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Descendants of John Simmons

14. JOHN4 SIMMONS (JOHN3, ADAM2, JOHN1) was born December 22, 1795 in OH, and died 1857 in Linn County, IA. He married (1) MARY ANN DOVE in March 3, 1845. He married (2) REBECCA GILBREATH November 07, 1815 in Washington County, IN.

Notes for J
John Simmons was born in Ohio December 22, 1795. He married Rebecca Gilbreath November 7, 1815, in Washington County, Indiana, where they lived for a time. They then moved to Dubois County, Ind., settling three miles below his father's place on Davis Creek in Columbia Township, approx. 1834. Rebecca died between 1841-1844, and John married Mary Ann Dove, a widow with two daughters: Mary, b. 1840 and Alse Frances, b. 1843. Mary Ann, b. 1813 in Kentucky, and John were married in Dubois County March 3, 1845. (Davidson, p. 11.) In 1857 John moved his family to Iowa, but died in Linn County Iowa, that same year. Mary Dove Simmons moved to Taylor County, Iowa, with her family.
Child of J
  i.   MARGARET5 SIMMONS, b. 1846, Dubois County, IN.
  ii.   JOHN ADAM5 SIMMONS, b. 1817.
  iii.   BENJAMIN SIMMONS, b. 1818; d. 1844.
  iv.   WILLIAM S. SIMMONS, b. December 14, 1819; d. 1891.
  v.   POLLY SIMMONS, b. 1827; m. NATHANIEL HAYS, October 07, 1845.
  vi.   MARY ELLEN SIMMONS, b. 1829; m. JOHN MICKLER, February 06, 1848.
  vii.   LEONARD SIMMONS, b. April 08, 1832, Washington County, IN; d. February 02, 1898, Idaho City, ID.
  viii.   ROBERT SIMMONS, b. 1835.

15. MARY4 SIMMONS (JOHN3, ADAM2, JOHN1) was born October 13, 1797 in KY, and died October 07, 1878. She married JESSE W. ARCHER.

Notes for M
Mary Simmons was born October 13, 1797, in Kentucky. She married Jesse W. Archer, who was born in 1796 in Kentucky, and who died circa 1875. The Archers lived in French Lick, Orange County, Indiana. Mary died there October 7, 1878.

      The Archers are one of the oldest families in America, Gabriel Archer having come to New England in 1602 with Bartholomew Gosnold. Gabriel was from Essex County, England, and studied law in 1593. After his trip in 1602 Gabriel became an active promotor of a possible colony in Virginia, and he was one of the first to set foot on Virginia soil at Cape Henry April 26, 1606. He contributed his share to the squabbles that pervaded this colony, as Gabriel was an adversary of John Smith. "He, Wingfield, and Newport returned to England on April 10, 1608, and presented their case so convincingly" that the King agreed to a new charter for Virginia, and appointed Sir Thomas Gates as governor. Archer, a supporter of Gates, returned to the colony. Unfortunately, however, for Gabriel, Gates was shipwrecked, and John Smith refused to relinquish power. Archer died during the "Starving Time" at Jamestown 1609-10. His heir was a brother, John, who arrived and claimed his right 3 January 1619. (Va. Company Minutes.) Other Archers were in Maryland by 1648.

Children of M
  i.   JOHN5 ARCHER, b. 1818.
  ii.   SUSANNAH ARCHER, b. 1825.
  iii.   REBECCA ARCHER, b. 1826; m. J. W. SMITH, January 20, 1844, Dubois County, IN.
  iv.   MARTHA E. ARCHER, b. 1827.
  v.   BENJAMIN ARCHER, b. 1829.
  vi.   THOMAS C. ARCHER, b. 1831.
  vii.   LEONARD HATTON ARCHER, b. 1833.
  viii.   JAMES ARCHER, b. 1835.
  ix.   HANNAH ANN ARCHER, b. 1839; m. HENRY PHILLIPS, May 28, 1864.
  x.   MARTIN V. ARCHER, b. 1843.

16. BENJAMIN4 SIMMONS (JOHN3, ADAM2, JOHN1) was born November 13, 1799 in near Cincinnati, OH or KY, and died September 22, 1875 in OR. He married FRANCES ANN SHERWOOD in March 27, 1823, daughter of DANIEL SHERWOOD and MARY THOMPSON.

Notes for B
Benjamin Simmons was born November 13, 1799, "near Cincinnati, Ohio." (Ore. Donation Land Claims.) He was probably born on the Kentucky side of the Ohio River, as the 1870 census states; Hines, p. 532, gives Kentucky as his birthplace, as does Portrait and Biographical Album of Linn County. (p. 820.) However, the census of 1860 (Oregon) gives Ohio as his place of birth.

