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20. JACOB5 CROSSGROVE (SAMUEL4, [..........]3 CROSSKERY/CROSSGROVE,"THE WEAVER", [............]2, JOHN1) was born 15 August 1810 in Lewistown, Union County, Pennsylvania, and died 11 May 1868 in Holmes County, Ohio. He married CATHERINE SPANGLER in Ohio. She was born 22 August 1812, and died Unknown.

Notes for J
The long rifles for which the Kentucky pioneers were so respected were manufactured by the Spanglers, the family of Jacob's wife Catherine Spangler. Several members of the Spangler family married into the Crosgrove family.
Children of J
47. i.   JOHN6 CROSSGROVE, b. 4 July 1838, German Township, Holmes County, Ohio; d. 1911, Brasher, Missouri.
  ii.   ELIZABETH A.[NNE?] CROSSGROVE, b. 19 April 1842, Dover, Holmes County, Missouri; d. 20 November 1879, Paultown, Missouri; m. BENJAMIN L. LINT, 3 September 1865; b. about 1838; d. Unknown.

21. JOHN5 CROSSGROVE (SAMUEL4, [..........]3 CROSSKERY/CROSSGROVE,"THE WEAVER", [............]2, JOHN1) was born 30 December 1817 in Limestone Township, Union County, Pennsylvania139, and died Unknown in Montour County, Pennsylvania. He married ANNA C. SHROYER. She was born 1817 in Pennsylvania, and died Unknown.

Notes for J
At the 1880 U.S. Census, John, aged 62, and Anna, aged 63, were found living in Anthony, Montour County, Pennsylvania. John's father was shown born in Ireland, and his mother in Pennsylvania. Living with them was their grandson, J.E. Reber, aged 9, who was "Helping On Farm":[a]

John CROSSGROVE, Self, Male, Marr., White, 62, b. PA, Occ: Farmer, Fa: b. IRE, Mo: b. PA
Anna C. CROSSGROVE, Wife, F, M, W, 63, PA, Occ: Keeping House, Fa: PA, Mo: PA
J. E. REBER, GSon, M, S, W, 9, PA, Occ: Helping On Farm, Fa: PA, Mo: PA
Emma SAUL, Other, F, S, W, 13, PA, Occ: Servant
a. 1880 U.S. Census; National Archives pub. no. T9, roll 1160, p. 3A; LDS Family History Resource File, FHL Film 1255160; Copyright 2001 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.
Children of J
48. i.   J.A.6 CROSSGROVE, b. 1852, Pennsylvania; d. Unknown.
49. ii.   JENNIE CROSSGROVE, b. 1854, Pennsylvania; d. Unknown.

22. JOHN CROSKERY /5 CROSGROVE, OF TIEVENADARRAGH (JOHN4 CROSKERRY, OF TIEVENADARRAGH, JOHN3 CROSKREY, OF TIEVENADARRAGH, [............]2 CROSSKERY, JOHN1) was born 1806 in County Down, [Northern] Ireland, presumably in Tievenadarragh Townland, Loughinisland Civil Parish140,141,142,143,144, and died 21 November 1890 in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York145. He married SARAH "SALLY" NESBITT January 1829 in County Down, [Northern] Ireland, presumably in Ballynahinch Townland, Magheradrool Civil Parish146, daughter of ROBERT NESBITT and JANE COCHRANE. She was born 1807 in Portaferry, County Down, [Northern] Ireland147,148,149,150,151, and died 24 April 1878 in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York152,153.

[The writer's great-great-grandfather and the second great-granduncle of Brent Coskery, Ontario, Canada.]
John Crossgrove was born in 1806, evidently, in the forty-sixth year of the reign of King GEORGE III in County Down, [Northern] Ireland, presumably in the town of Ballynahinch, in Ballynahinch Townland, Magheradrool Parish, where his parents were living at the time of his brother Robert's birth in 1820, and where his brother Hugh and their two sisters were living in 1887 according to the 1887 diary of John's son-in-law, Robert Mateer.[a] It is possible, however, that John and Sarah (or John alone before marriage) were living in Tievenadarragh Townland in the Seaforde Division of Loughinisland Parish, just south of Magheradrool Parish, for Tievenadarragh Townland is where John's parents, John and Hannah Coskery were living at the time of their (John and Hannah's) deaths.
In 1979, John's great-grandson, Edward Wellington Mateer, aged eighty-two, was interviewed at his home at 16 Oak Street, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York. He stated that

My paternal grandparents were Robert McKee Mateer, born in 1831 at Ballynahinch,
North Ireland, the son of Joseph Mateer and Margaret Reid. They had seven children.
Jane Cosgrove, born 1829 at Westfield, New York, the daughter of John Cosgrove born
1808, and Sarah Nesbet, born 1806 at Portaferry, North Ireland.[b]

According to one source,

John Cosgrove, who was born in 1806, came to this country in 1829, and settled in New
York, where for many years he cultivated a farm, retiring a short time before his death,
which occured in 1890, after he had attained his eighty-fourth year.[d]

In addition to the years 1806 and 1808 for John's birth, the 1860 Census showed him born in 1810 (Sarah in 1808)[o], and the 1880 U.S. Census gave John's birth year as 1807[s]. Altogether, the various sources give John's birth year as anywhere from 1805 to 1810. The most likely year, however, was 1806.
John was the son of John Coskery and his wife Hannah, whose surname may have been "Carson". In 1829 in County Down John married Sarah "Sally" Nesbitt, born in Portaferry, County Down, in 1807 (the records give various birthdates from 1805 to 1809). Sarah was the daughter of Robert Nesbitt and Jane [---?---] of Downpatrick, County Down, and was probably the niece of James Nesbitt, born 1787, and his wife Elizabeth Shaw, born 1792, both in [Northern] Ireland, who emigrated to Westfield, New York, between the birth of their last child in 1834 and the 1850 Federal Census.
In 1829, very soon after their marriage, John and Sarah emigrated to the United States[c] and settled in the village of Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York, near his relative (presumably his first cousin once removed) William Crossgrove, who had settled in the village of Ripley. In that same year of 1829, on 19 March, the Town of Westfield was formed from the adjacent communities of Portland and Ripley. The Village of Westfield, incorporated on 19 April 1833, has been described as "beautifully and eligibly situated on the shore of the Lake [Erie] at the mouth of Chautauqua Creek, and on the L.S. & M.S.R.R. It is one of the most attractive villages in Western New York, and is admitted to be unequaled for physical beauty by any other in the county. Its streets are handsomely shaded, and lighted by natural gas."[y]
Presumably, John, like his parents, had used the "Coskery" variant of his surname in Ulster, and upon arriving in the United States changed it to the "Cosgrove", "Crosgrove", or "Crossgrove" variant being used by his relatives there. The inconsistencies in spelling the surname are frustrating. In his naturalization documents, his name is spelt "Crossgrove" and "Cosgrove", but his signatures gave the spelling of "Cosgrove". On the other hand, his Will, both in text and signature, has the spelling "Crossgrove". Whatever the spelling used (and in the 20th century "Cosgrove" was the accepted spelling by John's descendants), the writer clearly recalls that his grandparents, John's grandson John Marion Cosgrove and his wife, consistently pronounced the name "CROZ-grove" even though they spelt it "COZ-grove".
Once settled in his new land, John, on 9 February 1830, promptly filed his Declaration of Intention to renounce his allegiance to King GEORGE IV and to become an American citizen:[e]

State of New York \
Chautauque County ss. On this ninth day of February 1830 personally appeared John \
McGinnis, John Crossgrove, Richard Carlin, William Johnson, Hugh Taylor, Patrick Carlin,
& James Cochran, and severally did and on oath, before the court of common pleas, held
at the courthouse in Mayville in & for the county of Chautauque, that it was bona fide their
intention & that of each of them, to become citizens of the United States, & severally to
renounce for ever all allegiance & fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state or
sovereignty whatever, & particularly to his majesty George the Fourth, King of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain & Ireland, of which kingdom they & each of them are now subjects.
Sworn in open court       \
Feb. 9th: 1830 ss/ John Maginnis, John Cosgrove, Richard Carlin, William Johnston,\
s/ James B. Lowry Clk. Hugh Taylor, Patrick Carlin, James Cochran

The Final Document of Naturalization, issued after the death of King GEORGE IV and the ascension to the throne of King WILLIAM IV, reads:

State of New York \
Chautauque County ss. Robert Cochrane 2d being duly Sworn deposeth and saith \
that he is acquainted with John Crosgrove and is knowing that the said Crosgrove has
resided within the United States for five years at least last past and within the State of
New York for more than one year last past. And that he has behaved as a man of good
moral Character attached to the principles of the Consititution of the United States and
well disposed to the good Order and happiness of the Same.
Sworn & subscribed this            s/ Robert Cochran 2d
18th day of October 1834
before me in open Court. s/ Jas B. Lowry Clerk
State of New York \
Chautauque County ss. I John Crosgrove being duly Sworn do Swear & declare that \
I will Support the Consititution of the United States. And that I do absolutely and entirely
renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to every foreign prince potentate, State or
Sovereignty Whatever and particularly to William the fourth, King of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland Whereof I was before a Subject.
Sworn & Subscribed this 18th       \
day of October 1834 in open Court.       / John Cosgrove
s/ Jas B. Lowry Clerk.

