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View Tree for Chief BroomChief Broom (d. date unknown)

Chief Broom died date unknown. He married Atsostaha.

 Includes NotesNotes for Chief Broom:
BROOM, Nancy Elizabeth Wife, of Charles Renatus Hicks She was, the daughter of Chief Broom and was from the Wolf Clan. Chief Broom lived at Broomstown (Walker County, Georgia), which is west of the Chattooga River on the Alabama line She was a Cherokee woman.

From source below: BROOM - A Cherokee headman, who went to the peace talk with Governor Blount in 1792. Father-in-law of Charles Renatus Hicks.


from: EXCERPTS "FROM HEART OF THE EAGLE" by Brent "YANUSDI" Cox

Reprinted here under the "Fair Use" doctrrine

(c) 1998, Chenanee Publishers, Brent "Yanusdi" Cox - permission of Professor Brent Cox respectfully sought.

The following information is a copyrighted work and was obtained from the excellent work of Brent Cox entitled "Heart of the Eagle - Dragging Canoe and the Emergence of the Chickamauga Confederacy."
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At the end of the Revolutionary War a separate peace treaty was signed between the Americans and the Cherokees, but the bitter hatred felt by both sides was not quieted by treaties and attacks continued. In June of 1794, President Washington met with the Chickamauga Indian, Doublehead, in Philadelphia and signed a treaty. In October of 1794 a total of 40 Cherokee chiefs signed another peace treaty. These chief included Bloody Fellow, Bear at Home, Thick Legs, Broom, Little Turkey, John Watts, the Glass, Pathkiller, Stallion and Tallatuskee.
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Contributed By:Bonnie Farner


(1)Chief Broom
(one of the signers of the TREATY OF WASHINGTON D.C. WITH THE CHEROKEE ON JANUARY 7, 1806 7 Stat., 101. Ratified May 22, 1807. Proclaimed May 23, 1807.)


(2)Nancy Elizabeth/Na-Ye-Hi Broom
(b.about 1743) m.about 1758 Nathan Hicks (b.06Nov1743 VA d.1829 GA)

Children:
(a) Nathan Hicks(b.abt.1764)
(b) Sarah Hicks(b.abt.1765-24 d.Sep1816 Chattanooga, Cherokee Nation East, TN..
(c) Charles Renatus Hicks, Chief, (b.23Dec1767 Tamali on the Hiwassee River, Cherokee Nation East d.20Jan1827 Fortville, Cherokee Nation East (signed the treaty as Interpreter)
(d) William Abraham Hicks, sr., Chief (b.abt.1769 Cherokee Nation East, GA d.bef. Nov1837;

(3)Elizabeth Hicks(b.1760 Cherokee Nation East, GA d.?) m.James Bigby Sr. b.6 SEP 1778 in Tennessee Death: ABT. 1856 in Flint District, Indian Territory Residence: 1835 Candy's Creek, McMinn County, Tennessee Reference Number:4586

(4)James Bigby Jr.(b.06Sep1778 VA d.1855) m.(4~) Catherine Foreman (b.17Apr1785- Cherokee Nation East,TN d.23Nov1842)
Catherine's Father:(~3)John Anthony Foreman,II (b.1744 Philadelphia Colony, PA-),m.1780 in Cherokee Nation East, TN m. about 1781 (~3) Susie Gourd/Rattling-gourd/Kah-tah-yah(b.1750 Cherokee Nation East,TN. Full blood Cherokee, Paint Clan d.1830).
Susie Gourd's Father: (~2)Teetarskeeskee full blood Cherokee, Paint Clan(b.?-d.?) mother: unknown Cherokee.

TREATY OF WASHINGTON D.C. WITH THE CHEROKEE ON JANUARY 7, 1806
7 Stat., 101. Ratified May 22, 1807. Proclaimed May 23, 1807.

A convention between the United States and the Cherokee nation of Indians, concluded at the city of Washington, on the seventh day of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and six.

Articles of a Convention made between Henry Dearborn, secretary of war, being specially authorized thereto by the President of the United States, and the undersigned chiefs and head men of the Cherokee nation of Indians, duly authorized and empowered by said nation.

