This Report was assembled by John D. Stevens, Sr. My information came from many sources. Much of it was given to me by my Great Aunt Lottie Stevens Weatherred. Some came from other descendants of Emanuel Stevens I have met on the internet. I have researched and located a lot of information at the Clayton Genealogy Research Center in Houston, Hill County Jr College, Hillsboro City Library, and the Galveston City Library. Every attempt was made to ensure accuracy and document sources. The number at the end of a sentence in parenthesis (1) refers to the "end notes" at the bottom of document. When copying information from census records, letters, or books, I used the spelling and grammar as it was written. I am solely responsible for this report and welcome any comments, additions, or changes. For anyone interested, I have a Master Stevens Family Tree with over 1300 names. It can be found on my website at http://www.familytreemaker.com/users/s/t/e/John-D-Stevens/index.html
Generation No. 1
EMANUEL STEVENS was born before 1755 (see note # 1.0) and died before 1810 in Indian Trail, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He married SARAH ABBOTT, daughter of CHRISTOPHER ABBOTT. She was born before 1755 (see note # 6.0) and died about 1820 in Indian Trail, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.
EMANUEL is the oldest documented ancestor of our branch of the Stevens Family. An ongoing effort is being made by several descendants to find some link to a previous generation. The following are documented facts that have been collected on EMANUEL:
- Buried in Little Bethel Cemetery near Indian Trail, North Carolina. (1)
- 1790 Federal Census shows EMANUEL STEVENS in the Salisbury District of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina with 4 males under 16 and 3 females including including his wife. He owned no slaves.
- 1800 Federal Census shows EMANUEL STEVENS in Mecklenburg County, Book 17, page 833 - 3 males 16-26, 1 male 45+, 2 females under 10, 1 female 16-26, 1 female 45+, and No slaves.
- There are recordings of EMANUEL doing his Civic Duty (see note # 4.0) by performing the duties of a land owner. (2,3)
- EMANUEL is listed on a DAR monument on the courthouse square in Monroe, Union County, North Carolina for his participating in during the American Revolution.
- In January 1796, EMANUEL declared his brand as "S" on shoulder, "M" on buttock, and his Mark is to crop off right ear & swallow fork left ear. (4)
- It is believed EMANUEL was a land speculator and/or developer because of his large number of land transactions that covered almost 20 years (see note # 3.0). (5,6,7)
- EMANUEL's whereabouts before 1779 is not known at this time. Is it possible there were more than one man named EMANUEL? The dates and close proximity of locations also make it possible there was only one (see note # 2.0). (8,9,10)
Facts about SARAH ABBOTT STEVENS:
- 1810 Federal Census shows SARAH STEPHENS as head of household - Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, page 163, 1 male 10-16, 1 female 10-16, 2 females 16-26, 1 female 45+. It is assumed EMANUEL died before this date.
- 1820 Federal Census - Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, page 170 - SARAH STEPHENS was not named, but it is assumed she is the 45+ female living in CHRISTOPHER STEPHENS household.
Notes for EMANUEL STEVENS:
- Date and place of EMANUEL's birth as well as his parents or any siblings is unknown. The following are some possibilities, BUT NONE HAVE BEEN DOCUMENTED AS FACT:
- It has been found in an LDS family tree that one CALEB STEVENS married MARGARET TAYLOR about 1712 in Perquimans County, North Carolina. They may have been the parents of an EMANUEL listed as the eleventh child of eleven children born about 1734 in Bertie County, North Carolina. The LDS tree shows EMANUEL as marrying a woman named LUCRETIA (see note # 2.3).
- According to one source of family lore, EMANUEL STEVENS was born in Virginia of immigrant parents from England.
- Possibly sailed on a ship from Alsace-Lorraine, France.
- One of three brothers that came to Virginia.
- He was in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia prior to 1760
- There are recordings of an EMANUEL STEVENS/STEPHENS buying and selling land in North and South Carolina before 1779. It is not known for sure at this time if this is our ancestor, since no proof has been found to link the EMANUEL STEVENS of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina to these various sites. I am listing them ONLY FOR REFERENCE AND NOT AS PROOF THAT THIS IS OUR EMANUEL.
- April 1759, EMANUEL STEVENS of Cumberland County, North Carolina, bought 150 acres on the South side of Deep River in Cumberland County for 60 pounds.
- September 1759, EMANUEL STEVENS (same as 2.1) sold the same 150 acres for 50 pounds. Why would he buy and sell land at a lose in such a short time period?
- September 1769, EMANUEL STEVENS was granted 350 acres on the South side of the Tygar River in South Carolina, in what is today Union County, South Carolina, as recorded in Book DD, page 436. EMANUEL STEVENS (seal), LUCRECIA STEVENS (mark) (seal). I assume that LUCRECIA was his wife at that time (see note # 1.1).
- August 1770, EMANUEL STEVENS of Province of South Carolina leased 150 acres to a planter named WILLIAM LAWSON for 1 pound, 15 shillings SC money, part of the same grant shown in see note # 2.3.
- December 1774, SIMON MURPHEY of South Carolina, planter, leased to AMROSE RAY for 300 pounds SC money, 200 acres that was part of the original 350 acres in note # 2.3 that was granted to EMANUEL STEVENS. It seems that EMANUEL may have sold his land. Could it be that he then moved to North Carolina?
- The EMANUEL STEVENS "known" to be the ancestor of our family is recorded buying and selling land in Mecklenburg County (today Union County), North Carolina.
