried3 in the Mennonite Graveyard at Bair Station, York Co., PA. He was the son of 108. Samuel7 HARNISH (3rd) and 109. Elizabeth BURGHART. He married1 (1) probably in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., 55. Nancy6 BECHTEL , born 1790/1800, probably in Heidelberg Twp., York Co., daughter of 110. Samuel7 BECHTEL and 111. Anna Barbara7 HERSHEY ; married1 (2) Sarah MEYERS, daughter of John MEYERS.
Shortly after Jacob Harnish's birth his father purchased a large farm in what is now Adams Co. He may have grown up in either place. A Mennonite, he married Nancy Bechtel (who shared that faith) about 1820, and they established their home in Heidelberg township. Children came rapidly, including a pair of twin girls, the last being born in 1830/31. Perhaps Nancy's death was related to the birth of that child, for she seems to have died about 1831.
Jacob's parents seem to have raised the children of this first marriage after Nancy's death, for the children appear in Samuel's household in Heidelberg Twp. on the 1840 census4. Two of the granddaughters married boys from adjacent farms, and a third, Magdalena, was still living with her grandmother in 1850. Perhaps Jacob also lived with his parents for a number of years.
In 1835 Jacob is said5 to have married a second time, and more children, two boys and a girl, followed. The 1840 census, however, includes at least some of the children by the first marriage in this second home. Perhaps the children were being partly raised by their grandparents, partly by their father and stepmother.
Something happened to this second family between 1840 and 1850, for the family is missing from the 1850 and 1860 censuses. We conjecture that Sarah had died, as no further record of her has been found. If so, the family must have split up. What happened to the two youngest children is not clear. The oldest son, John, appears to have married about 1850 and moved to Ohio, where several children were born, and then about 1858 he and his wife moved to Wayne Co., Indiana, where he was joined in a plastering business by his brother Joseph, who also had married a Pennsylvania girl Daughter, Maria, probably eventually married after being raised by unknown relatives.
But what became of Jacob? Perhaps he is hidden away as a laborer in another household in York county, but extensive searching in the 1850 and 1860 censuses has not revealed him. Perhaps he left the area and went on an extended trip to combat his grief (as Teddy Roosevelt did a half century later). If so, he must have returned home in the 1860's for he reappears on the 1870 census in Heidelberg township, in the home of Emanuel and Sarah Myers, a couple in their 20's (perhaps relatives of his second wife, whose maiden name was also Meyers). Here he seems to spent his last years, dying in 1874.
Children of Jacob HARNISH and Nancy BECHTEL:
i Elizabeth5 HARNISH1. Nothing is known of her. Census records indicate she was born 1820-1825.
ii Sarah Ann5 HARNISH1. Born6 26 Dec 1822 in Heidelberg Twp., York Co, died6 22 Jan 1879 and is buried6 at the York Road Cemetery in Heidelburg Twp. She married John B. Maul/Moul.
iii Simon5 HARNISH,1 born 9 Nov 1824 in , Heidelberg Twp, York, Pa. He married Margaret SHRINER .
27 iv Barbara Jane5 HARNISH , born 12 Nov 1826 in , Pa; died 20 Oct 1914 in Heidelberg Twp, York, Pa; buried 23 Oct 1914 in Leschy's Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co. She married Samuel LUCKENBAUGH.
v Anna/Nancy Ann5 HARNISH, born6 12 Nov.1826, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA, died6 25 Apr 1896, buried6 at Mt. Carmel Cemetery, Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA. She married Joseiah Maul/Moul.
vi Joseph5 HARNISH,1 born5 27 Jul 1829, at Heidelberg Twp., York Co., PA, died5 23 Feb 1879 at Taneytown, Carrol Co., MD and is buried5 in Grace Reformed cemetery, Taneytown, MD
vii Magdalena5 HARNISH1 born abt 1831.8
Children of Jacob HARNISH and Sarah MEYERS:
i Maria5 HARNISH, 1 born aft 1840.
ii Jacob5 HARNISH,1 born abt 1835. On the basis of the 1860 Census record we conjecture that he married his wife Mary ___ in Pennsylvaniaabt 1857, then moved to East Germantown, Wayne county, IN, where he joined his brother John in the plastering business.
iii John5 HARNISH.1 On the basis of the 1860 census record we conjecture that he married abt. 1850 his wife Rebecca ___ in Pennsylvania, then moved to Ohio, where three children were born, and then moved on to East Germantown, Wayne county, IN, where a child was born in 1860. He was a master plasterer there, where his brother joined him.
