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Ancestors of Patrick Martin Stevens, Jr.

Generation No. 2


      2. Captain Patrick Martin Stevens6, born 16 October 1823 in Cherry Hill or Oak Hill, Bairdstown, Oglethorpe Co., GA7,8; died 06 January 1905 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, Oglethorpe Co., GA9. He was the son of 4. Major John Martin Stevens and 5. Sarah Floyd Stewart. He married 3. Martha Louise Isabella Brookes 29 November 1853 in Washington, Wilkes Co., GA10,11,12.

      3. Martha Louise Isabella Brookes13, born 03 April 1830 in Washington, Wilkes Co., GA14,15; died 06 December 1905 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, Oglethorpe Co., GA. She was the daughter of 6. Iverson Lewis Brookes and 7. Prudence Echols Irvin.

Notes for Captain Patrick Martin Stevens:
_____________________________________

A note on the use of DNA for research: I strongly encourage male Stevenses to have their DNA checked and to post it on line, either with their identity shielded, as is offered for the Stevenses, or posted without restriction, as I have done.

Many have joined in this vast work, but it is only a start. I had FTDNA at <http://www.familytreedna.com/> check my Y DNA to determine common male descent and so far have several matches. While the 12 allele check is a way to start, I recommend the 25 allele results for more refined comparisons. Particularly valuable would be more from the male Stevens line in Europe, where additional results can begin to pin down the origin of the Stevens immigrants to the new world.
______________________________________


Pat was my great-grandfather.

Of him his wife Martha writes in her diary of the day she met him in June 1853:

"...Father Enoch Callaway preached the funeral of William Wynn-- poor Kate Wynn Stephens' brother. He left a young widow and two children, the last an infant born after his death.... A large congregation assembled. Just after we had gotten out of the carriage Mr. George C.'s carriage drove up, so we waited and went to the house with Mr. C. As we approached Mr. C. said, Mattie there "he" is. I turned my head and lo Mr. Stephens, in his buggy and horses had driven up. I walked on as Mr. Stephens came in church. I thought him decided ly the handsomest man I knew. He is about 6 feet-- handsomely proportioned figure and dignity of appearance-- fair ruddy complexion-- bright and beautiful black eyes and dark hair and to help out the glowing picture, has a high noble white forehead...."

His son Pat, 1874- 1966, wrote: "Patrick Martin Stevens, born Oct. 16, 1823, married Sarah Wynne in 1848, daughter of Isgar Wynne (editor's note: Isgar was John in every record. I do not know where granddaddy got this name), an early settler of the county. He married second, in 1853, Martha Brookes, daughter of the Reverend Iverson Lewis and Prudence Irvin Brookes, an active builder of the early Baptist Church in this section. Captain Patrick M. Stevens took an active part in the stirring times of the fifties and sixties and in the part that Oglethorpe County played. He served in the State Legislature for two terms from the county when the capital was at Milledgeville (see the Official Record of Public Officers of Georgia) and took an active interest in the political history of the county during his lifetime. He was commissioned by the governor as Captain, 22nd Regiment, Georgia Militia, and later, August 4th, 1863, as a 2nd Lieutenant, Company K, 3rd Georgia State Guard Cavalry, and served actively during the War in the Confederate Retreat before Sherman. (See Confederate Records, State Department of Archives.) He was affectionately known by numerous friends as "Uncle Pat," and died in January, 1905 at the age of 82."

His mother died when he was four, and we think he was cared for by his Aunt Matilda Phinizy, but by 1836 she too was gone. He was just 12, and had lost both his own and his substitute mothers. Patrick might have returned to his father John at that time. I have never known.

In the 1830 census, however, he is probably with his father John, given in the census as John M. Stephens, with the household having 2 males under 5, 1 male five to sixteen, and 1 male 40-50. These must be John Stevens b 1780-1790, Joseph B., b 1814-1825, and Patrick incorrectly noted as less than 5, and James who was then four. Sadly there are no women, with Sarah's passing earlier. By 1840, there are John, now 50-60, Joseph still home, 20-30, and Patrick, 15-20.

In the 1850 Oglethorpe census, we have in the Stevens household P. M. Stevens, 26, born in Geo.; John M. Stevens, 56, born in Ken.; Sarah C. Stevens, 20, born in Geo., and Susannah, 4/12, born in Geo.

Pat served in the Georgia House in 1861, 1862, and 1863. Capt. Phinizy, his cousin, congratulates him in 1861 on his victory in the election. From "Camp near Fairfax Va Oct 11th 1861" he writes "We are informed here that you are elected to represent our county. I congratulate you on the event. We are not informed who is elected to serve with you in the house, nor are we informed who is elected Senator. I hope that Echols is elected." (See Phinizy letters in my collection.)

He might not have been so religious as his Martha, for in her July 25th 1853 diary entry before their marriage she opines, "I must guard my heart and not make an idol of him, and Oh! if he was but a Christian!-- he would be all I could wish." In any event they married that fall and had eleven children between them, in addition to Lou (Sue) who was already three when they married.

