|35.||i.||JOHN20 STEPHENS, DR., b. 1627, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England; d. 1700, North Carolina.|
|ii.||SAMUEL STEPHENS, GOV., b. 1628, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England; d. 1674, North Carolina; m. (1) ??? LAWRENCE; m. (2) FRANCES CULPEPPER, 1622.|
Notes for SAMUEL STEPHENS, GOV.:|
"Stevens - Stephens Genealogy and Family History"
Author: Clarence Perry Stevens
Call Number: CS71.S844
This book contains the history and genealogy of the Stevens-Stephens family of North Carolina.
Bibliographic Information: Stevens, Clarence Perry. Stevens-Stephens Genealogy and Family History. Privately Published. 1968.
GOV. SAMUEL STEVENS, also a Captain, b. ca 1629 in Jamestown colony was commissioned governor of the N. C. colony (then Albemarle) in 1667 which office he retained till his death in 1670. The date 1674 in some histories is an error as shown by the probate date of his will. He was one of the few really good governors the colony had. "He ruled wisely and well" (Chambers' Annals, p. 523).
He retained the good will of the Indians and some immigrants came from Mass. and the Barbadoes.
The earliest recorded legislation was during his term in 1669. One bill forbade the collection of debts which had been contracted abroad by settlers before their emigration to the colony. (Of course, this was to attract settlers). Homesteads were granted for two years. To sue in court cost 30 lbs. of tobacco which went toward Gov. Stevens' salary. There were no clergymen till George Fox, the Quaker, came in 1672 and at the first meeting, the Indians shocked the Quakers by smoking their pipes during the service. -(Moore_. It has been said that in England smoking had been discontinued because of the noise of the flintlocks used then by people to light their pipes.
(Since I have only a few descendants of 6) Richard I am putting them here rather than in the tables farther on in the book.)
From the Jamestown settlement in May 1607 till 1775 scarcely a generation in the American colonies reached manhood without knowing the horrors of war. I have given some biography of Gov. Samuel Stevens in the preceding chapter so I need only to mention that he held also the rank of Captain. I have no record of his military service but probably he was in the action of Holy Thursday, 1644 in which some 500 white settlers were killed by the Indians in Virginia. However, the Indians were disbursed and their chief captured and shot, and their villages destroyed.
I think we can claim Capt. Richard Stephens (or Stevens) immigrant in the George to Jamestown Colony in 1623, just three years after the landing from the Mayflower at Plymouth. He arrived with two servants so he evidently was a man of some means. Under his name is the oldest remaining land grant record from the Jamestown Colony. With the possible exception of some which may remain from the early Plymouth records, that is doubtless the oldest English land grant in the United States. He was collaterly related to practically all of the Stevens lines listed in this book. He was the father of Samuel Stevens, the second colonial governor of the North Carolina Colony.
|iii.||WILLIAM STEPHENS, b. 1629, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England; d. December 23, 1687; m. MARGARET BONNIDAY; b. England.|
Notes for WILLIAM STEPHENS:|
"Old Somerset of the Eastern Shore of Maryland"
1The tombstone over the grave of William Stevens states that he was 57 years old at the time of his death, December 23, 1687. The record of the death and burial of Richard Stevens, April 22, 1667, given in Somerset Court, Liber IKL, p. 241, states that said Richard Stevens was youngest son of John Stevens, of Llebourn [Lidbourne?], in the parish of Mealmore [Millmore?], County of Buckingham, England, and that said Richard Stevens was brother of William Stevens, of Somerset County, and that he had died April 20th at the house of his said brother William, and was buried at his brother William's plantation, called "Rehoboth," in Somerset County, April 26, 1667.
2William Stevens seems to ha ve invariably signed his name: "Will: Stevens." In Northampton County (Virginia) records, Order Book, 1656-1664, p. 206, we find one "Will: Stevens" as a member of a petit jury, February 15, 1664 [1664/5]. Jennings Wise, in his Ye Kingdome of Accawmacke, or the History of the Eastern Shore of Virginia in the 17th Century, pp. 111-112, confuses William Stevens, of Rehoboth, Somerset County, Maryland, with a certain Major Philip Stevens, a Cavalier refugee to Virginia in 1649 with Col. Henry Norwood. The identity of "Major Stevens," the companion of Colonel Norwood, as being Major Philip Stevens is clearly proved by a statement in the William and Mary Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. XXIII, p. 53. 3VII Arcv. Md., pp. 5 and 7. 4XV Arcv. Md., p. 260, October 7, 1679, "Then was Col William Stevens, Esqr, sworne one of his Lordshipps Privy Council." 5Andrews, Tercentenary History of Maryland, Vol. I, p. 324. 6Richardson, Sidelights on Maryland History, Vol. II, p. 175. William Stevens' tombstone states that he was "one of ye Deputy Lieutenants of this Province of Maryland" (see ante, p. 329). 7V Arcv. Md., pp. 309-3 10 (Stevens as commander of horse in Somerset and Dorchester Counties). 550
|iv.||RICHARD L. STEPHENS, b. 1630, Mealemore, Buckinghamshire, England.|
Notes for RICHARD L. STEPHENS:|
A group of Indian tribes, the Susquehanocks, made a surprise attack on the colony in 1622 and killed a third of the settlers before being defeated. In 1660 the first of the British Navigation Acts, which restricted the way trade could be carried on, put an end to a prosperous era. The resulting economic slowdown and the refusal of the governor to campaign against the frontier Indians lay behind Bacon's Rebellion of
1675-1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon.
Bacon's Rebellion was a short-lived revolt in colonial Virginia. It began in May 1676 when Nathaniel Bacon (1647-76), a young, well-placed Virginian, led a small army of his fellow colonists in combat against both the royal governor, Sir William Berkeley, and the Indians on the frontier. The participants in the rebellion were motivated by a variety of concerns. Nearly all were opposed to the governor's Indian policy, which threatened to restrict their expansion into western lands occupied by Indians.
Bacon and his men enjoyed some initial success. In June 1676 an assembly dominated by Bacon's supporters passed laws extending the rights of freemen and restricting still further the rights of Indians. Bacon died of Dysentery, however, in October 1676, and by January 1677, the Royal Governor was once again in control of the colony.
Richard Stephens, son of (IIII) Richard and Elizabeth Piercy Stephens, was thought to be a leader under Bacon, known as Richard Lawrence. It is believed he returned to England after the rebellion and died there.
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