- March 27, 1779, EMANUEL STEPHENS and wife SARAH, for an unspecified consideration, bought 70 acres on both sides of Crooked Creek being part of the lands known as Tract 2.
- January 15, 1780, WILLIAM LOVE and SARAH to EMANUEL STEPHENS, for both sides of Crooked Creek
- March 18, 1785, WILLIAM LOVE to MANUEL STEPHENS, for 50 pounds, 30 acres on Crooked Creek adjacent deeded lands of STEPHENS. On the same date WILLIAM LOVE to MANUEL STEPHENS for 50 pounds, 17 acres on Crooked Creek adjacent other lands of STEPHENS.
- September 9, 1885, AMANUEL STEVENS and wife SERAH sold 30 acres of their land along Crooked Creek for 20 pounds in trade to JESSE STILLWELL.
- November 21, 1789, EMANUEL STEPHENS enters 100 acres on waters of Crooked Creek and on both sides of the old Indian Path at Rocky Ford, including the meadows on both sides of said creek.
- August 25, 1791, THOS. POLK to EMANUEL STEVENS for 40 pounds, 187 acres on the Stafford Branch of Crooked Creek.
- November 28, 1792, State Grant 987 issued at Newbern, Volume 79, page 461, at 10 pounds the 100 acres to EMANUEL STEVENS by J. GLASGOW on Crooked Creek on both sides of the Indian Path and adjacent to ARON HUSTON.
- January 31, 1793, MANUEL STEPHENS enters 100 acres on the waters of Twelve Mile Creek; bordering his own land and that of THOS COUGHRAN and HOUSTON.
- January 1796, MANUEL & SERAH STEVENS sold 37 acres on Crooked Creek.
- July 12, 1797, MANUEL and SARAH STEVENS sold 187 to JOHN STILLWELL on Crooked Creek.
- Sept. 4, 1797, MANUEL STEVENS sold 100 acres on Twelve Mile Creek to ELISHA STILLWELL.
- March 8, 1803, MANUEL STEVENS sold 73 acres on Crooked Creek to JESSE STEPHENS.
- EMANUEL is recorded doing his duty as a land owner, tax payer, and neighbor of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.
- December 1786, Listed as the co-executor for the estate of JOHN FULLWOOD.
- June 1787, appointed to Jury duty.
- 1795, All male residents of the MANUEL STEVENS plantation were eligible for road work. NOTE: This is the way that the Counties built and maintained roads. Every land owner was responsible for providing his labor on roads that accessed his land. If he could not work, he was subject to paying for a substitute.
- 1797 Tax list, Capt Hood's Company, MANUAL STEPHENS, 179 acres, 1 wp, 0 bp.
- 1798 Tax List, Capt John Hood's Company, MANUEL STEVENS, 125 acres, 0 wp, 0 bp.
- Family lore has handed down some interesting stories about EMANUEL STEVENS that may or may not be factual. Until they are disproven, I will list them for information only.
- Intimate friends with DANIEL BOONE'S father, SQUIRE, or brother of the same name.
- EMANUEL'S first family was killed by Indians or Tories while he was away fighting in the army.
- SARAH is said to be from Abbottsford (today Abbott), Virginia. This statement is found on page 630 of "History of the CARLOCK Family" by MARION POMEROY CARLOCK, 1929 as stated by DAVID FRANKLIN HOUSTON, who was a descendant of EMANUEL STEVENS. JAMES LOUIS STEVENS of Weatherford, Parker Co, Tx is reported to have said the same thing. It is also recorded in AMOS FRANKLIN STEVENS' family Bible.
Children of EMANUEL STEVENS and SARAH ABBOTT are:
- SQUIRE STEVENS, b. Feb. 13, 1775; d. 1844, Indian Trail, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. Family lore has it that he was named after SQUIRE BOONE, the father of DANIEL.
- JESSE STEVENS.
- JOHN STEVENS.
- MOSES STEVENS.
- MARTHA STEVENS.
- ELIZABETH STEVENS.
- SARAH STEVENS.
- CHRISTOPHER STEVENS.
- FRANK STEVENS. No source has documented Frank as being a child of Emanuel and Sarah. If he was, he may have died as an infant.
Generation No. 2
SQUIRE STEVENS (EMANUEL) was born February 13, 1775, and died 1844 in Indian Trail, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. EMANUEL married his first wife, HANNAH HOUSTON in 1797 in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, daughter of WILLIAM HOUSTON and MARGARET WILLIAMS. She was born February 22, 1775 in Mecklenburg County and died November 08, 1824 in Mecklenburg County. His second marriage was to LYDIA HARRIS February 26, 1828.
Facts About SQUIRE STEVENS:
- Buried at Wesley Chapel Cemetery, Union County, North Carolina (Union County had been formed in 1842 from parts of Mecklenburg and Anson Counties.
- The 1800 Federal Census shows SQUIRE STEVENS listed in Mecklenburg County - 1 male, 26-45 , 1 male under 10, 1 fem under 10, 1 fem 26-45, No slaves.
- The 1810 Federal Census shows SQUIRE STEPHENS listed in Mecklenburg County - 1 male, 26-45 , 1 male 10-16, 4 fem under 10, 1 fem 10-16, 1 fem 26-45, No slaves.
- The 1830 Federal Census shows SQUIRE STEPHENS listed in Mecklenburg County - 2 males 15-20, 1 male 50-60, 1 fem 5-10, 2 fem 15-20, 1 fem 40-50, 5 slaves.
