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Ancestors of Lillian Mae Washington

Generation No. 4


      8. Thomas Washington, born Abt. 1770 in SC or VA?116,117; died Bef. 24 January 1838 in St. Clair Co., AL. He was the son of 16. Edward Washington. He married 9. Nancy Darlington Abt. 1793 in probably Winton Co., SC118,119.

      9. Nancy Darlington120, born 1776 in probably Wilmington, DE121; died 1855 in St. Clair Co., AL. She was the daughter of 18. John Darlington and 19. Elinor Armstrong.

Notes for Thomas Washington:
--These are my notes (or I credit others) which I have seen copied without reference to me. Please use as you will, but credit me as I do others. Thanks!--

The information on Thomas' line downwards comes from several sources-- Mrs. Margaret Thompson of Bremen, Alabama, <Mrg590@aol.com>, Mr. Clay Long, in his "Long and Allied Families," ca 1972, Mr. E.R. Walt of Texas, and some notes I made from conversations with my grandmother Lillian Washington Marshall and her son, my Uncle Lacy Marshall in the early 1960s. I have also visited the Cooke County gravestones of J.R. Washington and his family, and Henry S. Marshall and his wife Mary buried in Dexter, Cooke Co., where they had their ranch.

Margaret Thompson has sent me material from Mary M. Chambless which disputes the Surry County line, and shows what I have entered as the line shown here, ie: Thomas' descent from Edward of Westmoreland Co., Va. Craig Washington's work generally agrees with this (1999).

The below is taken from Henry Clay Long Jr.'s work, about 1972. Long is a Washington cousin, as shown in these notes.

p167 BEGIN QUOTE: "There were two Edward Washingtons in South Carolina. One received a royal grant of 450 acres on "Pedee, including Horse Island part of Goodmans Island and the remaining part south side of the river, bounding north westward on Thomas Wade's land, eastward on Claudis Pique's, the other by vacant land. This grant was made on the thirtieth day of July, Anno Dom. in the tenth year of our reign." [Editorial note: 1770. This Edward we now believe to be the father of the other Edward.]

"The other Edward Washington in South Carolina received a grant (South Carolina State) of 200 acres situate in the District of Orangeburg on Little Saltcatcher. This grant was made on the 5th day of June 1786 and is recorded in Volume 13 page 59 South Carolina Archives. This Edward may have been the son of Edward who received the Royal Grant; likewise, the first Edward of South Carolina may have been the son of Lansdowne and Elizabeth Washington who was born in Bristol Parish in 1734. However, many historians believe the first Edward of South Carolina was a grandson of John Washington of Surry County, Virginia."

[Editor's note: I do not think this at all likely. Chambless says no, and the line above Edward shown herein reflects no descent from John of Surry. There is of course the chance that Thomas is not a close relation to these Edwards at all, but came over to settle in America as a child with his family from Ireland in the sweep of emigration from the island. While this is possible, I will below settle on what I believe to be the probable relation]

"Other Washingtons who received grants of land in South Carolina were:

John Washington Royal Grant 640 acres vol 39 page 177 South Carolina Archives.
(a check of South Carolina wills may determine this Washington to be John of Surry County as no will for his estate could be located in Surry County.) (Mary Chambless says there is a will for John, and that this John is the son of Edward and Betsy born about 1697 in Westmoreland Co., Va.)

Abraham Washington State Grant 211 acres dated Jan 6, 1817 vol 60 p 756 .

Abraham Washington State Grant 500 acres dated Nov 6, 1795 vol 41 p 529.

Robert Washington State Grant 200 acres dated Jun 5, 1786 vol 11 p 53.

Thomas Washington State Grant 200 acres dated Apr 5, 1802 vol 48 p 364.
(this is probably our Thomas Washington.)

William Washington, Esq. 250 acres dated Aug 7, 1786 vol 12 p 561.
(this was General Washington, a first cousin of Gen. George Washington. He settled in South Carolina after the Revolutionary War and married (ed. note: Jane, per Paulette Gilchrist)______ Elliott.)
221 acres dated Aug 7, 1786 vol 12 p 562

337 acres do. vol 12 p 559

250 acres do. vol 12 p 61.

Water Lot in Chester-- the home of General Washington on the Battery in Charleston. (It is a private home, but is one of the       show places in Charleston. The census of 1790 shows William Washington, Esq. as having 340 slaves.

William Washington 112 acres 2 October, 1797 vol 43 p 115
(this William Washington is believed to have been a brother of Edward Washington who received the grant in 1786. Both of them could have been sons of Edward Washington who received the Royal Grant [in 1770.] Our Thomas was born ca. 1770 and if so he could not have served in the Revolutionary War.

"Documentary evidence which could, no doubt, connect our Thomas with his forebears is probably buried in the Archives of South Carolina or in libraries and other places of records in the state. However, to date this material has eluded the compiler. Time and age preclude traveling to do further research, and the employment of professionals for research has proven rather unsatisfactory. The writer is of the opinion that our Thomas Washington was a lineal descendant of John Washington of Surry County, Virginia." END QUOTE FROM LONG

Paulette Gilchrist, a Washington descendant and another researcher, gives Thomas's children in this order:

"Gwen and I have the following: (Just a guess, like everyone else as to the dates)

Rebecca 1796
John 1797
Edward 1798
Allen 1801
Darlington 1806
George 1810
William Thomas 2/8/1812
Cynthia Adaline 1815

"I have the same order for the others mentioned. Thomas could have been named for his grandfather on his mother's side and then Edward for the father. And you know, people didn't always follow the rules!! Especially, we Washingtons!! ...."