The archives has this:
182405 Stevens P.M. K 3rd Reg't GA Cav. (State Guards) from the GEORGIA CIVIL WAR SOLDIER INDEX - Page 260 - Stepens thru Stevison: 181697-182538 Compiled and formatted by Keith Giddeon Info and F.A.Q. at http://www.rootsweb.com/~gagenweb/military/gsi/index.html
________________________________________
The 1860 census finds the Stevens:

REFERENCE: Enumerated June 26, 1860 by Benagz Crowley, Page 41
LN HN FN LAST NAME FIRST NAME AGE SEX RACE OCCUP. REAL VAL. BIRTHPLACE
========================================================================== ======
36 288 288 Stevens P. M. 35 M Farmer 10,000 35,000 Ga.
37 288 288 Stevens Martha 27 F Ga.
38 288 288 Stevens Susanah 10 F Ga.
39 288 288 Stevens Isabella 5 F Ga.
40 288 288 Stevens Mary 3 F Ga.
1 288 288 Stevens John 1 M Ga.
______________________________________

From the Oglethorpe Echo, reprinted with thanks to those noted below in the Rootsweb Oglethorpe site, is this compendium of Pat's neighbors just before the war:

Georgia: Oglethorpe County: Prominent Ante-Bellum Families From the Oglethorpe Echo, 12 November 1909

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Oglethorpe Echo Nov. 12th 1909

"PROMINENT ANTE-BELLUM CITIZENS OF OUR COUNTY

Men who gave Oglethorpe fame for its Exceptional High Class of the most Noble of Citizenry
AS REMEMBERED BY MR. J. S. BAUGHN


To use a Texas parlance I come to a round up, but before doing so I will state an omission. George Latimer had a son, Joel, who went to Alabama. The two Milner brothers, John and Johnson, lived between Salem and Woodstock. Three sisters were married to men whose names I mentioned in my last.

Above Bairdstown lived that courtly gentleman, P. M. Stevens. Near him was Joel Hunt, Messrs. Smith, Marable and Colclough, I have not used titles, but will by way of designation in the case of Messrs. W. B. Brightwell, O. P. Finley, J. W. Patrick, Mr. Porter, Dr. George Lumpkin, Burnett Moore, J. A. and B. A. Christopher, Seaborn Aycock, A. J. Gillen, Sr. William Davis, William Brook, Booker Adkins, for a long while sheriff of the county, after the war. I will say that Mr. Adkins lived near Prospect Academy located then near where R. L. Callaway now lives. I went to school with his oldest boys in 1848. The Ellises were denizens of upper Falling Creek district, James and William Jewell, Marshall Edwards, Hamp Bugg, Matt Jackson, Mr. Cummings. I again state that I speak only of those I knew, but did not know of their precise location. I have alluded to Marshall Edwards as he lived at Herman, he had five other brothers who lived above or to the northwest of him. William Lemuel, John, Seaborn and Mordecai. The Martins, Crowley's Trible, Obadiah Thompson and Feilding Dillard. I will again allude to some families that went to Louisiana a few years before the war, and I knew them there. Barnett Moore, John Holmes, Thomas Baldwin, Mrs. Pricilla Moore and Mrs. Elizabeth Crowder. They and their children were the best of citizens and were never wanting in any essential to constitute models of their county's pride. There were three Fullilove brothers, James, William and Tatum, that went to Louisiana and one I am sure was from the Oglethorpe side - the other two from Clarke. Marshall Brawner was living at the Brawner house just before the war.

The Bowling family lived above Stephens and up the railroad were John Pulnot, Jacob Phinizy, Woodie Daniel, Mr. Campbell, James Norton and I would not leave out that unique character, Bennett Martin. Never did a man hold more tenaciously to his convictions. T'was he who said he once met with eleven contrary men when he would not assent to a verdict that he did not believe was right. There was a Mr. Phelps, who moved to the George Latimer place before the war, and his sons made good soilders. Mr. Hansford was an overseer, who changed his abode very often but his sons were all true blue in the trying times from 1861 to 1865. Newton Petermen, William Wray, and Henry Brittian, who was for many years the honored ordinary of the county.

I know I have omitted many names, but if I am able to obtain a roster of the different companies in the county, that defect in my memory will be made manifest. Now, as to the ladies of the county. The mothers, wives and sisters, too much can not be said in praise. The untiring energy and self sacrifice well deserves a monument. A roman matron was once asked my some visitors to see her jewels, meaning her personal adornments. In response she bought out her two sons. They, in after years, gave inestimable proofs as defenders of the ancient city. The mothers of Oglethorpe, like the ancient spartan mothers, bade adieus to their sons with the same injunction, "Return on you shield or with your shield", conquer or die, and right nobley did they heed the advice. I will say that the request to write up the military characters of the county, to obey I shall need aid. I was in the western army with a Texas regiment and knew little of my native county's part in the struggle. J. S. B."

<p>
<img src="http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/s/t/e/Pat-M-Stevens-iv/PHOTO/0124photo.jpg">
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From the Oglethorpe Echo, Lexington, Georgia, Friday, Jan. 13, 1905, a clipping in my collection:

"CAPT. STEVENS NO MORE.
-------------------------------------------
Another of Oglethorpe's Oldest Citizens Taken Hence
------------------------------------------------------
He Was Among the Last of the Gentlemen of the School of Antebellum Days Among Us.
----------------------------------------------------
We made the announcement in the last issue that Capt. P. M. Stevens, who had been ill with pneumonia at his home near Maxeys for several weeks, was sinking and not expected to last through the day. Before the entire issue of the paper had been mailed we were informed by telephone that at 11 o'clock death had relieved him of his sufferings.
In the death of Capt. Stevens, another of the county's oldest citizens, and one known to and highly esteemed by, we might say a majority of the people of the county, is taken. For more than three quarters of a century he had lived in the county, and in his more active days was one of the county's most prominent men.
He was born Oct. 16, 1823, within a few hundred yards of where he died, and the place he owned has been his home for the entire eighty-one years of his life, it having been inherited by him from his father.
He was twice married, first to Miss Sarah Wynne, of this county, on the 22d of November, 1848. She lived only two years, leaving an infant daughter at her death. His second wife was Miss Martha Brooks, of Wilkes County, who he married Nov. 29th, 1853, and who survives him. To them were born eleven children, eight of whom are left to mourn his loss.
Capt. Stevens descended from a long line of brave patriotic ancestry. His father was Maj. John M. Stevens who came from Kentucky and settled in Oglethorpe County more than a century ago. His mother was Sarah Stewart, daughter of Gen. John B. Stewart of revolutionary fame. His great-grandfather, Gen. Daniel Stewart came with Gen. Oglethorpe, serving as secretary when he came from England to settle the Georgia Colony.
He was a captain of a company in the Confederate army, in which position he did valiant service for his beloved Southland.
For two terms he represented Oglethorpe County in the Georgia Legislature. This was in the 50s when Milledgeville was the capital. Many of his colleagues in that body became distinguished citizens of the State. (Ed. note: He actually was elected to the terms of 1861, 1862, and 1863.)
In antebellum days, Capt. Stevens was one of the largest, if not the largest, landowners and slave holders in the county, and was one of Oglethorpe's wealthiest citizens. By the fortune of the war, however, his wealth was swept away, but he accepted the decree without a murmur, and his home was ever open to all who might come and partake of his hospitality which he dispensed lavishly.
He was one of the now quite few remaining gentlemen of that school that belonged peculiarly to the Old South. His gentility was noticeable in his every act and even by his appearance. He ever evinced a courteousness and courtliness that is not born in those of later generations. He was generous almost to a fault and his kindly consideration for all about him was beautiful to behold.
He was a remarkably healthy and vigorous man, and up to the day he was taken with his last illness looked actively after his affairs. When he knew that his end was near at hand his only concern was for the companion of his bosom for more than fifty years and for the children who would be bereft of his care and protection.
His spark of life went out as a candle that had burned to the end of its wick-- he only gasped, it was gone. His long and useful career came peacefully and placidly to a close; he laid down his life's burden and went to his reward, for a life well spent in which he lived not for nor to himself but for those around him. The world was bettered by his having lived; heaven gains by his death.
He was perhaps the oldest Mason in the county. For half a century he had lived as well as professed the tenets of that noble order. And after funeral services conducted by the Rev. Jno. D. Mell, it was by his brethren that he was laid to rest Saturday evening at three o'clock."

The assertion in the above obituary that John Stewart was a son of Daniel is incorrect, although they may well be cousins. The confusion may stem from their both being general officers. And, while the article mentions the 1850s for Pat's service in Milledgeville, the records show his service in the terms of 1861, 62, and 63. I thought also for many years that he had served in the Convention called by the Governor to debate the act of Secession, in which he perhaps would have voted against the proposed act, as some large number of the northern tier of Georgia counties did. At its later passage, however, all agreed to the Confederate cause, however reluctantly. I have found that even though he was elected to the House in 1861, this was after the Convention, assembled in January 1861. The convention delegates from Oglethorpe were D. D. Johnson, Samuel Glenn, and Willis Willingham, according to the "Journal of the Public and Secret Proceedings of the Convention of the People of Georgia, Held in Milledgeville and Savannah in 1861, Together with the Ordinances Adopted, 1861. (This text has kindly been made available on the Web <http://docsouth.unc.edu/georgia/georgia.html> by the Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999.) The first and telling vote in that January convention was on Mr. Nisbet's motion "Resolved, That in the opinion of this Convention, it is the right and duty of Georgia to secede from the present Union, and to co-operate with such of the other States as have or shall do the same, for the purpose of forming a Southern Confederacy upon the basis of the Constitution of the United States." The vote was "yeas 166, nays 130," hardly a ringing endorsement for secession. The northern, Piedmont, counties were much opposed to secession, Oglethorpe County was one, although we note Johnson and Glenn voted in the affirmative, and Willis Willingham alone said no!

Interestingly, Daniel Stewart noted above was the reason we have Fort Stewart, Ga., today. My sister Nancy and her husband Curry were there 1977-80, and Curry there in the 1950s as an Army child before joining the class of 1963 at West Point. Today it still calls us-- Patrick Martin Stevens Vth is to go there when he is commissioned this summer as a new engineer... (2002)

Among the relics I have from the old home at Oak Hill is a small envelope marked "Pa's Hair in this enclosure," containing a packet of yellowish white hair and the note: "Pa's hair taken off the day he left us for his home beyond the skyes. Died Jan 6th 1905, with typhoid pneumonia. His last words were 'I want to go Home.' And we know he is in a happy home. Pearl S. " (his daughter Pearl who was at Oak Hill, with Rosa and their mother, Martha, when he died.)

Patrick Martin Stevens died of pneumonia the 6th January, 1905 at his home of many years, Oak Hill, Oglethorpe County, Georgia. He was near eighty-two years old. In the Philippine Islands, his son Pat said his father's spirit came to him that night to say goodbye. Martha survived her Pat by only a little over ten months. Today, almost a hundred years gone by, they lie together only a few steps from their home, Oak Hill, under the now large magnolias planted by the young bride Martha so long ago. In a 1903 picture they sit on the porch at Oak Hill holding hands, and seem surely as fond of each other then as they were at their wedding 50 years before.

More About Captain Patrick Martin Stevens:
Burial: the Stevens Cemetery at Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA
Cause of Death: typhoid pneumonia
Medical Information: hair sample available

Notes for Martha Louise Isabella Brookes:
Martha was raised by her Irvin grandparents after her mother's death. Iverson, her father, remarried, and Martha, apparently, was not fond of her stepmother, in the few references to her in the diary. On July 25th, 1853, she writes of Patrick (Mr. Stephens) "He came ( ed.: to the Irvin home) as I expected Sunday eve and that night out in the front piazza-- and a lovely moonlight it was!-- he exacted my promise to be his, indeed, urged at last for me to become his bride in October next... I never shall forget my feelings. I thought my heart would just beat out... and now I feel a quiet happiness such as my heart never knew before-- surely this is true love and heaven will bless us, for I feel it is Heaven's gift!"

