Notes for William Coleman: From 1698 Southold LI Census: A Study of Identities, Town of Southold, Suffolk County, Long Island, New York--
"William, Mary, Sarah, William junjr, Mary junjr, Sarah junjr (505-510)
"Torrey shows the death dates of William and a Mary/Sarah Mapes as 1705? and 1707?, respectively, suggesting this could be their family. However, I believe that this William and Mary/Sarah Mapes were both dead by 1698, or elsewhere than Southold. In my opinion, this is William-2 Coleman, son of William and Sarah (Mapes) Coleman. Note this represents a generation omitted from the Mapes and Coleman published accounts of this family. The chronology of what is known of the Coleman family suggest this is a son of William-1 Coleman, born about 1770 and his wife, Mary (___). The first Sarah listed above would be a sister.
"Entry in 1686 Census were: "Willm Colman: 3 males, 3 females". This would appear to be William-1, William-2, and John-2 (below); and Sarah (Mapes), plus two daughters: Abigail above and the Sarah following the Mary in the above entry.
"The listed William junjr here in 1698 is almost certainly the William junjr, who married in relatively quick succession: Bethia Swezey - 1718, Mary Brown - 1724, and Mary Youngs - 1728 (Salmon Records). The Mary junjr is likely the Mary who married Joshua Curtice in 1727. The Sarah junjr is not listed in the Mapes Genealogy (which uses the Coleman Genealogy as a source.) and I have found no further record of her. This couple, ie William-2 and Mary (___) Mapes, is then likely the parents of the following Colemans recorded in marriages in the Salmon Records in the 1720's:
1729 1211 Danll Colmon & Ester Curtice 1724 0723 Nathll Colman & Deb Row 1727 0417 Thoms Colman & Elesabeth Row "In trying to correlate the Coleman Genealogy, found in the published Mapes Genealogy, to the above entry, this appears to be the entry there for the son, William-2, and his wife, given there as Mary Brown, which is almost certainly a mistake. (There was a William Coleman married a Mary Brown, but that was in 1724... much later. That was William-3 Coleman. This identity of the Mary in this 1698 family, a presumed wife of this William-2, is unknown.)
"Cutchogue - Southold's First Colony", indicates that Mary is the wife of William Coleman and that the Sarah is a sister or mother of William. Since the census taker seemed to be fairly good at calling widows: "widows", I think it more likely a sister, or even a sister-in-law. This source is unclear on which William is the head of household.
"I am not familiar with the evidence giving the identity of the matriarch of this family as a Mapes. It may come from the will of Thomas Mapes, which I understand exists, but I have not seen. There may have been two wives. Torrey gives her name as Mary/Sarah Mapes. The Mapes Genealogy says the wife of William Coleman was Sarah Mapes. The Coleman Genealogy gives the wife as Mary Mapes, and has apparently confused the two Williams. (The Mapes Genealogy gives Mary-2 Mapes as a wife to Samuel-2 Wines, son of Barnabas-1 Wines.)
"'Cutchogue - Southold's First Colony' reports that an early Long Island Coleman famly all perished together in a boat in crossing the Long Island Sound from Connecticut. I'm not sure what family that is or when this happened. There are several Coleman entries in the Salmon Records through the 1700's."
More About William Coleman: Census 1: 1686, Colonial Census of Southold, Long Island.534 Census 2: 1698, Colonial Census of Southold, Long Island.535