In the 1800 US Census for the Barnwell District, SC, we have the following line for Thomas (the census is a matrix of names down the left side with columns across the page for free white males and free white females with these ones checked for Thomas Washington):

Thomas Washington Free White Males: 3 (to 10) 1 (26 to 45) Free White Females: 1 (to 10) 1(16 to 26) 1 (above 45) and there are no checks for either "free persons of color" or for slaves on the right side of the document. (Others listed have numbers entered here). Taking the children, Edward, John, and Rebecca fit the given ages. Allen is too young, but I note he could have been born in 1790 as he shows as 70 in the 1860 Alabama census. Thus he could be the third, or there is a child who died later. Thomas himself fits the 26-45 block. Nancy would be about 24 in this year, and fits that block. But who is the older woman over 45? Thus born before 1755? This must be Thomas's mother?

And the 1810 Barnwell census: FWM 2 (to 10) 3 (10-26) 1 (over 45) FWF 1 (10-16) 1 (26-45) 1 (above 45) and he has one slave.

What we really need to know Thomas' forebears is a will-- does Edward Washington with the land in the Orangeburg District have a will?

Tying Thomas to Edward as his father is the fact they named their first child Edward -- typically the first boy's paternal grandfather. Additonally, we have a clue that Nancy Darlington is the daughter of John Darlington -- John shows up as Thomas's second son, named for his maternal grandfather!

Thomas may have been born in Va. or North Carolina. This seems more likely than South Carolina, given the time, ca. 1770, which is early for settlement in the Piedmont area. Margaret Washington Thompson notes: "I was reading from some notes I had made on Virginia Washingtons from a volume of Family Tree and a Thomas Washington in 1788 inherited about 400 acres."

But what if Thomas came to the new world as a child as part of the Scotch-Irish immigration? In Jan., 2003 I saw this posted at the Pace family site: "Between 1772 and 1777, a wave of some 30,000 Ulstermen were forced to leave Northern Ireland by harsh rents and economic conditions, and sailed for the new world. Many landed in the Carolinas, many also came from Scotland and England.... these ships came to the Carolinas in 1774 and 1775:

Jamaica Packet: From Kirkaldy To Carolina, June 1775
Briton: From London To Carolina, Dec. 1774
Ulysses: From Greenock To North Carolina, April-May 1775
Lowther: From London To Carolina, Oct. 1774
Mary And Hannah: From London To Carolina, Nov. 1774
Carolina: From London To Carolina, Jan 1774 (All List London As Origin)
Newmarket: From London To Carolina, Oct 1774
James: From London To Carolina, Oct. 1774
William: From London To Carolina, August 1774
Passengers On The Curling: From London To Carolina, Oct. 1774
Rockingham: From Newcastle To Cape Fear, Oct. 1774
Friendship: From London To North Carolina, May 1774
Pallas: From London To Carolina, May 1774
Carolina: From London To Carolina, May-August 1774
Polly: From Liverpool To South Carolina, March 1774
Magna Charta: From London To Carolina, April 1774
Briton: From London To Carolina, May 1774
Le De Spencer: From Falmouth To Carolina, Feb. 1774
Margaret And Mary: From London To North Carolina, Feb. 1774
Union: From London To North Carolina, Feb. 1774
Ulysses: From Greenock To Wilmington, North Carolina, August 1774
Ajax: From Greenock To North Carolina, June 1775
Jackie Of Glasgow: From Stanraer To North Carolina, May 1775

Source Information: Ship Passenger Lists to the Carolinas: Miscellaneous Ships [database on-line] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com., 2002"

Clay notes that the 1820 census of St. Clair Co., Alabama, lists our Thomas Washington as "head of family. One male over 21 One male under 21 One female over 21 Two females under 21 Two slaves."

Jill Mohon, <godflesh@planetunreal.com> posted this on WorldConnect: "Thomas bought 280 acres in Barnwell District on Jan. 11, 1802. Bounded on SE by Nathaniel Walker, NE by George Gray, SW & NE by Theophilus Bum and NW by James Brown and all other sides by Abraham Washington. The 1810 Census showed the family still in Barnwell Co. In 1819 Alabama became a state and land was sold by grant. John came to St. Clair Co. and purchased land on July 8, 1819. The family then came here by 1820. The family were farmers and woodworkers. Their craft was carving wood shingles. In the 1820 census, Thomas was the owner of two slaves. Two slaves were sold at his death. Records on file in St. Clair Co., Courthouse."

Thomas Washington appears in the census of 1830. His wife Nancy is head of family in the 1840 census.

As proof of descent from Thomas and Nancy Washington the transcript of a document reads: "6 Sep. 1858. William Washington of Greene County, Arkansas: Power of Attorney to Joel C. Wood from John Washington, one of the administrators of the estate of my father, Thomas Washington, deceased of St. Clair Co., Ala., the estate of my mother, Nancy Washington, deceased, relict of said Thomas Washington. (St. Clair Co., Ala. Book E, page 62)." Terisa Washington Baker, <steviewilsonfamily@sbcglobal.net> very kindly sent me a copy of this document and the following.

