Notes for Major Lawrence Smith: Note: Lawrence Smith, of York, and John Smith, of Gloucester, werecontemporaneous, and probably brothers, as we have on record a deed ofland in Gloucester Co., by Lawrence Smith, to "his brother, JohnSmith, of that county," in 1666.
The destruction of the records of Gloucester County, by fire, in1819-'20, has left much supported only by tradition, or inferenceconcerning the connection of the Smiths of York Co., with those of"Purton," in Gloucester Co., "Shooter's Hill," in Middlesex Co., and"Fleet's Bay," in Northumberland County. But the deed of land inquestion, apparently from the first Lawrence Smith, of record in onefamily, to the first John Smith, of record in the other family, seemsto prove that the relationship existed.
Note: Temple Farm, on which the surrender of Cornwallis was made at Yorktown in 1681, was sold to Major Smith in 1686. When Bacon, during his rebellion, established his headquarters at Temple Farm, it was called the Middle Plantation. "Maj. Lawrence Smith, of Virginia, sustained great losses by the Rebells, his stock and other estate being Plundered and Inprisoned by the Rebells" during Bacon's Rebellion.
Of the ancestry of this Lawrence, and John Smith, no record has beenfound. The tradition is that their father was Thomas Smith, son ofArthur Smith, who immigrated to Virginia in 1622. Arthur Smith, theimmigrant of 1622, settled first in Isle of Wight Co.; his brother,Alexander Smith, who came over in 1634, settled in Middlesex Co. Thesetwo brothers were nephews of Sir Thomas Smythe, who was so prominentin the early settlement of Virginia, as President and Treasurer, ofthe Virginia Company, and also of the British East India Company.
His father was Sir Thomas Smythe, of Ostenhanger Castle, County Kent,England, who married, in 1552, Alice Judd, daughter of Sir AndreaJudd, Lord Mayor of London.
The history of Arthur Smith's family, between 1622 and 1780, isobscure and incomplete. In the later year, we find Thomas Smith, sonof Arthur Smith, married Miss Waldrop, and were parents of Hon. ArthurSmith, who died in 1854.
Major Lawrence Smith, of York, was an engineer and surveyor, andbecame quite prominent and influential in the period immediatelyprevious to Bacon's rebellion. In 1674, the name of Major LawrenceSmith first appears in the historical records of the time as follows:
At a grand assembly, held at James City between the 30th of September,1674, and the 17th of March, 1675, in which war was declared againstthe Indians, among other provisions for carrying it on it was orderedthat one hundred and eleven men out of Gloucester County be garrisonedat one fort, or place of defense, at or near the falls of theRappahannock River, of which fort Major Lawrence Smith to be Captainor Chief Commandant, and that the fort be supplied with four hundredand eighty pounds of powder and fourteen hundred and forty-threepounds of shot.
This fort was established by Major Lawrence Smith, in 1676, and laterin that year he led the trained bands of Gloucester Co. against theforces of the rebel, Bacon.
In 1679, Major Lawrence Smith was empowered, provided he would "seate"down at, or near, said fort by the last day of March, 1681, and havein readiness, upon all occasions, at beat of drum, fifty able-bodiedmen, well armed with sufficient ammunition, etc., and two hundred menmore, within the space of a mile along the river, and a quarter of amile back from the river; prepared always to march twenty miles inevery direction from the fort; to execute martial discipline among thesaid fifty soldiers, and others, both in times of war and peace; andsaid Major Lawrence Smith, with two others, to hear and determine allcauses, civil and criminal, that may arise within said limits, as acounty court might do, and make by-laws for the same.
Major Lawrence Smith was surveyor of the counties of York andGloucester in 1686. He laid out the site of Yorktown in 1691. He wasrecommended, in 1699, as among "gentlemen of estate and standing," andeligible for appointment to the King's Council, but his death in 1700prevented the bestowal of this honour upon him. Major Lawrence((1))and Mary Smith had issue:
I. Col. the Hon. John((2)) Smith, d. 1720; member of the King'sCouncil, Chancellor, County Lieutenant, of Abingdon, York River,Gloucester Co., Va. Married Elizabeth, died, 1704; daughter of JohnCox, and Elizabeth Strachey, sole child and heiress of the immigrant,William Strachey, d. 1686. This William Strachey was son of WilliamStrachey, died 1634 (Secretary to Lord de la Warre's Commission), byhis first wife, Eleanor Reade. This William Strachey was probably theauthor of "History of Travaile into Virginie." He was the son ofWilliam Strachey, living, 1620. Dr. A. Brown, author of "Genesis ofthe United States," thinks this last named William was the author of"Travaile into Virginie."