- The 1840 Federal Census shows SQUIRE STEPHENS listed in Mecklenburg County - 1 fem under 5, 1 fem 15-10, 3 slaves
- In 1797, SQUIRE worked on the road crew as part of land owners yearly duty. (13)
- Farmer and land speculator.
- The first recorded land transaction of SQUIRE STEVENS was in 1794 (see note # 1). (14,15,16)
- Member of the Methodist Church
- SQUIRE'S last Will and Testament Is on file by the State of North Carolina (see note # 2).
- SQUIRE and his first wife HANNAH HOUSTON are buried in Wesley Chapel Cemetery, Union County, North Carolina.
Notes for SQUIRE STEVENS:
- SQIORE is recorded buying and selling land in Mecklenburg County (today Union County), North Carolina an several occasions.
- February 1, 1794, purchased 50 acres on the middle fork of Crooked Creek at mouth of Scaffold Br "on both sides".
- February 27, 1794, purchased 100 acres on the waters of both sides of South fork of Crooked Creek; bordering JNO. LAWSON.
- March 28, 1796, purchased 205 acres
- March 29, 1799, state grant 1462 issued at Raleigh, vol 100, p 407, at 30 shillings the 100 acres to SQUIRE STEVEMS by WM. WHITE, 50 acres on Crooked Creek including the mouth of Scaffold Br and adj ADAM PHILLIPS, THOM. GRIBBLE, and a path. Wit: WM. R. DAVIE, Gov.
- SQUIRE STEVENS - LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT
I, Squire Stevens, Sr., of the County and State of Union being of sound mind and memory but considering the uncertainty of my earthly existence, do make and declare this my last will and testament in mind and form following to wit:
First that my executor, hereinafter named, shall provide my body a decent burial suitable to the wishes of my relatives and friends and pay all my funeral expenses together with my just debts to howsoever and to whomsoever owing out of the monies that may first come into his hands as a part and parcel of my estate.
Item - I give and devise unto to my beloved wife, Elizabeth, all uses the entire use of all my property (until such time as is hereinafter named that is today our plantation on which I now live all the house buildings, kitchen furniture (with the exception hereinafter named) with all my stock of cattle, sheep, hogs, horses, and all the barns and __?__ as hay and wheat that may have been __?__ at the time of my demise, together with the following negroes Urz, Mark and his wife Sarah to live and to __?__ of my estate as long as they live together.
Item - I give and devise to my wife Elizabeth the property we have where we make residence to her and her heirs forever.
Item - I give and devise unto my daughter Jane, two negro girls, Emily and __?__ and to continue with the family until she marries or leaves home and one horse, saddle and bridle, one cow and calf, one bed and furniture, wheel and cord, and ten dollars worth of __?__ and kitchen furniture, the horse to __?__ sixty dollars to have and to leave to her and her heirs forever.
Item - I give and devise to my daughter Harriet the first child Sarah, Mark's wife, has that is a living and proper child and one cow and calf, one bed and furniture, one wheel and cord, one saddle and bridle and one bureau which her mother has to have and to hold to her and her heirs forever.
Item - I give, will and devise unto my grand daughter, Harriet Stevens, fifty five dollars which was her mothers and ten dollars besides (?) out of my own estate to have and to hold to her and her heirs forever.
Item - I give and devise unto my grand daughter, Mary McCarlit(?) ten dollars to have and to hold forever.
Item - I give and devise to my son Abner H. Stevens, the plantation on which he now lives which has been run (?) of but I have made no deed, by him paying into my estate one hundred dollars, to have and to hold forever.
Item - My will and desire is that after taking out the uneven assessments (?) already made to my children who have married and settled with the devises and legasies above mentioned the residue of property together with the negro boy Sam Tompson (?) who is to be sold it is my desire the profits fo which is to be applied to the payment of my debts then due the balance of the property to be sold is above named and the debts collected together with the promises of which to be divided thus as follows: all of the property which my beloved wife Elizabeth brought here above named to be valued and this value there of to be taken out of her distributive share of my estate to my son Amos Stevens, Margaret Bivens, Nancy Kerr, Hannah Carlock, Abner H. Stevens, Squire Stevens, Jr. ,Irs(?) Stevens and Harriet Stevens share and share alike until they __?_ run as much as the value of the property valued for my wife Elizabeth and the above named children to share and share alike.
And lastly, I do hereby constiture and appoint my son Amos Stevens my lawful executor to all intents purposes to execute this my last Will and Testament according to the true intent and meaning of the same and every part and clause thereof hereby reveling (?) declaring utterly void all other Wills and Testaments heretofore made.
In writing whereof I, thee said Squire Stevens, Sr, do hereby set my hand and seal this Tenth day of February, AD 1844.
Signed sealed and delivered by the said Squire Steven, Sr, to his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who __?__ Squire Stevens, Sr his requests and in his presence do subscribe and names as witnesses thereto.
Mathew Phifer (?)
Children of SQUIRE STEVENS and HANNAH HOUSTON are:
- AMOS STEVENS, b. October 24, 1797, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina;
d. November 07, 1854, Union County, North Carolina; m. JANE "JENNY" HOWARD, 1820.
- MARY STEVENS, b. October 30, 1799, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.
Not in father's will, so it is assumed that she died before 1844.
- MARGARET "PEGGY" STEVENS, b. September 30, 1801, Mecklenburg
County, North Carolina; d. November 12, 1858, Pittsburg, Camp Co, Tx; m. DANIEL BIVINS, 1822, Mecklenburg Co, NC.