      Benjamin Simmons married Frances Ann Sherwood, daughter of Daniel and Mary (Thompson) Sherwood, on March 27, 1823, in Washington County, Indiana. The marriage was recorded in Orange County, the neighboring county, on March 28, 1823. (Dillard. p. 218.) Frances was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, February 25, 1803. See Sherwood Family chapter and genealogy. (Frances-22.)

      Benjamin and Frances Simmons lived for a time in Washington County but moved to Fountain County, Indiana, by 1829, where Benjamin purchased land July 25, 1829. His brothers Adam, Moses, and James and also some McGrews and Sherwoods, followed suit and purchased land there in the next several years. (Luke, pp. 38-39)

      ON the 1830 Fountain County census, Benjamin's family was listed as follows: Benjamin, between ages 30-40; Frances, between ages 20-30; 2 sons (Hugh and Daniel) under 5 years of age; one son (Adam) between 5-10 years; one daughter (Mary) under 5 years. A male, between 15-20 years of age, was also listed with the family. (p. 165.)

      In 1834 Benjamin and Frances Simmons, traveling with the John Crow family, moved to Illinois to the spot where Chicago now stands. The Crows were originally from North Carolina and had migrated with the Sherwoods and Simmons. Unfortunately, no one liked the area of Chicago and they remained only one season, moving to the area where Joliet stands now. They remained there for one year, and then moved to Kane County, Illinois.

      In 1837 Edward and Garrison Crow, along with Benjamin Simmons, moved to Linn County, Iowa. Benjamin was "the second white man to spend the winter in this part of Iowa." (History of Marion Co., Iowa. p. 695.) also (Hines, p. 532.) They left Illinois in June and arrived in Linn County September 5, 1837, settling on Crow Creek, named after Edward Crow. The snow that winter was two feet deep all winter, and was a time of great hardship. (Bio. Record Linn County, pp. 694-9.)

      On February 22, 1838, the three returned to Illinois to meet their families who were moving to Iowa to join them. On their return trip the ice on the Mississippi River had weakened; they were forced to unhitch all the teams and lead them across. They could only travel eight miles a day. (Ibid; also Brewer and Wilk, pp. 161-2.) Along with other livestock, the Crows brought the first hogs into Iowa.
      Benjamin Simmons secured a tract of land and built a log cabin with a clapboard roof and a puncheon* floor and door, from which hung the latchstring on the outside. There was a mud and stick chimney. (History of Marion County, Iowa. p. 165.)

      In the 1840 Linn County, Iowa, census, Benjamin was listed as "Benjamin Sammons", between ages 40-50; Frances, betw. 30-40; one son (John T.) under 5 years; two sons (James and Daniel) between 5-10 yrs.; one son (Hugh) between 10-15 years; one son (Adam) between 15-20 years; two daughters (Hannah and Margaret) under five years; and one daughter (Nancy Jane) between 5-10 years; and one daughter (Mary) between 10-15 years.

      From 1836 until 1843 the Panic of 1837 was a severe problem. There was "no such thing as getting money for one's labor" during these years, and "the sheriff or constable with legal processes was a common visitor at almost every man's door." Taxes still had to be paid, whether one could obtain currency or not. (History Des Moines County, 1879. p. 180.)

      In Linn two of the Simmons' children were married. Frances Sherwood Simmons, a very strong willed woman, pressured her son Hugh to marry his first cousin, Hannah Cathcart Simmons. Then Mary, the oldest daughter, married Garrison Crow, a long-time friend of the Simmons family.

      Unfortunately, Frances Simmons soon decided that she did not like her daughter-in-law, so Hugh and Hannah moved to Des Moines County, Iowa, where Hannah's parents were living. The rest of the Simmons family then moved to Grant County, Wisconsin Territory (1850 Grant County census, District #24, p. 18.) in 1845.

      In 1850 Frances's sister and brother-in-law, Mary and William Patton, accompanied by Adam and Daniel Simmons, emigrated on the Oregon Trail to Oregon; then Adam returned to tell his family the advisability of making one more move. The family in the spring of 1853 prepared for this last hazardous journey. They arrived at Knoxville, Marion County, Iowa, where several Sherwood relatives were living. The family, including Mary and Garrison Crow with their three children under five years of age, and Adam with his new bride Lydia, plus James, Margaret, Hester, and Frances Adeline, and three hired men, set out May 1, 1853. Hannah and her new husband, Thomas Gullion, elected to remain in Iowa.

