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THE CROSKERY / CROSGROVE FAMILY OF ULSTER


32. WILLIAM5 CROSKERY, OF TIEVENADARRAGH (ROBERT4, JOHN3 CROSKREY, OF TIEVENADARRAGH, [............]2 CROSSKERY, JOHN1) was born 1809 in County Down, [Northern] Ireland, presumably in Ballynahinch Townland, Magheradrool Civil Parish290,291,292,293, and died 10 April 1887 in Tievenadarragh Townland, Loughinisland Civil Parish, County Down, [Northern] Ireland294. He married MARGARET CROSKERY 8 June 1830 in Seaforde Presbyterian Church, Seaforde, County Down, [Northern] Ireland295,296, daughter of THOMAS CROSKERY and MARY REA. She was born 1812 in Northern Ireland, presumably297,298,299,300, and died 4 May 1882 in Tievenadarragh Townland, Loughinisland Civil Parish, County Down, [Northern] Ireland301,302.

Notes for W
ILLIAM CROSKERY, OF TIEVENADARRAGH:
[The writer's first cousin four times removed.]
William was buried in the churchyard of St John's Parish Church (Church of Ireland), Seaforde, County Down, and his gravestone reads:

(Copied by R.W.H. Blackwood, but now replaced by a modern Coskery stone.) Sacred
to the memory of William Coskery of Tevenadara [sic] who died 10th of April 1877
aged 68 years and his beloved wife Margaret who died 4th of May 1882 aged 70
years. Also their sons Isaac who died 1st April 1855 aged 11 weeks, Robert who died
16 May 1867 aged 33 years.[a]

William Coskery (1809-1877) of Tievenadarragh (husband of Margaret) is buried near John and Hannah Coskery in St John's Anglican Cemetery at Seaforde in the southern part of the Tievenadarragh Townland.
It is of interest peripherally that, while on a trip to Northern Ireland in 1969, Diana Coskery (Mrs) Poulsen wrote in her "Irish Diary":

July 13th
After lunch, Irene [Coskery-Jennings] and Aunt Diana [1892-1982] took us [i.e.,
Diana Coskery (1924-1974) and her husband, Kai S. Poulsen] to see our Great
Grandfather's and Great Grandmother's houses. These houses are side by side
with about 150 feet between them. Aunt Diana says they were cousins. These
houses are at Tievenadarragh which means 'the ridge of the elm'.
We then visited Hugh William Coskery, his wife, son, and daughter. The
daughter's name is Diane, the spelling which irritates Aunt Diana -- she is
meticulous about spelling.[d]

Who were the great-grandparents mentioned above? Brent Coskery wrote, "In my opinion Diana Coskery-Poulsen is speaking about William Coskery and Margaret Coskery. My Great Great Grandfather and Great Great Grandmother."[f] The writer agrees. On the writer's present reconstruction, William Croskery (b. 1809) and his wife Margaret [---?---] (b. 1812] would be

Irene Coskery Jennings's great-grandparents; and
Diana Coskery Poulsen's great-grandparents; but
Aunt Diana Coskery's grandparents--a one-generational difference

Nevertheless, the question still remains as to who William's parents were. Brent Coskery suggests William may have been the son of either Robert Croskery (which one?) or of Thomas Croskery and Mary Rea, as indeed the genealogical charts prepared by Robert Croskery of Lethbridge so indicate.[e] However, the BLACKWOOD PEDIGREES show William's wife and cousin, Margaret Croskery, to be the child of Thomas Croskery and Mary Rea,[g] which rules out William as also their child, and gives weight to Robert Croskery as William's father.
--------------------------------
a. R.S.J. Clarke, ed., GRAVESTONE INSCRIPTIONS, CO. DOWN, VOL. 9: BARONIES OF LECALE AND KINELARTY (Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation, 19__); Seaforde Graveyard Ordnance Survey 37, Grid Ref. 407422; p. 78.
c. E-mail message of Brent Coskery, Oakville, Ontario (brentcoskery@cogeco.ca), to J.E. Stockman, 25 June 2005.
d. E-mail message of Brent Coskery, op. cit., to J.E. Stockman, 14 October 2006; quoted entry of 13 July 1969 in the "irish Diary" of Diana Coskery (Mrs) Poulsen (1924-1974)
e. E-mail message of Brent Coskery (re: Tievenadarragh Croskerys) to J.E. Stockman, (4 March 2007; Brent Coskery, Oakville, Ontario, Canada [brentcoskery@cogeco.ca]; attachment: genealogy charts for Thomas Croskery of Inch, & John & Thomas Croskery of Tievenadarragh from cousin Robert Croskery, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada), "Electronic."
f. E-mail message of Brent Coskery, op. cit., 14 October 2006.
g. BLACKWOOD PEDIGREES (collection of Linen Hall Library, 17 Donegall Square North, Belfast, UK, BT1 5GB,), "Electronic," "Croskery" photocopies supplied by Kristian McComb [irish.reference@linenhall.com] of LHL to J.E. Stockman, 5 November 2007.