In the Records of Yorktown, Dr. Lyon G. Tyler found two deeds,recording the following facts:
Elizabeth, the wife of John Smith, Esq., of Abingdon Parish,Gloucester Co., was seized of five houses and their appurtenances,near the Brewer House yard, in the parish of St. Margarets,Westminster, England. Elizabeth died before 1705, and on the 30th dayof August, of that year, her husband sold the said property to JohnStrachey, of Sutton Court, in the parish of Chew Magna, in the countyof Somerset, England, for £490. But as the deed was not good againstthe children of the said Elizabeth, then, 1705, under age, John Smithconveyed to John Strachey, as security, lands in Gloucester Co., Va.,patented by his father, Major Lawrence Smith.
Some time after, Lawrence Smith, son of the said John Smith, andElizabeth Cox, sued John Strachey, in the high court of Chancery, inEngland, and by decree of 26th Oct., 1731, was placed in possession ofthe lands in England. Now the first deed in Yorktown, Va., dated May18, 1734, being from Lawrence Smith to Henry Strachey, son of JohnStrachey, confirmed his father, John Smith's, conveyance of theproperty near the Brewers House in Westminster, and the second deed,20 May, 1734, being from John Strachey, the father (who acknowledgesin person the deed at Yorktown), releases to Lawrence Smith the trustdeed on the Gloucester, Va., property.
I. Hon. John((2)) Smith, b. 1720 (Lawrence((1))), and his wife,Elizabeth Cox, had issue:
I. William((3)) Smith.
II. Hon. John((3)) Smith.
III. Lawrence((3)) Smith, living, in 1753.
Col. Lawrence((2)) Smith (Lawrence((1))), the second son of MajorLawrence and Mary Smith, was Justice and Sheriff of York Co.; memberof House of Burgesses; Colonel. He died 1739. He married twice: first,Mildred Chisman, b. Feb. 19, 1675; daughter of Capt. Thomas Chismanand Elizabeth Reade, who was daughter of Robert Reade and Mary Lily,son of George Reade and Elizabeth Martain; married, second, MildredReade, widow Goodwyn. Col. Lawrence((2)) Smith married MildredChisman, and had issue:
When Bacon, during his rebellion, established his headquarters atTemple Farm, it was called the Middle Plantation. Benjamin Reade sold50 acres in that county (Gloucester) in 1691, for a town site. In1686, Ludlow's patent land was sold to Major Lawrence Smith.
The widow Ludlow married Rev. Peter Temple, and they occupied it atthe time of its transfer to the Smiths.
Maj Lawrence Smith was a resident of Gloucester county, Virginia, andin March, 1675-1676, he commanded a fort at the head of Rappahannockriver. In Bacon's rebellion he sided with Governor Berkeley, and afterBacon's death led the Gloucester "trained hands" against Ingram, butthey deserted him. He was surveyor for the counties of Gloucester andYork in 1686, and in 1691 laid out Yorktown. In 1699 the governorrecommended him as suitable for appointment to the council. He died in1700. From his coat-of-arms Major Smith appears to have belonged tothe Smiths of Totne, county Devon, England. He was father of ColonelJohn Smith, of the Virginia council.
Major Lawrence Smith / Mary Dedman Feb 8 1635 - 1700 / 1639 - m. 1651 Abingdon Parish, Gloucester Co., Va.