29 August, 1859: Settlement of the estate of Nancy Washington, deceased, her surviving children and descendants: John Washington, Allen Washington, Rebecca Washington, William Washington, Edward Washington, Darling Washington, George Washington; all of legal age and children of Cynthia McKinny, who is now dead, and who was a daughter of said decedent, her children of said decedent being reported by said administrator as unknown and have no legal guardian, all of whom are entititled to share.... (St. Clair Co., Ala., Book C, page 432.)

(I had these words wrong after several retranscriptions until I had the Xeroxed copies of the actual court records from Terisa Washington Baker, <steviewilsonfamily@sbcglobal.net> in August, 2002. I have fixed where I found errors, for example where I had Cynthia McKinny's name, it was listed as Cynthia Washington McKinny..... someone inserting Washington.)

The court order appointing John and William Washington to administer the estate of Thomas Washington is dated 24 Jan., 1838, St. Clair Co., Ala.

From Gwen Washington, May 2000, <gwashington@cableone.net>, who sent this treasure trove I did not have:

"... forgot to mention the whereabouts of some of the Washingtons from Thomas's chidren who came to MS.

"First, Edward b. 1790s came to Choctaw Co. MS. with all or most of his children. Then children moved to Texas Cass and Bowie Cos.

".... John stayed in St. Clair Co., died March 1860 of pneumonia. Is listed on 1860 Mortality Schedule for St. Clair Co. Ala.

".... Rebecca Washington Hollingsworth's estate settlement for mother Nancy says she is in St. Clair Co. in 1855. Know nothing after that.

".... Allen stayed in St. Clair Co. Am not convinced all children listed with him are really his. Also think Rebecca listed with him is sister not wife. Don't know who his wife is.

".... Darlington moved around to Benton Co., then Texas as you know.

".... George moved to Tishimingo Co MS. then to Cass Co. Texas. Died there late 1860 according to P. Kelton in her book.

".... William came to Panola Co. MS. by 1850. Was not listed on 1860 census but most of his children and wife were. Don't know their whereabouts in 1870 bu they must have stayed close to sister Cynthia's children since William's dau. married Cynthia's son.

".... Cynthia m. Michael McKinney (estate settlement listed given name incorrectly). They moved to the Western Division of Chickasaw Co. Ms. by 1850. They had many children; James E. b. 1835 m. Charlotte Miller, William A. b, 1837 m. Sarah Washington abt. 1860-63 George M b. ca. 1839, Matilda b. 1841, Sarah J. b. 1843, John L. b. 1845, Thomas A. b. 1848, Allen b. 1851-52. Then Cynthia died and was probably buried in Chickasaw Co. After her death, Michael moved to Lafayette Co. Ms. where the older son married. Michael remarried and had another large family. He probably died between 1870 and 1880. Don't know what happened to the children after that. Suspect they went to Texas like so many others in family. Don't know what happened to William's (son of Thomas) family after 1860. I believe that takes care of the whereabouts of the whole family for about two decades or so. Let me hear from you to see if my info. matches any of yours." Thanks, Gwen!

I have heard that Thomas Washington and some of his family might have settled in Columbia Co. or elsewhere in Ga. before moving on the Ala. I am told he wrote a will in Columbia Co. I posted this query on the Georgia forum and today, Jan. 5, 2003, heard this from Jan Washington, <jwashington@charter.net>, who kindly said:

"I'm researching the caucasian Washington family of Columbia County, Ga. The direct ancestor I'm particularly interested in is Robert Silas Washington, who was born 24 Dec 1851. All censuses I have seen of his family reflect his mother, Martha, as head of the family. However, his father was still living since children continued to be born until at least 1856. I have found information that lists a George W. Washington or Matthew Washington as Martha's husband. I've not been able to find any info to help prove which one.

"In doing research, it appears that the first Washington in this line in Columbia County was James Washington, born 1750-1760. He may have been there even earlier, but I've had no luck in tracing him earlier than 1820 District 6, Columbia Co., Ga. census, page 33. He had five sons at that time; I've identified two as George (b. about 1786 and married Sophia Fitzgerald 15 Jul 1815) and James Jr. (b. about 1787 and married Nancy Revell 4 Feb 1813). My research is on James Jr.'s line. I believe George W. or Matthew Washington was the son of James Jr.

"George W./Matthew's family moved to Colorado Co., TX, sometime between 1851 and 1860.

"I'm not sure where the Washingtons originated. I've heard Northampton, NC and previous to that Va., but I don't know for sure.

"I hope this info is of some help to you. Jan"

Editor: I think James might easily be a brother of our Thomas, born about 1770 in Va. or SC. Given that Thomas and his family passed through Ga.-- we think Columbia County en route to Ala.-- why shouldn't his brother be along too?

Notes for Nancy Darlington:
--These are my notes (or I credit others) which I have seen copied without reference to me--

We do not know that Mrs. Nancy Washington was born a Darlington, but such an unusual first name for their son might suggest it. And there is the proximity of the two families Darlington and Washington in the census of 1790.

Margaret Thompson, Alabama, notes: "On the first census of US (1790), in the Orangeburg District-- South Part: In second column is an Edward Washington. In third column is a John Darlington. I looked in my notes and in many places Darling Washington is also referred to as Darlington Washington-- see, for example, the 1830 census of St. Clair County. (ed.: Later I have seen the marriage records of two daughters who give their father as Darlington Washington.)

Margaret also tells me: From a genealogy journal on SC: Rosemary Baptist Church Minutes-- Williston, SC (Barnwell County) Church founded about 1809. minutes read "....Met in conference May 17, 1817.... resolved that Nancy Washington and Tabitha Jowers be excommunicated from the fellowship of this church for impudent conduct." Could this be our Nancy?