1. Francis, The Rev. J. G; ed. Rev. Frederick Weiser.: The Samuel Harnish Freindschaft, A Collection of Historical Materials Relating to Descendants of Samuel Harnish (1704-1788) of Cocalico Township, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 1704-1926; written for the Harnish Reunion Association, edited by Frederick S. Weiser (Privately published: Lancaster, PA, 1962) [typescript in the library of the York Historical Trust].
2. International Genealogical Index
3. Burial Records from Mennonite Graveyard, Hanover, PA, in William Henry Egle: Egle's Notes and Queries, Annual Volume, 1899, p204 (The Learning Company, Inc., Family Archive CD #19, c1998). This is another name for the Graveyard at Bair Station.
4. Census records on Ancestry.com have been exhaustively researched to reconstruct this family history.
5. International Genealogical Index.
6. Mormon Ancestral File, AFN XC1Z-25. Submitted by R. Livingston, 10429 Greenfield Rd., Gilbert AZ 85234.
7. Pennsylvania Death Certificate, File No. 97812.
8. 1850 Census of Heidelberg Twp, York Co.
56. John6 STRICKLER, born2 4 Jul 1775 at Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died2 29 Oct 1850 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; buried2 in the Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA, son of 112. Heinrich7 STRICKLER and 113. Magdalena7 LANDIS . He married1 57. Salome6 TREICHLER , born2 5 Mar 1774 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; died2 17 Mar 1855 in Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA; buried2 in the Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp.., York Co., PA, daughter of 114. John7 TREIGHLER and his wife 115. Dorothea7 (---).
There seems to be disagreement about his birth. THE STRICKLERS OF PENNSYLVANIA p287, reports it as occurring in 1777. He lived in Spring Garden Township, York County, PA., where he was active in the River Brethren Church
Children of John STRICKLER and Salome TREICHLER were as follows:
i Lydia5 STRICKLER,1 born 1802 at Stonybrook, Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; died2 11 Mar 1855 in Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Strickler Cem, Springettsbury Twp., York Co, PA. She married1 John Strickler, 1798-1857, (a third cousin).
ii Jacob5 STRICKLER,1 born 8 Feb 1805 at Stonybrook, Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; died2 3 Jul 1821 in Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA. He was killed in his teens when a team of horses ran away.
iii Sarah5 STRICKLER,1 born 6 Feb 1807 at Stonybrook, Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; died 17 Oct 1871. She and her husband John Hauser (1 Sept 1796--18 Feb 1875) had numerous progeny.
28 iv John F.5 STRICKLER,1 born 1 Feb 1818 at Stonybrook, Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; died 3 Jan 1890 at Stonybrook, Spring Garden Twp., York Co., PA; buried in the Strickler Cemetery, Springettsbury Twp., York Co., PA. He married abt 1840 Harriet RUBY
1. Abigail H, Jacob S., Alice N., and Mame E. Strickler, The Stricklers Of Pennsylvania (Scottdale, PA: Mennonite Pub. House, c1942), p287.
2. Tombstone Inscriptions, Strickler Burying Ground, Springettsbury Twp (unpublished).
60. Martin6 MUSSER, born1 abt 20 Feb 1790 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died1 8 Feb 1859 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA, son of 120. Christian MOSSER and 121. Maria NISSLEY . He married2 (1) 61. Anna SIEGRIST , born3 abt 1790-1800 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died bef 1835 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA, daughter of 122. Michael7 SIEGRIST and 123. Anna7 GERBER ; Martin6 Musser married2 (2) Veronica6 (---) , born2 abt 24 Mar 1792 in West Hempfield Twp, Lancaster Co., PA; died2 3 Feb 1861 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co.
He was a farmer in West Hempfield township. US census lists confirm his presence there, but little else is known about him. After the death of his first wife, Anna Siechrist, he remarried, his second wife Veronica (“Fanny”) surviving him by a few years.
Children of Martin MUSSER and Anna SIEGRIST:
30 i Michael Siegrist5 MUSSER,2 born 24 Feb 1815 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died 27 Dec 1894 in Lancaster Co.; buried on the Simon Musser Farm, West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA.
ii John Siegrist5 MUSSER,2 born 22 Mar 1817 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died 9 Mar 1875.
iii Mary5 MUSSER.2
iv Anna5 MUSSER, 2 born 30 Aug 1821 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died 8 Sep 1897.
v Fanny5 MUSSER.2
vi Martin Seachrist5 MUSSER,2 born 29 Jan 1825; died 9 Jun 1905.
vii Christian Siegrist5 MUSSER,2 born abt 1827 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died 10 Feb 1887.
viii Elizabeth5 MUSSER,2 born 3 Jan 1830 in West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA; died 6 Feb 1884.