Recently , the Rev Cynthia Forde, a Bankston descendant who is transcribing Martha's 1852-1853 diary for me, wrote to ask about her-- "Did she continue writing in journals? Did she talk about the war? Were they affected by it? Were they still in Washington GA? Did they stay in GA? Did she lose sons?"

I replied that "I think she did continue her writings after her marriage, and somewhere there might be other little copy books like the one I have that led to your work, and my grandfather's in the late 40s. Someday we might find them. But I expect that as she took on raising her children and running the household, she might have slowed down. :)

"I don't know what she thought of the war. Pat was elected to the State House until 1863, when he resigned to accept a militia commission through the war's end. They suffered a lot after the war-- same as everyone else who were farmers and small slave holders. Pat became a Justice of the Peace for several years and they kept body and soul together.

"Their children mostly lived into adulthood, but not all.

"Her first born, Isabella Irvin Stevens and Mary Louisa Stevens, were both gone before 1880 to sickness, before Martha's 50th birthday. Mary Louisa counseled her mother Martha to name her new son (and last child) in 1874 "after Pa" and so my grandfather (and the rest of us-- Pats III, IV and V) have our names. Lou died two months after my grandad was born, and was gravely ill when he was born. Neither of these girls married. Both are at Oak Hill.

"Pat and Martha lived after their marriage at Oak Hill in Oglethorpe Co., near Bairdstown on the Greene Co. border. I am sure she was a frequent visitor back to Wilkes. She corresponded and was well read. I have some of her books, for example Prescott's Conquest of Mexico. She was a friend of Gov Gilmore, who inscribed his History of Georgia to her, complete with emendations in his own hand throughout the book! I treasure that. And I have a floralegia given to her by her grandfather Isaiah T Irvin before she married.

"When she married Pat, the ox carts travelled for days to Oak Hill with her possessions. I have two-- a rocking chair and a tall ornate hall hat stand which I am sure were in the Irvin's home in Wilkes, and which I took from Oak Hill in the 70s. We sold Oak Hill and its land in 1992-- the land had been in the family for almost exactly 200 years. It was originally Gen. John Stewart's property-- setting aside the Cherokees. John was Pat's grandfather."

There is an inconsistency in dates between the death of Prudence Irvin in the Irvin Bible (reported in notes from letters to my grandfather) and Martha Brooks' own handwritten birth date in the Stevens bible. Martha places her birth (in the family bible pages I have) after her mother's death. But see, op. cit., the entry in the Irvin bible giving Prudence's death on 13 July, 1830, when Martha was three months old.

I have adopted the Irvin bible entry as the accurate one.

James Callaway, the son of Mary Anne Irvin and grandson of IT Irvin wrote to one of the Stevens children (I think Nell-- it mentions the Echo, which her husband owned):

Macon, Ga.
Feb 28, 1914

"My dear Cousin:

"Cousin Belle should have given you the information. She has a full line, got it up for her children to join D.A.R. etc. She has a daughter and grand daughter with her; and our women folks are the leisure class now, the men folks are the bread winners. And if I had to write with ink, I guess I could not do it today, for I'm tired when my day's work is over. But I have a little time now and that is the time to do things.

"Yes I knew your mother and father well. Been there (ed.: Oak Hill) often-- spent the night-- used to go when Belle was a young lady. She was your half cousin.

"I remember there were a lot of you kids, all pretty little girls. I knew Cousin Matt when she was a young lady. She was at our old home in Washington often. Old Grandpa Irwin partly raised her. He lived twelve miles from Washington-- was a grand old man. I was out there many a time. His home was the rallying place for his daughters in the summers. He was rich-- had big orchards of apples, cherries, peaches, &c. Kept the spring house full of apple cider.

"My grandfather was Isaih (sic) Tucker Irwin, son of Christopher, who he moved to Wilkes when Grand Pa was about 13 years of age. Grand Pa married Isabella Bankston, daughter of Lawrence Bankston, whose wife was Nancy Henderson, daughter of Joseph Henderson, who wore knee breeches, silver buckles on his shoes, and powdered hair and was of the Virginia gentry class.

"The children of Grand Pa and dear old Grand Ma were: 1. Louisa, who married in 1820 to Louis L. Davis. 2. Nancy Irvin who married Thos. Faver (8 children). 3. Prudence born 9 Feb. 1810, married John Johnson. Her second was Iverson L. Brooks (2 children) Louisa and Matt (your mother) . 4. Rev. Charles Mercer Irvin D.D. born Nov. 11, 1813. married Harriett Battle, daughter of old Reuben Battle, Hancock County. 5. Mary Ann (my mother) born June 13, 1816. Married John H. Walton and lived on Savannah River on Lincoln side (3 children). Belle who married Robt. J. Bacon (they partly raised Senator Bacon) John and Stokes Walton, who were contemporary with Cousin Matt Brooks. Mary's second husband was Merrill Price Callaway and their children were Merrill, Henry Irvin, James, and Isaiah Tucker. Merrill died a year ago in Americus, Ga. Others living in Atlanta. 6. Isaiah Tucker Irvin, of Washington, Ga. born May 25th, 1819. Married Elizabeth Joyner (8 children). Sallie, Howlett, Charles Edgar (now in Washington) (He is the one who piloted Gen. Toombs in his flight from Yankees after war), Jane, Ben, Sciven (recently died), Tuck, Barnett. 7. Martha (Aunt Matt). Married Oliver Battle. Died in Texas (Waco)--

"Nup of Va. married a Majors-- Nup Majors married a Lee. Nup Lee married Joseph Henderson. They had 4 children, Joseph, Majors, Nancy, Isabella. Nancy married Lawrence Bankston; their daughter Isabella married Isaiah Tucker Irvin in 1801, my grandfather (your great grandfather). Nancy Henderson and Lawrence Bankston lived to be very old in Wilkes County. Children Isabella Bankston (Irvin) Pricilen (Mathews) Elizabeth (Savington) Sallie (Shorter). Sallie Bankston Shorter was mother of Alfred Shorter who founded Shorter College, and old Grandma nursed him at her breast when he was an infant.