1850 census, St. Clair Co., AL: [from Long]

District 19:

Nancy Washington...............74
Rebecca Washington...........50 White South Carolina
Allen Washington.................49 do do
Elizabeth Washington..........23 do Alabama
Martha Washington..............12 do do
Matilda Washington...............4 do do
John Washington....................1 do do
John Washington..................53 do South Carolina
Mary Washington.................35 do do
George Washington..............22 do Alabama
Cynthia C. Washington.........17 do do
Amanda Washington............14 do do
John Washington...................6 do do
Darling Washington...............5 do do
Elizabeth Washington............2 do do
END EXCERPT
_____________________________________________
Concerning the Darlingtons of Barnwell Co. SC, 4 Jun 2000, Gwen Washington <gwashington@cableone.net> says: ... "I thought you might be interested in learning what I found on the Darlington family of Barnwell Dist. SC. Herman Weiland answered my query who has a genealogy of this family. Here is what he said the book contains:

"Genealogy of the Darlington Family," by Gilbert Cope, 1900

"Page 556: John Darlington whose wife was named Elinor (Armstrong) b. June 25, 1750 in Wilmington, Delaware m. April 02, 1773 in Wilmington. Found in Orangeburg Dist. (now Barnwell) in 1786 where he died about 1807. He had two children:

"Job (died 1826) m. Elizabeth Nelson, and John not married.

"Their children were: John Armstrong (children are Richard and James) (Note from Gwen: found on several censuses for Barnwell is a John A. Darlington; don't know if it is this one or not), James ( had John and James), Thomas ( had Pickens Armstrong, Joseph Job, John, James, and William R. b. ca. 1842), and two unnamed daughters: I dau. b. ca. 1795 and died at 90 years in 1885. Other one unknown.

"Now maybe we can begin to place some of this family and perhaps answer that burning question of 'Was Nancy a Darlington?' We probably should go back to the 1790 census to see the age span of both John Darlingtons. Do you have a copy of 1790 Orangeburgh census for the Darlingtons. I think I do somewhere but will have to fish it out of my "family junk" as my children call it. If you have it, would you share it with me, please. Just wanted you to know that there may be hope out there yet for finding out who Nancy was. If we can either rule the Darlingtons in or out we will have accomplished something. If we can't connect, maybe we can at least rule them out...."

Is it possible that there was a Nancy born to John and Elinor Armstrong Darlington about 1776 who came to SC with them? Was one a Nancy who married Thomas Washington in about 1790?

Terisa Washington Baker writes that ".... finally, the Orangeburgh District, SC 1790 census shows Edward with 2 males of 16 and older, 2 males under 16 and 6 females; all free white. John Darlington is on column 3 with a family of 2 males of 16 and older, 1 male under 16 and 2 females." (Ed.: this is surely Nancy's family)

Margaret, again: "Also, I do think that when we finally find it that Nancy, wife of Thomas, will be either a wife #2 or have another name such as Anne or Elizabeth. She lived 20 years longer than Thomas so it might make sense that she was younger. (ed.: but note that the St Clair 1850 census has Nancy age 74... thus born in 1776). Also, Gwen has found several people in Barnwell, SC, with surname of Allen and also same surname in St. Clair County in early 1800's. She said that many Washingtons have A. as a middle initial." An Allen marriage? Thus there can be the following case: Thomas marries an Allen in 1789 or 1790; Allen Washington is born. (ed.: but see Gwen's birth order below, suggesting that Allen is younger than the first three children). Mrs. Washington dies, he remarries before 1795 when the next child is born. This could fit Nancy's age-- born 1776 with a 1790 birth being pretty young. Were she married in 1793, she would be seventeen.

I have also been curious of the name Darlington. It is fairly rare in the south. But then what of Darlington, SC? A history of that region, courtesy of the Old Darlington District Chapter of S.C.G.S., P.O. Box 175, Hartsville, South Carolina, says: "The settlement of what is now Darlington County began in earnest after 1736 and 1737 when the province of South Carolina set aside a vast area of land for the Welsh Baptists of Delaware. This Welsh Track bordered on both sides of the Pee Dee River. Soon after the first settlers began to arrive they constituted the Welsh Neck Baptist Church. This church was first located on the north side of the Pee Dee River, opposite present-day Society Hill. For almost thirty years settlers concentrated on the banks and small tributaries of the Pee Dee River. Beginning in the 1760's and continuing into the 1770's other groups slowly made their way into present-day Darlington and were granted lands on Lynches Creek (River), Jeffries Creek, and a host of other watercourses. These later settlers included descendants of French Huguenots, Scott-Irish, and the English. For three decades following the arrival of the first settlers, local government did not exist for the citizens of the area. All deeds, estate settlements, and other legal matters had to be taken to Charles Town to be recorded. In 1769, by an Act of the Assembly, Cheraw District was established as a Judicial District. A courthouse and gaol were built at Long Bluff (near present day Society Hill) and were operational by late 1772. After the Revolutionary War, in 1785, Cheraw District was divided into three counties, Marlborough, Chesterfield, and Darlington. Darlington County was bounded by Cedar Creek, the Pee Dee River, and Lynches Creek (River). To this day there is uncertainty concerning why the county was named Darlington. A new county seat was established near the center of the county, Darlington Court House. After 1798 the designation "county" was changed to "district." In the 1868 South Carolina Constitution, the designation reverted back to county. "

Note that the Darlingtons who settled in the Orangeburg, now Barnwell, District, were from Delaware! And the Barnwell area is not so far from the Darlington area.