1. Eby, Henry N. & Amos F., ed. And trans. By StevenL. Ness: “Death Record Book from Lancaster County, PA (1858-1918), Part Two, K through Z” in Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage, Vol 23, Apr. 2000. His age at death (68/11/16) calculates to the birth date given, but note that the Mormon International Genealogical Index (FIlm No. 1396440, Batch number: 500305, Source Call No.: 1396440, Sheet: 48) gives his birthdaate as 6 Jan 1791.
2. Zimmer, Dr. Fred with C. Robert Secrist, Descendants of Anna Siegrist and Martin Musser (Pintout of a computer genealogy by Progeny Family History Services, 959 Firefly Ave., Galesburg, MI, 49053-9721), p400ff.
3. US Census Records, West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA, 1820 & 1830
4. LDS International Genealogical Index, FIlm No. 1396440, Batch number: 500305, Source Call No.: 1396440, Sheet: 48
5. Musser, Edgar A., 24 Chester St., Lancaster PA,. letter to Hugo Schroeder, 2 Dec. 1967.
6. International Genealogical Index, Film No. 1396440 (online at <FamilySearch.org>)
There was an extensive Gerber/Garber family in Lancaster Co., and it has not yet been determined just how Jacob and Barbara fit into this Freindschaft. My best guess is that Elizabeth was the daughter of the Jacob Garver who appears on the 1820 and 1830 federal census lists of [East] Donegal Twp. Lancaster County. From these records it seems he was born between 1780 and 1794. Next door to him in 1830 was a John Garver, of approximately the same age. This Jacob disappears from the census, however, in 1850, though there are many people with this name living in the region. Perhaps he moved to Hellam Twp., York Co., where a Jacob Carver appears on the 1840 and 1850 censuses. This man has been provisionally identified as Jacob Gerber (1793-1872), son of Andrew (1765-1829) of Hellam Twp., who married Susan Shirk. Andrew was the son of Christian and Catherine Gerber. Any persons with knowledge of this family line are requested to please contact me at email@example.com.
Only known child of Jacob GERBER and Barbara (---):
31 i Elizabeth5 GERBER ,1 born 12 Mar 1816 in Lancaster Co, Pa; died 3 Jul 1857 in West Hempfield Twp, Lancaster Co, Pa; buried on the Simon Musser Farm, West Hempfield Twp., Lancaster Co., PA. She married on 25 Sep 1834 Michael Siegrist MUSSER, of West Hempfield Twp, Lancaster Co., PA
1. Zimmer, Dr. Fred, with C. Robert Secrist, Descendants of Anna Siegrist and Martin Musser (Pintout of a computer genealogy by Progeny Family History Services, 959 Firefly Ave., Galesburg, MI, 49053-9721), p400.
64. John Andrew7 STAUCH, born1 27 Sep 1757 in Dover Twp, York Co, Pa; died1 9 Feb 1836 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA; buried in Strayer's Cemetery, Dover Twp., York Co., PA, son of 128. Johan George8 STAUCH (II) and 129. Anna Maria Christina8 BAUMANN . He married abt. 1780 65. Elizabeth (---)8 , born2 26 Dec 1761; died2 16 Nov 1841; buried in Strayer's Cemetery, Dover Twp., York Co., PA (parents unknown).
