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Ancestors of Patrick Martin Stevens, Jr.

      48. Jonathan Brookes110, born 1710 in Middlesex Co., England111; died Bef. 1754 in Kingston Parish, Gloucester Co., VA112,113. He married 49. Elizabeth [--?--] Abt. 1728.

      49. Elizabeth [--?--]114, born Abt. 1712115.

Notes for Jonathan Brookes:
Jonathan was very likely Iverson Lewis Brookes' great-grandfather, whether Iverson's grandfather was Richard or Thomas, the sons of the immigrant Jonathan. Thus this Jonathan is perhaps my 5th Great granddad coming early to Gloucester and settling on the land. Pam, <>, says that Jonathan Brookes was born in 1710 in England and died in 1754 Gloucester Co., Va. and had at least one son, Richard b. abt. 1730 in Middlesex, England, died April 1790 in Yanceyville, NC. Looking for any info. Thanks......

Later, in 2006, Kay Haden at <> has sent a wealth of information about the Brookeses.... She is noted below in footnotes for her information. Thanks, Kay! Also a thanks to Leigh Brookes who helped us both with this line.

Kay notes that:

JONATHAN BROOKES was born about 1710 in England. He died about 1754 in Gloucester County, Virginia. Kingston Parish, Gloucester Co VA - Dec 10 1754: Survey to divide land equally between Thomas and Richard Brookes according to the last Will & Testament of Mr. Jonathan Brooks, Decd. (He)... probably had other children as evidenced by the marriage records in Kingston Parish. Telephone conversation with Leigh Brookes on 19 Jun 1999: he said there was a daughter Mildred, spinster, who left her estate to her brother in Gloucester Co in 1748.

Children of Jonathan Brookes and Elizabeth [--?--] are:
  i.   Richard Brookes116, born Abt. 1730 in Gloucester Co., VA or England117,118; died Bef. April 1790 in Caswell Co., NC119,120
  Notes for Richard Brookes:
Ruth McConigly, op. cit., 15 August 1998: Richard's will proved April, 1790 in Caswell Co., NC, maybe b. Gloucester Co., VA. His wife at the time of his will was Ann, first wife unknown. Children: Ann (married Soloman Graves, then Sheppard by 1808; William Bird (mar. Sarah Paine, moved to Giles Co.,TN); Elizabeth (Betsey); Francis Armistead (may also mar. Sheppard); Jonathan (married Ann Lewis, d/o Rev. Iverson Lewis); and other sons not mentioned in will may be Thomas & Charles.


In November, 2002, Michael Sawyer sent me a copy of a two-page handwritten paper from the old Brookes plantation in Aiken Co., SC, written by Iverson Lewis Brookes. I have transcribed it under the notes for him, and he says that his grandfather was Thomas Brookes. Based on that, the Jonathan above, son of Richard, cannot be the one who became Iverson's father... Thomas must also have had a son Jonathan, and so I will correct these notes... see also just below!

May 2000 "W. Leigh Brookes" <> "Dear Pat, Thanks for your note on our Brookes Family. I notice you have Jonathan as a son of Richard Brookes and I think he may be the son of Thomas Brookes instead - I have not proved that, although. Jonathan mentions in his application for a Revolutioary War Pension that he was born 7 Jun 1762 in Gloucester Co. VA and moved with his father when young to Brunswick County, VA. I found Thomas there but have not found Richard there. I think that Richard and Thomas were brothers as they received land from a Jonathan Brookes according to a land survey in September of 1754 which states according to the last will and testament of Jonathan Brookes. Thank you so much for the information you sent. I did not have much on Jonathan and Ann's family. I hope we can share some additional information later. Look forward to hearing from you. W. Leigh Brookes" Thanks Leigh!

Kay Haden at <> sent me (Jan 2006) the following notes on Richard Brookes:


VIRGINIA TITHABLES FROM BURNED RECORD COUNTIES, Robert F. Woodson and Isobel B. Woodson, 1970. Richard Brookes, Stafford Co, 1768, 180 acres.