Of the children, Gwen Washington notes that the first three, Edward, John, and Rebecca, were born in Winton Co., S.C., and the rest, Allen, Darlington, George, William, and Cynthia, were born in Barnwell Co, S.C. (which came from Winton Co.) I am adopting this as the order and estimating birth years where we do not know. (ed.: Later I checked the dates and Winton Co. became Barnwell District in 1798, later Barnwell Co. in 1868. Thus if Rebecca is the age we believe, she was born in the new Barnwell District)

Based on circumstantial evidence, I am adopting Nancy Darlington as Mrs. Washington, accepting she might be the second.

Marriage Notes for Thomas Washington and Nancy Darlington:
Margaret Thompson, Bremen, Alabama, wrote an article for St. Clair Heritage Book that states Thomas and Nancy were married in Winton, SC, about 1790-1793. (her note to me, 7-26-98.)
     
Children of Thomas Washington and Nancy Darlington are:
  i.   Edward Washington, born 1795 in Winton Co., SC; died Aft. 1860 in MS or TX122; married Susan ?; born Abt. 1796; died Bet. 1840 - 1845123.
  Notes for Edward Washington:
In the 1820 St Clair Co. Alabama census, an Edward Washington is shown as over 21, married to a female over 21, with two boys and a girl in the household.

He was living in Choctaw County, Mississippi in 1855 at the time of his mother's estate settlement.
Gwen Washington gives his children as:

1. Salley ? Washington b: BEF. 1815
2. Jeremiah Washington b: ABT. 1815 in Barnwell Dist. SC
3. Thomas Washington b: 20 OCT 1820 in St. Clair Co Alabama
4. Susanah Washington b: ABT. 1825 in St. Clair Co Alabama
5. Rebecca Ann Washington b: ABT. 1827
6. Amanda Washington b: ABT. 1830
7. John Washington b: ABT. 1834
8. John Russel Washington b: ABT. 1842 (ed.: this name is curious because of the James Russell Washington elsewhere, my great grandfather.)

Paulette Gilchrist gives this listing:

1. Sally Washington b: 1815 in South Carolina
2. Jeremiah Washington b: 12 APR 1816 in Barnwell District, South Carolina
3. Thomas "Tom" Washington b: 20 OCT 1820 in St Clair County, Alabama
4. Suzanna Washington b: 1825 in St Clair Co., Alabama
5. Elizabeth Washington b: 1825 in St Clair Co., Alabama
6. Rebakah Ann Washington b: 25 JUN 1826 in Alabama
7. Amanda Washington b: 1830 in Alabama
8. John Washington b: 1834 in St Clair Co., Alabama

  ii.   John Washington124, born 1797 in Winton Co., SC; died 1860 in St. Clair Co., AL; married (1) Lavina Abt. 1823; born Abt. 1803; died Aft. 1834; married (2) Mary Eliza Edwards Abt. 1840; born Abt. 1820.
  Notes for John Washington:
He was in St. Clair Co., Alabama in 1855 as shown in his mother's estate settlement. Gwen Washington notes he is shown in the 1860 mortality schedule, St. Clair Co.
____________________________________________________

Also, it is likely those listed beneath him are his family here:

1850 census, St. Clair Co., AL: [from Long]

District 19:

Nancy Washington...............74
Rebecca Washington...........50 White South Carolina
Allen Washington.................49 do do
Elizabeth Washington..........23 do Alabama
Martha Washington..............12 do do
Matilda Washington...............4 do do
John Washington....................1 do do
John Washington..................53 do South Carolina
Mary Washington.................35 do do
George Washington..............22 do Alabama
Cynthia C. Washington.........17 do do
Amanda Washington............14 do do
John Washington...................6 do do
Darling Washington...............5 do do
Elizabeth Washington............2 do do
END EXCERPT
__________________________________________________

The census above is sort of a jumble of families which I believe various descendants have sorted out for us, and which I reflect in these notes. For example, John, aged one, is the child of Allen and Rebecca, while the other six year old John is John and Mary's child. They are at least shown in that sequence....
_________________________________________________

Gerry Williams, John's great great granddaughter, says: I have photocopies of John's will (John born abt 1796) with names of heirs, which leads me to believe that my list is accurate. Dates of birth where I have given a year are estimates based on Census. I also have copies of legal papers in which John's first wife, Lavina, gave up her rights to land owned by John.

One of James Knox Polk Washington's sons was named John A. Washington. He was born in 1877.

  iii.   Allen Washington125, born 1798 in Barnwell Co., SC126,127,128; died Aft. 1860 in St. Clair Co., AL129,130; married Rebecca 1826; born 1808 in SC131; died Aft. 1860.
  Notes for Allen Washington:
He was in St. Clair Co., Alabama in 1855 as shown in his mother's estate settlement.

Note from Paulette Gilchrist, Ala. " I am descended from Thomas and Nancy's son Allen, then Henry, Robert Willis and Joel Byrd."

The children footnoted as such are from Margaret Thompson's records.

Gwen Washington, op. cit., notes that: Allen stayed in St. Clair Co. Am not convinced all children listed with him are really his. Also think Rebecca listed with him is sister not wife. Don't know who his wife is.