* Puncheon: heavy slab of timber, roughly dressed, used as floorboard.
      "At Council Bluffs they encountered a congestion of traffic awaiting transport across the Missouri River by raft. A quicker crossing could be effected eleven miles down river and soon they were following the Platte River across Nebraska. Theirs were the usual experiences of travelers on the Oregon Trail. It took some weeks before the oxen became accustomed to the routine of travel. Their horses and cattle, apart from their need of food and water, were always fair game for Indians along the route. While... no hostile Indians were encountered they nevertheless remained throughout the journey an ever present danger to the immigrants and their possessions. The crossings and recrossing of the Platte River with its quicksand presented new difficulties and necessitated new techniques. Graves of their friends...who had experienced poisonous water holes were depressing factors to people already wearied by the road. The presence of antelope and buffalo herds gave them fresh meat and saved their limited stores, at times depleted by sharing with other less fortunate." At one point they were forced to make a decision as to route and chose a short-cut which led across a desert, where they suffered the burning heat and lack of water.

      In Idaho the many Snake River crossings presented problems. And to compound their troubles, enroute half the company contracted measles. Mary (Simmons) Crow, upon whom full care of nursing her own small children and others of the train fell, lost her sight through infection and suffered impaired vision throughout her lifetime. In the Blue Mountains they traded their possessions for fresh vegetables, and at The Dalles they secured rafts to take them down the river, having reached this spot in October. The livestock had to be taken by land over the Cascades.

      Adam Simmons, son of Benjamin, later said that the family came through Portland vicinity in 1853; it "was such a sorry spectacle that they would not consider settling there." At that time they needed range lands for their livestock and secured grassy areas in Yamhill County. They stayed through the winter with their Patton relatives, having finally arrived in Oregon October 9, 1853. On May 11, 1854, Benjamin settled the claim for his land in Yamhill County. Witnesses were two sons, Adam and Daniel. (Ore. Donation Land Claims, Vol. 1. Claim #2398, p. 99.) By taking adjoining land claims, they consolidated their holdings and called their settlement Puckerville--they were all "puckered up" so closely together. (This material largely taken from Olson and Ditter, pp. 1-2)

      Benjamin and Frances Simmons are listed on the 1860 Oregon census, Yamhill County, North Fork Precinct (p. 675.) By this time all their children were married except Frances Adeline. A hired hand, Perley Smith, was also with them. By 1870, however, they
moved to Tillamook County and lived in a house on their daughter and son-in-law's farm. Adeline and Issac Quick. On the 1870 census they are recorded in Tillamook Precinct, Tillamook County (Hiday, p. 6.) Family records state that Benjamin died in Yamhill County on September 22, 1875, and is buried "on the old homestead." Frances died seven years later on July 4, 1882, and is buried on the Quick Farm in Tillamook, by Highway 101. This farm is still owned by family members. A place in this area is called "Simmons Creek."

      Photographs of Benjamin and Frances Simmons, made from tin types, are on display at the Tillamook Museum in Tillamook, Oregon. Benjamin had brown hair, blue or green eyes, fair complexion. Frances had similar coloring, but appears stout in the picture. She is wearing a tight bonnet, completely hiding her hair. (Photographs on pp. 29-30.)

Notes for F
Frances Sherwood was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, February
25, 1803. She moved with her family to Washington County, Indiana, in 1817,
and married Benjamin Simmons in that county on March 17, 1823. (Ore. Don. Land
Claims, Vol. I, p. 99.) It was recorded in Orange County, Indiana, the
following day. (Dillard, p. 218; Marriage Records, p. 15.)

Frances is mentioned in her father's will as "Frances Simmons." She and
Benjamin had twelve children. See Simmons Family chapter, Benjamin-15, for
biography and genealogy. Frances died in Yamhill County, Oregon, July 4, 1882,
and is buried in Tillamook County.

Children of B
  i.   ADAM NELSON5 SIMMONS, b. January 24, 1824; d. April 12, 1915.
  ii.   HUGH SHERWOOD SIMMONS, b. November 08, 1825; d. February 12, 1898.
  iii.   MARY ARCHER SIMMONS, b. May 12, 1828; d. May 22, 1905.
  iv.   DANIEL SIMMONS, b. February 14, 1830; d. July 23, 1905.
  v.   NANCY JANE SIMMONS, b. April 13, 1832; d. September 27, 1843.
  vi.   JAMES THOMPSON SIMMONS, b. April 15, 1834; d. June 27, 1917.
  vii.   HANNAH ANN SIMMONS, b. July 13, 1836; d. November 15, 1930.
  viii.   MARGARET LOUISA SIMMONS, b. May 14, 1838; d. February 13, 1919.
  ix.   JOHN T. SIMMONS, b. January 17, 1840; d. September 22, 1842.
  x.   HESTER ELLEN SIMMONS, b. April 26, 1842; d. June 16, 1906.
  xi.   FRANCES ELIZABETH SIMMONS, b. May 01, 1844; d. May 07, 1844.
  xii.   FRANCES ADELINE SIMMONS, b. April 14, 1847; d. June 01, 1943.

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