Caswell DB E, p.300
14 Feb 1788 George Barker to Richard Brookes for 100#'s. 400 acres adj Alex Kerr, Williams' line. Wit: William Barker, David Barker.

Ann may have been Richard's second wife. First child almost too old to have been this Ann's child.

Will written 3 Oct 1789 and probated April 1790. Names beloved wife Ann Brookes and leaves her one third that is to be equally divided among the four youngest children at her death: William Bird Brookes, Betsy Brookes, Frances Armisted Brooks, and John Brookes. Dau: Ann Smith Graves. Exec: Ann Brookes, and son-in-law Solomon Graves.

Caswell DB R, p.128
2 May 1809 William B. Brooks to James Shapard of Orage Co NC. Richard Brooks decd owned 420 acres on Stoney Crk adj Alexander Kerr and same to be equally divided between sons, Wm B. & John Brokks. Wm B. Brooks conveyed to William Clifton his part. Part of John Brooks divided to Wm B. Brooks, James Shapard in right of his wife Frances Armistead Brooks. For $120 Wm Brooks sells to Shapard all his right & title to said land. Wit: William Clifton, Wylie Yancey.

Caswell Co Deed Book T, p.92-4. Deed of trust from James Shapard of Orange Co to Jeremiah Lea of Caswell includes 400 acres on Country Line & Stoney Creeks adjacent Alexander Kerr or so much of this tract as willed by Richard Brooks, dec'd to his son John Brooks. 18 Jul 1818.

Richard BROOKES and Ann [BROOKES] were married.1 Ann [BROOKES] was born about 1755. She died before Jan 1808 in Caswell County, North Carolina.

May have been Ann Armistead, daughter of Robert & Catherine, born Gloucester Co VA Sep 12 1756.

Caswell Co NC 1800 Census: Ann Brookes, head of household, age 26-45, 1m 10-16 (John); 1m 16-26 (Wm Bird); 1f 16-26 (Frances). If Ann's age is correct in this census she would have been very young when daughter Ann Smith was born - possibly Richard was married earlier?

Left Will in 1808 leaving her estate to her grandchildren. Nothing was left to the children of Ann Smith (Brooks) Graves. Another possible suggestion this Ann was not the mother of Ann Smith. There was also no mention of Betsy or John; probably both deceased. William B. was executor.

Sale of her estate was held in February of 1808; proceeds were 135.0.10. Many of the articles bought by William B. & Jonathan Brooks. Caswell Co Original Estates. CR.020.508.8. Ann Brooks. 1808.

Inventory of Estate January Court 1808. Caswell Co NC


  24 ii.   Thomas Brookes, born Abt. 1732; died Abt. 1819; married Mary [--?--] Blacknall 16 December 1749 in Kingston Parish, Gloucester Co., VA.
  iii.   Mildred Brookes121, born Abt. 1735122

      50. Reverend John Blacknall, born 1690 in England; died Abt. March 1747/48 in Kingston Parish, Gloucester (Matthews after 1791) Co., VA123,124. He married 51. Ann [--?--].

      51. Ann [--?--]125, born Abt. 1693126; died Abt. 24 September 1758 in Kingston Parish, Gloucester Co., VA127.

Notes for Reverend John Blacknall:
Michael (Mike) Marshall <>, of NC has been of enormous help on these Blacknalls, as well as the Brookes family, below. He says of John:

"From my research, and I will only give a thumbnail sketch here, the Blacknalls of Gloucester County descend from the Rev. John Blacknall who graduated A.B. from Christ Church College, Oxford University, England in 1717. He must have been confirmed an Anglican minister by the Bishop of London because he came to North Carolina in July 1725 with the retinue of Sir Richard Everard who arrived in Edenton as the governor newly appointed by the Lords Proprietors of NC. It seems he was accompanied by a son, Charles Blacknall, who was about one year old. The records are silent with respect to whether he brought with him a wife or other children, but it seems likely he would have brought his wife along with him.

