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Descendants of STEPHENS


26. RICHARD19 STEPHENS, CAPT. (ANTHONY18, EDWARD17, HENRY16, JOHN15, THOMAS14, JOHN13, JOHN12, RICHARD11, JOHN10, JOHN9 FITZ-STEPHEN, BARON OF WINTERBOURNE, HENRY8, JOHN7, FITZ STEPHEN6 FITZ-RALPH, RALPH5 FITZ-STEPHEN, RALPH4, THOMAS3, AIRARD2, STEPHENS1) was born 1600 in Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England, and died July 1670 in Jamestown Colony. He married ELIZABETH PIERCY 1626 in England, daughter of ABRAHAM PIERCY and ELIZABETH DRAPER. She was born 1609 in England, and died Bef. September 16, 1646 in Virginia.

Notes for R
ICHARD STEPHENS, CAPT.:
Virginia People
Muster of the inhabitants of Virginia settlements, February 16, 1623/4
Source: "Hotten's Lists" (Use browser "Bookmark" or "Back" to return to this page.)
Other information is available at the main page for Virginia
Settlers living at "James Cittye" in Virginia, February 16, 1623/4
Stephens, Richard

Source from STEPHENS / STEVENS Genealogy Club--Tom Stephens

(I-2)John's brother, (IIII) Richard Stephens who's spouse was Elizabeth Piercy born in 1600 is called a paynter-stayner and the worshipful company of paynters-stayners is named in the first London Company's Charter of Virginia with many others. (a painter of arms and a glass stainer - an artist)

(IIII) Richard's children were Richard, Samuel, William and John Stephens.

(IIII)Richard Stephens had the dubious honor of fighting the first duel on American soil and another duel was not recorded for 100 years.

The colony's prospects improved when the demand for tobacco, first cultivated in 1612, grew. The governor, Sir George Yeardley, convened the first legislative assembly in America at Jamestown in 1619.

That same year a Dutch ship brought the first blacks, most of whom were indentured servants, and toward the end of the century slavery became a characteristic feature of the economy.

(IIII) Richard Stephens built a block house in James City (Jamestown). We know through the manuscript and of the incorporation of James City, Capt. Richard Stephens was given Patent No. 1, that others might be encouraged by his example to enclose ground and plant trees.

"Stevens - Stephens Genealogy and Family History"
Author: Clarence Perry Stevens
Call Number: CS71.S844
This book contains the history and genealogy of the Stevens-Stephens family of North Carolina.
Bibliographic Information: Stevens, Clarence Perry. Stevens-Stephens Genealogy and Family History. Privately Published. 1968.

CAPT. RICHARD STEVENS came in the George to Jamestown Colony in 1623. I believe that this is the first official record of a Stevens (Stephens) settler in a permanent colony in America, kin to us. It appears that he was the eldest son of our ancestor B) Anthony Stephens, b. ca 1560 of Wiltshire, England. The official Visitation of London1 in 1634 lists only one A) Thomas as the son of said B) Anthony but the two crescents on his coat of arms shows that he was a second son and so had an older brother.
A son of 6) Capt. Richard Stevens was Governor Samuel Stevens. After his death in July of 1670 a meeting of the General Court was held in the settlement of his estate2 and among thos listed as present was Nicholas Stevens and Capt. William Crawford who had been a fellow officer with Nicholas under Cromwell in England.
Since usually only the legal officials and the relatives attend such a meeting it would appear that 1) Nicholas Stevens was related to Gov. Samuel Stevens and thus was related to 6) Capt. Richard Stevens. If this is correct, then 1) Nicholas was the nephew of 6) Richard and a first cousin to Gov. Samuel Stevens..
Furthermore, it is a matter of the N. C. family record that Isaac5 Stevens (Stephens), b. 1793 in North Carolina, was related to a Samuel Stevens although some of the details are not very clear.
In 1877 said Isaac, who had an older brother named Sam, dictated some data to his grandson Isaac and Dr. Arnold, author of the Rush County Atlas of 1879. He gave his parents as James and Cebra (Seaberry) who had migrated from in or near Fayetteville, N. C., which I found to be true when I found the will of John Stevens, probated in 1779 there naming James as a son. This is, I believe, the oldest will still on record there.
Isaac said that we had an early colonial relative named Sam Stevens in the Carolina Colony who kept a lot of his money in gold in an iron kettle under his bed and often guarded by two big black slaves (I suppose when he was away). He wanted very much to own a thousand slaves but never quite succeeded for as fast as he would buy a slave one would die or be lost in some other way.
For over forty years I suspected that this was fiction or much exaggerated. Now I find that it is a well documented fact that Samuel Stevens, the 2nd colonial governor of the colony owned over 4500 acres of land and was for that time a very rich man. So it appears that he could have had that many slaves and, considering the size of the colony then, he must have been the only Sam Stevens, or probably anyone else, who could have had that many then in the colony. This tends to prove that 1) Nicholas Stevens was related to 7) Samuel Stevens and was probably a first cousin.
1 Harlein Pub. Visit. of London in 1634, Vol. 2, p. 262.
2 Ray's "Old Albemarle". p. 568 (referring to Hathway).

