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Descendants of Adam de Karry, Lord

Generation No. 1

1. ADAM1 DE KARRY, LORD was born Abt. 1170 in England. He married ANN TREVETT. She was born Abt. 1170.

Notes for A

THE KARRY/KARI/CARY/CAREY Family in England is one of the oldest, as it has been one of the most illustrious and honored. Through many generations there has been a long line, or lines, of barons, viscounts and earls from the time of Richard II and Elizabeth. Many others filled important posts of honor or authority, such as Treasurer of Ireland, Governor of the Isle of Wight, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Governor of Nova Scotia, Governor of Bombay, Lord Chamberlain of the Queen's Household, Gentleman of the Privy Council to the King, Ambassadors to foreign Sovereigns, Comptroller of the Household of the King, Esquire of the Body, Gentleman of the Bed-chamber, etc. It will be noticed that most of the men mentioned in this English pedigree were knights. That shows how prominent the family was.


The town has no recorded history prior to the Normans, although a Saxon charter mentioned Cari in 725AD. It is likely that early fortifications were built either by the Britons or the Saxons. At the time of the Norman Conquest (1066AD) the population of Cary was about 300 souls, with some 1,000 acres under cultivation and three mills in use. By 1138AD the Normans had built a castle at the foot of Lodge Hill, giving the town part of its name. Sometime in the late 12thC, following two sieges during the wars between King Stephen and the Empress Matilda, the castle was dismantled. Although nearby earthworks can still be seen on the side of Lodge Hill, no trace of the original castle remains. It may be that the Horse Pond is part of the ancient moat.

During the Middle Ages, Castle Cary developed as a market town and a large number of rural industries were established. By the end of the 14thC there was a flourishing wool industry, when a cheap, coarse and hard-wearing cloth was made for the poor. The town was granted a market charter by Edward IV in 1468. At about this time All Saints Church was redeveloped in the Perpendicular style and the George Hotel was built. In the late 16thC, when Spain threatened invasion, a list of militia showed that Castle Cary could muster 17 billmen, 8 archers, 4 pikemen and one ?gonner?.

The 17thC was at times turbulent, although it saw the building the first Market House. The civil War did not pass the town by: a Parliamentary Army en route from the siege of Sherborne Castle to Bristol stripped the church roof of its lead for musket balls and threw down the bells. In 1654 King Charles II is said to have stayed at the old Manor House or a house in Fore Street following his defeat at the Battle of Worcester. At about this time a new road was constructed along the line of the present day A371 Wincanton to Shepton mallet road. The last part of the century saw Jane Brooks hanged for witchcraft and Celia Fiennes passing through on her tour of England.

In the 18thC The Reverend James Woodforde lived for several years in Ansford during which time he kept a diary, subsequently published and still available. John Wesley (the brother of Charles Wesley, founder of the Methodist movement) preached in the town on various occasions. The town lock-up, known as the Round House was built in Bailey Hill with charitable funds at a cost of 23 in 1770. By 1700 Castle Cary was one of the principal cloth-making towns of the area, now making good quality cloth. With the collapse of the wool industry by the end of the century, linen weaving took it place, owlas and tick being specialities.

The 19thC saw considerable change in the town. Rope-making and horse hair factories were established. Between 1840 and 1855 the National School in Church Street was built, the Church was enlarged and the Market House was rebuilt as it is today. St John?s Priory was built as a private residence known as Florida House 1887. The Railway Station came into operation in 1906, on the Great Western Line, although the Somerset and Dorset Line had been completed in 1862, the nearest station being Cole three miles away.

The names of those that died in the two World Wars can be found on the War Memorial standing in the Horse Pond. The Second World War saw the stationing of elements of the Guards Armored Division in and around the town in the years before the invasion of Normandy. The local Company of the Home Guard was part of the 12th (Somerton) Battalion. On 3rd September 1942 a bomber wrecked a goods train at Castle Cary Station as well as demolishing the signal box, killing a signalman, and destroying the Station Hotel.

For centuries the castle has existed only in history, but the town where it was located is known today as Castle Cary and may thus be found on the maps. It is in Somersetshire and twelve miles southeast from Wells. Castle Cary is a small attractive town situated some 12 miles North East of Yeovil and 24 miles South of Bath. It lies on the edge of rolling countryside between the Somerset Levels to the West and the high ridge line of Penselwood to the East and halfway between the Mendip Hills and the Blackmore Vale. Cari was the family seat of the baron. It is known that it was a fortified place in the time of the Saxons. About the year 1125 the Lord William Percival, named "Lovel the wolf," erected strong fortifications at Cari. Much of the time during the reign of Stephen (1136-1154), the barons were divided into two parties, the Lord of Cari being opposed to the king. He made so much trouble that Stephen turned his whole attention to Castle Cari and took it. In 1153 it was besieged again and nearly ruined.

The place is marked by an entrenched area of about two acres, called the camp. Implements of war and other relics have frequently been dug up there. The surrounding country is lovely and the views from the hill are famous. In the town are the springs that give rise to the river Cari. This river flows into the Parret and then into Bristol Channel.