"Christopher Irvin married Louisa Tucker (in Virginia). 2 children: Charley and Isaiah Tucker. Isaiah Tucker Irvin born Aug. 15, 1783. Isabella his wife born Feb. 20, 1784. Great grandmother Louisa Tucker had 2 brothers in Georgia, Isaiah and Whitfield. Whitfield lived in Madison in a fine house, and etc. My father was Merrell P. Callaway, his father Isaac, son of Thomas. Thomas Callaway on N.C. had four sons, John, Jacob, Joseph, and Isaac, the youngest son, and first cousin to Enoch, father of Brantly Callaway, whom you have heard preach at old Sardis. I have been to Sardis many a time.

"I am with the Macon Telegraph-- get Echo in exchange-- and your husband must decipher this copy for you. I am glad you wrote me. I was attached to your parents. They asked... (sister R. J. Bacon and his wife Belle Walton were great cronies and friends. My dear, you are one of us. When at Penfield I used to run over (walk) and spend Saturday and Sunday. I remember how the garden was covered with heartease. (editor: this paragraph is as transcribed in Martha's Diary....)

"Fred Foster used to go with me. Cousin James"

Martha wrote to her son Iverson L. B. Stevens, undated, but about 1890.
(Letter extremely difficult to read. Martha's fine youthful hand-- I have an original section of her 1853 diary, as well as schoolwork she did in 1845-- had grown weak, and the letter is written in pencil.)

"Dear Ive-
It is night and I can't see to write, but your father is going soon in the morning to mail Fleming's letter to you. My sister Louisa wrote me soon after my father's death that she wanted to live with me. I wrote her I had a large family of children and had been left in reduced circumstances by the freedom of the Negro and could not ask my husband to take her unless those who had been raised with her (my Grand Ma Irvin raised me from a child 9 months old) would give her what was her due; that as they got all my father's property, they ought to keep her. My Father left her a plantation in Green County. It was sold before his death. I think it sold for 7 or 8 thousand dollars & the Negroes he got from my Mother had increased to 40 or 45 (but then were freed) but they ought to have paid for the plantation because he left a clause in his will to pay his debts & that was an important debt to a sadly afflicted daughter. The cotton sold for one hundred thousand dollars in gold (40 a pound in gold). Brother W. told me this & that as a plantation that belonged to his mother had been willed to them they ought to have given that plantation to his poor afflicted sister, in place of the one given her & sold, that he would have preferred that it had gone to his afflicted sister.

"My father came to see me when Stewart was born 30th March 1865-- he died the day Lee surrendered. You have the ages of the family-- see what year Stewart was born. Your Father says it was the year before the surrender that Stewart was born & my Father came to see me. I think it was in March 1865 & my Father died not long after. [Editorial note-- Stewart was born March 31st 1864, according to family records] He came to go to his Geo plantation & had arranged to get a horse & buggy & go when he recd a letter from S. C. & left on next train. He requested your Father to continue to rent the Penfield lot & he hoped he could make enough out of it to pay him for his trouble but to keep the property from going for taxes. Your Father has had entire charge of it ever since. None has seen after it or said anything about appointing him their agent. No letter has ever been received from Ayer about the Penfield Lot. Wood came here and spent several days. He did not even go to see the lot but said he had kept it rented for enough to pay to keep it from going for taxes. Wood is a nice man-- a lawyer. Do you read the Greensboro "Herald?" I see in it Royal Smith (a Lawyer) & son of the lamented Bill Arp is appointed by Gov.. Tarrel to adjust the boundary line between Green & Hancock Counties so he will be on hand to help Fleming. Someone said that Howard W. Fleming (?) & Sam Sybly of Union Point are old college friends and raised together in Augusta!!!! But he told your father he would take case for 50 dollars. He (Sybly) is in co partnership with Hamp McWhorter of Lexington. All you do don't offend him for he stands high every where & never has lost a case tho' so young."
(Letter ends here.)

Brother W. is probably her half brother, William Walker Brooks. Ayer is probably her half sister Sarah's husband William Frank Ayer, in Augusta, with whom, I believe, her sister Louisa was living. Ayer's daughter was married to a William H. Fleming, who may have some connection to the Flemings mentioned in this letter. They lived in Augusta.

"Martha devoted her life to the creation of a home for her family. She had the largest selection of beautiful flowers, both garden and hothouse. Her formal garden was a wonder of its day. More than an acre, it had sixteen octagonal beds, each bordered with small boxwood and walks running between all. A large walk around the beds was bordered by large boxwood, and around the whole was a hedge of euonimus. Only traces of this garden now are there. Martha made Oak Hill the assembly place of the country-side, and now in the garden she lies with her husband and six of her children." -- Pat M. Stevens II, quoted from a preface to his 1950 printing of his mother's diary, "Martha's Diary, 1852-1853."

In 1966 he followed Martha and the other six children there into her garden, where he lies with his wife and his son Robert.