  Notes for Rebecca:
Paulette Gilchrist <pgilchr@hotmail.com>, an Allen Washington descendant, says in Jan., 2000:

"... In 1860 census records of St. Clair Co., Al.

Allen - age 70 - born 1790 in S.C. Rebecca - age 72 - born 1788 in S.C. In 1870 census, neither are listed. Thomas Washington's family came to St. Clair Co., in 1820. I believe Allen was already married at this time. Allen purchased land in 1824 here. John came in 1819 and bought the original land in the 1820 land purchase deal. Thomas later bought land from John. I have documents for the above information.... Paulette"

  iv.   Rebecca Washington132, born 1799 in Barnwell Co., SC133; died Aft. 1859; met Samuel Hollingsworth 30 December 1830 in St. Clair Co., AL134; born Abt. 1800.
  Notes for Rebecca Washington:
She was in St. Clair Co., Alabama in 1855 as shown in her mother's estate settlement.
______________________________________
Craig Washington notes, April 02, 2000 that: I have a Rebecca Washington born 1800 in SC married to Samuel HOLLINGSWORTH 30 December 1830 at St. Clair Co., AL. And another born 1828 in AL. The Washingtons of SC are most likely descended from Thomas WASHINGTON b. 1776 and part of the Edward Washington line....
____________________________________

  v.   Annie Washington135, born Abt. 1800 in SC136; died Aft. 1860 in Parker Co., TX; married William S. Herring; born 1774 in SC137,138; died 1871 in Parker Co., TX139.
  Notes for Annie Washington:
Annie is buried in Parker County within yards of Darlington Washington's marker. She married a Herring, and I think she is Darlington's sister. If her mother were Nancy Darlington and her father Thomas Washington, then her brother is Darlington. Note the large gap in children after 1806 all the way to 1812. Perhaps that is when she arrived? But the 1860 census which gives her birth in SC says she is 60, so she is more likely born in about 1800. She is on the same page as Darlington!

I think it likely she is a child of Thomas and Nancy (note the Annie as a dimunitive of Anne as is Nancy) and born either in the gap 1799-1804 or 1806-1812. That would make her the right age for her children. I am going to add her to this family with caveats, but since they are buried in the same cemetery it is almost a sure thing that she and Darlington are siblings!

This quest was launched by this note from John/Doug Wood <dlscd@msn.com> in September 2005 while I was in Italy.

Subject: Darlington Washington genealogy

I was reading the notes for Darlington Washington posted (at your site).

There is another grave nearby (in the Hill Cemetery where Darlington is marked) where the wife of Wiliam S Herring b 1774 in SC..d 1871 (he was in the war of 1812)... his wife Annie Washington is also buried here. Her tombstone has no dates. I was wondering if you knew if she was some kin to Darlington Washington....

Annie Washington is my wife's ggg grandmother..there are five generations of Herrings buried in this cemetery .... we live close by this cemetery and have been there many times.... the D Washington grave is very close to the Herring graves probably within 20 feet.... Your notes were very interesting ... I would like to know if you have any info that would help me to determine if this Annie Washington is kin to Darlington. Thanks for any help, I will give you any info that I have on the Herrings if you are interrested... Doug Wood

Later, from John Wood: Pat, The following web page is has very accuarate genealogy for william s herring-annie washington decendants...bert herring is my wifes father..he is the gg grandson of william s herring and annie washington..and the great grandson of william washington herring... http://webpages.charternet/jlhemphill1/

This web page also has a link to the Hill cemetery listing.. Jerald Hemphill has done a really good job of research.the Herring part of this research is the part I am familiar with and it is accurate.

Please let me know if you find a link from Darlington Washington and Annie Washington..Also let me know if there is anything in the North Texas area that I could possibly look up for you here,concerning Darlington Washington. thanks for your reply, john wood

  More About Annie Washington:
Burial: Hill Cemetery, Parker Co., TX140

  More About William S. Herring:
Burial: Hill Cemetery, Parker Co., TX141

  vi.   George Washington, born 1804 in Barnwell Co., SC; died 1860 in Cass Co., TX142; married Ann Stedman 19 November 1828 in St. Clair Co., AL143; born Abt. 1810.
  Notes for George Washington:
1855 Estate settlement document: "George Washington, who resides somewhere in the State of Mississippi."

Gwen Washington says he was in Tishomingo Co., MS, and later moved on to Texas, He died in Cass County but is buried with no stone in the Old Union Cemetery in Bowie County, near Simms, Texas. (For this latter information I am indebted to Jill Mohon and her Small Planet WorldConnect site, 2004.)

In October 2005, I have this interesting note from Terrie Washington, <tr@yellville.net>, most likely a cousin.

"I recently found information that traces my John C. HALFORD [ALFORD] to Barnwell SC. He may have been a jp in Barnwell SC, Pike Co. AL and Simpson Co. MS. He also may of had a brother who was sheriff in Barnwell SC, William HALFORD, noted in court transcripts. JC HALFORD owned slaves and was listed in slave schedules in Russell & Coosa Cos. AL (1840, 1850), and Calhoun Co. MS (1860), where he was mis-spelled in census and slaves schedules in Calhoun Co. MS [HOLFORD, 1860], but was in same household as my 2nd great
grandfather John C. WASHINGTON, and wife Margaret LEWELLEN. I also recently found JC Halford's wife's grave at Methodist campground [Ragland] Cemetery in Calhoun Co. MS, which I just visited and is in pathetic condition. Down the street from my George W's grave. Catharine Brown-Halford b. Jan 13 1795, d. Feb 1, 1854 (daugh. of James b. SC, d.Warren MS), wife of John HALFORD. So Halford's must have moved to MS before the rest of the family, as WASHINGTONs arrived about 1858-1860. Catharine's family moved to Warren MS from SC much earlier.