The federal naturalization law that was passed by Congress in 1790 and in effect when John arrived in the United States, provided that an alien could file an intention to become a citizen three years after his arrival, and could petition for citizenship after five years residency in the country. The above naturalization records, then, indicate that John arrived in America no later than 18 October 1829 (the date of his Petition for Citizenship).
At the 1830 Federal Census, John, Sarah, and their first child, Jane, were enumerated in Westfield.[f] The 1855 State Agricultural Census states that they had lived in Westfield for twenty-five years, which supports the 1829 arrival date.[g] In John's Death Certificate, his son-in-law James Taylor stated that John had lived in both the U.S. and Westfield for sixty years.[h] The Westfield Presbyterian Church's records disclose that John and Sarah were admitted to membership in the parish prior to 1831, and all their children (with the possible exception of Robert) were later baptised there.[i] The Westfield Presbyterian Church records give the following membership enrollment dates for John and his family: Crosgrove, John and Sarah, 1831; Jane, 1851; John, 1855; Sarah, Hugh, Edward, and Carson, 1866.[j] Inexplicably, Robert is not listed in the enrollment records for the Church. The church's records reveal that Jane and Robert, son and daughter of "Cossgrove, John and his wife" children, were baptised in 1832; John, son of "Crossgrove, John and Sally", in 1836; Emma, daughter of "Crosgrove, John", in 1839; and Sarah Ann, daughter of "Crosgrove, John and Sarah", in 1842.[aa]
When considered in light of traditional British naming patterns in the 18th and 19th centuries,[z] the names John and Hannah gave their children help to verify other family relationships. Thus, their children normally would have been named after the following relatives:

Robert:      First-born Son - after Father's (or Mother's) Father (Robert Nesbitt)
John:      Second-born Son - after Mother's (or Father's) Father (John Coskery)
      Third-born Son - after Father (skipped, otherwise two Johns)
Hugh:      Fourth-born Son - Father's eldest Brother (Hugh Crosgrove)
Edward: Fifth-born Son - Father's (or Mother's) 2nd oldest Brother ( ? )

Jane:      First-born Daughter - Mother's (or Father's) Mother (Jane Cochrane)
Emma:      Second-born Daughter - Father's (or Mother's) Mother (Hannah?)
Sarah:      Third-born Daughter - Mother (Sarah Nesbitt)
--      Fourth-born Daughter - Mother's eldest Sister
--      Fifth-born Daughter - Mother's (or Father's) 2nd oldest Sister

The Westfield Presbyterian parish's records also include the following entries: "Coskery, Grace, 1853; Coskery, Mary, 1853; and Coskery, Robert, 1853",[k] the record of the registration in the parish of John's brother Robert Crossgrove, and his wife, Grace Shaw, who had arrived in America the year before. Robert, a younger brother of John's, was born in 1820, died on 29 April 1854, and was buried next to what were to be John and Sarah's graves.[q] Robert was not living with John and Sarah at the 1850 Census. The writer believes that the "Mary Coskery" registered with Robert and Grace in 1853 may have been a child of Robert and Grace's who did not survive infancy or childhood.
The Westfield Presbyterian Church records contain a notation that John purchased land for a farm "west of the village [of Westfield]."[l] It was there that John's household was enumerated at the 1835 New York State Agricultural Census. The schedule records that the household consisted of three males including John, and two females, one married and under age 45, and the other under age 16. One of the two males living with John and Sarah at the 1835 Census was an unnaturalized alien male,[p] and it has not been possible to determine who that person was. The schedule stated that John had been naturalized and was subject to militia duty and entitled to vote. One of John and Sarah's daughters was shown as having died during the year. John was doing well with his farm and owned forty acres of improved land, forty cattle, six horses, and twenty-four sheep. The Census also found that the household owned "18 yards of fulled cloth manufactured in a domestic way".[m] The Federal Censuses evaluated John's farm in 1850 at $3,000,[n] and in 1860 at $5,400 for real estate, with $1,500 in personal property.[o]
John and Sarah watched two of their sons, John and Hugh, march off to fight in the Civil War, and, tragically, John was killed in action.[r] Sarah died on 24 April 1878, and the 1880 Federal Census shows John and Sarah's son, Edward, with his wife and children, to be living with John in Westfield:[s]

John CROSGROVE White Male 73 Wid. Farmer b. IRE Fa/Mo b. Ireland
Edward COSGROVE W Ma. Son 34 Mar. Farmer b. NY Fa/Mo b. New York
Myra CROSGROVE W Female G. daughter [sic] Mar. Keeps house 32 b. NY Fa/Mo b. New York
Bert CROSGROVE W Ma. 8 Son Single At school b. NY Fa/Mo b. New York
Charles CROSGROVE W Male 6 Son Sngl At school b. NY Fa/Mo b. New York
Lee CROSGROVE W Ma 4 Son Sngl b. NY Fa/Mo b. New York
Jessie CROSGROVE W Fe 1 Daughter Sngl b. NY Fa/Mo b. New York

The diaries of John Crossgrove's son-in-law, Robert Mateer, covering a period of 25 years from 1868 up to his death in 1897, are extant and in the possession of one of John's and Robert's descendants. They provide an intimate picture of life and death in Westfield, New York, in that era. In those days void of radio and television, cinemas and bowling alleys, restaurants and shopping malls, the entries reveal much horse-and-buggy visiting back and forth between John and Sarah and their sons, daughters, grandchildren, and friends for tea, for dinner on holidays, for tea, for work projects, for tea, for just plain visiting, and for tea. Attendance at funerals for children and the elderly were a frequent and touching aspect of life then.
Typical entries in Robert's diaries show day-to-day life:[t]

New Year's Day, 1870] Grandpa's [i.e., John Crossgrove's] folks and all of us at Robt
Shaws for dinner & supper; -- Edward Crossgrove . . butchering my hogs to day; -- Grandma
[i.e., Sarah Crossgrove] down to day visiting; -- Jane & Fannie [i.e., John and Sarah's
daughter and granddaughter] up to Grandpa's all day - Jane drove little colt alone; -- Mrs
Robt Crosgrove [i.e., Julia] came here from west [i.e., Wisconsin]; -- Fatherinlaw's [John's]
folks all here but Ed. & Cass [Carson] for dinner & supper also Julia & Daught. - Mr Nesbit,
Mrs & 4 children was at home afternoon & evening; -- Mr. & Mrs. Crosgrove [John and
Sarah] & Mrs. Nesbit here afternoon for tea; -- Jane up to her fathers [John] we was all there
for tea & staid the evening - a cool night. got home about 9 p.m.; -- Jane & I went to Church -
then we took little mare and rode in buggy up to Grandpas [John's] - roads very muddy -
very little snow - bad going - a mild kind of a day We did not come home to 10 p.m;
-- . . had a party over to Mrs. Crosgroves [Sarah and John's];" "Grandma [Sarah] and Ed
here for Dinner and & G.Pa [Sarah and John] for tea; -- Dinner to Grandpa's & tea
at Aunt Graces; -- Hugh and Carson Crosgrove started for the west to day.

Weddings were duly recorded:

Was at Ed. Crosgroves wedding in the evening all of us; -- Jim Taylor was married this
evening to Sarah Crosgrove at quarter after 6 P.M. & went off to Buffalo on the Cincinati;
-- At Carson Crosgroves wedding today at 12--M.

And births:

Aunt Mira [and Edward Crossgrove] had a baby to day; -- We were aroused this morning
about 2 A.M. by Jim and Jane went over with him and about half past 3 Sarah [Crossgrove
and James Taylor] had a young son.

Eight days later,

Jims [and Sarah's] baby died last night at 11 oclock.

Other deaths were recorded by Robert:

Uncle Robert Cochrane died this morning; -- Robert Crosgrove's wife - Julia died.

Most poignant of all was the death of John's granddaughter, Jane and Robert's ten-year-old Ella. On 5 February 1873, Robert made the following diary entry:

Ella not feeling so well to day.

And the next day,

[Ella] Died in my arms 5 min. before 5 A.M. when her mother was gone for Aunt Grace -
her last words were 'I cannot live' breathed twice and expired.

Sadly, John, whose photographic portrait depicts a disciplined man of strong character, appears to have wrestled with alcoholism in his later years. This appears, as indicated in Robert Mateer's 1875 diary, to have been triggered by Sarah's having sustained a debilitating stroke, a loss with which he seems unable to have coped :

22 September 1875: . . came home by Fathers -- Mother Crosgrove had fallen &
was not able to be off the bed.
23 September: Jane up to her mothers -- Her right side is paralized and I fear she
will never be any better.

