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Descendants of John Simmons

Generation No. 4

13. ADAM4 SIMMONS (JOHN3, ADAM2, JOHN1) was born April 28, 1794 in KY, and died 1863 in IA or IL. He married (1) MARY CATHCART January 18, 1818 in Harrison County, IN, daughter of JOHN CATHCART and MARY. He married (2) CHARLOTTE SIBLEY November 12, 1860.

Notes for A
Adam Simmons, oldest child of John and Hannah (McGrew) Simmons was born April 28, 1794, in Kentucky. He married Mary Cathcart, daughter of John and Mary Cathcart, on January 18, 1818, in Harrison County, Indiana. Mary Cathcart was born in North Carolina on January 19, 1802. See Cathcart Family chapter.

      Adam Simmons is listed in the 1820 Indiana census as living in Harrison County with a wife and daughter, as is John Carthcart. There is possibility that the Simmons lived also in Jennings County for a short time, as a son, John Wesley, stated once that he was born in Zenas in 1823. At some point, however, the family returned to Washington County as they are listed on the 1830 census there.

      On October 9, 1829, Adam Simmons purchased a tract of land in Fountain County, Indiana, and moved his family there in late 1830. They lived there until approximately 1835 or 1836 when he moved his family to Des Moines County, Iowa, at Burlington.

      Until 1836 Iowa was part of the Michigan Territory. Then from 1836 until 1838 it was part of the Wisconsin Territory. In 1838 it became Iowa Territory. Burlington was laid out as a town in 1834, but in 1835 it was still little more than a trading post, though it became the temporary capital of Wisconsin Territory. (Gregg. p. 650) (History of Des Moines Co., 1879)(Antrobus). Burlington was one of only three places where there was a ferry to cross the Mississippi River; therefore it was a spot of importance. (Antrobus.)

      Burlington, as part of the Black Hawk Purchase, was opened to white settlers on June 1, 1833. Some people, disregarding the treaty with the Indians, came in to "squat" on the choicest land before the legal date, and the United States Army was charged with removing them. At Burlinton a Lt. Gardiner and his troops drove off the illegal settlers in the winter of 1832, and burned their cabins. However, the settlers had warning and had temporarily moved across the river, returning when the troops had left the area.

      At Dubuque, a settlement north of Burlington, 2nd Lt. Jefferson Davis, an 1828 graduate of West Point, treated the illegal squatters in a more gentle manner. Although he persuaded the people to leave, he did not burn their homes. An ironic footnote is that years later, after he had become President of the Confederacy, Iowans blamed him for Lt. Gardiner's actions and attributed them to him. (Antrobus, pp. 96-97)(History of Des Moines County, 1879.)
      Although Adam Simmons' name is not on the 1836 special census of Des Moines County, it is listed in that county's 1840 census, and is also in the 1850 census, Burlington Township. His occupation is given as miller. A daughter Roseannah was born in Indiana on July 23, 1835, so it is possible that they did not start for Iowa until late in 1836.

      The early settlers of Des Moines County started an agricultural society to improve their agricultural methods, so that land would not be worn out as fast as in the past. Perhaps this was a prime reason for leaving Indiana. But life in Iowa at this period was difficult. A man had to travel for as long as ten days in order to get his corn and buckwheat cracked. Without grain, a family subsisted on hominy, corn processed in a lye bath. On the ten-day trip, a man had to carry his own provisions and camp out along the way. And a settler needed to make this trip at least twice a year, and usually four times. On top of that, the mills were so imperfect that after the buckwheat was ground, it could not be bolted (sifted). (Bio. Rec. Linn Co., pp. 694-99.)

      Possibly Adam became a miller to meet the needs of his county.

      Mary (Cathcart)Simmons died in Des Moines County in 1853. Her grave is not listed in cemetery records. However, a university bought the land of the Burlington Cemetery late 1853, with the condition that they would remove all bodies to a suitable location. However, in the 1880's excavation for a building exposed many graves that had not been moved, and these were all discarded. One hopes that Mary Simmons was not one of these.

      J.B. Simmons wrote that, after Mary's death, Adam married a second time, moved to Illinois, and died there in 1863. Gregg (p. 650) said that Adam died in Iowa. Marriage records of Henry County, Iowa, (the county on the western border of Des Moines County) show that an Adam Simmons married Charlotte Sibley November 12, 1860. Whether this is the correct Adam Simmons is not known. Perhaps a future researcher can locate the second marriage of Adam, and his exact place of death.