According to an undated return assigned to November 16, 1776, Andrew Stauch was a private in Captain Christian Kauffman's Co., Fifth Battalion, York County Associators,. According to a return dated April 11, 1778, he was a private in the Seventh Class, Fourth Company, Fifth Battalion, York County Militia under Capt. Daniel May. During this time he paid a fine of 20 pounds, for "nonattendance of exercise and nonperformance of militia duty." He was a member of the Seventh Class of Inhabitants from Dover Township. Each class was required to provide in fifteen days from a given date, one able-bodied recruit for the Continental Army. Failure to do so would result in a find of 15 pounds. This class found a recruit within the fifteen days. Andrew was also a private in the militia company of Captain William Lindsey, which was in service from December 8, 1781 to February 8, 1782. Their duty was to guard British prisoners at Camp Security.3
Andrew Stauch purchased 252 acres in West Manchester Township from Michael Ege.4 Here he lived with his wife on a farm totaling 220 acres, now located in the area of the J.E. Baker quarry and Route 234 (which at that time was called Menallen Rd). In his later years he sold the farm to son Samuel, who in turn sold it just a few years later.5
On 15 September 1794 Andrew & Elizabeth Staugh sponsored David, Son of George & Catharine Schaeffer (b8/2/1793) for baptism at Strayer's Lutheran Church.6 On 4/30/1797 Andreas & Elizabet Stauch sponsored Elisabet, d/o Peter & Cath Obb (b. 4/8/1797) at Wolf's Reformed Church.7 On 26 October 1799 Andreas & Elizabeth Stauch sponsored David Yeiser, s/o Gottlieb & Barbara Yeiser (b10/26/1799) at Strayer's Lutheran Church. 8
John Andrew Stauch died intestate in Dover Twp on 9 February 1836. He and his wife Elizabeth are buried in Strayer's Cemetery, where his tombstone indicates he lived 78y, 4m & 12d.
The records of Strayer’s (Salem) Lutheran Church, show the baptisms of four children of Andrew and Elizabeth Stauch,9 but it is believed that they had as many as eleven.10
Children of John Andrew STAUCH and Elizabeth (---):
32 i Johannes6 STAUCH, born11 12 Feb 1781 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA; died11 3 Sep 1844 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA. He married Anna Maria WHITMEYER.
ii Jacob6 STAUCH,12 born 1780/84. Jacob's wife was named Eva.
iii John Andreas6 STAUCH,12 born 22 Apr 1787; died young.
iv Leonard6 STAUCH, born 1789. Tax records indicate that he was married about 1810. On 20 Oct. 1821 a sheriff's sale was held of his 1 story frame house and half acre of ground in York Borough, near George St.13.
v Philip6 STAUCH, born14 25 May 1790 in Dover Twp, York Co, Pa; baptized14 11 Jul 1790 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA; died12 Mar 1822. Phillip's wife was named Anna Maria.
vi Samuel6 STAUCH,12 born 1794; died 1835. He married Susanna Heyd 15 Dec 1819.
vii Elisabeth6 STAUCH, born15 15 Sep 1796 in Dover Twp., York Co., PA; baptized15 30 Oct 1796 in Strayers (Salem) Lutheran Church, Dover Twp, York Co.
viii Andreas6 STAUCH, born16 5 Apr 1798 in Dover Twp, York Co, Pa; baptized16 18 May 1798 in Strayers (Salem) Lutheran Church, Dover Twp., York Co. PA.
ix Catharine6 STAUCH,12 born 1795/1800. She married Christian Bahler.
x Jonas6 STAUCH,12 born 1804; died 6 Dec 1858. He married Lydia Krumpf.
1. Vital Statistics Cards (Cemetery Records), York Historical Trust, York, PA
2. Stough, Blake, 3704B Davidsburg Rd, Dover, PA 17315. Email: Stough1752@aol.com
3. This paragraph contributed by Blake Stough, a York Co. Stough Researcher. It is based on the Stough-Stauch Report in the York Historical Trust.
4. Neal Otto Hively, The Manor Of Stringettsbury, York County, PA, (1993), p79. See Yk. Deeds 2A/54; 2K/297.
5. Blake Stough. But note that a booklet in HSYC, titled "From Clippings of Early York Newspapers" indicates that on 29 Oct. 1823 a 230 acre estate in West Manchester belonging to Andrew Stouch was advertised for Sheriff's Sale. It included a 2 story stone house and a 2 story log house. Indications are the sale took place 16 Dec. 1823.
6. Bates & Wright, York County Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1991), Vol 3, p93.
7. Bates & Wright, op. cit., Vol 3, p145.
8. Bates & Wright, op. cit.,, Vol 3. p97.
9. Stough Report, York Historical Trust.
10. By Blake Stough.
11. Young, Henry, "Stough-Stauch Report,” typescript in the York Historical Trust.
12. Stough, Jay, of York, PA.
13. Clippings of Early York Newspapers, Typescript in the York Historical Trust library, p68..
14. Stough Report, York Historical Trust, p112..
15. Bates & Wright, op. cit.,, Vol 3. p795.
16. Bates & Wright, op. cit.,, Vol 3. p96.
17. Huffman, Richard Glenn, PO Box 221 Whitney, PA 15693: "Family Outlines of John George Staugh, II...Gottfried Stauch...Simon Peter Stauch...John Stauch" dated March 1978.