MARGARET is buried in Rose Hill Cemetery, Pittsburg, Texas
In 1824 the Bivens moved to Marshall County, Tennessee, where they purchased a farm and lived for 20 years.
In 1844 they moved to McDonnell, Henry County, Georgia
In 1853 they moved to Pittsburg, Upshur County (today Camp Co), Texas
- SARAH STEVENS, b. October 25, 1803.
Not in father's will, so it is assumed that she died before 1844.
- ELIZABETH STEVENS, b. January 31, 1806, NC.
Not in father's will, so it is assumed that she died before 1844.
- REBECCA STEVENS, b. March 11, 1810.
Not in father's will, so it is assumed that she died before 1844.
- NANCY STEVENS, b. July 30, 1812, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina; d. after 1878, Moody, McLennan County, Texas; m. JOHN KARR.
The 1850 Federal Census shows the Karr family in Marshall County, Mississippi on page 290, Northern Division.
- HANNAH STEVENS, b. November 11, 1814, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina; d. May 15, 1906, Pittsburg, Camp County, Texas; m. THOMAS TILLMAN CARLOCK.
The 1850 Federal Census shows the family in Marshall County, Mississippi, page 291, Northern Division. Sometime after 1850, the family moved to Upshur County (today Camp County), Texas.
- ABNER STEVENS, b. July 10, 1817, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina; d. 1844, Union County, North Carolina; m. DORCAS CLEMENTINE McCOWN in 1840.
- SQUIRE STEVENS, JR, b. March 12, 1820, Indian Trail, Mecklenburg County,
North Carolina d. July 29, 1871, Osceola, Hill County, Texas.
- JANE STEVENS, b. November 08, 1824, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina; d. after 1880, Hope, Hempstead County, Arkansas; m. JAMES L. BARTON in 1848, Marshall County, Mississippi. (18)
Children of SQUIRE STEVENS and LYDIA HARRIS are:
- ELISHA STEVENS, b. May 27, 1834.
- HARRIET STEVENS, b. October 24, 1837.
It is unknown what happened to LYDIA and her two children by SQUIRE after his death.
Generation No. 3
SQUIRE STEVENS, JR (SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born March 12, 1820 in Indian Trail, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina and died July 29, 1871 in Osceola, Hill County, Texas. He married ELEANOR LANEY August 14, 1840 in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, daughter of JOHN LANEY and MARTHA SECREST. She was born July 28, 1823 in Mecklenburg County and died January 06, 1906 in Osceola, Hill County, Texas.
Facts About SQUIRE STEVENS, JR:
- Buried at Covington Cemetery, Covington, Tx
- The 1840 Federal Census show SQUIRE STEPHENS listed in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina - 2 males 20-30, 1 fem under 5, 0 slaves.
- The 1850 Federal Census shows S. STEPHENS listed in 4th District, Northern Division of Tishomingo County, Mississippi - age 30, farmer, land value $2000, wife ELLEN age 26, JOHN age 4, and ANN age 1.
- The1860 Federal Census shows S. STEVENS listed in Western District of Upshur Co, Texas, Post Office of Pittsburg - age 40, farmer, wife ELVIA (ELEANOR) age 37, son JOHN age 14.
- The 1870 Federal Census shows SQUIRE STEVENS listed in Pct #2, Hill County, Texas, Post Office of Hillsboro - age 50, occupation Wagoner, wife HELLEN (ELEANOR) age 46, son JOHN age 24
- About 1845, SQUIRE moved from North Carolina to Holly Springs, Marshall County, Mississippi.
- In 1852, SQUIRE moved his family to Pittsburg, Upshur County (today Camp County), Texas. They traveled six weeks by wagon
- In 1866, at the end of the War of Northern Aggression, SQUIRE moved to Hill County, Texas.
- I believe SQUIRE may have served in the Confederate Army, but I have not found anything to document this.
- In 1866 SQUIRE started a freight line hauling supplies from New Orleans to Hill and surrounding counties.
- In politics, Squire was a member of the Whig Party until after the Struggle For Southern Independence, and then became a Democrat.
- Member of the Methodist Church
- SQUIRE and his wife ELEANOR are both buried at Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas.
INTERESTING NOTE: ELEANOR remarried a widower named PHILLIP WALKER after SQUIRE'S death. She raised his 5 children as her own. When he died in 1897, she returned to live in Oceola near her son and was buried next to SQUIRE. Mr. WALKER is buried next to his first wife in Austin, Texas.
Children of SQUIRE STEVENS and ELEANOR LANEY are:
- ELIZABETH JANE STEVENS, b. August 22, 1842; d. before. 1850.
Since Jane is not listed with the family on the 1850 Census, it is assumed she died as a child.
- JOHN ALBERT STEVENS, b. March 25, 1846, Holly Springs, Marshall County, Mississippi; d. July 21, 1922, Covington, Hill County, Texas.
- CORNELIA ANN STEVENS, b. November 02, 1848; d. before 1860 census.
Cornelia is said to have died at age 12, killed by a falling tree.
- WILLIAM FRANKLIN STEVENS, b. May 27, 1851; d. about 1853.
- BENJAMINE VANDYKE STEVENS, b. September 18, 1853; d. about 1855. It is said Benjamine was accidently shot and killed at age 2.
Generation No. 4
JOHN ALBERT STEVENS (SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born March 25, 1846 in Holly Springs, Marshall Co, Mississippi and died July 21, 1922 in Covington, Hill County, Texas. He married MARY ELIZABETH GATHINGS September 25, 1873 in Covington, Texas, daughter of PHILIP GATHINGS and ELIZABETH WHITE. She was born March 17, 1851 in Anson County, North Carolina and died November 23, 1930 in Covington, Hill County, Texas.