CAPT. RICHARD STEVENS, although unmarried, arrived in 1623 at Jamestown with four servants and later paid for the importation of many settlers; forty in one instance, so he was probably an eldest son who had inherited assets due to the English law of primogeniture, which characteristic would seem to fit the eldest son of B) Anthony Stephens in England.
In 1623, he had the doubtful distinction of fighting the first duel in the English colonies with George Harrison, whom he wounded so severely in the knee that he later died, although it was said that death was not caused by the wound. Capt. Stevens also received the first land grant preserved on record at the Virginia Land Patent Office which, since Jamestown was the first colony, is probably tantamount to saying that it is the oldest English land grant in the U. S. A. today. This grant comprised sixty "roods" at Jamestown adjoining a house he already owned, "so that others may be encouraged by his example to enclose some grounds for gardens. 2 He was a burgess and a member of the governor's council under Gov. Harvey, who had become cordially detested by the colonists. In a personal altercation with Capt. Stephens, the governor suddenly attacked Stephens and knocked out several of his teeth with a cane or cudgel. Soon after when the governor had a fist fight with his council, they deposed the old rascal and sent him to England regardless of their legal inability to do so. At his death about 1636 Capt. Stephens owned over 2000 acres of land in the colony.

6) Capt. Richard Stephens, b. ca 1585 probably in Wiltshire, England d. ca 1636. He -m- Elizabeth Piersey, b. 1609 (dau. of Abraham and Elizabeth Piersey), a great heiress (for the time) on her arrival at Jamestown in 1623.
Issue:
1. 7) Gov. Samuel Stevens, ca 1629-1670, b. Jamestown Colony, Va. -m- Frances Culpeper, who after his death married Gov. Berkeley; no issue.
2. 8) William Stevens, b. ca 1631 - d. 1657 aged 26; -m- ca 1650 Margaret Vaulx (also spelled Vox in records).
Issue:
1. Mary Stephens b. ca 1650
2. William Jr. b. ca 1652. He d. a minor 1668.

9) Mary Stephens b. ca 1650 -m- 1st Gerard (Jarret) Hawthorne of York Co. -m- 2nd Richard Barnes - no issue -m- 3rd Capt. Wm Hartwell, bodyguard of Gov. Berkeley in Bacon's rebellion. Issue of 1st marriage:
1. Anne Hawthorne
2. Elizabeth (d. before 1675)
3. Robert Hawthrone
4. Mary Hawthorne (It is possible that the last two may have been of one of the other marriages.) No more data.


More About R
ICHARD STEPHENS, CAPT.:
Fact 1: Immigrant to Jamestown Colony in 1623
Fact 2: Source obtained from WFT, Volume 13
     
Children of R
ICHARD STEPHENS and ELIZABETH PIERCY are:
35. i.   JOHN20 STEPHENS, DR., b. 1627, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England; d. 1700, North Carolina.
  ii.   SAMUEL STEPHENS, GOV., b. 1628, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England; d. 1674, North Carolina; m. (1) ??? LAWRENCE; m. (2) FRANCES CULPEPPER, 1622.
  Notes for SAMUEL STEPHENS, GOV.:
"Stevens - Stephens Genealogy and Family History"
Author: Clarence Perry Stevens
Call Number: CS71.S844
This book contains the history and genealogy of the Stevens-Stephens family of North Carolina.
Bibliographic Information: Stevens, Clarence Perry. Stevens-Stephens Genealogy and Family History. Privately Published. 1968.

GOV. SAMUEL STEVENS, also a Captain, b. ca 1629 in Jamestown colony was commissioned governor of the N. C. colony (then Albemarle) in 1667 which office he retained till his death in 1670. The date 1674 in some histories is an error as shown by the probate date of his will. He was one of the few really good governors the colony had. "He ruled wisely and well" (Chambers' Annals, p. 523).
He retained the good will of the Indians and some immigrants came from Mass. and the Barbadoes.
The earliest recorded legislation was during his term in 1669. One bill forbade the collection of debts which had been contracted abroad by settlers before their emigration to the colony. (Of course, this was to attract settlers). Homesteads were granted for two years. To sue in court cost 30 lbs. of tobacco which went toward Gov. Stevens' salary. There were no clergymen till George Fox, the Quaker, came in 1672 and at the first meeting, the Indians shocked the Quakers by smoking their pipes during the service. -(Moore_. It has been said that in England smoking had been discontinued because of the noise of the flintlocks used then by people to light their pipes.
(Since I have only a few descendants of 6) Richard I am putting them here rather than in the tables farther on in the book.)