66. Simon7 WHITMEYER (II), born1 6 Feb 1761 in York Co., Pa; baptized1 19 Apr 1761 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA; died2 abt 1 Apr 1834 in Windsor Twp., York Co., PA, son of 132. Simon8 WHITMEYER (I) and 133. Maria Klingenmeyer (---) . He married 67. Elizabeth8 (---) .
Very little is known of this generation. Simon’s father had doubtless immigrated3 from the Rhineland area of Germany in 1751, a decade before he was born. Simon Whitmeyer, Jr., appears (as does his father) on the state tax of Manchester Twp in 1783,4 at which time he would have been 22 years of age and was already married and probably had his own farm. He and his wife, whose surname is unknown, must have been married in the late 1770’s. Children came very steadily about every two years. The census records (as well as the occasional gaps in births) suggest that there were some who died young. Samuel was a farmer, and he lived in West Manchester township until sometime in the 1830’s; he is not present on the index to the 1830 census of that township. Nothing more is known of him until his name appears in the index of probate inventories for 1834, indicating that he died in Windsor township. He was probably staying at the home of a son at that time, as a Samuel Witmeyer appears in that township on the 1830 census; this was probably an error for Simon, and the home was that of Simon III, born 1780. The children of Simon Whitmeyer, Jr., and his wife Elizabeth appear in the records of Christ Lutheran Church, indicating their religious preference, but in all likelihood the baptisms took place in the home as the pastor visited in the neighborhood.
Children of Simon and Elizabeth WHITMEYER:
i Simon6 WHITMEYER [III], born5 18 Aug 1780 in York Co., PA; baptized5 7 Sep 1780 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA; died 25 Jul 1848 in York Co., Pa.
33 ii Anna Maria6 WHITMEYER , born5 29 Apr 1783 in York Co., PA; baptized5 1 May 1783 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA. She married (1) Johannes STAUCH. In 1850 she was living with children; her 2nd husband’s name is unknown.
iii Elizabeth6 WHITMEYER, born5 17 Jan 1786 in York Co., PA; baptized5 14 Apr 1786 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA.
iv Eva6 WHITMEYER, born6 19 Jan 1790 in York Co., PA; baptized6 17 May 1790 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA.
v Susan6 WHITMEYER, born6 6 Sep 1792 in York Co., PA; baptized6 28 Oct 1792 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA.
vi Jacob6 WHITMEYER, born6 23 Oct 1795 in York Co., PA; baptized6 2 Dec 1795 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA.
vii Sarah6 WHITMEYER, born6 19 Apr 1798 in York Co., PA; baptized6 10 Jun 1798 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co., PA.
viii Magdalen6 WHITMEYER, born6 5 Nov 1800 in York Co., PA baptized6 23 Jan 1801 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, York Co, Pa.
1. Bates and Wright, York County Pennsylvania Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publ. 1991), Vol 2, p172.
2. Paup, David A. & Brenda L., Index To Probate Inventories Of York County, Pennsylvania (Westmminster, MD: Family Line Publ., 1992), p157.
3. Strassburger, Ralph Beaver, ed. William John Hake, Pennsylvania German Pioneers (Camden, ME: Picton Press, 1992), Vol. 1, p470, List 173C.
4. Gibson, John, History of York County Pennsylvania from the Earliest Period to the Present Time (Chicago: F.A. Battey Publ. Co., 1886), p612.
5. Wright, F. Edward, Church Reords: Selected Areas of Pennsylvania 1600’s to 1800’s (on Broderbund Software’s Family Archive CD #166.), Records of Christ Lutheran Church.
6. Bates and Wright, op. cit.
68. George Christopher7 STOEHR, born1 8 Feb 1750 in Grunstadt, Bavaria, [now Germany]; baptized1 11 Feb 1750 in the Lutheran Church of Grunstadt, Bavaria, Germany; died2 22 Jul 1821 in York Borough, York Co., PA; buried3 in Zion Lutheran Church, York Borough, York Co., PA, son of 136. Matthias8 STOEHR and 137. Johanna Catharine8 STEINICHER . He married 69. Maria Dorothea7 DOUDLE , born4 14 Feb 1753 in York, PA; baptized5 18 Feb 1753 at Christ Lutheran Church, York Borough, York Co., PA; died6 19 Sep 1833 in York Borough, York Co., PA, daughter of 138. Jacob8 DOUDLE the Elder and 139. Anna Maria8 SPANGLER .
Born in Bavaria, Christopher came to Pennsylvania before his fifth birthday with relatives.7 It is not known when the family settled in York.