The old part of Castle Cary, which is still the town Centre, runs along the foot of steep, grassy Lodge Hill. Most of the modern development has taken place on the gently rising land to the North, joining the town with the village of Ansford. The church of All Saints is of the time of Henry VI. It is built upon a hillock and is quite unique. It has hideous faces intended to raise a laugh and scare away the "Evel eye." Oliver Cromwell hacked away at it.

The manor house stands on the east side of the street and was a stately edifice. During the wanderings of Charles II after the battle of Worcester, September 3, 1651, when his army was defeated by that of Cromwell, the disguised king slept at Castle Cari on the night of September 16-- Reign of Henry II and Richard I.

Over the last 50 years the town has expanded to the North, but the Centre has changed little. The streets are still recognizable from old photographs, even if the names on some of the shops have changed. The population is about 2,000 (3,000 including Ansford). The railway station, which is on the Paddington to Penzance line, is a mile to the North.

            ADAM DE KARRY

Adam de Kari was lord of Castle Kari in A.D. 1198, according to Sir William Pole. The "Americans of Gentle Birth" shows this man to be "Adam de Kari" Lord of Castle Cary, Somerset, England. The Kari family was living in England before the Normans came in 1066. In 1208, of Castle Kari, the manor of Cary, of Karl, was in the parish of St. Giles, in the heath, near Lauceston, of Carye Castle, Devon, England. Adam was born about 1170. He married Ann, daughter of Sir William Trevett, Knight.

The Carys, a family prominent in Virginia colonial history, are descended from the ancient Devonshire family of Cary, of which collateral branches have been conspicuous in England as Earls of Hunsdon, Monmouth, and Dover, and as Barons of Falkland. Branches are still seated at Tor Abbey and Follaton. The earliest mention of the name is in the case of Adam De Kari, who in 1198 is mentioned as Lord of Castle Cary, in Somerset county, whither he probably migrated from Devon, who married Amy, daughter of Sir William Trewit, Knight. The Devonshire Heralds Visitation of 1620 gives fourteen generations of his descendants. His grandson's grandson was Sir John Carye, Knight, chief baron of exchequer in the reign of King Henry IV., who was banished into Ireland for political offences. Prior to his time the spelling of the name De Kari seems to have prevailed. His son, Sir Robert Carye, was a favorite of King Henry V., and the following anecdote is cited in explanation of the return of the family to royal favor. "In his time came out of Aragon a lusty gentleman into England, and challenged to do feites of arms with any English gentleman, without exception. This Robert Cary, hearing thereof, made suit forthwith to the Prince that he might answer the challenge * * * * At the time and the day prefix'd both parties met, and did perform sundries feites of arms, but in the end this Robert gave the foils and overthrow to the Aragon Kt., disarmed and spoiled him, which his doinge so well pleased the Prince that he received him into great favor, caused him to be restored to the most part of his father's lands and willed him also for a perpetual memorie of his victorie that he should thenceforth give the same arms as did the Aragon Kt., which both he and his successors to this day enjoyed, which is: Argent, on bend sable three roses argent, for before they did bear: Gules, Chevron, entre three swans argent."

Descended from Adam De Kari, perhaps in the tenth generation, was William Cary, born about 1500, mayor of Bristol, 1546, died 1572. His son, Richard, a merchant of Bristol, born 1525, died 1570, had a son William, born 1550, died 1632, who was, like his grandfather, mayor of Bristol in 1611. William Cary, by his marriage with Alice Goodall, had seven sons, the third of whom, John, born in 1583, died in 1662, a draper of Bristol, married Alice Hobson and was the father of Colonel Miles Cary, propositus of the Carys of Virginia. The seventh son of William and Alice (Goodall) Cary, James, born in 1600, died in 1681, came to Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1639, and was the ancestor of the Massachusetts family of Cary, Richard Cary, aidede-camp to General Washington, and Mrs. Agassiz being members of this branch.

Descended from Adam De Kari, perhaps in the tenth generation, was William Cary, born about 1500, mayor of Bristol, 1546, died 1572. His son, Richard, a merchant of Bristol, born 1525, died 1570, had a son William, born 1550, died 1632, who was, like his grandfather, mayor of Bristol, in 1611. William Cary, by his marriage with Alice Goodall, had seven sons, the third of whom, John, born in 1583, died in 1662, a merchant of Bristol, married Alice Hobson and was the father of Colonel Miles Cary, propositus of the Carys of Virginia. The seventh son of William and Alice (Goodall) Cary, James, born in 1600, died in 1681, came to Charlestown, Massachusetts, in 1639, and was the ancestor of the Massachusetts family of Cary, Richard Cary, aide-de-camp to General Washington, and Mrs. Agassiz being members of this branch.