ARTICLE 1. The undersigned chiefs and head men of the Cherokee nation of Indians, for themselves and in behalf of their nation, relinquish to the United States all right, title, interest and claim, which they or their nation have or ever had to all that tract of country which lies to the northward of the river Tennessee and westward of a line to be run from the upper part of the Chickasaw Old Fields, at the upper point of an island, called Chickasaw island, on said river, to the most easterly head waters of that branch of said Tennessee river called Duck river, excepting the two following described tracts, viz: one tract bounded southerly on the said Tennessee river, at a place called the Muscle Shoals, westerly by a creek called Te Kee, ta, no-eh or Cyprus creek, and easterly by Chu, wa, lee, or Elk river or creek, and northerly by a line to be drawn from a point on said Elk river ten miles on a direct line from its mouth or junction with Tennessee river, to a point on the said Cyprus Creek, ten miles on a direct line from its junction with the Tennessee river.
The other tract is to be two miles in width on the north side of Tennessee river, and to extend northerly from that river three miles, and bounded as follows, viz: beginning at the mouth of Spring Creek, and running up said creek three miles on a straight line, thence westerly two miles at right angles with the general course of said creek, thence southerly on a line parallel with the general course of said creek to the Tennessee river, thence up said river by its waters to the beginning: which first reserved tract is to be considered the common property of the Cherokees who now live on the same; including John D. Chesholm, An, tow, we and Cheh Chub, and the other reserved tract on which Moses Melton now lives, is to be considered the property of said Melton and of Charles Hicks, in equal shares. And the said chiefs and head men also agree to relinquish to the United States all right or claim which they or their nation have to what is called the Long Island in Holston river.

ARTICLE 2. The said Henry Dearborn on the part of the United States hereby stipulates and agrees that in consideration of the relinquishment of title by the Cherokees, as stated in the preceding article, the United States will pay to the Cherokee nation two thousand dollars in money as soon as this convention shall be duly ratified by the government of the United States; and two thousand dollars in each of the four succeeding years, amounting in the whole to ten thousand dollars; and that a grist mill shall within one year from the date hereof, be built in the Cherokee country, for the use of the nation, at such place as shall be considered most convenient; that the said Cherokees shall be furnished with a machine for cleaning cotton; and also, that the old Cherokee chief, called the Black Fox, shall be paid annually one hundred dollars by the United States during his life.

ARTICLE 3. It is also agreed on the part of the United States, that the government thereof will use its influence and best endeavors to prevail on the Chickasaw nation of Indians to agree to the following boundary between that nation and the Cherokees to the southward of the Tennessee river, viz: beginning at the mouth of Caney Creek near the lower part of the Muscle Shoals, and to run up said creek to its head, and in a direct line from thence to the Flat Stone or Rock, the old corner boundary. But it is understood by the contracting parties that the United States do not engage to have the aforesaid line or boundary established, but only to endeavor to prevail on the Chickasaw nation to consent to such a line as the boundary between the two nations.

ARTICLE 4. It is further agreed on the part of the United States that the claims which the Chickasaws may have to the two tracts reserved by the first article of this convention on the north side of the Tennessee river, shall be settled by the United States in such manner as will be equitable, and will secure to the Cherokees the title to the said reservations. Done at the place, and on the day and year first above written.
Henry Dearborn, Double Head, his x mark
< James Vanu, his x mark
Tallotiskee, his x mark
Chulioa, his x mark
Sour Mush, his x mark
Turtle at home, his x mark
Katihu, his x mark
John McLemore, his x mark
Broom, his x mark
John Jolly, his x mark
John Lowry, his x mark
Red Bird, his x mark
John Walker, his x mark
Young Wolf, his x mark
Skeuha, his x mark
Sequechu, his x mark
Wm. Showry, his x mark.

In presence of
Return J. Meigs, Benjamin Hawkins, Daniel Smith, John Smith, Andrew McClary, John McClarey.

I certify the foregoing convention has been faithfully interpreted.
Charles Hicks, Interpreter.
Elucidation of a convention with the Cherokee Nation. Sept. 11, 1897. 7 Stat., 103. Proclamation, Apr. 22, 1808.
WHEREAS, by the first article of a convention between the United States and the Cherokee nation, entered into at the city of Washington, on the seventh day of January, one thousand eight hundred and six, it was intended on the part of the Cherokee nation, and so understood by the Secretary of War, the commissioner on the part of the United States, to cede to the United States all the right, title and [92] interest which the said Cherokee nation ever had to a tract of country contained between the Tennessee river and the Tennessee ridge (so called); which tract of country had since the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety four, been claimed by the Cherokees and Chickasaws: the eastern boundary whereof is limited by a line so to be run from the upper part of the Chickasaw Old Fields, as to include all the waters of Elk river, any thing expressed in said convention to the contrary notwithstanding. It is therefore now declared by James Robertson and Return J. Meigs, acting under the authority of the executive of the United States, and by a delegation of Cherokee chiefs, of whom Eunolee or Black Fox, the king or head chief of said Cherokee nation, acting on the part of, and in behalf of said nation, is one, that the eastern limits of said ceded tract shall be bounded by a line so to be run from the upper end of the Chickasaw Old Fields, a little above the upper point of an island, called Chickasaw Island, as will most directly intersect the first waters of Elk river, thence carried to the Great Cumberland mountain, in which the waters of Elk river have their source, then along the margin of said mountain until it shall intersect lands heretofore ceded to the United States, at the said Tennessee ridge. And in consideration of the readiness shown by the Cherokees to explain, and to place the limits of the land ceded by the said convention out of all doubt; and in consideration of their expenses in attending council, the executive of the United States will direct that the Cherokee nation shall receive the sum of two thousand dollars, to be paid to them by their agent, at such time as the said executive shall direct, and that the Cherokee hunters, as hath been the custom in such cases, may hunt on said ceded tract, until by the fullness of settlers it shall become improper. And it is hereby declared by the parties, that this explanation ought to be considered as a just elucidation of the cession made by the first article of said convention.
Done at the point of departure of the line at the upper end of the island opposite to the upper part of the said Chickasaw Oil Fields, the eleventh day of September, in the year one thousand eight hundred and seven.