Facts About JOHN ALBERT STEVENS:
- The 1850 FederalCensus shows JOHN listed in 4th District, Northern Division of Tishomingo County, Mississippi in his father's household at age 4.
- The 1860 Federal Census shows JOHN listed in Western District of Upshur Co, Texas in father's household at age 14
- The 1870 Federal Census shows JOHN listed in Pct #2, Hill County, Texas, Post Office of Hillsboro in father's household at age 24, occupation Wagoner.
- The 1880 Federal Census shows JOHN STEPHENS listed in Pct #2, Hill County, Texas, age 34, occupation farmer, wife ELIZABETH age 26, with daughters ELLA, 5 and IDA, 1.
- JOHN STEVENS was an expert pistol shootist and marksman, (see note #3). (19,20)
- Between 1866 - 1900, There are several references to JOHN A STEVENS being involved in keeping the peace one way or another (see note # 2). (20,21,22)
- Response to a letter I wrote asking about my grandfather's early years (see note #4). (23)
- JOHN STEVENS served in the Confederate Army from 1863 to 1865 (see note #1). (24,25,26,27)
- In 1922 a Newspaper article about JOHN A STEVENS' funeral was written by a Ft Worth reporter (see notes #2.7, 2.10, 3.3). (28,29)
- In politics, he was a Democrat.
- Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas
Facts About MARY ELIZABETH GATHINGS:
- Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas.
- The 1870 Census of Pct #2, Hill County, Texas, Post Office of Hillsboro shows MARY E living in her father's household at age 18.
- Came to Hill County, Texas by wagon train with her parents about 1854.
Notes for JOHN ALBERT STEVENS:
- Service of John Albert Stevens in the Struggle for Southern Independence as researched by
John D. Stevens:
- Enlisted in Confederate service, Mar 27, 1863 at age 17.
- 35th (Liken's) Texas Cavalry Rgt formed from Liken's and Burns' Battalions, Sept 1863.
- Liken's Rgt patrolling coast between Matagorda and Galveston, Oct 1863 to Mar 1864. Attached to Bee's Division.
- Regiment ordered to Louisiana due to Bank's Red River Campaign, Mar 1864.
- 35th is attached to Terrell's Brigade, Bagby's Division, Apr 1864.
- For the next six weeks, the 35th was in almost daily contact with Union Troops and gunboats as they retreated back down the Red River after theFederal defeat at Sabine Cross Roads and Pleasant Hill. During this time, Liken's Rgt was involved or present at over a dozen engagements and skirmishes until the Union Army reached safety. This campaign consisted of less than 5,000 Confederate Calvary trying to defeat, harass, or trap an army of 18,000 on land and Admiral Porter's River Flotilla of gunboats from mid April to the end of May 1864. This was probably as hopeless of a campaign that the Confederates ever attempted during the war. They kept constant pressure on the retreating Yankees who were stealing, burning, and destroying everthing in their path.
- Operations, scouts, and skirmishes against Federal troops in Southern Louisiana until Feb 1865 when the 35th was dismounted due to lack of remounts and forage.
- The 35th Tx Dismounted Calvary which only consisted of 352 officers and men, were attached to the defense of Galveston until May 1865 when Liken's Rgt was ordered to Houston to receive discharges, May 1865.
- Discharged at Navasota, Tx, May 25, 1865.
- From a newspaper article written at his death: "He was only a boy when he put on a jacket of gray and rode with the wild riders of Texas in defense of the Stars and Bars"
- From a letter written to his wife: "Your husband and I were in the same mess and were like brothers. Together we have stood through the long chilly nights on picket in hearing of the enemy's lines and many times when a hail of bullets and of bursting shells almost enveloped us. He was a true friend, a brave and valiant soldier, and as true as steel to the Confederate cause.
- JAS participation in vigilante action and law enforcement.
- Ellis Bailey states in his book, "JAS was the main factor in subduing outlaws in the 1870's".
- Mr Bailey also relates an incident in his book where the "Anti-Horse Thieves League" arrested a suspected thief after a shootout in which one of the posse was killed. On the night of Apr 13, 1871 a mob stormed the jail and shot the suspect. Critics of JAS accused him of being a member of the mob. In his defense, the suspect had given the distress signal of the Masons, which JAS was an avid member. Second, JAS had negotiated the suspects surrender and gave his word that he would get a fair trial. Third, JAS stated that it was the Horse Thieves that killed him to keep him from talking. Several other references are made regarding JAS and others in the anti-horse thieves organization. Mr. Bailey tries to look at both sides of the issues and give some reasoning as to why normal law abiding men would be a part of such an organization. By late 1873, it had become too hot in Hill County to be a horse thief or one who harbored them and they moved on. In 1874, an honest sheriff was elected and the "Anti-Horse Thieves League" was disbanded.
- My grandfather had a letter (destroyed when his house burned after his death) from someone in El Paso, Texas. This letter asked JAS to come to El Paso and arrest the killer of his brother. The alleged killer was a friend of the local sheriff and would not be arrested according to the letter. He was seeking JAS's aid because he had heard about his reputation for honesty and fairness. My grandfather showed this letter to me when I was a young teenager. I do not recall the date or originator of the letter.