The marriage of Adam Simmons and Mary Cathcart is attested to in the Marriage Register of Harrison County, Indiana, (p. 3): "I do hereby certify that I celebrated the right of matrimony between Adam Simmons and Mary Kethcart on 18 January 1818.' William Mariety."

Notes for M
Mary Cathcart was born in North Carolina January 19, 1802. She moved
with her family to Washington County, Indiana, circa 1815. She married Adam
Simmons, oldest child of John and Hannah (McGrew) Simmons, on January 18,
1818, in Harrison County, Indiana.

A History of Hancock County, Illinois, written by Gregg, p. 650, states
that her brother was a United States Senator. The only Cathcart who has served
in the U.S. Senate was Charles William Cathcart, son of James Leander
Cathcart. Perhaps he was a cousin of Mary's. Or perhaps one of her brothers
was a state senator, or a Congressman. Thorough checks of various state
records should be able to verify this statement.

Genealogy of Mary (Cathcart) and Adam Simmons is listed with Adam
Simmons - 12, page 21.

Children of A
  i.   HANNAH CATHCART5 SIMMONS, b. October 17, 1818; d. April 29, 1879.
Hannah Cathcart Simmons, first child of Adam and Mary (Cathcart) Simmons, was born October 17, 1818, in Harrison County, Indiana. As a young girl she was sent to visit her uncle, Joseph Cathcart, who owned a plantation near New Orleans, Louisiana. He was a very successful planter, with two hundred slaves, and a French governess for his two daughters and an English tutor for his son. (See Cathcarts.)

      There Hannah learned French, and came home with a pair of silk stockings ordered from Paris, an item not seen before in frontier Iowa.

      Hannah married her first cousin, Hugh Sherwood Simmons, who was seven years younger than she, in Linn County, Iowa, on August 20, 1843. (DAR Gen. Data. Vol. III. p.88.) The marriage is recorded in Jones County, the neighboring county to Linn.

  ii.   SARA CATHCART SIMMONS, b. December 29, 1820; m. NELSON JOHNSON, April 15, 1841.
Sara Cathcart Simmons was born December 29, 1820, in Harrison County, Indiana. She married Nelson Johnson April 15, 1841. (Marr. Rec. Des Moines County, Iowa.)

  iii.   JOHN WESLEY SIMMONS, b. January 19, 1823.
John Wesley Simmons was born January 19, 1823, in Zenas, Indiana, in Jennings County. (Indiana Gazetteer, also Lib. of Congress Map Division.)

      He studied to become a physician and moved to Independence, Missouri where he married Elizabeth Beeler Collins on March 2, 1848. Elizabeth was born July 21, 1825, in Kentucky, and was the daughter of Alexander and Tabitha (Sharp) Collins. Alexander Collins was the son of Stephen and Catherine (McIntosh) Collins. Stephen was a Revolutinary War soldier. Alexander was born January 6, 1789, and married Tabitha Whitten Sharp August 29, 1811. She was born March 12, 1792. The Collins were originally from Halifax County, Va., but moved to the region of Lexington, Kentucky, circa 1780. Tabitha was also b. in Va.

      By 1854 Dr. Simmons moved his family to Douglas County, Kansas to a farm near Baldwin, and set out a peach orchard. Four years later, Baker University, a Methodist college, was established at Baldwin. At least eight of the Simmons children attended or graduated from this university, the first college in the state of Kansas.

      During the Civil War years, all young men were in the militia or the army, and the collage's enrollment "looked like a female seminary." Then followed the Panic of 1873, and the college, already heavily in debt, was about to be closed. Dr. and Mrs. Simmons decided they would do what they could to keep this center of learning open. Dr. Simmons rode fifteen miles to Baldwin and mortgaged his home for four hundred dollars, which he gave to the collage. "This was sufficient to enable the school to meet the immediate obligation." (W.C. Markham.)

      Dr. John W. Simmons died five years later, on September 16, 1878, and was buried at Vinland Valley Cemetery, near his hillside home with several of his children. His wife Elizabeth died January 29, 1910 at her home in Hutchinson, Kansas, and is buried beside her husband at Vinland Cemetery, Douglas County, Kansas.

      Children of John Wesley and Elizabeth (Collins) Simmons:

111= i. Jefferson Davis b. Dec. 22, 1848
112= ii. Lee Bruce b. Oct. 30, 1850 d. Dec. 7, 1902
113= iii. Alba Ann b. Feb. 14, 1852 d. Aug. 30, 1884
iv. Laorus Nebraska b. Nov. 8, 1853 d. July 21, 1854
v. Benjamin Rush b. Sep. 14, 1855 d. Sep. 3, 1856
114= vi. Emma Medora b. June 12, 1857 d: Feb. 16, 1893
vii. Adda Byron b. Dec. 30, 1858
115= viii. John Stuart b. Aug. 5, 1860 d. Dec. 17, 1944
ix. Eberle B. b. Mar. 10, 1862 d. Aug. 30, 1864
116= x. Rosa Belle b. Aug. 30, 1864 d. Dec. 25, 1916
117= xi. Ella May b. May 18, 1866.
xii. Bertice Irene b. November 18, 1872. Did not marry.
Lived in K.C., Mo., with Adda B.