Henry J. Young, a researcher for the Historical Society of York County, furnished the following authenticated information from the records of the Society:8
George Christopher Stoehr of York Town was ensign in Captain Rudolph Spangler's Company, First Battalion, York County Associators; this company was formed in May 1776 and marched to New Jersey in the summer of 1776. Under the Militia Act of 1777 he served as First Lieutenant in the Third (Captain Peter Ford's) Company, Third Battalion, York County Militia according to one return dated April, 1778, and two undated, but assigned to the same period on the basis of internal evidence. This company was reorganized in 1779 as the First (Captain John Ehrman's) Company First Battalion, York County Militia, and he remained a member, according to a return dated October 3, 1780 and one dated September 26, 1781."
Prowell's History of York County9 provides further information on his military service during the Revolutionary War:
At the opening of the Revolution, in 1775, able-bodied citizens of Pennsylvania formed themselves into military companies and were known as Associators. Five battalions were organized in York County. No complete muster rolls of these battalions is known to be in existence. A large proportion of them were found by Edward W. Spangler, Esq., and first published in the Spangler Annals, in the year 1896....
The First Battalion of York County Associators was organized in 1775 by Colonel James Smith, and included companies from the town of York and the townships of Hellam, Windsor, Manchester, York and Codorus. This battalion marched, in 1776, to Perth Amboy, New Jersey, where part of its rank and file enlisted in the First Regiment of the Flying Camp, commanded by Colonel Michael Swope, of York. In 1775, Thomas Hartley was lieutenant-colonel and Joseph Donaldson and Michael Swope, majors." There were eight companies in the First Battalion when it mustered in 1776. Muster rolls survive for seven of the eight companies. The muster roll of Captain Rudolph Spangler's company shows the First Lieutenant as Peter Reel, Second Lieutenant George Shuch, and the Ensign as Christopher Stayer [i.e., Stoehr]. The muster roll of the company shows names of many of families associated with the Stoehrs in civilian life.
The Stair File of the York County Historical Society contains photocopies of Stoehr's original commission, which reads:
To Christopher Steer, Gentleman June 4th 1776
We reposing especial Trust and Confidence in your Patriotism, Valour, Conduct and Fidelity, DO, by these Presents, constitute and appoint you to be Ensign of a Company of Associators raised in the County of York for the Protection of this Province, against all hostile Enterprizes, and for the Defence of American Liberty. You are therefore carefully and diligently to discharge the Duty of Ensign by doing and performing all Manner of Things thereunto belonging. And we do strictly charge and require all Officers and Soldiers, under your Command, to be obedient to your Orders as Ensign---And you are to observe and follow such Orders and Direcions, from Time to Time, as you shall receive from the Assembly during their Sessions; and in their Recess, from the present or any future Committee of Safety appointed by the Assembly of this Province, or from your superior Officer, according to the Rules and Regulations for the better Government of the Military Association in Pennsylvania, and persuant to the Trust reposed in you. This commission to continue in Force until revoked by the Assembly, or by the present or any succeeding Committee of Safety.
Signed by Order of the Assembly,
John Morton Speaker
After the state constitution of 1776 was adopted, the Associators were reorganized into a state militia in 1777. The Third Battalion, composed of Associators from Heidelberg, Berwick, Paradise, Mt. Pleasant, Manheim and Germany townships, was commanded by Colonel David Jameson. In Captain Peter Forte's company of this battalion appears Christopher Stoehr (name now spelled correctly). He advanced to the rank of First Lieutenant. George Prowell, in his History of York County, Pennsylvania, p. 265, says that elements of the Third Battalion served under Colonel Jameson at Germantown, at White Marsh and in other minor engagements in 1777.