Caring for a paralyzed loved one for four years in that era must have been heartbreaking and exhausting, as can be imagined by reading between the lines of Robert's diary entries over the next few years:

25 October 1876: Grandpa & Grandma [Crosgrove] come to day to live with us
for a while.
1 June 1877: Jane & I went over to the Drug Stores & forbid them selling John
Crosgrove any more liquor.
14 August 1877: Notified all hotels & saloon keepers to not to sell J. Crosgrove
any more liquour or had the Poor Master S. Johnston do it.
24 April 1878: Mother Crosgrove died this morning at 5 min. before 5 o'clock --
she suffered hard all night.
21 September 1878: Father Crosgrove left yesterday morning -- he was drinking
so much -- Jane told him we could not put up with him any longer that he had
better go home to Ed.
16 January 1879: Dr Brown & I was up to see Grandpa at Black Samy Johnston's
he was sick.
17 January 1879: Dr Brown & I went up to Johnstons to see Mr. Crosgrove -- he
is some better -- poor man -- he is to be pittied -- liquor the trouble.
18 January 1879: Ed & Carson went up to Johnstons with Dr. Brown & got their
Father to go to Eds. he is a good deal better & we are glad he has been
removed from that place.
6 December 1882: Joe drove Jane & Sarah up to see Grandpa this fore noon --
he is not feeling well -- I think he was imbibing too freely.

Arrangements appear to have been made for John to sell his farm to his son-in-law, James Taylor, for on 9 March 1883, Robert wrote in his diary: "John Crosgrove giving deed of his farm to Jim Taylor for $5300." A month later, on 2 April 1883, John wrote his Will.
Eight years passed, during which John seems to have gotten by without further significant problems. Then in November 1890, John finally went to his rest at the age of 84. Robert wrote in his diary:

21 November 1890: Grandpa failing fast have been in to see him 3 times -- got
home about 10 o'clock.
22 November 1890: Grandpa died last night at 1/4 after 11 o'clock. Has been a
very windy night . . .
24 November 1890: The funeral of John Crosgrove this afternoon at 2. Oclock.
not very large -- Carson was here from Sydney [Sidney Center, Delaware
County, N.Y.] -- the will was read by Cap. Jewett this evening at Jas Taylors in
presence of the families -- Jane & I were there.

When John died in 1890, he was buried next to Sarah and his brother(?) Robert in Lot A-2, Westfield Cemetery.[u] John's Will, written on 2 April 1883, left a special bequest to his son Hugh, most probably in tribute to Hugh's War service. A transcription of the Will follows:[v]

The last Will and Testament of John Crossgrove of the Town of Westfield County of
Chautauqua and State of New York.
I John Crossgrove being of sound mind and memory, aware of the uncertainty of
life and the certainty of death and desirous of making an equitable and proper disposition
of my property at my decease I do make ordain publish and declare this to be my last
Will and Testament, in manner and form following, that is to say:
First. After all my lawful debts are paid and discharged and my burial expenses paid
I give and bequeath to my son Hugh N. Crossgrove Three hundred dollars.
Second. I give and bequeath to my children, namely: Jane Matteer, Robert
Crossgrove, Hugh N. Crossgrove, Sarah A. Taylor, Edward N. Crossgrove and Carson R.
Crosgrove the ballance or residue of my personal and real estate after paying the above
bequest of Three hundred dollars to my son Hugh N. The said residue or remainder of my
estate to be divided equal among my said children above named each to share and share
alike, in said estate.
Third. It is hereby directed by me that my son Hugh N. Crossgrove receive Three
hundred dollars in addition to his equal share with the other children as stated in the
second bequest.
Likewise. I make constitute and appoint Robert M. Matteer and Edward A. Skinner
both of Westfield N.Y. to be my Executors of this my last Will and Testament hereby
revoking all former Wills by me made.
In Witness Whereof I have herewith subscribed my name and affixed my seal the
2nd day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty three.
s/John Crossgrove L.S.
The foregoing instrument was at the date thereof subscribed by John Crossgrove
the Testator therein named in the presence of us and each of us, he at the time of making
such subscription acknowledged that he executed the same, and declared the said
instrument so subscribed by him to be his Last Will and Testament. Whereupon we, at
his request, and in his presence and in the presence of each other do here subscribe
our names as witnesses thereto.
Clarence E. Wilson residing at Westfield, N.Y.
Geo. T. Jewett residing at Westfield, N.Y.
Recorded the foregoing last Will and Testament of John Crossgrove deceased, and
compared the same with the original Will this 30th day of March 1891.
s/Daniel Sherman Surrogate.

The document proving the Will reads:

In the case of proving the last Will and Testament of John Crosgrove deceased. At a \
Surrogate's Court, held at Mayville in and for the County of Chautauqua, N.Y., on the
30th day of March 1891, before Hon. Daniel Sherman, Surrogate of said County.
On the day and year, and at the place aforesaid, Jane C. Mateer an heir at law of
John Crosgrove late of the town of Westfield in said County appeared and offered the
said Instrument for probate as the last Will of said deceased and made satisfactory
proof before the said Surrogate, that the said deceased died on the _____ day of _____
18__. That at the time of his death he was a resident of Chautauqua County, N.Y.
That he died leaving said instrument purporting to be a last Will and Testament,
which is now exhibited in the said Surrogate's Court, which bears date on the 2nd day
of April 1883; and which relates to Real and Personal Estate. That the following named
persons are all the heirs and next of kin of the said deceased, with their places of
residence and ages, as nearly as can be ascertained, viz:
Said deceased left him surviving, Jane C. Mateer (Daughter) Westfield N.Y.; Sarah
A. Taylor, (Daughter) Westfield N.Y.; Robert Cosgrove, Son, Fon du lac, Wis.; Hugh N.
Cosgrove, Son, Springdale Kansas; Edward N. Cosgrove, Son, Henry Dakota; Carson
R. Cosgrove, Son, Sidney, N.Y.

The document ends with the sworn testimony of the witnesses to the writing of the Will, George T. Jewett and Clarence E. Wilson, to the effect that at the time they signed the Will:

John Crosgrove was of sound mind and memory, of full age to execute a Will, and was
not acting under any restraint, and that the said Instrument now appears in all respects
as when so executed, without any alteration whatsoever.

Following disposition of the real and/or personal property by the Executors, the final accounting was accepted by the Surrogate's Court at Mayville, the Chautauqua County Seat, on 28 May 1894.[v] Having sold his farm to his son-in-law, James Taylor, John's estate apparently consisted entirely, or almost entirely, of monetary funds. The Summary Statement in the final documents reads:

Said Executors are charged with Total Receipts = $8617.63.
And are credited with amount of loss on sales = 20.00
Debts not collected = 161.49
Schedules 'C' = 213.71
'D' = 3887.26
'E' = 4099.27
Executors Commissions = 235.90 = 8617.63

The amount of $8,617.63 (less, presumably, the $300 specifically bequeathed to Hugh) was divided equally between all the children, leaving each an inheritance of $1,386.27.
One John Crosgrove, who almost certainly was a cousin, nephew, or other relative of John's, was christened on 2 September 1849 in Dromore Parish, County Down, northern Ireland, the son of Owen Crosgrove and Jane Mallon.[w] Dromore is about 9-1/2 miles west northwest of Ballynahinch where John's brother Hugh and two of their sisters lived in 1887.[x]
a. Mateer-Crossgrove Diaries, 1868-1900; originals in possession of parents-in-law of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, who transcribed them, 1999-2000 (see her Internet Web page:
b. Interview of Edward Wellington Mateer conducted by Georgene Gehling, Chautauqua County Historical Society, 11 October 1979; Crosgrove-Mateer Website of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York:
d. Ibid.
e. Naturalization documents of John Cosgrove (Declaration of Intention, 9 February 1830; Naturalization Document, 18 October 1834; Nos. 26 and 93 Book of Court of Common Pleas, Cahtauqua Co. Clerk, Marysville, N.Y.
f. 1830 U.S. Census, National Archives Publication No. M19, roll 86, p. 485.
g. 1855 New York State Census, Westfield, Chautauqua Co.; reported in letter of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, N.Y., to J.E. Stockman, 24 October 1999: "No. 474, Crosgrove, John, 46, b. Ireland, in County 25 yrs; Sarah, 48, b. Ireland, in County 25 yrs; children (all b. in Chautauqua Co.) Jane, 24; John, 19; Hugh C., 16; Sarah A. 13; Edward A., 10; Carson R., 7."
h. Death Certificate of John Crosgrove; Public Register of Deaths of the Village of Westfield, Chautauqua Co., N.Y., Register No. 427, Certificate No. 44797.
i. Letter of Virginia Washburn Barden, Ripley, N.Y., to J.E. Stockman, 20 March 1995.
j. CENTENNIAL HISTORY, FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, WESTFIELD, NEW YORK, 1808-1908 (Westfield, N.Y.: Westfield Presbyterian Church, 1908[?]) excerpts and photos from this work are posted on the Web site of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, N.Y.:
k. Ibid.
l. Letter of Virginia Washburn Barden, op. cit.
m. 1835 New York State Census, Westfield, Chautauqua Co., Book No. 1 [GEN 317.479, S]; as quoted in THE CHAUTAUQUA GENEALOGIST (quarterly of the Chautauqua County Genealogical Society, P.O. Box 404, Fredonia, N.Y., 14063) vol. 24, no. 1 (Winter, February 2001) p. 15.
n. 1850 U.S. Census, National Archives Publication No. M432, roll 485, p. 157, dwelling 511, family 532.
o. 1860 U.S. Census, National Archives Publication No. M653, roll 732, p. 155, dwelling 1237, family 1216.
p. 1835 New York State Census, op. cit.
q. Photograph of tombstones of John, Sally (i.e., Sarah), and Robert Cosgrove; taken by Virginia Barden, Ripley, New York , 30 April 1995.
r. Civil War Muster Records of John Crossgrove, Jr; New York State Archives, Cultural Education Centre, Rm. 11D40, Albany, N.Y.
s. 1880 U.S. Census, National Archives Publication No. T9, roll 816, p. 2, line 23, dwelling 18, family 18. Also: 1880 U.S. Census; National Archives pub. no. T9, roll ?, p. 137B; Census Place: Westfield, Chautauqua Co., New York; FHL no. 1254816.
t. Mateer-Crossgrove Diaries, op. cit.
u. Charles D. Townsend, ed., CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY NEW YORK CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS & COUNTY AND TOWN HISTORY (Sarasota, Fl.: Aceto Bookmen, 1995) p. 233. Also, letter of Virginia Barden, Ripley, New York, to J.E. Stockman, 1 May 1995.
v. Will of John Crossgrove (1807-1890), written 2 April 1883, probated 30 March 1891, settled 28 May 1894; Clerk of Surrogate's Court, Mayville, New York.
w. LDS International Genealogical Index, Batch no.: 8015030, Dates: ---, Source Call No.: 1260703, Type: Film, Printout Call No.: None, Sheet: 77; FamilySearch TM 1999-2001 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.
x. Mateer-Crossgrove Diaries, op. cit.
y. Charles D. Townsend, ed., CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY NEW YORK : CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS & COUNTY AND TOWN HISTORY (Sarasota, Florida: Aceto Bookmen, 1995) pp. 59-64; town histories contained in a facsimile of GAZETTEER AND BUSINESS DIRECTORY OF CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY, N.Y., FOR 1873-4 (Syracuse: Hamilton Child, 1873).
aa. "Chautauqua Church (Presbyterian) Westfield, Chautauqua County, NY" in CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY GEN WEB PAGE; URL:; transcribed by Mr. Frank B. Lamb, Westfield, NY.