More About Martha Louise Isabella Brookes:
Burial: the Stevens Cemetery at Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA

Marriage Notes for Patrick Stevens and Martha Brookes:
29 Nov 1853, Wilkes Co., Marriage Book 1832-56, p. 344
     
Children of Patrick Stevens and Martha Brookes are:
  i.   Isabella Irvin Stevens16, born 28 October 1854 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA17,18; died 04 November 1879 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA.
  Notes for Isabella Irvin Stevens:
Died unmarried, though a beautiful girl, and well educated at a college in Atlanta. I have some of her books, marked "Belle Stevens."

The 1880 Federal Census Mortality Schedule Oglethorpe County, GA, shows Belle Stevens dying in Nov., 1880 of consumption. Her death date shown is from the family bible, which may have been a later, incorrect, entry.

  More About Isabella Irvin Stevens:
Burial: the Stevens Cemetery at Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA

  ii.   Mary Louisa Stevens19, born 07 February 1857 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA19; died 17 June 1874 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA.
  Notes for Mary Louisa Stevens:
She was a beautiful young girl and full of life. Nancy Stevens Vaughan has her picture. She died two months after Patrick Junior's birth in 1874, and urged her mother to name him "after Pa" for there were no other children so named. She was buried in the garden cemetery "under the Euonymus bush," where she still rests. The bush was beautiful even when I last saw it in 1992, said to be so over the years "because the ground was so pure." She was called Lula, and so named in the 1870 census where she is at Oak Hill.

  More About Mary Louisa Stevens:
Burial: the Oak Hill Cemetery beside the Euonymus bush

  iii.   John Martin Stevens20, born 15 March 1859 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA21; died 1934 in Jacksonville, FL.
  Notes for John Martin Stevens:
When, after the death of Patrick and Martha, there was some concern about the division of the farm, Oak Hill, it was put to auction in Lexington, Ga. in about 1913. John was the executor of the estate. He bought it, having made considerable money in real estate in the Florida boom. He owned it until his death in 1934, leaving it to Hattie Mitchell Stevens, his sister-in-law. Col. Pat and Hattie Stevens lived there from about 1934 (on Pat's retirement from the Army) through their respective deaths in 1966 and 1976. Their son Robert stayed on afterward until he died in 1991. The land, after being in the same family for over 200 years, was left to the five grandchildren, none of whom wished to take ownership, and was sold by the estate in 1992. Gregory Pemberton of Va. bought the property and did considerable restoration of the old house before selling it to Browning and Francine Adair in 1999. (Letter from Greg to me, 20 April, 1999.)

John never married.

  More About John Martin Stevens:
Burial: the Stevens Cemetery at Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA

  iv.   Iverson Lewis Brookes Stevens22, born 20 January 1861 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA23; died 28 July 1930 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA; married Lucy Irene Davis 1890 in Greensboro, Greene Co., GA; born 23 November 1858 in Greensboro, Greene Co., GA24,25; died 19 February 1934 in Fulton Co., GA26.
  Notes for Iverson Lewis Brookes Stevens:
My great uncle Ive married and had at least one son and lived in Gainesville, Ga., according to Pat III who recalls seeing their home there. Ive later moved to Florida, and finally to Oak Hill, his boyhood home, where he lies in the Stevens Cemetery by his mother and father...

In the 1880 census he is called Ivy Stevens. I suspect it should be Ive.

  More About Iverson Lewis Brookes Stevens:
Burial: the Stevens Cemetery at Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA

  More About Lucy Irene Davis:
Burial: Greensboro Cemetery, Greensboro, Greene Co., GA

  v.   Dr. Isaiah Tucker Irvin Stevens27, born 24 March 1862 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA28,29; died 03 December 1891 in Shady Dale, Jasper Co., GA.
  Notes for Dr. Isaiah Tucker Irvin Stevens:
Dr. Stevens graduated in medicine at the University of Georgia in 1885 and set up practice in Shady Dale, Ga. I have his diploma, on vellum, from the University, signed by President P. H. Mell and all the professors. I have a long obituary in the files about his service in his community as a young doctor-- it praises his service and honesty. He became "exhausted" from his exertions and travel to patients, and in November, 1890, fell "ill in the lungs" and never recovered.

  More About Dr. Isaiah Tucker Irvin Stevens:
Burial: the Stevens Cemetery at Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA

  vi.   Stewart Floyd Stevens30, born 31 March 1864 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA31; died 1929 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA.
  Notes for Stewart Floyd Stevens:
Uncle Stewart was crippled in youth and used crutches to get about. He remained at Oak Hill for most of his life, sometimes sharing the house with Rose or others who might be there.

  More About Stewart Floyd Stevens:
Burial: the Stevens Cemetery at Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA

  vii.   Anna Cornelia Stevens32, born 06 September 1866 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA33; died 26 April 1950 in Lexington, Oglethorpe Co., GA34,35; married William Alsa Shackelford 23 June 1891 in Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA36,37,38; born 03 May 1860 in Greene Co., GA39; died 05 December 1945 in Lexington, Oglethorpe Co., GA40.
  Notes for Anna Cornelia Stevens:
Known as Nellie. Frank Camstra, her grandson, wrote in March 2001 "we will be visiting Martha Anne in Lexington where I'll be getting some dates from some grave markers in the Shackelford cemetery plot. I
know that Anna Cornelia Stevens, my grandmother, had two children, Elizabeth and John, who died in infancy and I believe they are buried in the Shackelford plot. I do know they are recorded in the Shackelford family bible. The whereabouts of that bible is currently unknown. I'll see what I can find out while we are there...."