When York Town was incorporated into the Borough of York, Christopher served as the first elected High Constable (i.e. Chief of Police), and in 1785, he was tax Collector of York County. By occupation he was a potter, a business that would have kept him in close contact with the community, which probably accounts for his popularity. He was a lifelong member of Christ Lutheran Church, and appears in the drawings of Lewis Miller.10
Stoehr also appears in an interesting account of the rites held at York in mourning for George Washington from Prowell's History of York County, p741:
A funeral procession in memory of the death of George Washington took place in York a few days after he died at Mt. Vernon, December 14, 1799. The death of this illustrious soldier and statesman caused profound sorrow throughout the entire country. The patriotic fervor inspired by the success of the War for Independence at this time prevailed to a remarkable degree in York County. There were then living in the town and country a large number of officers and men who had fought gallantly in many battles under the command of the departed hero. Following the example carried out in New York, Philadelphia and other cities in the Union, our forefathers honored their deceased Chief Magistrate by a solemn parade through the streets of York. The marshalls who headed this procession were General Henry Miller, Charles Hartley, son of Colonel Hartley, Rev. Jacob Goering, of Christ Lutheran Church; Rev.Daniel Wagner, of Zion Reformed Church; Rev. Robert Cathcart, of the Presbyterian Church, and Colonel Thomas Campbell. Following these was a casket carried by eight pallbearers, Frederick Laumaster, CHRISTOPHER STOEHR, Lewis Shive, Peter Shetter, Jacob Craumer, Joseph Craft, Michael Edward, and Conrad Welshans. Next came a company of "mourners" in line and following these a band with horns and stringed instruments, drums and fifes. The musicians were John Barnitz, George Barnitz, Stephen Horn, Jacob Doll, Daniel Lauman, Charles Barnitz, John Brenise, George Hay, Charles Fisher, John Morris, John Fisher. In the long procesion of citizens who followed were James Smith, signer of the Declaration of Independence; Major John Clark, William Ross and Ralph Bowie, leading members of the bar; Colonel John Hay, and many others.
On 11 November, 1781, Christopher Stehr and his wife sponsored for baptism Jacob Stehr, son of Adam and Maria Stehr, who had been born on 28 October, 1781.
Christopher and Dorothea Stoehr are buried under Zion Lutheran Church. The gravesite was originally in the cemetery of Christ Lutheran Church, but in 1850 a group of members, wanting to hold services in the English language (Christ Lutheran still used German), formed Zion, and the new building was erected in the church cemetery. The Stoehr graves wound up in the church basement. In 1937, when Zion was renovated, the graves were opened and picture was taken of their tombstones. Entrance to the graves is now available through a side door in the basement. 11
Children of George Christopher STOEHR and Maria Dorothea DOUDLE were as follows:
i Anna Maria6 STOEHR , born12 4 Jan 1776 in York, York Co., PA; baptized12 29 Jan 1776 at Christ Lutheran Church, York. Confirmed at Christ Lutheran Church in 1794, she later married John KUNTZ.
ii Catharine6 STOEHR , born12 8 Apr 1778 in York Borough, York Co., PA; baptized12 10 May 1778 in Christ Lutheran Church, York Borough, York Co., PA. Confirmed at Christ Lutheran, in the class of 1796, she was married on 7 Dec 1800 by Rev. J. Goering, York Borough, York Co., PA to George UPP.
iii Jacob6 STOEHR, born12 18 May 1780 in York Borough, York Co., PA; baptized12 4 Jun 1780 in Christ Lutheran Church, York Borough, York Co., PA; died13 2 Apr 1850 in Hanover, York Co., PA; buried in Mt Olivet Cemetery, Hanover, York Co., PA. He married Margaret WOLFF , born 9 Oct 1798; died 22 May 1883; buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery, York Borough, York Co., PA.
34 iv George6 STOEHR, born12 28 Sep 1782 in York Borough, York Co., PA; baptized12 30 Nov 1782 in Christ Lutheran Church, York Borough, York Co., PA; died14 17 Jun 1830 in York Borough. He married in 1812 Salome ILGENFRITZ .
v Philip6 STOEHR, born12 10 Feb 1785 in York Borough, York Co., PA; baptized12 9 Mar 1786 in Christ Lutheran Church, York Borough, York Co., PA; died 29 Jul 1819; buried15 in Prospect Hill Cemetery, York. He married in 1819 at Christ Lutheran Church, York, Lydia WEBER , born15 9 Dec 1799; died15 26 Jul 1854; buried in Prospect Hill Cemetery, York.
vi Daniel6 STOEHR, born4 14 May 1787 in York Borough, York Co., PA; died 29 Jul 1864 in Hanover, York Co., PA; buried13 in Mt Olivet Cemetery, Hanover. He married Anna Eva FELTY , born 23 Aug 1795; died 15 Nov 1882, who is buried with him in Mt. Olivet Cemetery.
vii Michael6 STOEHR, born12 27 Aug 1789 in York, Borough York Co., PA; baptized12 12 Oct 1789 in Christ Lutheran Church, York; died12 17 Nov 1854 in York and was buried12 19 Nov 1854 in Prospect Hill Cemetery, York. He married on 25 Jun 1822 in Christ Lutheran Church, York, Rachel (Rebecca) DAVIS , born 22 Jan 1794; died 23 Sep 1876 in York, buried 25 Sep 1876 in Prospect Hill Cem, York. Michael Stoehr worked as a tobacconist in York Borough. HIS family Bible is No 176 in the YCHS collection.
viii Barbara6 STOEHR, born12 5 Jun 1794 in York Borough, York Co., PA; baptized12 6 Aug 1794 in Christ Lutheran Church, York PA.