Notes for M
ARGARET CROSKERY:
Brent Coskery has written:

"Son William Croskery (1809-1877) married a Margaret Coskery / Coskery--confirmed cousin. Parents unknown."[a]
----------------------------------------------
a. E-mail message of Brent Coskery (brentcoskery@cogeco.ca), Oakville, Ontario, Canada, to J.E. Stockman, 5 March 2007.
     
Children are listed above under (29) Margaret Croskery.


33. JAMES5 CROSKERY/ CROSGROVE, OF WESTFIELD (ROBERT4, JOHN3 CROSKREY, OF TIEVENADARRAGH, [............]2 CROSSKERY, JOHN1) was born 1811 in County Down, [Northern] Ireland, presumably in Ballynahinch Townland, Magheradrool Civil Parish303, and died July 1891 in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York304,305. He married (1) REBECCA CROSKERY about 1832 in (Downpatrick, County Down?), [Northern] Ireland, daughter of JOHN CROSKERRY and HANNAH [CARSON?]. She was born 1813 in (Downpatrick, County Down?), [Northern] Ireland306,307, and died 4 May 1853 in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York308. He married (2) MARY TWEEDY about 1857 in (Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York?), daughter of SAMUEL TWEEDY. She was born 1816 in [Northern] Ireland, United Kingdom309,310,311,312, and died 12 January 1885 in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York.

Notes for J
AMES CROSKERY/ CROSGROVE, OF WESTFIELD:
[James and Rebecca were first cousins.]
[NOTE: Initially, the writer conjectured that James was a son of John Croskery / Crosgrove (b. c.1775) and Hannah, while Peter Coskery of County Down, Northern Ireland, has James as a son of John's brother, Robert Coskery (b. 1780).
========================
[The writer's first cousin four times removed.]
The 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1880 Federal Censuses,[a] and the 1845 New York State Census[b] all find James living in Westfield two doors from Rebecca's brother, John Crosgrove (1806-1890.
A gravestone in the Ballynahinch First Presbyterian Graveyard in County Down bears the following inscription:[b]

"CROSKERY [At head of a low stone enclosure]. Burial place of Johnston Croskery,
Ballinahinch, A.D. 1838."

The writer believes that this Johnston, who died in 1838, may have been an earlier son who died in childhood; that a subsequent son, born in 1848, was named Johnston in honour of his deceased sibling; that it may have been due in part to the child's death that the family moved the next year, 1839, to the United States and settled in Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York, as neighbours of Rebecca's brother John.
The 1850 Federal Census discloses that James and Rebecca's first four children were born in (Northern) Ireland through the year 1838, and that the remaining four, beginning in 1841, were born in New York.[c] The family emigrated to America in 1839, in time for the 1st June enumeration date of the 1840 Census.[d] The 1845 New York State Census recorded that the family members were still British subjects, and thus James had not yet become a naturalized American citizen.[e]
Rebecca died in 1853, and at the 1860 Census[f] the household in Westfield consisted of James, his second wife Mary, Ann, Thomas, and Johnston:

James Crosgrove, 48, Ma, Wh, Farmer, RE value 1600, Pers Prop 800, b. Ireland
Mary Crosgrove, 30, Fe, Housekeeper, b. Ireland
Ann J. Crosgrove, 17, Fe, Wh, Tailoress, b. N. York
Thomas Crossgrove [sic], 16, Ma, Wh, Farmwork, b. N. York
Johnson Crossgrove [sic], 11, Ma, b. N. York

James's second wife was Mary Tweedy, born in (northern?) Ireland, and the daughter of Samuel Tweedy. It is the writer's belief she was the "Mary Crosgrove" living in James's household at the 1860 Census, who by that time may not have been married to him. In any event, a child, Minnie, was born to James and Mary in 1860. The various records conflict as to Mary's date of birth, her death certificate showing 1808, the 1880 Census giving 1816, and the year 1824 inscribed on her tombstone. The year 1816 is probably more correct. Mary had lived in Westfield since 1855.
At the 1880 Census,[g] the couple were living alone, except for a housekeeper.