Son of Christopher Smith and Elizabeth Townley
Lawrence was in charge of all of the forts along the Rappahannock and Potomac Rivers. He was a lawyer for York and Gloucester in 1785. The Temple Farm where Cornwallis surrendered in 1781 was sold to Lawrence in 1686. (Source: Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol 3, pg36; Wm & Mary Magazine, Vol 1, No.2, pg6; Wm & Hennings Statutes VI, pg327)
Maj. Lawrence Smith
Born in England He bore the coat of arms of the Smiths of Tottne, County Devon, England. Came to Virginia in early 1600's; possibly imported from England to Virginia by his uncle, Augustine Warner, in the year 1652 Patented Severn Hall in Gloucester County, Va. in 1662, where he lived and died. In an Act passed at a 'grand Assemblie at James Cittie between the 20th of Sept. 1674 and the 17th of March 1675, in which war is declared against the Indians, and among other provisions for carrying it out, it is ordered that "one hundred and eleven men out of Gloucester County be garrisoned at some ffort" or place of defense at or near the ffalls of the Rappahannock River, of which ffort Major Lawrence Smith to be Captain or Chief Commander, and that the ffort be furnished with ffour hundred and eighty-three pounds of shott.' This fort was built in 1676. "In the year 1679, Major Lawrence Smith was empowered, provided, he would settle, or seate downe at, or near said fort by the last day of March, 1681, and have in readiness upon all occasions, upon beat of drum, fifty able-bodied men, well armed with sufficient ammunition &c and two hundred men more within the space of a mile along the river, and a quarter of a mile back from the river, prepared always to march twenty miles in any direction from the fort; or should they be obliged to go more than such distance, to be paid for their time thus employed at the rate of other souldiers, to execute martial discipline among said fifty souldiers, and others so put in arms; both in times of war and peace, and said Smith with two others of said priviledged place, to hear and determine all causes, civil and criminal that may arise within said limits, as a County Court might do, and to make by-laws for same." These military settlers were privileged from arrest for any debts save those due to the king, and those contracted among themselves, and were free from taxes, and levies, save those laid within their own limits. The exact situation of the fort is not definitely known but there was once a military post at Germana.
Lawyer and surveyor of the Counties of York and Gloucester in 1685. Temple Farm, on which the surrender of Cornwallis was made at Yorktown in 1681, was sold to Major Smith in 1686. When Bacon, during his rebellion, established his headquarters at Temple Farm, it was called the Middle Plantation. "Maj. Lawrence Smith, of Virginia, sustained great losses by the Rebells, his stock and other estate being Plundered and Inprisoned by the Rebells" during Bacon's Rebellion. In 1691 he laid off Yorktown, Va. on land purchased from Benjamin Reade. The Mannsfield Hall County Club is beyond a golf course. The main part of the large two-story brick house with Ionic portico was built by William Pratt in 1805. The grounds are part of an estate of Major Lawrence Smith, who in 1676 built and commanded the fort the general assembly had authorized near the falls of the Rappahannock. The family seat here, then called Smithfield, was built by Smith's son, Major Augustine Smith, who in 1716 entertained the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe. Upon the marriage of Richard Brooke to Ann Hay Taliaferro, who inherited it, Smithfield became a home of the Brooke family. After Mannsfield, nearby, was destroyed, its name was given to Smithfield. Recommended by the Governor to sit in the King's Council in 1699, as among "gentlemen of estate and standing,"but died b
Note: -"Early Virginia Immigrants" lists Lawrence Smith arriving from England in 1652. "Imported" by Capt. Augustine Warner who was married to Mary Townley, sister of Elizabeth Townley, Lawrence's mother. They were daughters of Lawrence Towneley, the grandfather of Lawrence Smith. Lawrence Towneley is also the direct ancestor of both George Washington and Robert E. Lee through Mary Townley, wife of Augustine Washington. -Major Lawrence Smith lived at Yorktown, a part of the Yorktown National Battlefield Historic Site. In his house the Articles of Surrender ending the Revolutionalry War were signed by General George Washington and Lord Cornwallis. It is, today, known as "The Moore House" in that the owners in 1781 were Lucy Smith Moore, granddaughter of Lawrence Smith, and her husband, Augustine Moore. -The area of Temple Farm, which became known as the Moore House, (where Cornwallis surrendered in 1781) was originally patented by Nicholas Martiau in 3-14-1639. Eventually the property was purchased by Lawrence Smith, Sr., (in this database) in 1686, who handed it down to his son Lawrence Smith, Jr., who handed it down to his son Robert Smith, who sold it to his brother-in-law Augustine Moore (in this database) husband of Lucy Moore.
Sources: -Lewises, Meriwethers and their Kin by Sarah Lewis Anderson, 1984 by Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore, MD (originally published 1938) -Taliaferro Times, Vol. I, 4-23-1997, Issue 21-2. -Genealogies of Virginia Families, Vol. V, p. 576, 1981 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD
More About Major Lawrence Smith and Mary Grymes Dedman: Marriage: Sep 28, 1651, Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, Va.422, 423
Children of Major Lawrence Smith and Mary Grymes Dedman are:
+Capt. John Smith, b. Abt. 1658, Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, Va, d. Bet. 1719 - 1720.