"I note a John ALFORD was living next door to another George WASHINGTON b. 1806 in 1820 St. Clair Co. AL census, the same George WASHINGTON [son of Thomas] that had moved to Harris Co. GA (bordering Calhoun Co. AL where Halfords & my W's lived), then that same George moved later to Rusk TX where I find an Amanda Conaway living next door to him [an Amanda Conaway was listed in Halford household in 1850 Coosa Co. MS]. Coincidence?

"Thanks for the family tree! Terrie

"Washington's of Coosa & Russell Cos. AL, also Calhoun & Pontotoc Cos. MS"

Terrie has added more to all this:

"Well, I just found land records that James BROWN, father of Catharine BROWN (wife of John C HALFORD) is from Barnwell SC, I found court records that John C. HALFORD lived there too. I bet they wern't too far from the WASHINGTONs. Like I said before, John C. HALFORD was next door to your George WASHINGTON (brother of Darling) in 1820 St. Clair SC (spelled ALFORD). The same George WASHINGTON moved and was living in 1830 Harris Co GA bordering Russell Co. AL where my George WASHINGTON and father-in-law John HALFORD lived. I think that your families George WASHINGTON b. 1804 fathered a son at 16-17 years of age; my George WASHINGTON b. 1821. I would bet money on this. Benjamin WASHINGTON (of my family) always said that he had cousins in south Mississippi, I bet it's the W's that moved there from St. Clair. Terrie W"

Here are some Barnwell Co SC records:

Deed book E page 394: We Elias Jenkens, Ashford Jenkens, Valentine Thomas, Mary Connell, Joseph Parker, and Lewis Thomas, of Barnwell Dist.. for $500 paid by Thomas Riley, Planter, on Great Saltketcher 3 miles below Moyes Bridge, sell 540 acres being part of tract containing 640 acres granted to Richard Creech and Wm. Buford on 2 Oct. 1786 and transferred from Wm. Buford to Arthur Jenkens which we hold as our lawful property being heirs to the estate of Arthur Jenkins (deceased). 12 Aug. 1808, signed Elias hisXmark Jenkens, Joseph Parker, Mary herXmark Connell, Lewis Thomas, Valentine hisXmark Thomas, Ashford Jenkins. Witnesses: John Gill, Eli Myrick, James hisXmark Brown. Recorded 1 July 1811.

Children of Arthur Jenkins and wife Elizabeth (some could be grandchildren):

1. Elias Jenkens born <1787
2. Ashford Jenkins b<1780 deeded land by his father in 1801 Book 2 page 97 4/4/1801, 5/4/1801 20 685 acres on the Saltketcher
3. dau. born <1779 married Thomas Riley, Thos. Riley deeded land by Jenkins Book 2 p99 10/10/1800, 5/4/1800 300 590 acres on Green Savannah.
4. dau. born <1787 married Valentine Thomas
5. Mary Jenkins born <1787 married ___ Connell dead by 1808, appears in the 1808 deed above without mention of a husband. Book N p54, I Mary Connell of Barnwell Dist.. for $75 paid by Samuel O'Neal sell 72 acres part of 1285 acres granted to Arthur Genkins on 7 July 1788 by Thomas Pickney which land I claim as one of heirs of estate of Arthur Genkins. Mary (mark) Connell. Witnesses John Gill, John N. Gill, 9 dec. 1815. Book V p358 I Mary Connell for $250 paid by John Conly planter sell 500 acres on the west side of the Saltcatcher, part of tract granted to Brinkly Corbet and Phillip Smith 12 Aug. 1830. Mary herXmark Connell. Wit: Wm. R. Halford, Cornelius K. Brown.
6. dau. born <1774 married Joseph Parker sold land by Jenkins Book J p429 8/18/1795, 7/7/1817 10 128 acres on Jackson's Branch.
7. dau. born <1787 married Lewis Parker
8. Elizabeth Jenkins born <1781 married Miles Riley before 1802.

Copyright 1997, Dr. Frank Oliver Clark. These documents may be freely used for private purposes, and included in your own genealogy. However, this document is copyrighted by Dr. Frank O. Clark and may not be sold, nor given to anyone who may attempt to derive profit from same.

The following is a list of the Simpson county officers for the year 1824, the year the county was created: Laughlin McLaurin, Jacob Carr, James Briggs, John C. Halford, Justices of the Peace.

BARNWELL COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA - Court Record Index: Chancery and Equity Courts

Court Record Index: Chancery and Equity Courts, Barnwell Co., South Carolina Box 11-20, Groups 21-40 From LDS Microfilms #0192317 thru #0192326 Contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by Thomas E. Van Ness <tevanness@juno.com>


483 John C. Halford et al vs Jonathan Pender 01-10-1847 (Wm. R. HALFORD was sheriff at the time)

Before John C. Halford, JP Recorded March 29, 1831. John Q. Spencer deed to Ralph Stovall of Pike County for $880 Negro slaves named Cherry 20 years, ...

Owned land next to son-in-law George Washington in Russell Co. AL in 1840 Also owned land in Lee and Coosa Counties AL. Moved to Calhoun Co. MS before Feb. 1854. Spelled Holford in 1860 Calhoun Co. MS census.