From the Shackelford Clan Magazine, August 1950 Vol. 6. No. 4. "News has reached us of the death of Mrs Nellie Shackelford, widow of the late Mr William Alsa Shackelford, former Editor of The Oglethorpe Echo, of Lexington, Ga. Mrs Shackelford was born Nellie Stephens, daughter of the late Capt P. M. Stephens, and according to our information she was 68 years old. However, we feel certain that she was older than that, as she married William Alsa Shackelford, June 23, 1891, which was fifty nine years ago. To that union were born at least six children, three of whom survive. Her husband preceded her in death Dec. 5, 1945. Survivors include, in addition to her three children, ten grand children, and four great grand children, also many other relatives. And to all the bereaved we, on behalf of the entire Clan, extend our deepest sympathy and consolation of hope in Him that does all things well."

  More About Anna Cornelia Stevens:
Burial: Clark Cemetery, Oglethorpe County, Georgia41

  Notes for William Alsa Shackelford:
The widely-noted editor of the "Oglethorpe Echo," known as Uncle Shack. The paper is still in print today. He hired the young Pat Stevens in about 1892 as a "printer's devil" at the Echo, and after Pat enlisted in 1898 and headed to the Philippines, published his long letters of his experiences. I have the issues of the Echo carrying these, and must one day transcribe them.

From the web:
http://members.nbci.com/wvgal/clan4-9.htm

SHACKELFORD CLAN MAGAZINE, Genealogy of Shackelfords and Shacklefords, Editor: T. K. Jones 716 Ave. A Lubbock, Texas, Lubbock, Texas January 1949 Vol. 4. No. 9

--------------------
"UNCLE SHACK"

"Uncle Shack", was the affectionate appellation given to the late William Alsa Shackelford, who for a period of sixty three years was the Editor and publisher of the Oglethorpe Echo, a weekly newspaper at Lexington, Ga.

The Atlanta Journal, of Atlanta, Ga., said of him, and we quote -- "In the death of William A. Shackelford, The Georgia weekly press has lost one of its venerable and most beloved members. For more than half a century, until his retirement a few years ago, "Shack", as he was affectionately known, had been editor and publisher of the Oglethorpe Echo, at Lexington. Brave and forthright, yet courteous and compassionate, he stood solidly for what he believed to be the best interest of his community, his State, and his beloved country. The Journal feels a very real sense of bereavement in his passing" -- end quote.

Another editor had the following to say of him, and we quote -- "The death of venerable William A. Shackelford, for 60-odd years editor of the Oglethorpe Echo, removed one of Georgia's best known citizens from the current scene. He was a remarkable person who did a remarkable job. He made his small weekly publication famous in newspaper offices all over the land. His quick wit and unfailing good humor characterized his paper and brought him nationwide recognition. Georgia and the fourth estate will miss "Uncle Shack". He was of a stamp of which too few remain."

Such were the opinions of those of the press. But on our recent journey while in Lexington we did a little snooping, so to speak, among the local gentry concerning the opinions of the press, they elaborated on it. And one prominent citizen told us that in his opinion, no better man had ever set foot on the sacred soil of these United States than William Alsa Shackelford.

So beloved was this good man among his neighbors and townpeople that a movement has now been startedto erect a memorial to him; and from the Oglethorpe Echo, the paper that he published so many years of his useful life, we find the following, and we quote: -- "Oglethorpe County, named for the founder of Georgia, has had many illustrious citizens of our State to live within its borders, many of whom were native born and some who became residents of the County by choice. The County has furnished three governors of the State; four U.S. Senators, including William H. Crawford, who was at one time a member of the Cabinet and Ambassador to France; one Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court; two Chancellors of the University of Georgia. In addition seven congressmen from the County have graced the legislative halls. And in the realm of religious matters, the County has been honored to have among its citizens such outstanding ministers as Dr John Gibson, Phillip W. Davis, W. H. Faust, Wm N. Coile, John F. Cheney, P. P. Butler, M. S. Weaver, and others, whose spiritual welfare and contributions to the people, cannot be evaluated in mere words. But it is not of these illustrious sons that I want to make the subject of this brief sketch, but of W. A. Shackelford, who for 63 years was Editor and Owner of the Echo. At an early age he learned the printing business under T. Larry Gantt, who established the Echo in Crawford, Ga., in 1878, moving it to Lexington in 1875. Mr Shackelford was the first Editor of the news, published at Harmony Grove, the town now known as Commerce. But after a brief period Mr Shackelford sold the News to John Shannon, who was its Editor for many years. Returning to Lexington Mr Shackelford accepted, or acquired ownership of the Echo. His educational advantages during his youth were necessarily limited during the period of reconstruction days; but by hard work, application, study and natural ability he became one of our well educated and best posted men. His weekly editorial page compared favorably with those of our best metropolitan dailies. He was a charter member of the Georgia Press Association and was its secretary for twenty four years, declining re-election after that time. He possessed three cardinal virtues, fidelity, sobriety and industry, to which was added a great fund of common sense and knowledge of human nature. His success in life can be attributed to the fact that he laid hold upon his opportunities, coupled with his strong integrity and faithfulness to his every trust. He hated sham and hypocrisy. When asked to state what in his opinion, was the major task for Georgia, the nation and civilization, he replied: - "Georgia should formulate a State government that will inspire more confidence in the people. The nation should become so united as to impress other nations that come what may we can and we will take care of ourselves. And civilization should become more civilized.

For more than three score years the power of his influence, and of his pen, was ever wielded on the side of progress, civic righteousness, and for those things that make for better citizenry and a better country in which to live. It would be fitting and proper if the County where he lived so long and labored for such a number of years should, in an appropriate manner, honor the memory of this noble and useful citizen" - End of quote. And this writer feels the same way.