This is for those descended from the Cary's of England...In response to that last message
there were members of the family that lived in Castle Kari/Kary. From Lord Adam de Kari, born about 1170 down to his great-great grandson, William Cary, born about 1300. Of course the castle no longer exists, but the town still bears it's name. I get my material from the book, "The Cary family in England" by Henry G. Cary. In it he wrote: "I have written quite fully of the family in England because its history is so very interesting, and also because of the absolute certainty that they were our ancestors...This record is made possible by the existence of a "Pedigree of the Cary Family," which was drawn up by the Royal College of Heralds by command of Queen Anne Boleyn..." In 1066 William of Normandy made a survey of England and in it is "record of the manor of Kari, in the parish of St. Giles-in-the-Heath, Devonshire, near Lauceston, close by the border of Cornwall. The small river Kari, or Kari brook, from which the manor took its name, runs on one side of it. It still retains its name of (nine) hundred years ago...Prince wrote (four) centuries ago: "St. Giles was the ancient seat of the family, and we are told that they possessed an ancient dwelling there bearing their name. Some say that the name is from Castle Cari, but I think the NAME seems anti enter than the PLACE." So from St.-Giles-in-the-Heath the family moved to Castle Cari, some 75 miles to the East in Somersetshire. This is where we find Lord Adam de Kari in 1170. "As regards the name it is doubtful if it was first applied to a person or a location. Some say it was first used in "Kari brook" before mentioned. As the Conqueror found it in England when he came, it must be as old as the time of the Saxons..Prince says: "I will not set bounds to this noble name, or from whence it came. If any shall derive it from the son of the Roman Emperor Carus who was general here in Britain A.D. 285, I shall have nothing to oppose." He says later that the family "is one of the most noted in England, there being at the same time two earls, viz., Monmouth and Dover: one Viscount Falkland; and one Baron Hunsdon, which is an honor very few families in England can pretend.""

Per Kelii from the Cary Board

There's not enough time in the day to take your information, using todays references and showing you where things go wrong. For $5.00 you can write to the Vicar of Castle Cary in Somersetshire and he will send you a book showing those that lived in Castle Cary, and there was only one "Kari" and it was a female. Let me take just one piece, the piece that everyone wants to be connected to. Anee Boleyn(Bollin) had one child name Elizabeth, whom we all know became Elizabeth I 2nd wife of Henry VIII. Her sister Margaret, who bore two illegitimate children by Henry VIII as his concubine, name her daughter Katherine after Henry's 1st. wife Katherine of Aragon and Henry, after the King. He acknowledged his bastard son by Margaret but the boy could not gain the thrown. She was given a choice, marry William Carey an old man, who is now buried in a huge tomb in Westminster Abbey, and whom a statue is sculpted of outside of Westminster Abbey...or... die with her sister Anne, and her brother George. These were her only choices. She married William. They and her children were exiled from England to remove all reminders of her and her sister Anne. William died WITHOUT child and Margaret married William Stafford against the Kings wish's. She told him, "I would rather die this poor man's wife then a King's wife." Something like that. Henry must have really cared for her to keep from killing her. The Robert Cary that was in the court of Elizabeth was her cousin Robin, as she called him, or Robert. I have a picture of him and he died childless on the field of battle. I have been studying this story for years. ME..not someone else s work. My brother has been to England many times and until you move away from 100 year old books and read English history and documents of the era everything just stays garbled.
John the Pilgrim is another mystery. The old books state James, John and Miles were brothers. Well... two were step-brothers and one was an Uncle. Also there's a good chance that John came by way of the plantations in Barbados. I believe he was Walter Cary's son. Better educated, he spoke 3languages, and could read and write. He kept records for the town. How do you get that kind of education and be a tailor's son? And why was he so put off by the hardships of this country? A tailor's son would know hardship. He came from means...or was tutored in the ways of the church. Look at the 3 languages. Two are Latin and Hebrew. You hear of James and Miles having dealings together...but not with John. In those days the higher class never dealt with merchants Try to communicate with someone from the Miles Cary part of the family and listen to what they write. I have reams on "class distinction" from that branch. And it's true because that's the way it was. Reads some of the Wills that have been published. Lastly, Robert of Coverly is probably our Cary. I don't have the papers in front of me but I will get them out and send out in a couple days. I am going on the road for about a month of more research so it may take a while but I will get back to you.

Per Joan Haller from the Cary Board

Most information is obtained in the following publications:
THE CARY FAMILY IN ENGLAND, & THE CARY FAMILY IN AMERICA, both by Henry Grosvenor Cary of Boston, 1906
JOHN CARY THE PLYMOUTH PILGRIM by Seth C. Cary, 1911, Boston
THE CARY FAMILY IN ENGLAND AND AMERICA, privately printed by Brain J. L. Berry
Mary Folk Webb and Estes, Patrick Mann; Cary-Estes Genealogy, Tuttle Publishing
The visitation of the county of Devon in the year, Sir. Henry St. George
Ed. by Frederic Thomas Colby. London, 1872. Harleian Society Publications, v.6 1620     
Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume IV

Child of A
2. i.   JOHN2 DE KARRY, b. 1200, Castle Cary, Somersetshire, England.

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