"The vestry records of St. Paul's Church in Edenton show Blacknall was installed as rector soon after his arrival. Unfortunately for Blacknall, he soon became embroiled in a spat between Everard and his predecessor, former governor George Burrington. To extricate himself, it seems Blacknall agreed to marry a white man and a mulatto woman which was at the time forbidden by law and punishable by a 50 pound fine. He carried out the marriage then quickly reported himself to the authorities for which he was entitled to a reward of 25 pounds (half the fine). He was charged by the authorities with a misdemeanor but it seems he was advised to remove himself to Virginia which he did.

"Bishop Meade's 1857 volumes "Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia," record that by 1726, John Blacknall was the minister of St. Stephen's (called Upper and Lower) Parish, Northumberland County, VA. The same year, his name also appears as a temporary minister of Sittenburn Parish which covered parts of Richmond and King George Counties in VA. However, by 1727 he had become permanently settled in Kingston Parish, Gloucester (Matthews after 1791) County, VA where he raised a family. Letters in the Fulham Palace Papers, now in Lambeth Palace Library, London (this is the home of the Archbishop of Canterbury I believe), show that Charles Blacknall was prepared to follow in his father's footsteps as rector, but "the arrival of twins much too early after his marriage raised questions of "misbehavior." " It appears that he overcame this obstacle and finally became rector of Kingston Parish until his own death in 1769. He may be the Charles Blacknall mentioned in the Virginia Gazette of 11 Apr 1771: "To be SOLD for ready Money, at the Raleigh, on Thursday the 2nd of May, Sundry fine Virginia born SLAVES, belonging to the Estate of Mr. Charles Blacknall, deceased." Signed Mary Blacknall and John Dixon: Executors. The add also notes that the sale would also include a "good CHARIOT and HARNESS for four Horses." Other information I found says that the Thomas Blacknall who served in the Revolution and later moved to Granville County, NC was the grandson of the Rev. John Blacknall. If so, he must have been a son of Charles. Whether this is accurate I cannot say.

"The marriage bonds of Middlesex County, VA record the marriage of a Charles Blacknall to Mary Hardin, daughter of George Hardin deceased. This bond is dated 3 Oct 1745. By this date, the Charles Blacknall, son of Rev. John, would have been about 21 years of age assuming he was about 1 year old when he came to NC in 1725, so a marriage at this time would be about right. But it sounds as if he had twins soon after, so the Thomas Blacknall born in 1762 it seems would have been another, later, child.

And also from Mike:

"Rev. John Blacknall was still alive for a vestry meeting held 26 Oct 1747, but at the next vestry meeting held 20 Oct 1748 he was mentioned as deceased, so he died between these two dates. Moreover, at the 20 Oct 1748 meeting, the church vestry agreed to pay Mrs. Ann Blacknall 8141 1/2 pounds of tobacco and cask (salaries were paid in tobacco in those day). The previous year, Rev. John Blacknall received 16,000 pounds of tobacco. From this, it might be concluded that Rev. John's wife was named Ann, and that Rev. John must have lived roughly 8141/16,000 or 6 months following the vestry of 26 Oct 1747. This would suggest he died approximately in March/April 1748. She may be the Mrs. Ann Blacknall who died 24 Sep 1758. Bishop Meade in his volumes says that Rev. John Blacknal [sic] died in 1747."

  Notes for Ann [--?--]:
Mike Marshall sent me this extract below from the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, William S. Powell, ed., Vol. I, A-C, pages 167-168, with a note of his wife:

"Blacknall, John (ca. 1690- 1749), Anglican missionary, came to North Carolina from London in the retinue of Sir Richard Everard, who
arrived in Edenton in July 1725 as the governor newly appointed by the Lords Proprietors. The parish vestry book for the period shows that
Blacknall became 'Received Minister Resident' at St. Paulís Church, Edenton, on 18 Aug. 1725, a month after Sir Richard was inaugurated as governor.