1. Young, Henry James, Stair/Stoehr Report (typescript in the York Historical Trust library), p41. But note that this date differs by one year from that on the tombstone, which is the generally accepted date.
2. Jacob Barnitz Diary, in York Historical Trust library. See also the Daniel Stoehr Account Book.
3. Stair/Stoehr File, York Historical Trust.
4. Daniel Stoeh Account Book No. 2, in the York Historical Trust library; in Young’s Stair Report (see source1)
5. Bates and Wright, York County Church Records of the 18th Century (Westminster, MD: Family Line Publications, 1991), Vol 2, p151.
6. York German Gazetta of 20 Sep 1833, record in York County Nespapers, in the library of the York Historical Trust.
7. Neither his nor his father's names appear on the extant Philadelphia immigration lists in Strassburg & Hinkke, Pennsylvania Pioneers; but in 1754, when Christopher was only 4 years of age a "George Stoehr" had arrived on the ship Henriette.
8. Quoted from a paper in the Stair/Stoehr file of the York Historical Trust, titled "George Christopher Stoehr/Dorothy Stoehr."
10. Miller, Lewis, Sketches and Chronicals, 1796-1882, now in the collections of the York Historical Trust.
11. Considerable information on the graves and renovation is found in the Stair/Stoehr file of the York Historical Trust.
12. Young, Henry James, translater, Christ Lutheran Church York PA Records (typescript in the York Historical Trust library).
13. Schroeder, Hugo, Transcriptions of Tombstones in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Hanover, PA.
14. York Republican newspaper, 17 Jun 1830 (microfilm of newspaper death notice in York Historical Trust.
15. Schroeder, Hugo, Transcriptions of tombstones in Prospect Hill Cemetery.
16. Calendar of Vital Statistics, York County Historical Society
70. Samuel7 ILGENFRITZ, born1 21 Apr 1767 near Quickel's Church, Dover Twp., York Co., PA; baptized1 24 Apr 1767 in First Moravian Church, York Town, York Co., PA; died2 7 Sep 1835 in York Borough, York Co., PA; buried2 11 Sep 1835 at Christ Lutheran Church, York; son of 140. John Georg8 ILGENFRITZ and 141. Margaretha8 MOHR . He married 71. Maria Magdalena7 CRONE , born3 10 Feb 1772 in York Co, PA; died3 25 Mar 1856, daughter of 142. John Philip8 CRONE and 143. Mary Elizabeth (---)8 .
It is said4 that he was a soldier of the Revolution, and that the DAR lists him as a “Pvt. PA, b 1769,” but his birth is so late that if he did in fact serve, it must have been as a drummer boy or in some such service. He was a blacksmith and waggoner in adult life, and became prominent in community and civic affairs. His name is mentioned frequently in court and other records.
Samuel placed an advertisement in the Lancaster Journal, issue of 21 Dec., 1803,5 as follows:
RAN AWAY from the subscriber, two apprentices to the Black-smith trade, the one named John Mayne about 20 years of age, the other named Philip Miller, also about 20 years of age. Samuel Ilgenfritz, York, 12/18/1803.
Samuel Ilgenfritz died suddenly6 and without a will. Jacob Emmitt & George Ziegler, two sons-in-law, served as his executors.
Children of Samuel ILGENFRITZ and Maria Magdalena CRONE were as follows:
35 i Salome (Sarah Ann) (Sally)6 ILGENFRITZ , born1 18 Aug 1790 in York Borough, York Co., PA; baptized1 12 Sep 1790 in Christ Lutheran Church, York; died7 31 Aug 1873 in York, Pa; buried 2 Sep 1873 in Prospect Hill Cemetery, York. She married George STOEHR
ii Johann Daniel6 ILGENFRITZ, born1 4 Aug 1791; baptized1 25 Aug 1791 in Quickels (Zion) Church, Conewago Twp., York Co., PA.
iii George6 ILGENFRITZ, born1 4 Jun 1793 in York Borough, York Co., PA; baptiz