      (E.B. Simmons: W.C. Markham; Connelley, Vol. IV. p. 1906.)

  iv.   ELIZABETH ANN SIMMONS, b. November 25, 1824; d. April 04, 1825.
  v.   MARY ELLEN SIMMONS, b. July 25, 1826; d. July 25, 1826.
  vi.   ADAM WILLIS SIMMONS, b. November 04, 1828.
Adam Willis Simmons was born November 4, 1828. He married Martha C. Simpson in 1856. Martha's parents were Luke and Anna Simpson of Adams County, Illinois. Luke was born in South Carolina and Anna in Virginia; Martha was born in Indiana.

Adam was a schoolteacher in Des Moines County, Iowa, for ten years; he then moved to Hancock County, Illinois, where he continued teaching but also bought a large farm in the Mississippi Valley. (Gregg. p. 650.)

Children of Adam Willis and Martha (Simpson) Simmons:

i. Elizabeth A. b. 1858. Was schoolteacher.
ii. Josephine J. b. 1866
iii. Minnie
iv. John S. b. 1868
v. Charles B. b. 1869
vi. Frederick W. b. 1874
vii. Luke

(Census of 1880; Gregg. p. 650.)

  vii.   ELIZABETH MARGARET SIMMONS, b. November 15, 1830.
Elizabeth Margaret Simmons was born November 15, 1830. She married Benjamin Jackson in Des Moines, Iowa, on March 31, 1848. Benjamin was born in Ohio; Elizabeth was born in Indiana.

Child of Benjamin and Elizabeth Margaret (Simmons) Jackson:

i. Roseannah b. April, 1850

            (Marriage Rec Des Moines Co. Iowa: Census of 1850.)

  viii.   ROSEANNAH MALINDA SIMMONS, b. July 23, 1835.
Roseannah Malinda Simmons was born in Fountain County, Indiana, on July 23, 1835. She married George Nicholson. George Nicholson was born in September, 1829, in [Springfield Twp?, Clark Co.,] Ohio. George and Roseannah Nicholas were living in Larned, Pawnee County, Kansas, in 1900. [George Nicholson is son of Benjamin and Ann (Tomkinson or Tonkinson) who lived in Clark Co., Ohio, Springfield Twp. Benjamin was born in England as was Ann.]

Known child of George P. and Roseannah (Simmons) Nicholson:

      [i.] Lilla B. b. ca 1858, Des Moines?, Iowa see 1860 & 1870 census.]
[ii.] Mary Annah b. ca 1859, Des Moines?, Iowa see 1860 & 1870 census.]

[iii.] Edna Viola b. ca 1861, Des Moines?, Iowa see 1870 census.]

i. Josephine b. Dec. 1874, in [Pawnee] Kansas [w/f c 1900]

            (Census of 1900; marriage given in E.B. Simmons.)
      [bracket information in italics is from Family Group Sheet
      supplied by Natalie B. (Miller) Orozco, Douglas, AZ.]

  ix.   BENJAMIN FRANKLIN SIMMONS, b. November 22, 1832.
  x.   ANN ELFLETA SIMMONS, b. January 28, 1838.
Ann Elfleta Bettison Simmons was born January 28, 1838, in Des Moines County, Iowa. She married Benjamin Nicholson.

  xi.   RICHARD FLETCHER SIMMONS, b. August 28, 1840.
Richard Fletcher Cathcart Simmons, who was called "Fletcher", was born August 28, 1840, in Des Moines County, Iowa. He died in September, 1879, in Salina, Kansas, of cancer of the groin. (Mort. Sch., 1880.) His occupation was given as wagonmaker, and he was listed as married.

  xii.   JAMES BOLIVAR SIMMONS, b. December 07, 1843.
James Bolivar Simmons, known as "Bolivar", was born December 7, 1843, in Des Moines County, Iowa. [1900 census gives his year of birth as 1846. James and a son lived with Anna Elfleta B. (Simmons) Nicholson. James was divorced.]

      [Material in brackets and italics was supplied on a Family Group Sheet supplied by Natalie B. (Miller) Orozco of Douglas, AZ.]

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