- Ellis Bailey also tells a story in his book that my grandfather also told me when I was young boy. Four mules and a horse were stolen from JAS in the early 1870's. He, alone, took to the trail and was gone for several weeks. When he returned, he had the four mules and the horse. He said he recovered the mules in Denton County and the horse in Oklahoma. The horse had been ridden so hard it was ruined. JAS never did say what had become of the thief or thieves.
- In 1876, some horses were stolen in Hill County. JAS and two others found the trail and followed it for nine weeks. They found the horses in New Mexico and returned them to their owners. No record of what happened to the horse thieves is known. This actually happend more than once. The horses would be found and brought home.
- In 1881, a grissly murder of two brothers was committed a few miles south of Itasca. JAS was called in to aid in identifying the murderers. By back tracking their horses, he found where they had been purchased in Bosque County by two men who owned a ranch in Ellis County. The identities were sent to the sheriff of Ellis County who arrested them. They were convicted and sentenced to the pen. One man later escaped and was killed when the sheriff tried to rearrest him.
- STEVENS was a pioneer in Hill County, and as a young man became famous for his intrepid daring in fighting organized outlaws who held this country in terror for years STEVENS headed the vigilantes and they drove the horse and cattle thief from Central Texas. Stories of cool courage unsurpassed in Anglo-Saxon tradition have been told about STEVENS, not by him.
- JAS served about six years a deputy sheriff of Hill County prior to 1889.
- Appointed Deputy U. S. Marshal for Hill and adjoining counties. I have written to the U. S. Marshal's office in Washington, D.C. and for the Northern District of Texas, but neither have any records of JAS's service.
- When the flag of the Confederacy went down, JAS was one of the gallant band that fought against alien domination (carpetbaggers). He was one of those that marched to Austin to expel Edmond J. Davis and seat Richard Coke as chief executive of the Lone Star commonwealth. For many years after the war there were wild men who had no regard for law and the man who was the quickest on the trigger was the ruler of his community. There were cattle rustlers, desperate gunmen, and outlaws everywhere. JAS was for law & order and it's enforcement if it required a Winchester rifle to enforce it.
- In a personal letter written to me, Ellis Bailey stated: I will never forget the words the preacher used at MR. STEVENS funeral, "no body but John Stevens and God knew what JOHN STEVENS' gun did to make this county safe for the law abiding, that they might lay down at night to rest and not be worried about being called out and killed before daylight." My grandfather, R.K. BAILEY, was a member with JOHN in the anti-horse thieves organization. They had to do many things that we of today might figure was wrong. The lawless were in control, it was impossible to convict in the carpetbag courts, so the oath they took explains everything: "Gravely lamenting the insufficiency of our laws in protecting our lives and property, and in protecting from defamation the women of our county, we, a band of citizens have united for the purpose of visiting death and destruction to all violators of the law." I write this that you might understand, why, at certain times, John, Dick (Long), Will (Gathings), and R.K. had to be sorta rough.
- JAS as a shootist.
- J D STEVENS has in his possession three pistols that were carried by his great grandfather. An 1878 Colt 45 Double Action revolver, a 32 Colt automatic, and a 25 Colt automatic. Both automatics had the handgrips removed to make them slimmer. This allowed the user to carry them in the pocket or belt and were less likely to snag in case they needed to be put into action quickly. The little 25 auto has been fired so many times that the slide is worn to the point where the shells will not eject without jamming. My grandfather, A D STEVENS, told me when I was a young boy that his father liked to refine his skills with the little 25 auto, because it was the most difficult to shoot accurately due to it's size. One way of practicing was by shooting grasshoppers off cotton stalks from the back of his horse as he rode through cotton fields.
- Ellis Bailey states in his book that once JAS and Mr Bailey's grandfather were invited to have dinner with a family near the Northern Line of Hill County. As they were eating, several prairie chickens flew into a tree in the front yard. The lady of the house remarked about wanting one of them. Without rising from his chair, JOHN pulled his pistol and shot the head off one. The man remarked that it was a lucky shot. JOHN promptly shot the heads off two more chickens through the window before the rest flew off.
- STEVENS was an expert horseman and marksman. It is said of him that he could ride at a gallop around a tree and make a circle with bullets.
- Although this letter was written primarily about my grandfather, I am copying the parts with information about most of the children of JAS. You will notice a primary concern of JAS for his children was getting them a good education.
When A. D. STEVENS was a small boy we lived in a two-story white frame house south of Osceola, Texas on land which my father owned. (I have pictures of this home) I do not remember the number of acres, but it was nice property and the older children attended the local school, but Papa decided to move to Hillsboro to send us to school. So he bought a lot in Hillsboro and had a white frame house built on it and I started to school. DOUGLASS attended "Culberson's Select School", Sister IDA attended school at Patterson Institute. Sister LILLY and I attended Central School. SQUIRE and JOSEPHINE was not of school age at that time. After IDA and LILLY were married, we moved back to Osceola. Papa sent DOUGLASS to a Business College in Dallas and I attended college in Denton for a year, then I attended Switzer College from which school I graduated. Later JOSEPHINE attended Kidd-Key College in Sherman and SQUIRE attended New Mexico Military Institute. It was thought the climate of Roswell would be good for him. JOSEPHINE graduated from college after a few years at Kid-Key. Later on my Aunt sold land which she had inherited and Papa bought the Old Home Place South of Covington (I have pictures of this home) and we moved there. I'm sure you know where the old home of my grand parents is located. It is just across the road from your Grandfather's home (I have pictures of this home), which burned years ago. Of coarse you pass these familiar places when you go to Cleburne to visit your Grandmother. When A. D. STEVENS was a young man, funerals, weddings, and receptions were held in the homes. Your Grandfather always had a good looking buggy and horse before the auto became popular and he enjoyed using them.