James CROSGROVE Self Mar. Male White 64 [1816] b. IRE Farmer Fa: b. IRE Mo: b. IRE
Mary CROSGROVE Wife M Female W 64 [1816] b. IRE Fa: b. IRE Mo: b. IRE
Mary CORRIGAN Other Sngl Female W 65 [1815] b. IRE House Keeper Fa: b. IRE Mo: b. IRE

Sadly, Mary Crosgrove is listed as being insane in the Census return. She died in 1885. Upon his death, James was buried in Lot B-2, Westfield Cemetery in Westfield, next to Rebecca and Mary.[h]
The1845 State Census[e] shows James to be a farmer occupying thirty-three acres of improved land. In 1850 his real estate was valued at $1,000, while in 1860 the values were $1,600 for real estate and $800 for personal property. Property values were not given in the 1880 Census schedule.
The 1891 diary of Robert McKee Mateer, husband of James's niece, Jane Crossgrove, contains the following entry on Saturday, 1 August:

"James Crosgrove was buried this forenoon - I was not there - Jane rode with Jim Taylor."[i]

Following James's death in 1891, his obituary appeared in the "Westfield Republican":

"Obituary.
"JAMES CROSGROVE.
"James Crosgrove was born in County Down, Ireland, in 1811, and came to this
country in 1839 and settled in Westfield where he passed the remainder of his life. By
occupation he was a farmer, was well known and highly respected. He was the father
of seven children, two of whom, Nancy and Ann Jane are dead. Those living are Hannah,
now Mrs. Robert Taylor, of Edensburg, Washington; Robert, of Wynona, Minn.; James,
Pittsburg, Pa.; Thomas, of Kent, Nebraska, and John, of Dunkirk, N. Y.
"The funeral was held Saturday, from the family residence and the interment was in
Westfield cemetery."[j]
------------------------------------------------------------------
a. Birth Certificate of Johnston Crosgrove, Public Register of Births, Town of Westfield, New York.
b. R.S.J. Clarke, comp., GRAVESTONE INSCRIPTIONS, Vol. 9: County Down, Baronies of Lecale and Kinelarty (Belfast: Ulster-Scot Historical Foundation, 1972) p. 12.
c. 1850 U.S. Census, National Archives Pub. No. M432, roll 485, p. 135.
d. 1840 U.S. Census, National Archives Pub. No. M704, roll 271, p. 154.
e. The 1845 New York Census data for Westfield were taken from the Chautauqua Co. [N.Y.] Genealogical Society's THE CHAUTAUQUA GENEALOGIST, vol. 20, no. 4 (Fall), Nov. 1997, pp. 73-80.
f. 1860 U.S. Census, National Archives Pub. No. M653, roll 732, p. 155.
g. 1880 U.S. Census, National Archives Pub. No. T9, roll 816, p. 2, line 30 (p. 137B); FHL # 1254816.
h. Charles D. Townsend, ed., CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY NEW YORK CEMETERY INSCRIPTIONS & COUNTY AND TOWN HISTORY (Sarasota, Fl.: Aceto Bookmen, 1995) p. 236. Also, letter of Virginia Barden, Ripley, New York, to J.E. Stockman, 1 May 1995.
i. 1891 Diary of Robert McKee Mateer; transcribed by Virginia Peterson (VTPeterson@prodigy.net), Rochester, New York.
j. "Obituary of James Crosgrove" in WESTFIELD REPUBLICAN, Westfield, Chautauqua Co., N.Y. (5 August 1891) p. 1; transcribed by Virginia Peterson, Rochester, New York, who said that James's death was also mentioned in the next issue of the newspaper, but she did not transcribe it.

Notes for R
EBECCA CROSKERY:
[Rebecca and James were first cousins.]
Before coming to New York sometime between 1838 and 1841, Rebecca Crosgrove and James Crosgrove/Croskery of northern Ireland are presumed to have lived in County Down, northern Ireland.
     
Children are listed above under (24) Rebecca Croskery.
     
Child of J
AMES CROSKERY and MARY TWEEDY is:
71. i.   MINNIE6 CROSGROVE, b. 1860, Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York; d. Aft. 1916, (probably) Westfield, Chautauqua County, New York.


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