Halford was listed on slave schedules in 1840 Russell Co. AL, 1850 Coosa Co. AL and 1860 Calhoun Co. MS.

Name: JOHN C ALFORD
Land Office: AUGUSTA
Document Number: 665
Total Acres: 40.7
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: January 05, 1841
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description: 1 NWNE CHOCTAW No 7N 16E 22

Name: JOHN C ALFORD
Land Office: AUGUSTA
Document Number: 6651
Total Acres: 40.33
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: January 05, 1841
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description: 1 NENW CHOCTAW No 7N 16E 26

Name: JOHN C ALFORD
Land Office: AUGUSTA
Document Number: 6652
Total Acres: 40.28
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: January 05, 1841
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description: 1 SESE CHOCTAW No 7N 16E 23

Name: JOHN C HALFORD
Land Office: MONTGOMERY
Document Number: 7149
Total Acres: 40.34
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: October 1, 1840
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description: 1 NWSW ST STEPHENS No 18N 29E 4


Name: JOHN C HALFORD
Land Office: JACKSON
Document Number: 1664
Total Acres: 94.94
Signature: Yes
Canceled Document: No
Issue Date: May 01, 1826
Mineral Rights Reserved: No
Metes and Bounds: No
Statutory Reference: 3 Stat. 566
Multiple Warantee Names: No
Act or Treaty: April 24, 1820
Multiple Patentee Names: No
Entry Classification: Sale-Cash Entries
Land Description: 1 ESE ST STEPHENS No 10N 20W 3


HALFORD, JOHN C MS Simpson 5/1/1826 Jackson 1664 MS0110__.206
HALFORD, JOHN C MS Jasper 1/5/1841 Augusta 5370 MS0720__.159


ALABAMA LAND RECORDS (JC HALFORD)

NWSW 4/ 18-N 29-E No St Stephens AL Lee County
Issue Date: 10/10/1840
Land Office: Montgomery
Cancelled: No
Mineral Reservations: No
Authority: April 24, 1820: Sale-Cash Entry (3 Stat. 566)




  More About George Washington:
Burial: Old Union Cemetery, near Simms, Bowie Co., TX

  4 vii.   Darlington Washington, born 1806 in Barnwell Co., SC; died Aft. 1860 in Parker Co., TX; married (1) Elizabeth Greenwood 02 September 1826 in St. Clair Co., AL; married (2) Sarah Lowrance 09 September 1836 in St. Clair Co., AL; married (3) Jane Yancey 05 March 1846 in Rusk Co., TX.
  viii.   William Thomas Washington144, born 08 February 1812 in Barnwell Co., SC145; died Bef. 1860 in Panola Co., MS; married Nancy Newman 23 May 1833 in St. Clair Co., AL; born 27 September 1813 in York District, SC; died in Panola Co., MS146.
  Notes for William Thomas Washington:
Residence listed as unknown in 1855 in the estate settlement of his mother.
_____________
Gwen Washington says that " William came to Panola Co. MS. by 1850. Was not listed on 1860 census but most of his children and wife were. Don't know their whereabouts in 1870 but they must have stayed close to sister Cynthia's children since William's dau. married Cynthia's son.

  ix.   Cynthia Washington, born Abt. 1815 in Barnwell Co., SC; died Abt. 1852 in Chickasaw Co., MS; married Michael McKinney 04 December 1834 in St. Clair Co., AL; born Abt. 1810; died Abt. 1870.
  Notes for Cynthia Washington:
Cynthia m. Michael McKinney (estate settlement listed given name incorrectly). They moved to the Western Division of Chickasaw Co. Ms. by 1850. They had many children: James E. b. 1835 m. Charlotte Miller, William A. b, 1837 m. Sarah Washington abt. 1860-63 George M b. ca. 1839, Matilda b. 1841, Sarah J. b. 1843, John L. b. 1845, Thomas A. b. 1848, Allen b. 1851-52. Then Cynthia died and was probably buried in Chickasaw Co. After her death, Michael moved to Lafayette Co. Ms. where the older son married. Michael remarried and had another large family. He probably died between 1870 and 1880. We do not know what happened to the children after that. Some suspect they went to Texas like so many others in family.

Gwen Washington, op. cit. writes: I am trying to find the burial place for Cynthia Washington McKinney who was wife of Michael Mckinney. She was b. abt. 1815 in SC and died between 1850-1855 in Chickasaw Co. She and Michael lived in western division of Chickasaw Co. in 1850. Would anyone know anything about the whereabouts of her burial place or exactly when she died? Would appreciate any help.

  Notes for Michael McKinney:
The incorrect name of Mitchell McKinney is derived from the 1855 estate settlement of Cynthia's mother. Their residence is noted as "somewhere in the State of Mississippi." But see Gwen's note under Cynthia about his name, which is often given as McKinny. In the 1800 and 1810 Barnwell District federal censuses, there are McKinnys (without the ey) near the Washingtons, a Thomas in 1800 and 1810, and Michael in 1810. Both families have boys who could be this Michael.

In February, 2003, I received this kind note from Tony McKinney, <Tonymckinney@aol.com>, using that spelling: "I am the grandson of Robert W. McKinney of St. Clair, AL. I am seeking more information on the McKinney/Washington families. Any help you could provide would be wonderful. He had a son named Robert W. McKinney (my father) I am also named Robert W. McKinney.... Thanks for any help, Tony McKinney"



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