"Blacknall brought with him from England his son, Charles Blacknall, who was about a year old. If his wife or other members of his family
came, the scanty records make no mention of them. It is reasonable to suppose that his wife came also; but who she was, when and where
they were married, who were her parents and who were his, where he was born, and the sources of his education -- all these are questions for which answers remain to be found. Intensive research in appropriate American and British sources has produced little note of Blacknall
before his coming to North Carolina. In a 25 Jan. 1726 letter from North Carolina written to the Bishop of London, Governor Everard wrote:
'Iím greatly obliged to your Lordship for obliging me with my request and admitting the Rev. Mr. Blacknall to come with me to Carolina. He is a Gentm thatís a very good Preacher, a Gentm perfectly sober, belovíd by all but Mr. Burringtonís Party. He had made about 160 Christians since he has been here & I donít in the least doubt, but heíll double that number before he has been here a twelve month....' "
Children of John Blacknall and Ann [--?--] are:
  i.   Charles Blacknall128, born 1724 in England129; died 1762 in Kingston Parish, Gloucester (Matthews after 1791) Co., VA130; married Mary Hardin 03 October 1745 in Middlesex Co., VA131; born Abt. 1727 in probably Middlesex Co., VA132.
  Notes for Charles Blacknall:
Mike Marshall, cited throughout my Blacknall notes, says:

Mr. Charles Blacknall was listed as a member of the vestry at the meeting held 9 Nov 1761; however, by the next meeting held 1 Nov 1762, it was "ordered that Mr. Edward Hughes & Mr. James Ransone Be chosen Vestrymen in the room [i.e. in place of] of Mr. Charles Blacknall and Mr. John Armistead Deceas'd." So Charles Blacknall died between these two dates. This seems to conflict with the information on him in the Dictionary of NC Biography which says he died in 1769. In addition, the book on the vestry minutes does not list Charles Blacknall as a minister. I must confess I am confused by this. However, the item I mentioned earlier regarding the entry in the 11 Apr 1771 edition of the Virginia Gazette advertising slaves &c. for sale from the estate of "Mr. Charles Blacknall, deceased" by Mary Blacknall and John Dixon executors would seem to correlate more closely to a 1769 date of death.

(Editor: cannot a member of the Vestry be a layman?)

  Notes for Mary Hardin:
Mike Marshall notes that:

George Hardin left a Middlesex will dated 1 Oct 1744 and recorded 2 Apr 1745 that mentions wife Eliza Hardin, daughter Mary Hardin et al. One of the witnesses was Richard Brooks.

Elizabeth Hardin of Middlesex dated her will 20 Jan 1759. It was recorded 5 Jun 1759. The will mentions daughter Mary Blacknall and 3 g-daughters: Betty (probably Elizabeth) Blacknall, Ann Blacknall and Mary Blacknall. Since Mary Hardin married Charles Blacknall in 1745, it would seem her 3 children--Betty, Ann and Mary--were all born between the date of marriage in Oct 1745 and the date of Eliza Hardin's will in Jan 1759. Recall that the Kingston parish register mentions a Betty Blacknall who m. Mr. Hayes 29 Mar 1766; an Ann Blacknall who m. Wm. Gibbons 11 May 1771; and a Mary Blacknall who m. Wm. Lucas 12 Dec 1772. These may have been the three g-daughters. Recall also the mention of the following two children of Charles and Mary Blacknall: Charles born 10 Jan and bap. 19 Feb 1758 and Mary Blacknall born 16 Aug and bap 12 Sep 1755.

It is not clear who the Fanny Blacknall (daughter of Elizabeth Marchant) was as she said her father was Richard Blacknall born 17 Oct and bap 18 Dec 1763. Nor is it clear who the Sarah Blacknall who m. John Nuttall 5 Mar c, 1763 might have been. A careful search of the Middlesex County, VA records might be useful.

We also know from his Rev. War pension file that a Thomas Blacknall was born 18 Feb 1760 in Gloucester County, possibly a son of the Charles Blacknall. It would probably be worth digging into records pertaining to him as well. I think he left a will.

  25 ii.   Mary [--?--] Blacknall, born Abt. 1734 in probably Gloucester Co., VA; married Thomas Brookes 16 December 1749 in Kingston Parish, Gloucester Co., VA.

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