I trust that you have not had too much trouble reading this for I do try to write a letter that one with good eyesight can read.
My love and best wishes to each of you from Your great aunt,
LOTTIE JOHN WEATHERRED
Children of JOHN STEVENS and MARY GATHINGS are:
- ELEANOR E. STEVENS, b. July 27, 1873; d. April 07, 1967, Hillsboro, Texas.
- PHILIP GATHINGS STEVENS, b. November 11, 1876. Died an infant before 1880.
- IDA C. STEVENS, b. January 02, 1879; d. September 17, 1961.
- ASTYNX DOUGLASS STEVENS, b. February 01, 1881, Hill Co, Texas. d. 1960, Covington, Texas.
- LILLY W. STEVENS, b. 1882, Texas.
- CHARLLOTTE JOHN STEVENS, b. July 10, 1885; d. June 28, 1979, Coleman, Texas; m. MARCUS WEATHERRED, December 30, 1912.
- SQUIRE A. STEVENS, b. 1887; d. 1927.
- JOSEPHINE STEVENS, b. April 12, 1890; d. June 08, 1961.
Generation No. 5
ELEANOR E. STEVENS (JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born July 27, 1873 and died April 07, 1967 in Hillsboro, Texas. She married ROBERT L. WATSON April 12, 1893 in Oceola, Hill Co, Texas. He was born November 17, 1867, and died December 22, 1912.
Facts About ELEANOR E. STEVENS:
- Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Tx
- The1880 Federal Census shows ELEANOR as daughter of JOHN A. STEVENS, age 5
- October 02, 1929, confirmed as a member of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. National # 255923
- 1946, "Texas Mother of the Year", by the Golden Rule Foundation
Children of ELEANOR STEVENS and ROBERT WATSON are:
- MARY LENA WATSON, m. HIPPARD.
- MAJORIE WATSON, m. MAYES.
- PAULINE WATSON, d. 1993; m. WILKERSON.
- ROBYN WATSON, d. Ft. Worth, Tx; m. F. O. B. JOHNSON.
- JOHN ALBERT WATSON, d. 1990, Bremerton, Wash.
- J. WELDON WATSON.
IDA C. STEVENS (JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born January 02, 1879 and died September 17, 1961. She married ARTHUR D. BYRN January 05, 1902. He was born July 11, 1871, and died August 31, 1960.
Facts About IDA C. STEVENS:
- Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas
- The 1880 Federal Census shows Ida as daughter of John A. Stevens, age 1
Children of IDA STEVENS and ARTHUR BYRN are:
- ARTHUR D.6 BYRN, b. December 20, 1907; d. September 16, 1969.
Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas
- JOHN STEVENS BYRN, b. August 14, 1912; d. October 01, 1975.
Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas
October 14, 1945, Discharged from U.S. Army: WW II, 36th Division, Co "L"
ASTYNX DOUGLASS STEVENS (JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born February 01, 1881 in Hill Co, Texas and died 1960 in Covington, Texas. He married MARY ELIZABETH PIERSON July 29, 1915 in Methodist Parsonage @ Covington, Texas. She was born August 22, 1895 in Johnson County, Texas, and died 1987 in Denton, Texas.
Facts About ASTYNX DOUGLASS STEVENS:
- Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas along with his wife MARY ELIZABETH.
- Response to a letter I wrote asking about my grandfather's early years (see note #1). (30)
- Occupation: Farmer and Rancher
Notes for ASTYNX DOUGLASS STEVENS:
- Your Grandfather always had a good looking buggy and horse before the auto became popular and he enjoyed using them. Your grandfather was a wonderful and good man when one knew and understood him. I have missed him so very much.
Children of ASTYNX STEVENS and MARY PIERSON are:
- MAURINE6 STEVENS, b. Covington, Texas.
- JOHN ALBERT STEVENS II, b. August 12, 1919, Covington, Texas; d. 1991, Ft. Worth, Texas.
LILLY W. STEVENS (JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born 1882 in Texas.
She married KNOX.
Child of LILLY STEVENS and KNOX is:
- MARSHALL STEVENS KNOX.
SQUIRE A. STEVENS (JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born 1887, and
died 1927. He married SUE V. She was born 1889, and died 1964. Both are buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas.
Child of SQUIRE STEVENS and SUE V. is:
- INFANT STEVENS, b. December 10, 1911; d. December 17, 1911.
JOSEPHINE STEVENS (JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born April 12,
1890, and died June 08, 1961. She married ANDREW JACKSON HART. He was born April 08,
1888, and died March 29, 1968. Both are buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas.
JOSEPHINE graduated from Kidd-Key College
Children of JOSEPHINE STEVENS and ANDREW HART are:
- JOHN PID HART, b. October 12, 1923; d. August 07, 1989.
Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas
Military service: Served in U.S. Army during WW II
- CHARLLOTTE HART, b. December 02, 1920; d. January 05, 1994.
- MARY JOSEPHINE HART, b. July 20, 1913; d. Jan 22, 2000, De Soto, Texas.
- ANDREW JACKSON HART.
Generation No. 6
MAURINE STEVENS (ASTYNX DOUGLASS, JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL)
was born in Covington, Texas. She married PAUL V. PETTY.
Child of MAURINE STEVENS and PAUL PETTY is:
- SUSAN MAURINE7 PETTY, m. ROLAND DICKEY.
