Notes for Adam Naf: "The battle of Kappel in which Hans Naf died and his son Adam won fame was fought by the Protestant and Catholic forces of Switzerland in 1531. Zwingli was the leader of the Protestant movement. As early as 1506, at the age of 22, he was made parish priest of Glarus where he denounced from his pulpit the mercenary military service abroad promoted by the magistrates. In 1518, after two years at Einsiedeln he was made pastor of the Grossmunster (cathedral) of Zurich. There he continued to criticize or denounce some of the practices of the church. He denounced the mercenary military service of citizens and members of hte church, which practice was draining away the nation's manhood. He opposed the traffic in indulgence, meaning the payment of fees for the remission of sin, and declared that the Bible, not the church hierarchy, was the only authority in matters of faith. Furthermore, he favored abolition of pilgrimages, revisions of certain sacraments, closing of monasteries, and marriage of priests. Consistent with his teaching, he married in 1524. "Two debates took place between the supporters and opponents of Zwingli, the first one in Zurich in 1523 and the second one in Bern in 1528. In both, the supporters of the ideas of Zwingli won. "The progress and authority of Zwingli alarmed the Catholic cantons. Five of them, Lucerne, Uri, Schwyz, Unterwald and Zug, allied themselves against Zurich. War, barely avoided in 1529, broke out in 1531. The main and final battle was fought at Kappel, a small village about fifteen miles south of Zurich. The forces of Zurich, numbering not more than 2,000 men, opposed the Catholic forces of 8,000. The battle was fierce. At the end the 'Zurichers left 512 of their number behind, among them 25 clergymen, 26 members of the council and 65 other members of the town'. The number of Catholic forces killed and wounded is unknown. "Zwingli, the Protestant leader, died in the battle. As stated above, Hans Naf, Adam's father, and two other Nafs also died in it. Adam performed with great bravery in the rescue of the banner being trampled by the enemy. His heroism is reflected in the words of a member of the family spoken at the 350th anniversary (1881) of the battle: 'Yonder in the foremost ranks, Zwingli exhorted the fighters and comforted the dying, till he himself, wounded on head and thigh, sank down, crying out, "What is this for a calamity? You are able to kill the body, but not the soul." The motion of the fight became constantly more violent; but the standardbearer would not yield. The enemy pressed constantly more powerfully on the troop of Zurichers; these fell by hundreds around the standard. Now flight became the order of the day with the rear guard, especially after Zuger had mingled himself with the Zurichers and called to them, that they should fly and save themselves. After long resistance, the standard bearer, Master John Schweizer, of the forges, was also carried away. He reached the millstream. When he attempted to cross, he fell in and, weighed down by his arms, he perished. Standard bearer Kleinbaus rescued the banner from the hands of the dying one, and hastened farther with it. Some of the enemy overtook him; one of these had already seized the banner; Kambli cried: "Is there no honorable Zurichers there to save his army's banner?" This Adam Naf, from Vollenweid, heard. This was the decisive moment, when this dear man approached as rescuer of hte banner. As arquebusier, under John Huber, of Teufenbach, he had already fought manfully in the battle. Now he courageously swung his sword that he carried with him, and struck from its body the head of the enemy that had seized the banner.'
"Because of Adam's bravery and heroism in the battle of Kappel, 1531, the Council of Zurich gave him gifts and conferred honors on him from time to time. Soon after the battle, they gave him twenty pounds. On March 10, 1533, they gave him civic rights and the Sennhof (Manor House and farm) at Kappel as a free fief for six years. Sennhof was given to him July 5, 1550. He was made deputy warden of Hausen and Hengst, 1561-1568, presumably with a salary. In appreciation for these gifts and honors, he reciprocated in 1562 by giving the council a whole ox. In 1562, he was granted a coat of arms. . . . "Adam died Nov. 6, 1571, and on this day three of his sons, 'Adam, Jacob and Joachim Naf of Vollenweid again received as free fief from the mayor and council of Zurich the Sennhof of Kappel cloister in place of their departed father, which he received in fief on account of his faithful service and integrity'. "In 1881 and 1931, the 350th and 400th anniversaries of the battle of Kappel, in which Zwingli died and Adam Naf heloped rescue the banner of Zurich, memorial services were held at Kappel for these two. The Naf or Naef families, descendants of Adam, have agreed to hold a memorial service at the Naf house at Kappel every fifty years; the next one, the 450th, is due in 1981. Other efforts to honor and memorialize Adam include the exhibition of his sword and sheath beside those of Zwingli in the Swiss National Museum at Zurich, maintaining the orginal Naf house at Kappel as a shrine for the family and the organization of a foundation (Naefenstiftung) to give financial aid for the education of poor Naef children."
Naff and Related Families, John W. Boitnott
Children of Adam Naf are:
+Heini Naf, b. 1529, Vollenweid, Zuerich, Switzerland, d. 1575, Sennhof Manor, Zurich, Switzerland.