  More About William Alsa Shackelford:
Burial: Clark Cemetery, Oglethorpe County, Georgia41

  Marriage Notes for Anna Stevens and William Shackelford:
They celebrated their 50th anniversary at Oak Hill at a reception in 1941 hosted by Hattie and Pat Stevens.

The Georgia Enterprise, July 9, 1891: Brother SHACKELFORD, of the Echo, should be a happy man, for he has married one of the loveliest young ladies in Oglethorpe County, to wit: Miss NELLIE STEVENS, of Bairdstown.

File at: http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/ga/oglethorpe/vitals/marriages/stevens1335gmr.txt

  viii.   Pearla Mabel Stevens42, born 30 March 1869 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA43; died Abt. 1928 in Machen, GA; married Haaron W. Bullard 23 June 1908 in Oglethorpe Co., GA44,45; born 11 July 1858 in Putnam Co., GA46; died 29 September 1926 in Machen, GA.
  Notes for Haaron W. Bullard:
Known as "Heck" Bullard. My father Pat III visited them in Machen, GA in the summer of 1918 when he was nine. He was there a month. He goes on "Heck had a brother who was a doctor of medicine living in Shady Dale. Machen and Shady Dale are in Jasper Co., GA. Machen was on GA Hiway 82 where it crosses 142.... two railroads crossed at Machen...."

  ix.   Walker Iverson Brookes Stevens47,48, born 14 September 1870 in Oak Hill, Oglethorpe Co., GA49,50; died 20 October 1933 in Jacksonville, FL51; married (1) Miss Marion Wilson MacDuff 04 August 1897 in Prob. Jacksonville, FL; born 28 November 1873 in Jacksonville, FL; died 29 December 1909 in Jacksonville, FL; married (2) Floy Miller Abt. 1925; born Abt. 1890 in MO52.
  Notes for Walker Iverson Brookes Stevens:
Walker lived in Jacksonville FL as did his brothers John and Ive. Walker's family remained there for years. There were three children, but I do not know the 3d's name (I am now, March 2001, in touch with his descendants and hope to learn more). His name was Walker Iverson Brookes Stevens. He was probably named for the William Walker Brookes, called Walker, shown elsewhere.

My father, Pat III says "Uncle Walker died late in 1933 and Floy asked Daddy to come and close his insurance business for her. Daddy had three months leave coming and left in retirement from Huntington, West Virginia, to Jacksonville. Mama too, of course. Uncle Walker and Floy were married... and Aunt Rosa moved to Lexington Georgia to live with the Shackelfords (ed.: she had been living with her widowed brother Walker and left when he married Floy). Floy's home state was Missouri. (She was) there too as a school teacher. In the late fall of 1942 while I was stationed at then Camp Stewart as a captain I drove in his auto from Stewart to Orlando on a TDY school trip. We spent the night with Floy on Duval Street there in Jacksonville on the way to Orlando...."

Jeff Stevens writes: "As an anecdote, my father told me that Walker (his grandfather) once introduced him to Joe Louis (the prizefighter) in the Jacksonville train station (obviously, this had to have happened between 1930 and 1933). I met both Floy and Red at their respective homes in Jacksonville when I was seven (1963) on our way moving north from Palm Beach to Williamstown, Mass. Did you ever meet Red?" (ed.: no, sadly, but she remains one of my Dad's favorite memories. He was fond of her.)

  More About Walker Iverson Brookes Stevens:
Burial: Unknown

  Notes for Miss Marion Wilson MacDuff:
May died young, according to my father, and Walker's sister Rose moved to Jacksonville to help him raise the children. When he later married Floy, a schoolteacher from the midwest, Rose returned to Ga. and lived with her sister Nell in Lexington. They called May that, but her full name of Marion Wilson is shown nearby.

  More About Miss Marion Wilson MacDuff:
Burial: Unknown

  x.   Sarah Rosalie Stevens53, born 08 December 1872 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, GA54,55; died Aft. 1940 in Oglethorpe Co., GA.
  Notes for Sarah Rosalie Stevens:
If Rose was born in 1873 in Dec as the bible, with overwriting, reports, then Patrick could not have been born the next April. His year of birth is also overwritten in the same writing as Rose's. I think her birth was 1872. Another record, in her mother's hand, notes her birth as 18 December, 1872, and Pat's as 17 April 1874. Rose was living with Haaron and Pearl Bullard in Machen in 1929 (but see their deaths as perhaps earlier?) according to notes of my grandfather, Pat. She had an ailment of some kind and was never married.

See under Walter Smith, her great nephew, for a story of Rose in her youth.
________________________________

The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume 123 page 141 Miss Sarah Rosalie Stevens. DAR ID Number: 122461 Born in Bairdstown, Ga.
Descendant of Capt. John Floyd, as follows:
1. Patrick M. Stevens (1823-1905) m. 2d 1853 Martha I. Brooks (1832-1905).
2. John M. Stevens (1781-1858) m. 1819 Sarah Stewart (d. 1827). (Editor: 1815 not 1819)
3. John Stewart (1760-1830) m. Mourning Floyd (b. 1770).
4. John Floyd m. 1769 - Burford (d. 1770).
John Floyd (1751-83) was a patriot and captain of a privateer, 1776-79. He was born in Amherst, Va.; died in Floyd Station, Ky. Also No. 116862.

  1 xi.   Colonel Patrick Martin Stevens, Jr., born 17 April 1874 in Oak Hill, Bairdstown, Oglethorpe Co., GA; died 05 September 1966 in the hospital, Union Point, Greene Co., GA; married Hattie Mitchell 02 January 1908 in the Mitchell's Green Street home, Gainesville, Hall Co., GA.


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