JOHN ALBERT STEVENS II (ASTYNX DOUGLASS, JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born August 12, 1919 in Covington, Tx, and died 1991 in Ft. Worth, Texas. He
married BERNICE MAY ELLSWORTH.
Facts About JOHN ALBERT STEVENS II:
- Buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Tx
- Military service: Served in U.S. Army Air Corp during WW II
Facts About BERNICE MAY ELLSWORTH:
- Degree: 1983, BA, in Hospital Administration
- 1942, Graduated from Louisville General Hospital School of Nursing
Children of JOHN STEVENS and BERNICE ELLSWORTH are:
- JOHN DOUGLAS STEVENS.
- MARY CATHY STEVENS.
MARSHALL STEVENS KNOX (LILLY W. STEVENS, JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL)
Children of MARSHALL STEVENS KNOX are:
- MARSHALL HARRISON7 KNOX.
- JERREL FREDERICK KNOX.
- RICHARD STEVENS KNOX.
CHARLLOTTE HART (JOSEPHINE STEVENS, JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE,
EMANUEL) was born December 02, 1920, and died January 05, 1994. She married (1) JOHN JERRELL NICHOLS. She married (2) LEE ROY REESE.
CHARLLOTTE is buried in Covington Cemetery, Covington, Texas.
LEE ROY REESE was killed in action In Italy during WWII
Child of CHARLLOTTE HART and JOHN NICHOLS is:
- JOHN JERRELL NICHOLS, b. 1950.
Child of CHARLLOTTE HART and LEE REESE is:
- MARSIA REESE.
MARY JOSEPHINE HART (JOSEPHINE STEVENS, JOHN ALBERT, SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) was born July 20, 1913, and died January 22, 2000 in De Soto, Texas. She married FARRIS RHEA. Buried in Grandview Cemetery, Grandview, Texas.
Children of MARY HART and FARRIS RHEA are:
- REGIS RHEA.
- MARLYS RHEA.
Generation No. 7
JOHN DOUGLAS STEVENS (JOHN ALBERT, ASTYNX DOUGLASS, JOHN ALBERT,
SQUIRE, SQUIRE, EMANUEL) He married SHERRY JANNETTE VEAZEY.
Children of JOHN STEVENS and SHERRY VEAZEY are:
- JOHN DOUGLAS8 STEVENS, Jr.
- DAWN ANGELIQUE STEVENS.
1. Recorded in the Bible of the mother of Mrs Mabel Smith Couch of Monroe, NC., Submitted
by James L. Stevens to A. Maxim Coppage in 1965 and then sent to Harry O. Alvis.
2. Mecklenburg County, NC Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas 1780-1800.
3. Herman W. Ferguson, Mecklenburg County, NC Deed Abstracts Books 10-14.
4. Mecklenburg County, NC Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas 1780-1800.
5. Herman W. Ferguson, Mecklenburg County, NC Deed Abstracts Books 10-14.
6. Mecklenburg County, NC Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas 1780-1800.
7. Pruitt, Mecklenburg County, NC Land Entries 1778-1795.
8. W. C. Fields, Abstracts of Deeds of Cumberland Co, NC - Vol 1, Books 1 - 3, 1754-1770.
9. Brent H. Holcomb, Union County, South Carolina Deed Abstracts, Vol 1, Deed Books A-F,
10. Union County, S.C. Heritage Comm., Union County, S.C. Heritage- 1981, Story # 675 on page 322, Men owning land on Tyger River in the 1750's were among others, Emanuel Stevens.
11. Carolinas Genealogical Society, The Heritage of Union County, NC, 1842-1992.
12. Bible of John A. Stevens, Names and birthdates of Squire & Hannah and Squire's second wife Lydia and all of Squire's children were found in this Bible. Copied by Will Stevens of Charlotte, NC in 1919.
13. Mecklenburg County, NC Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas 1780-1800.
14. Pruitt, Mecklenburg County, NC Land Entries 1778-1795.
15. Mecklenburg County, NC Minutes of the Court of Common Pleas 1780-1800.
16. Herman W. Ferguson, Mecklenburg County, NC Deed Abstracts Books 10-14.
17. Frances Ingmire, Marriage Records of Mecklenburg Co, NC, 1788-1866.
18. Helen McKnight, Marshall Co, Ms Marriages 1836-1860.
19. John Douglass Stevens, Sr, Verbal accounts as told by A. Douglass Stevens.
20. Ellis Bailey, A History of Hill County, Texas 1838-1965, (Texian Press, Waco, Tx).
21. John Douglas Stevens, Sr, Verbal accounts as told by A. Douglass Stevens.
22. Ellis Bailey, Letter Written to Me In Response to an Inquiry, 1970.
23. Charllotte Stevens Weatherred, Letter about early years of the Stevens' Family, (Sent 1974).
24. Mrs. J. A. Stevens, Widow's Application for Confederate Pension.
25. Discharge of John Albert Stevens from the Army of the CSA.
26. R. L. Suggs, Letter to Mrs. J. A. Stevens after the death of her husband..
27. Writer Unknown, "The Hillsboro Mirror, August 2, 1922," Waco News-Tribune.
28. Silliman Evans, "The Hillsboro Mirror, July 22, 1922," Reporter for the Ft. Worth Star Telegram.
29. Writer Unknown, "The Hillsboro Mirror, August 2, 1922," Waco News-Tribune.
30. Charllotte Stevens Weatherred, Letter about early years of the Stevens' Family, (Sent 1974).