James Robertson, Return J. Meigs, Eunolee, or Black Fox, his x mark
Fauquitee, or Glass, his x mark
Fulaquokoko, or Turtle at home, his x mark
Richard Brown, his x mark
Sowolotoh, king's brother his x mark
Witnesses present: Thomas Freeman, Thomas Orme.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Source: Indian Affairs. Laws and Treaties. Vol. II. (Treaties.)
Compiled and Edited by Charles J. Kappler, LL. M., Clerk to the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1904.

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From webpage: http://www.utulsa.edu/law/classes/rice/Treaties/07_Stat_228_CHEROKEE.htm
TREATY WITH THE CHEROKEE

7 Stat. 228, October 24, 1804, Proclaimed May 17, 1824.

Articles of a treaty between the United States of America and the Cherokee Indians.

DANIEL SMITH and Return J. Meigs, being commissioned by Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States, with powers of acting in behalf of the said United States, in arranging certain matters with the Cherokee nation of Indians; and the underwritten principal Chiefs, representing the said nation, having met the said Commissioners in a conference at Tellico, and having taken into their consideration certain propositions made to them by the said Commissioners of the United States; the parties aforesaid, have unanimously agreed and stipulated, as is definitely expressed in the following articles:


ARTICLE 1. For the considerations hereinafter expressed, the Cherokee nation relinquish and cede to the United States, a tract of land bounding, southerly, on the boundary line between the State of Georgia and the said Cherokee nation, beginning at a point on the said boundary line northeasterly of the most northeast plantation, in the settlement known by the name of Wafford's Settlement, and running at right angles with the said boundary line four miles into the Cherokee land; thence at right angles southwesterly and parallel to the first mentioned boundary line, so far as that a line, to be run at right angles southerly to the said first mentioned boundary line, shall include, in this cession, all the plantations in Wafford's settlement, so called, as aforesaid.

ARTICLE 2. For, and in consideration of, the relinquishment and cession, as expressed in the first article, the United States, upon signing the present Treaty, shall cause to be delivered to the Cherokees, useful goods, wares, and merchandise, to the amount of five thousand dollars, or that sum in money, at the option (timely signified) of the Cherokees, and shall, also, cause to be delivered, annually, to them, other useful goods to the amount of one thousand dollars, or money to that amount, at the option of the Cherokees, timely notice thereof being given, in addition to the annuity, heretofore stipulated, and to be delivered at the usual time of their receiving their annuity.

In witness of all and everything, herein determined, between the United States and the Cherokee nation, the parties have hereunto set their hands and seals, in the garrison of Tellico, on Cherokee ground, within the United States, this twenty-fourth day of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and four, and in the twenty-ninth year of the independence and sovereignty of the United States.

Daniel Smith,

Path Killer, his x mark,

Return J. Meigs,

Tagustiskee, his x mark,

Tolluntuskie, his x mark,

Tulio, his x mark,

Broom, his x mark,

Sour Mush, his x mark,

J. McLamore, his x mark,

Keatehee, his x mark,

Quotequeskee, his x mark,

James Vann.


Witnesses:

Rob. Purdy, secretary,

Thos. J. Van Dyke, Sur. Mate.,

John McKee,

Wm. Charp,

Jno. Campbell, captain, second U. S. Regiment, Com.,

Hinchey Pertway,

Wm. L. Lovely, assistant agent,

John Brahan, lieutenant, second Regiment, infantry,

Ch. Hicks, interpreter.

Children of Chief Broom and Atsostaha are:
  1. +Nancy Elizabeth Broom, d. date unknown.
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