From the Jamestown settlement in May 1607 till 1775 scarcely a generation in the American colonies reached manhood without knowing the horrors of war. I have given some biography of Gov. Samuel Stevens in the preceding chapter so I need only to mention that he held also the rank of Captain. I have no record of his military service but probably he was in the action of Holy Thursday, 1644 in which some 500 white settlers were killed by the Indians in Virginia. However, the Indians were disbursed and their chief captured and shot, and their villages destroyed.

I think we can claim Capt. Richard Stephens (or Stevens) immigrant in the George to Jamestown Colony in 1623, just three years after the landing from the Mayflower at Plymouth. He arrived with two servants so he evidently was a man of some means. Under his name is the oldest remaining land grant record from the Jamestown Colony. With the possible exception of some which may remain from the early Plymouth records, that is doubtless the oldest English land grant in the United States. He was collaterly related to practically all of the Stevens lines listed in this book. He was the father of Samuel Stevens, the second colonial governor of the North Carolina Colony.

  iii.   WILLIAM STEPHENS, b. 1629, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England; d. December 23, 1687; m. MARGARET BONNIDAY; b. England.
  Notes for WILLIAM STEPHENS:
"Old Somerset of the Eastern Shore of Maryland"
1The tombstone over the grave of William Stevens states that he was 57 years old at the time of his death, December 23, 1687. The record of the death and burial of Richard Stevens, April 22, 1667, given in Somerset Court, Liber IKL, p. 241, states that said Richard Stevens was youngest son of John Stevens, of Llebourn [Lidbourne?], in the parish of Mealmore [Millmore?], County of Buckingham, England, and that said Richard Stevens was brother of William Stevens, of Somerset County, and that he had died April 20th at the house of his said brother William, and was buried at his brother William's plantation, called "Rehoboth," in Somerset County, April 26, 1667.
2William Stevens seems to ha ve invariably signed his name: "Will: Stevens." In Northampton County (Virginia) records, Order Book, 1656-1664, p. 206, we find one "Will: Stevens" as a member of a petit jury, February 15, 1664 [1664/5]. Jennings Wise, in his Ye Kingdome of Accawmacke, or the History of the Eastern Shore of Virginia in the 17th Century, pp. 111-112, confuses William Stevens, of Rehoboth, Somerset County, Maryland, with a certain Major Philip Stevens, a Cavalier refugee to Virginia in 1649 with Col. Henry Norwood. The identity of "Major Stevens," the companion of Colonel Norwood, as being Major Philip Stevens is clearly proved by a statement in the William and Mary Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. XXIII, p. 53. 3VII Arcv. Md., pp. 5 and 7. 4XV Arcv. Md., p. 260, October 7, 1679, "Then was Col William Stevens, Esqr, sworne one of his Lordshipps Privy Council." 5Andrews, Tercentenary History of Maryland, Vol. I, p. 324. 6Richardson, Sidelights on Maryland History, Vol. II, p. 175. William Stevens' tombstone states that he was "one of ye Deputy Lieutenants of this Province of Maryland" (see ante, p. 329). 7V Arcv. Md., pp. 309-3 10 (Stevens as commander of horse in Somerset and Dorchester Counties). 550

  iv.   RICHARD L. STEPHENS, b. 1630, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England.
  Notes for RICHARD L. STEPHENS:
A group of Indian tribes, the Susquehanocks, made a surprise attack on the colony in 1622 and killed a third of the settlers before being defeated. In 1660 the first of the British Navigation Acts, which restricted the way trade could be carried on, put an end to a prosperous era. The resulting economic slowdown and the refusal of the governor to campaign against the frontier Indians lay behind Bacon's Rebellion of
1675-1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon.

Bacon's Rebellion was a short-lived revolt in colonial Virginia. It began in May 1676 when Nathaniel Bacon (1647-76), a young, well-placed Virginian, led a small army of his fellow colonists in combat against both the royal governor, Sir William Berkeley, and the Indians on the frontier. The participants in the rebellion were motivated by a variety of concerns. Nearly all were opposed to the governor's Indian policy, which threatened to restrict their expansion into western lands occupied by Indians.

Bacon and his men enjoyed some initial success. In June 1676 an assembly dominated by Bacon's supporters passed laws extending the rights of freemen and restricting still further the rights of Indians. Bacon died of Dysentery, however, in October 1676, and by January 1677, the Royal Governor was once again in control of the colony.

Richard Stephens, son of (IIII) Richard and Elizabeth Piercy Stephens, was thought to be a leader under Bacon, known as Richard Lawrence. It is believed he returned to England after the rebellion and died there.




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