Notes for SARAH
[The writer's great-great-grandmother.]
Sarah was born in Portaferry, County Down, northern Ireland, during the reign of King GEORGE III. In Ireland, the administrative divisions consist of five basic units of land in descending order of size: Province, County, Barony, Parish, and Townland. The town of Portaferry lays partially within the boundaries of two civil parishes: Ballytrustin and Ballyphilip. Strangely, Ballytrustin Parish is a small enclave that is entirely surrounded by the larger Ballyphilip Parish. Although Sarah's sister, Rachel, was living in Ballytrustin Parish in 1850, it is not known in which of the two parishes Sarah was born and raised.
Sarah's birthdate in the various sources ranges from 1805 to 1808. The U.S. Censuses show the following: 1850---born 1805; 1860---born 1808. The 1855 New York State Census indicates she was born in 1807, while her gravestone shows 1808 as her birthyear. A biographical sketch of her son, Edward, states that she was born in 1805. In an interview, her grandson Edward Mateer said that his mother was

Jane Cosgrove, born 1829 at Westfield, New York, the daughter of John Cosgrove
born 1808, and Sarah Nesbet, born 1806 at Portaferry, North Ireland.[a]

A published biographical sketch of Sarah and John Crosgrove's son Edward states that

Sarah Cosgrove was born in 1805, and was married in county Down in 1829,
emigrating to New York with her husband [John Croskery / Crosgrove] very
soon afterward.[o]

Sarah, it would appear from one source,[g] was the daughter of Robert Nesbitt and Jane Cochrane of Downpatrick, County Down. This parentage is supported by comparing a letter to Sarah written in 1850 by her sister Rachel (Nesbitt) Cory of Portaferry[b] with the tombstone inscriptions for two Nesbitts buried in the Downpatrick Presbyterian Graveyard in Downpatrick, County Down.[c] The gravestone inscription discloses the following:

Alexander Nesbitt died 11 June 1849, aged 30; gravestone erected by daughter, Jane.
Jane Nesbitt died in July 1849, wife of Robert Nesbitt who died in July 1844.

Seven months after these deaths, on 28 February 1850, Rachel wrote the following in a letter to Sarah (see the full text under Rachel Nesbitt):

You no doubt have thought it strange and unaccountable and we may add ungrateful
on our part in not answering your very kind and welcome letter long ere this but . . .
we had nothing definite to state as to our going out to America and besides we
understood that Bro. Robert had written and informed you of this and also of the very
unpleasant knews of Mother and Bro. Alexanders deaths who died of fever a short
time previous to our being in receipt of yours. Bro. took it first and lasted 21 days,
then his wife took it but got better in course of 10 days, lastly Mother took it and
died 14 days afterward.
All the rest of your friends are in the enjoyment of good health save sister Jane.
You no doubt are aware that she has been weak of mind for several years past which
was brought on by convulsive fits which she has long been very subject to, she is
now in Belfast Lunatick Asylum.[b]

As can be seen, the tombstone death dates given for Jane (Mrs Robert) Nesbitt and Alexander Nesbitt coincide with Rachel's description of the deaths of Sarah's mother and brother Alexander, and identify Sarah's parents as Robert and Jane Cochrane Nesbitt. Further, Sarah's and Rachel's sister and the daughter of their apparent brother Alexander, were both named "Jane", presumably after their mother. On the basis of these considerations, and pending evidence to the contary, the writer accepts the construction showing Sarah's parents to have been Robert Nesbitt and Jane Cochrane.
Also shown as being resident in Portaferry were the following two Nesbitts, father and daughter, who were probably an uncle and cousin, or cousins, to Sarah:

William Nesbitt, m. 6 June 1797 "Of" Portaferry, County Down, [Northern] Ireland
Sarah Bowden.[h]
Sarah Nesbitt, b. 23 April 1802, Portaferry, Co. Down, [Northern] Ireland.[i]

Sarah was to name her last son "Carson", a surname that appears to tie her to the Carson family of Portaferry. One Samuel Carson was born in 1699 and died on 7 September 1742 in Ballyphilip Parish in the town of Portaferry, where he and his descendants down to his great-grandchildren lived[l] (see the chart of Samuel Carson and his descendants at the end of this chapter). Also shown as residents of County Down, northern Ireland, are one John Aaron Carson, born in 1609 in County Down, and his descendants.[m] One Charles Carson Nesbitt of Woodgrange, County Down,[n] was presumably a relation of Sarah's. Curiously, however, the source dates his birth at "about 1855" and shows his parents as Robert Nesbitt of Woodgrange, born c.1825, and Jane Cochrane, born c.1830, all dates substantially later than those of Sarah's parents. It seems unquestionable that the Carsons of Portaferry bore a close family relationship to Sarah and her Nesbitt family, but the exact nature of that relationship has not been found.
Sarah married John Crossgrove in 1829 in County Down, just prior to the couple's emigrating to New York. John, born in 1806 in County Down, probably in the town of Ballynahinch, was the son of John Crossgrove. One source relates that "John and Sarah (Nesbitt) Cosgrove [were] both natives of county Down, Ireland."[d] This source states further that

Sarah Cosgrove was born in 1805, and was married in county Down in 1829,
emigrating to New York with her husband very soon afterward. She died in
Chautauqua county, New York, in 1876 [sic].[d]

Some of Sarah's uncles also left northern Ireland and came to America, as indicated in Rachel's letter in which she asked Sarah to:

. . . be pleased to give our kind love to all our Uncles and Aunts + families . . .[b]

However, none of Sarah's siblings appear to have emigrated to America. Her sister Rachel dearly wanted to emigrate but was never able to do so. In her letter to Sarah, she speaks of the difficulties impeding her and her husband's desire to leave Ireland, relating the problems to the consequences of the tragic Irish potato famine of 1845-49 that decimated the population and caused mass emigration:

We are determined to sell our farm as soon as we take this crop of c.e. agains
harvest or sooner if we possible can. We think if we continue to hold by it for a
year or two more that we would scarsely have what with to take us out to America
nor can we bost of the circumstances that ____ ____in here at present nor will
you think this strange. We presume if you have heard of the famine pestalence,
plague, fevers, political commotions etc. that have prevailed for several years
past in this I may say doomed country.[b]

Sarah and John's children were born and raised on the farm in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York, where they had settled. At the beginning of the Civil War, Sarah suffered the mother's anguish of watching two of her sons, John and Hugh, go off to fight for the Union, and we can only guess at Sarah's grief when John was killed on the battlefield, as mentioned above. One biographical text records that:

Mrs. Cosgrove was the mother of seven children, five boys and two girls, all living
but one, John, who was killed on the 11th of June, 1864, at Trevillian Station,
Virginia. He had enlisted in Company I, Ninth New York Cavalry Volunteers, and
fell during an engagement.[d]

Before John was killed, Sarah received a letter from the Reverend Anson Gleason who spoke warmly of John:[j]

Rochester Nov. 16th 1861
My dear Mrs. Crossgrove
I have just received a letter from our daughter Mary, who tells us of her pleasant
visit in Westfield & that she spent an evening at your house, & that your dear Son
John has buckled on the armery of war & gone among many others to bear arms for
the defence of our dear Country! God bless the dear boy & all his fellow soldiers-
That John I believe is a dear good Son & and honest & sincere Christian & of course
will also make a good & faithful soldier- I hope you knit him a good warm pair of
Mittins - Military Mittens, with one fore finger to them- I love that dear boy John- & I
love his dear good Mother & the more so for your love of our Country- And as you
may be often thinking of him I thought I would write you a few lines of sympathy
assuring you that I often pray for our beloved boys who have so bravely gone to
assist in putting down the great & daring rebellion which seems to call for the
indignation of heaven & earth- Could I have known of that regiment coming this
way, how gladly would I have been at the Depot & shaken hands with them- The
Westfield folks are very dear to me & I am grateful for their kind feelings- Those
choice meetings we had there during that revival are a cordial every time I call
them up- That morning meeting we had at Br. Halls when so many warm tears
were shed & so many hearts went up to the throne of grace - God grant that such
seasons may return upon the [illegible] again- Last Tuesday eve they carried me
up to Camp hill where our soldiers are quartered for preperations to go into the
army & and we had a prayer meeting that did me much good. The Col. Babbit
introduced me as being known all over the world as "Father Gleason" who he said
would take charge of the meeting- After singing & prayer (several hundreds being
present) I told them I would read them a text which I would give out to them as a
good motto - King Davids parting words to his beloved son Solomon who was to
succeed him on the throne of Israel - and the young man was but about 19 - his
words were "My son be strong. & show thyself a Man"- In a few words I told them
that manliness did not consist in drinking & swearing & ridiculing religion - but in
a love for our Country, our friends & our God- It was manly & noble to see a young
man equipt for a struggle to save our Country & our benevolent institutions, & it
was still more noble & manly to see them obey the calls of Christ & be faithful
soldiers of the Cross- I told them they are just on the eve of going to face the
Enemy - but that they would have to go soon or they would not get a chance to
help achieve the victory - for the enemy was already reeling under our strong
raking fires on the land & on the sea - but if they did go, be sure to bring home
something to their mothers, wives or sisters as tokens of their manliness. Be
sure & bring home some thing of Conquest, if this no more than a button from a
rebel's coat! To this the hundreds brought down the Camp with clapping of hands
& stamping of feet- & again I told them I would go some ways to see that button &
the old Camp rang with applause again- after my speech many good soldiers
spoke heartily for King Jesus. & I thought surely if such men went forth to Contend
for our rights we might feel sure that our glorious union was safe- The late news
from the Carolina is very cheering. The skies are brightening over our heads -
must man's [illegible]- & I think that you will soon be cheered by the return of your
dear Son & be grateful that you have a share in the spoils that are to be won- And
yet if the contest is to be long & bloody & your dear boy should be calld away
among many others to seal the love of his Country with his warm youthful blood -
you would even then be proud to feel that you have done what you could in so
glorious a cause- I have felt my dear Sister, that rather than have a defeat that
should drive us back from a conquest that with my present age & infirmity I would
buckle on my napsack & march if needs be to the Potomac or elsewhere to Cheer
the Soldiers & to Comfort them in their wounds & troubles- Your son will doubtless
often think of his dear old home & his kind Mother & the family & he would hardly
be fit to fire a gun at an enemy if he did not feel this- Again dear Sister do I say &
say it sister with an empathis - God bless the dear young man & his precious
Mother! Like many other dear Mothers you will not sleep nights without
commending him to the protection of his heavenly Father- that will be your
strong hold in this day of darkness & trouble- Keep near to Jesus- You know
how peaceful & quiet good Mary of old felt when she sat at Jesus feet & the
beloved John when he leaned on Jesus bosom- You can sit at the same feet &
lean by faith on the same blessed bosom- O that blessed saviour! Can we do
anything or suffer anything too much for him who died for us! Well, dear good
woman, the time is short - our acquaintances are leaving us - the graves will
soon be ready for us- May we be ready for them- Please give my love to all our
dear good friends to all the dear ones in your family- Our dear [illegible] have
passed away, after a good long & useful lives- May all theirs be fully prepared
to follow them to the shades of bliss --
If this should prove an unwelcome message then burn it up and pardon the
writer --

Your brother in Jesus
s/Anson Gleason

The Reverend Anson Gleason was a Christian evangelist who worked for forty years as a missionary to the Indians. Born 2 May 1797 in Manchester, Connecticut, he went to the Southwest in 1823 to be a missionary to the Choctaw Indians. In 1830 he returned to Connecticut where he served as a missionary to the Mohegan Indians for sixteen years. Mr Gleason received ordination as a Congregational minister in 1835 and came to be known by all as "Father Gleason". In 1855, Fr Gleason went to Westfield, probably for the revival he referred to in the above letter, and agreed to a request by Sarah's church, the First Presbyterian Church, to remain on the church's staff. From 1858 to 1861, he worked on the Six Nations Cattaraugus Reservation in western New York, and thereafter did city mission work in Rochester, Utica, and Brooklyn where, after 1865, he was employed part time at the Mission Sabbath School of the Central Congregational Church. Fr Gleason died in Brooklyn on 24 February 1885 and was buried in Old Yantic Cemetery, Norwich, Connecticut. Fr Gleason was described as kindly and forceful with a grand personality and persuasive voice.[k] It is hoped that his letter to Sarah helped to ameliorate her deep grief and anguish over the death of her son, John, on the wartime battlefield.
At the age of sixty-eight, Sarah suffered a debilitating stroke. Sarah's son-in-law, Robert McKee Mateer, wrote in his diary on 22 September 1875: "Jane [Sarah's daughter], Fannie & I went up to Alex. Cochranes & spent the afternoon -- came home by Fathers [Sarah's husband] -- Mother Crosgrove had fallen & was not able to be off the bed". The entry of 23 September states: "Jane up to her mothers -- Her right side is paralized and I fear she will never be any better". On 24 September Robert wrote: "Jane up to her mothers in the afternoon -- no better & not any more hopes of her". By 7 November, Robert recorded that "Jane & I went up to see Mother Crosgrove in the afternoon -- she is not gaining much".[e]
Sarah seems never to have improved during the next two and a half years following her stroke. On 25 October 1876, Sarah and John moved into Jane and Robert's home in Westfield, according to Robert's diary: "October, Wednesday 25: Grandpa & Grandma come to day to live with us for a while". [e] Sarah was to remain there until the time of her death a year and a half later.
On Tuesday, 23 April 1878, Robert wrote in his diary: "This is a lovely morning after the rain. Every thing looks green and beautifull . . . Mother Crosgrove a good deal worse, after tea had Dr. Brown over to see her & he did not expect she would live through the night". Robert's entry for the next day, Wednesday, 24 April 1878, stated: "Mother Crosgrove died this morning at 5 min. before 5 o'clock -- she suffered hard all night -- Ed & Sarah was here all night & aunt Grace -- I sat up to after 12. and got up a little after 4". On Thursday, 25 April, Robert wrote: "Mrs. Morse & Miss Jane Johnston was watching last night [presumably the wake]. This is a lovely day -- warm and great growing -- Father Crosgrove & I went down to the Cemetry to see about digging the grave -- Carson & family arrived from New York on the accommodation [train]". Sarah's funeral was on Friday, 26 April, when Robert wrote: ". . . a steady downpour to about half past 1 o'clock -- funeral at 2 oclock -- not very large on a/c of the rain . . . cleared off & was pleasant for the funeral".[e]
At her death, Sarah was buried next to her brother-in-law, Robert Cosgrove, in Lot A-2, Westfield Cemetery, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York.[f]
a. Interview with Edward Mateer, Westfield, N.Y., 11 October 1979, by Chautauqua Co. [N.Y.] Historical Society; transcription from Crosgrove-Mateer Website of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, N.Y.:
b. Letter of Rachel [Nesbitt] Corry, of Ballytrustin, Portaferry, County Down, [Northern] Ireland, to Sarah (Nesbitt) Crosgrove, Westfield, Chautauqua Co., New York, 28 February 1850; transcribed by Virginia Peterson, Ropchester, New York, and posted on her Web site at:
c. R.S.J. Clarke, ed., GRAVESTONE INSCRIPTIONS, COUNTY DOWN, VOL. 7: OLD FAMILIES OF DOWNPATRICK & DISTRICT (Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation, 1993) p. 71.
e. Mateer-Crossgrove diaries, 1868-1900; originals in possession of parents-in-law of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, who transcribed them, 1999-2000 (see her Internet Web page:
f. Charles D. Townsend, ed., CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY NEW YORK CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS & COUNTY AND TOWN HISTORY (Sarasota, Fl.: Aceto Bookmen, 1995) p. 233. Also, letter of Virginia Barden, Ripley, New York, to J.E. Stockman, 1 May 1995.
g. LDS ENDOWMENTS FOR THE DEAD, 1893-1970; HEIR INDEXES, 1924-1956; BAPTISMS FOR THE DEAD, 1941-1970, 1893-1970, vol. 6U, 26 October 1940, p. 42, ref. no. 915; FHL Film 184239 (Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959-1979); 2000 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.
h. LDS BAPTISMS FOR THE DEAD, 1893-1943; HEIR INDEXES, 1893-1960; vol. 6Z, 22 January 1942, p. 1,299; film 183597, ref. no. 27122 (Salt Lake City: Filmed by Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959, 1967).
i. LDS ENDOWMENTS FOR THE DEAD, 1893-1970; HEIR INDEXES, 1924-1956; BAPTISMS FOR THE DEAD, 1941-1970, 1893-1970, vol. 6Y, 1 May 1942, p. 1561, ref. no. 32777; FHL Film 184248 (Salt Lake City: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959-1979); 2000 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.
j. Letter of The Rev'd Anson Gleason to Sarah (Nesbitt) Crossgrove, 16 November 1861; transcribed by Virginia Peterson, Ropchester, New York, and posted on her Web site at:
k. Barber White, DESCENDANTS OF THOMAS GLEASON (1909), as cited in THE REVEREND ANSON GLEASON, 1797-1885 (Website:
Also as cited in CENTENNIAL HISTORY, FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, WESTFIELD, NY, 1808-1908 (Westfield: 1910) p. 31; (Website:
Also as cited in Henry Stiles, "Histories of Brooklyn Churches" in A HISTORY OF THE CITY OF BROOKLYN (1870); (Website: http://www.
l. R.S.J. Clarke, ed., GRAVESTONE INSCRIPTIONS, COUNTY DOWN, VOL. 13 : BARONY OF ARDS (Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation, 19--) p. 39.
m. LDS Ancestral File, ver. 4.19 (Internet); FamilySearch (R) Ancestral File TM v.4.19 (c) 1999- by Intellectual Reserve, Inc.; URL:
n. LDS International Genealogical Index (IGI), March 1992: Northern Ireland, Co. Down, p. 2,723; Famil History Library microfiche.
o. MEMORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD: AN ILLUSTRATED COMPENDIUM OF BIOGRAPHY [So. Dakota], (Chicago: Geo: A. Ogle & Co., 1898), p. 1030, This source includes a biographical sketch of John and Sarah's son Edward N. Crosgrove.
50. i.   JANE C.6 CROSGROVE, b. 12 October 1829, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York; d. 1 December 1919, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York.
51. ii.   ROBERT "ROB" CROSGROVE, b. 1832, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York; d. Aft. 30 March 1891, (Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin?).
  iii.   [INFANT] CROSGROVE, b. 1834, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York154; d. 1835, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York155.
  iv.   LIEUTENANT JOHN CROSGROVE, CIVIL WAR SOLDIER, b. 1836, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York156; d. 25 June 1864, Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia157,158,159,160.
[The writer's great-granduncle.]
John Crossgrove was born in 1836 in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York, and baptised the same year at the Westfield Presbyterian Church.[s] Like his siblings, John was raised in typical fashion as a farm lad on his parents' farm in Westfield.
On 12 April 1861, when John was aged 24, the Civil War began. Exactly three weeks later, on 3 May 1861 President LINCOLN issued a proclamation calling for the organization of forty volunteer regiments. New York's Governor Morgan issued issued General Orders on 30 July (No. 78) and 17 August 1861 (No. 87) that called for the organization of regiments of infantry, cavalry, and artillery. War fever was intense, and recruiting stations were established throughout New York to handle the huge numbers of volunteers. The organization of the Ninth New York Cavalry began in September 1861 with the enlistment of men from Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, and Wyoming Counties in New York and Warren County in Pennsylvania. During September and October, ten companies of the Regiment began their military training on the fairgrounds at Westfield in a camp named Camp Seward after The Honourable William H. Seward, U.S. Secretary of State and former resident of Westfield, Governor of New York, and U.S. Senator for New York.[v]
In response to President LINCOLN's appeal for volunteers, John enlisted on 10 September 1861 at Westfield for a three-year tour of duty, and on 1 October 1861 was mustered in at Albany as a Private in Company I, 5th Squadron, 3rd Battalion, 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. On 16 November 1861, the Reverend Anson Gleason wrote a letter of encouragement to John's mother, Sarah:

"I have just received a letter from our daughter Mary, who tells us . . . that your dear Son John has buckled on the armery of war & gone among many others to bear arms for the defence of our dear Country! God bless the dear boy & all his fellow soldiers- That John I believe is a dear good Son & and honest & sincere Christian & of course will also make a good & faithful soldier- . . . I think that you will soon be cheered by the return of your dear Son- And yet if the contest is to be long & bloody & your dear boy should be calld away among many others to seal the love of his Country with his warm youthful blood - you would even then be proud to feel that you have done what you could in so glorious a cause- . . . "[w]

John appears to have adapted easily to military life. A letter from John's brother Robert, who had migrated to Wisconsin, to their brother Edward on 31 December 1862 said:

"I had a letter from Hugh about 2 weeks ago and one from John last week he said they were both well and John seems to enjoy the service pretty well I should think from the way that he writes that he feels at home there and does not seem to care how long he hast to stay."[a]

During his tour of duty, John's competence was recognized by his promotion to the rank of Corporal on 8 July 1862,[o] to the rank of Sergeant on 1 November 1862,[h] and a year later, on 1 November 1863, to the rank of First Sergeant of Company I.[k] Finally, John was commissioned in the rank of Second Lieutenant,[u] presumably a battlefield promotion.
We are indeed fortunate that six of John's wartime letters are extant (the full texts of the letters will be found at the end of this chapter). They, together with two letters from John's brother Hugh and several other family letters, were found sometime in the 1940s or early 1950s inside the wall of a house in Westfield that was being dismantled, and which had been the home of John and Hugh's sister, Sarah (Crossgrove) Taylor. The letters were given to the Westfield Chief of Police who, some years later, gave them to Edward Wellington Mateer whom he knew to be the grandson of Sarah's sister, Jane Crossgrove Mateer. The letters have been handed down to Edward's nephew and his wife, Robert (the writer's third cousin) and Karen Peterson of North Carolina, and are now in the possession of their son and daughter-in-law, David and Virginia Peterson of Rochester, New York.[t]
On 29 January 1862, John wrote to his sister Sarah from Camp Fenton in Washington, D.C.:

"I have been looking anxiously for several days for a letter from you but to night I came to the conclusion that I owed you a letter and thought perhaps I had better write to you and ask you for one before I get one If I do not get a letter from home about once in so often I begin to feel lonesome and watch the mail pretty close. you can scarcely immagine how much good a letter from home does us soldier boys . . . I am well and enjoying the best of health as I have ever since I have been in camp and as I tent with Martin Harmon and him and I agree pretty well we enjoy some pretty good old fashioned visits I find it to a nice plan to have a confidential friend away here in camp with whom I can converse freely on any and all subjects . . . If you were to come into our camp you think we were as happy a family could be thought of the boys all try to make the best of it. . . of course we have to have some that are not so agreeable as we would wish they were . . . I rode down to the city with Dr Spencer last monday it was the first time have been out of camp since we came here although the city is not a very nice one it presents a grate many attraction to us soldier boys that never was in the the city before the Dr took a good deal of pains to show me all the public Buildings and noteable objects we rode past the White House the residense of the president it is a verry large white building as white as snow . . . Samuel Taylor was over here to see me about 2 weeks ago and took dinner with me he looks well and feels well he likes soldiering pretty well"[b]

In a letter written on 20 March 1862 at Alexandria, Virginia, apparently to his sister Sarah, John said:

". . almost all of the boys with whom I am acquainted are now either at this place or on the move for here there are 50000 troops to leave here within a few days for Richmond. one Battation of our Regt are detached to go in the Artillery and 2 Battalions of us go as infantry to guard the amunition train we now have charge 100 6 mule teams loaded with amunition and are now waiting for orders they are busy shipping troops now and we shall not go untill all the soldiers are gone . . things are so uncertain in the army that soldiers hardly know one minit what they will do the next on sunday I went about 4 miles up towards Fairfax where I saw Capt Drake and a good many of my old acquaintances . . there was one in the 44 Regt that I expected to see who I shall never see in this world and that is Samuel Taylor his Regt is now lying about 1 1/2 miles from us and I went up to see him and inquired for him and they told me that he died a week a go last sunday morning in the Hospital at Georgetown of Typhoid fever . . the hospital where he died was only a bout 2 1/2 miles from our old camp and if I had only known that he was there I should have went to see him . . I will now give you a description of Alexandra this is place of considerable notoriety being the city where Elsworth was shot and is full of secessionist if they only dare to express their sentiments and the city is now under marshal law there is to forts that command the city and the river and they could shell the whole city with perfect ease Fort Elsworth that lies nearest the city is considered to be a verry nice fort they have some rifled cannon that are 14 feet long that will carry a ball 5 miles this is the most beautifull spot that I ever saw one of the most splendid views that could be imagined but the soldiers are fast destroying the country which money cannot replace fences groves and shade trees all fare alike all have to fall under the soldiers ax our boys are cutting a beautifull grove of Oak chestnut and ceader willow etc right in the yard of a Reble Captain but are have respect for the property of all union men. . . we are now feastin on Oisters our men captured 2 Oisters Sloops loaded with oisters from the Rebles and brot them up to Alexandria and all soldiers are free to use them"[c]

John wrote to his brother Edward from Fortress Monroe, Virginia, on 9 April 1862, saying:

". . I am well and have not yet known a sick day since I have been here. . we are now on the advance and expect to be at Richmond in a short time there one hundred thousand men left this place this week and to day they expect to attact Yorktown You asked how it was about the farms here in Va. and the fences etc etc. . . the farms are verry large some of the planters own from 1200 to 2000 acres with one large and sometimes a pretty nice house on them and 2 or 3 small negro houses out around the houses have mostly been evacuated and now are occupied by our soldiers for Hospitals and Barracks etc Some of the Planters have protection papers given them by the Government and the property of these have to be spared in the vicinity of the house any how, the soil is verry shallow and some of it is not worth tilling and there is scarcely a rail or a fense to be seen the land all lays open to a common and the most of it is used by the soldiers the surface of the country is verry uneaven and there is a good deal or has been of small scrubby timber but the soldiers have cut a good deal of it for to burn and a good to clear the way so that they can see farther that there may be nothing in the way. . . Since we came to A.[lexandria] we were ordered to keep 3 days rations cooked and on hand as we were liable to be ordered to move at any moment but it takes time to move 10000 with their equippage teams provisions etc . . . on monday morning early we were ready to march to the dock and went a board of the boats about 10 Oclock 1 steamer 2 scooners and a barge but it took all day to get our baggage wagons and horses etc aboard but just at sundown we pushed out into the rive[r] an achored untill morning. the river is is verry hard of navigation . . there are very few pilots that can run it in the night on account of the shoals. Tuesday Aprill 1st we weighed anchor early this morning and started down to river the morning was beautifull one and we enjoyed the ride verry much about 10 Oclock this morning we passed Mount Vernon the home of Washington"[d]

John wrote to his sister, presumably Sarah, on 25 November 1862 from Chantilly, Virginia:

". . . I saw Hugh last sunday and had a good long visit with him he was well and learning soldiering verry well . . last week was rainy and unpleasant as Sigles whole division moved back to Centerville and Fairfax. . . our regt. had only just moved to the front. . . when ever Gen's. Sigle or Sthall want cavalry that they can depend upon they call on the 9th The army is a great place for petty stealing . . Last Tuesday night where we had encamped for the night - M. Harmon and I had layed down for the [night] using a rubber blanket a our saddle-blanketts for a bed and we had two woolen blanket & a rubber blanket to cover us bet we had not lay there more than half an hour when some scamp slipped one of our wool blankets from under the rubber and got away with it an also a haversack full of hard bread our rations for the next day . . our present camp is on the Leesburg turnpike about 6 miles from Fairfax Court House and Hugh is on the same road and only 2 miles from here towards the C.H. and yet it requires a pass from a Major Gen to to pass the pickets that lye between us. Sigles Army Corps is held as a reserve to the whole and I thin perhaps it will be kept near Washington to defend the capital and watch Stonewall Jackson who is reported to be watching an apportunity to get into the city but I think he will fail if he attemps it. The weather is rather cold for field duty but we cavalry men have the advantage of the Infantry for we can carry more blanketts than they can. . . We have not had much duty to do of late consequently ourselves and horses are getting pretty fat the grain for our horses is brought from Fairfax but we have to go from 3 to 5 miles into the country after hay and carry it in on the horses backs. we have not had any pay since the 1st of July and money is getting rather scarce. but we expect pay this week. . . May God protect and permit us again to meet on earth that we may soon again meet to enjoy the comforts of home is the prayer of your Brother John"[e]

John's regiment was engaged in the Battle of Gettysburg on the first day, 1 July 1863, and Hugh's on the first and second days. On 3 July 1863, the third and last day of the Battle of Gettysburg, John wrote hastily from Westminster, Maryland, to his brother, presumably Edward:

". . I am well and I heard from Hugh yesterday at 2 P.M. he was well and safe thanks to God for his mercies to us I wrote to Sarah from Gettysburg . . . I wrote on the evening of June 30 just had time to finish it when we were ordered out on pickett we remained out that night and the next morning about 9.A.M. we were relieved by the 2nd squadron of our regt, and we reported back to the regt they were in line of battle and we formed in our place the fight now raged high there was nothing on our side but our division of Dav, and one Battery of artillery and the rebs. had two Division of Infantry and artilery we were obliged to fall back before noon but not till after we had took a Brigade of the Rebs. Prisoners then the 1st Corps. came up and we regained our old position but there was constantly reinforcements coming on both sides and the Rebs drove us back through the town and parolled a lot of our wounded
"I cannot speak too highly of the people of Gettysburg they threw aside all fear and turned out to take care of our wounded carrying every thing that a soldier could with for killed and two wounded one of them slightly the two that was killed were in our squandron and one that was seriously wounded belonged to our Co. a 9 months man named Cane the rest of the boys are all safe and well. We left the Battlefield yesterday morning and are now 25 miles away but hear govt news from the front I suppose you hear the news by the papers and I have not time to write you a long letter now I do not know what we are here for but this is the terminus of the Western Railroad and we have had no rations or forage in two days and our horses are verry much jaded and poorly shod and may be we we will get our horses shod and rest and go back to the field of action again we have not had mail in a long time should like to receive some mail there are squads of rebs going past under guard 700 just passed and we may be able to compell the reble army here to surrender here in pa this is a good grain country and the fields are waving with ripe grain I will write more particular when I have more time . . ."[f]

After engaging the Confederate forces on 1 August 1863 near Brandy Station and Culpeper, Virginia, the Brigade which included John's Regiment moved on to Kelly's Ford, Virginia. There John wrote to his sister, again presumably Sarah Crossgrove, on 7 August 1863:

"I just returned from Alexandra found the regt. just 'going out' on pickett . . I suppose you have heard of the two late cav. fights we had last Saturday and Monday . . our men had a pretty hot time of it though there were only four killed and about 30 wounded . . we drove the rebs the first day nearly to Culpeper but they got reinforcements and we had to fall back . . it is my opinion that we will not make any offensive movements (more than strong Cav. reconnaisance to find out the position of the enemy) untill we get the conscripts down here . . there are not more than 3 or 400 men in the largest regt. fit for duty . . putting these new men into old regt. they will sooner be fit for the field than they would if formed in new regt. and will not be near as expensive . . when I was in Washington it was so hot that we could not go around any . . I had no horse and it was so hot to go on foot. It seemed like civilization to get to the city again. the Guerilias are thick between Alexandra and Centerville they captured a large waggon train on Saturday we expected to meet Mosely Bond [i.e., Mosby's Rangers] but did not but I was verry unfortunate on the way I lost my menoramdom book that I had just put 33 postage stamps in and I had your Photograph and Edd & caps [brother Carson's (Cass)?] pictures a lot of letters and some papers that were of considerable importance to me so I will have to mail this letter without a stamp . . I often think of you all and would like to see you and have a good long visit with you but I am not willing to give up the ship yet and let the rebs have their own way I shall stand to my post and trust in God who will not suffer a sparrow to fall to the ground without his notice. . . my love to all and write all the news to your Brother John Crosgrove"[g]

This is the last letter from John that is known to exist. Five months later, on 31 January 1864, John made the fateful decision to re-enlist for another three years.[h] Tragically, by June he would be dead from battlefield wounds.
On 10 June 1864, the First Division, including John's Regiment, under the command of Major General Philip H. Sheridan, engaged the Confederate forces near Louisa, Louisa County, Virginia, and pushed the Rebels back into the woods. The next day, Saturday, 11th June 1864, dawned "chilly, the sweet-scented clover dripping with dew, and a bracing breeze coming from the dark mountain ridges," according to a Confederate soldier's account.[i] On that day, the 9th Cavalry Regiment, under the orders of General Sheridan, engaged the enemy at Trevilian Station, a railway depot about three miles from the previous day's battle and in the direction of Gordonsville. The Regimental Commander, Lieutenant Colonel William Sackett, was mortally wounded within minutes of charging the Confederate troops. The same Confederate soldier mentioned above wrote that "The Yankees displayed pluck and splendid courage that day in their attempt to drive us away, but were sadly in lack of a good cavalry leader."[i]
During three days of fighting at Trevilian Station from 10 to 12 June 1864, the 9th Cavalry Regiment's losses were "their largest of any engagement during the war: about 300 killed and captured in addition to the wounded . . The suffering of the wounded was intense, the heat of the summer and dusty roads adding to their discomfort."[j]
It was during that engagement that John was struck down by an enemy bullet. The first Muster Roll following that event said:

"Vet. Vol. Wounded and left at Trevillian Sta Va. June 11, 1864. Pay due for use of private horse & equipments from Apr. 30, 64 to June 13, 1864. 3d instalment bounty due $50."[k]

"Crossgrove, John Jr" is recorded in the Regimental Muster Out Register as follows:

"MOR [i.e., muster out register]: Died at Gordonsville, Va., date not stated. Cas[e] hist[ory]: Wounded in action at Trevillian Station, June 11. 64, and left in the hands of the enemy. No further record on Register as to death. Promoted to Sergt. Nov.1.62, date appointed 1st Sergt. not stated."[h]

Elsewhere, the Muster Out Register states that John had died on an unknown date, in the rank of First Sergeant, "At Andersonville Va Also borne [known?] as Cosgrove."[h] Presumably, the infamous Confederate Prisoner Camp known as Andersonville in Georgia was confused by the recorder with Gordonsville, Virginia. The register describes John as follows: "Veteran: Bred Westfield; born Westfield; brown eyes, black hair, light complex.; 5 ft. 7-1/2 in high."[h]
Other entries in the register state: "MIR [i.e., muster in register] Age: 24, Enlisted When: 10 Sept 61, Where: Westfield, Period Years: 3, Mustered in: When: 1 Oct 61, Grade: Private, Comp'y: I, Reg't: 9th Cavy"; and MIR: Age: Vet, Enlisted: 31 Jany 64, Period Years: 3, When: 31 Jany 64". The only other entry on this record states: "MR [i.e., muster register] Apl 10/63 Present as Sergt."[h]
Another military record also describes John:

"John Crossgrove, Co. I, 9 Reg't N.Y. Cavalry.
"Age: 24 years; height 5 feet 7 1/2 inches. Complexion Dark. Eyes Brown; hair Black.
"Where born: Westfield NY.
"Occupation: Farmer
"Enlistment - When: Sept. 10, 1861; Where: Westfield NY; Bu Whom: C. Dickson; term 3 yrs.
"Remarks: Promoted to corpl in Co by Regtl order July 8, 62. Promoted Sergt in Co per Regtl order Nov 1, 62. Promoted to 1 Sergt per Regtl order. Mortally wounded in action at Trevillian Station Va June 11, 64 Died at Gordonsville Va June 64."[o]

Some years later another record of John was published. It read:[u]

"John Crossgrove , Jr
"Promoted to Full Lieutenant 2nd Class
"Enlisted as a Private on 10 September 1861 in Westfield, NY at the age of 24
"Enlisted in Company I, 9th Cavalry Regiment New York on 01 October 1861
"Promoted to Full Sergeant on 01 November 1862
"Died on 01 January 1864 in Gordonsville, VA
"was Wounded on 11 June 1864."

Obiously in error is the entry that John died in January 1864, almost six months before he was wounded; this can only be an error in transcription, perhaps reading "Jun" as "Jan". The comment that John was commissioned in the full officer's rank of 2nd Lieutenant does not appear in any of the other records. The promotion was probably a battlefield promotion, perhaps not long before his death, with the proper paper work not yet having been been filed.
After he was wounded by enemy fire, John was captured by the enemy and placed in Gordonsville Receiving Hospital (the Exchange Hotel prior to the War). Built in 1860, the three-storey Hotel was Georgian in style with Italianate architectural elements that had become popular in the mid-nineteenth century. With the onset of war, the Army of the Confederacy converted the Hotel in March 1862 to a military hospital that treated the wounded and dying from nearby battlefields such as Cedar Mountain, Chancellorsville, Trevilian Station, Mine Run, Brandy Station, and Wilderness. In 1864, 23,000 casualties were treated at the Hospital, and in June alone, the month John died there, 6,000 soldiers were treated.[r]
Bereft of his loved ones and surrounded only by the enemy, John survived for merely a fortnight and died alone. He was only 28 years old. The muster-out roll at the end of the War, dated 17 July 1865 at Clouds Mills, Virginia, stated that "John Crossgrove, Jr" "Died in hospital at Gordonsville Va June 25/1864 of vulnus Sclopeticum. Capture not given Pris. War Records."[l] "Vulnus" means wound, and "sclopeticum" (or sclopette or escopette) is a sort of carbine firearm. Thus, John died of a gunshot wound.
The Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records states that John was "Admitted to Hospital at: Gordonsville Receiving Hospl. Va. . . where he died June 25, 1864, of Vulnus Sclopeticum."[m]
John's great-grandnephew, Richard Peterson, reported that

"When Jim and I drove down to SC, we stopped at Gordonsville's Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum, which was the hospital [where John died]. . . they said there are some graves of unknown Federal soldiers in the town cemetery. We looked but couldn't find them. . . they have records there of the remains that were taken back north and John wasn't listed, so he could be one of the unknowns."[n]

In April 2001, Cousin Richard returned to the Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum in Gordonsville (the wartime Gordonsville Receiving Hospital) and reviewed the list of soldiers, both Union and Confederate, who had died there. Of the thirty-nine Union soldiers, thirteen had not been identified. John's name was not listed, indicating that he was one of the thirteen. The bodies were removed from Gordonsville shortly after the end of the War and the Museum personnel told Richard that they have no means of tracing them. All of the Union soldiers' bodies removed from Gordonsville Receiving Hospital were buried in the National Cemetery at Culpeper, Virginia. John's name, however, is not on the Culpeper list. Richard said that only 2,473 of the 15,242 soldiers buried at Culpeper have been identified.
Poignantly, John's brother Hugh wrote in a letter to their sister Sarah from his Army camp "Near Atlanta Geor" on 11 August 1864, a month and a half after John's death, that

"I was glad to hear a little more from John and hope that by the time you receive this that you will have a letter from him stating that he is doing well and hope that he will soon get a furlough and go home for I think that he would get along better there than he would in the hospital for I think that you would take better care of him."[q]

Sadly, Hugh would never again hear from or see his beloved brother.
An intelligent and courageous young man, our great-granduncle John had voluntarily made the supreme sacrifice for his country at so young and tender an age, and, unlike his brother, great-grandfather Hugh, was never to return home to his family. May he rest in peace and may light perpetual shine upon him.
a. Letter of Robert Crossgrove, Waupun, Wisconsin, to his brother Edward Crossgrove, 31 December 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
b. Letter of John Crossgrove, Camp Fenton, Washington, D.C., to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 29 January 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
c. Letter of John Crossgrove from Alexandria, Virginia, 20 March 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
d. Letter of John Crossgrove, Fortress Monroe, Virginia, to his brother Edward Crossgrove, 9 April 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
e. Letter of John Crossgrove, Chantilly, Virginia, to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 25 November 1862; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
f. Letter of John Crossgrove, Westminster, Maryland, to his brother (Edward?), 3 July 1863; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
g. Letter of John Crossgrove, Kelly's Ford, Virginia, to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 7 August 1863; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
h. Muster Records of John Crossgrove, Jr, 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiement; New York State Archives, Cultural Education Center, Room 11D40, Albany, N.Y.
i. Walbrook Davis Swank, Col. USAF Ret., BATTLE OF TREVILIAN STATION: THE CIVIL WAR'S GREATEST AND BLOODIEST ALL-CAVALRY BATTLE (Mineral, Va.: Walbrook D. Swank, 1994) p. 71.
k. Muster Rolls of the 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
l. Muster Out Register of the 9th New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, dated at Clouds Mills, Virginia, on 17 July 1865; as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
m. Memorandum from Prisoner of War Records; as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
n. E-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
o. Company Descriptive Book; as cited in an e-mail message of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, date unknown, as quoted in the latter's e-mail message to J.E. Stockman, 29 October 1999.
p. Letter of Richard Peterson to Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, as quoted in e-mail message of the latter to J.E. Stockman, 25 April 2001. The Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum (Gordonsville Receiving Hospital) can be accessed at Website:, and is located at 400 South Main Street, Gordonsville, Virginia.
q. Letter of Hugh Crossgrove from Near Atlanta, Georgia, to his sister Sarah Crossgrove, 11 August 1864; photocopy from Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, October 1999.
r. Exchange Hotel Civil War Museum (Gordonsville Receiving Hospital) Website:
s. Records of Westfield Presbyterian Church, Westfield, New York; as abstracted by Mr Frank B. Lamb, Westfield, N.Y. and published on Internet at: WESTFLD.HTM.
t. E-mail message of Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, to J.E. Stockman, 11 May 2001.
u. REPORT OF THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL (New York Roster) (New York: Published in 1894-1906);, Copyright 1998-2002, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
v. William C. Bradley, Jr, "George Bradley" in THE CHAUTAUQUA GENEALOGIST (August 2002) vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 41-47.
w. Letter of The Rev'd Anson Gleason to Sarah (Nesbitt) Crossgrove, 16 November 1861; transcribed by Virginia Peterson, Ropchester, New York, and posted on her Web site at:

52. v.   HUGH NESBITT CROSGROVE, b. 7 September 1838, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York; d. 9 December 1922, Denver, Denver County, Colorado.
  vi.   EMMA CROSGROVE, b. 1839161; d. Unknown, infancy.
Emma, baptised in 1839, is listed in the baptismal records of Westfield Presbyterian Church as the daughter of "John Crosgrove".[a] There was no other John Crossgrove, Crosgrove, or Cosgrove in Westfield in 1839 who was married, and Emma thus must have been a third daughter of John and Sarah Crosgrove. She died in infancy. Normally, in British naming tradition, the second daughter would be named after her father's mother. Was this child therefore named "Hannah 'Emma' Crosgrove"? "Emma" may have been a nickname, or perhaps an error in writing or transcribing the name.
a. Records of Westfield Presbyterian Church, Westfield, New York; as abstracted by Mr Frank B. Lamb, Westfield, N.Y. and published on Internet at: WESTFLD.HTM.

53. vii.   SARAH ANN CROSGROVE, b. 31 December 1843, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York; d. 14 March 1925, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York.
54. viii.   EDWARD NELSON CROSGROVE, b. 10 August 1845, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York; d. 2 June 1911, Henry, Graceland Township, Codington County, South Dakota.
55. ix.   CARSON ROWAN "CASS" CROSGROVE, b. 27 June 1848, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York; d. 8 October 1907, Sidney, Delaware County, New York.

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