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View Tree for Micajah WilliamsonMicajah Williamson (b. 28 July 1744, d. 12 December 1796)

Micajah Williamson (son of John Williamson and Susannah Perry Lowe) was born 28 July 1744 in James River, Buckingham County, VA, and died 12 December 1796 in Washington, Wilkes County, GA246. He married Sarah Gilliam on 25 February 1765 in albemarle County, VA, daughter of William Gilliam and Mary Jarrett.

 Includes NotesNotes for Micajah Williamson:
Micajah Williamson moved from Albemarle County, VA, to Wilkes County, GA, in either 1766 or 1767. A fire destroyed their home in western Georgia. The family found refuge in the mountains of North Carolina for a while. They then settled permanently in Wilkes County, GA.

He served as a lieutenant colonel under General Elijah Clarke in the South Carolina Regiment. Prior to the Revolutionary War, Micajah saw action against the Cherokee Indians at Nomencee. He protected the western frontier of Georgia. Micajah saw action at Alligator Creek, Kettle Creek, Musgrove's Mill, and Long Cane. All of these Revolutionary War battles occured in Georgia. Micajah also saw action at the Battle of King's Mountain in North Carolina.

On 30 June 1778, a force of 300 American cavalry commanded by Elijah Clarke participated in General Robert Howe's invasion of British Florida. The Americans attacked the British at Alligator Creek Bridge but were unable to penetrate the entrenchments near-by. In the entrenchment were 450 British regular soldiers and South Carolina Royalists. During this skirmish, Col. Clarke was wounded. The Americans withdrew and the British drew back to the St. Johns River.

The Battle of Kettle Creek was fought on 14 February 1779 on the border between Georgia and South Carolina. Georgia was almost entirely under British control. Colonel Boyd led 600 British Royalists across the Savannah River and into Elbert County. Col. Andrew Pickens of the REvolutionary forces had 200 militiamen from South Carolina along with Elijah Clarke's 140 militiamen from Georgia. The two combined forces and marched to meet the Royalists. The battle raged for over three hours before the Royalists fled. Colonel Boyd and 20 of his men were killed. 22 Royalists were captured. It is said that the Battle of Kettle Creek "was the severest check and chastisement the Tories ever received in South Carolina or Georgia."

The Battle for Musgrove's Mill was fought on 18 August 1780. Clarke skirmished with the Royalists there en route to Augusta.

The Battle of King's Mountain was fought on 7 October 1780. Following the surrender at Charleston in May 1780, the British had overrun South Carolina. Isaac Shelby put together a group of men from "over the mountain". The men climbed over the snow covered mountains and began to advance upon British Major Patrick Ferguson's men. Ferguson denounced the colonists as "backwater men ... a set of mongrels." He reached King's Mountain on 6 October where he camped. Some 400 South Carolinians, including Micajah Williamson, joined the "Over the Mountain Men" at Cowpens, SC, on 6 October. The men marched all night through pouring rain. It was noon when they arrived at King's Mountain. The Royalists were taken by surprise. Col. Ferguson was killed after an hour battle. The British surrendered. Over 225 Loyalists had been killed, 163 wounded, and 716 taken prisoner. The Colonists lost only 28 men.

The Battle of Cowpens was fought on 17 January 1781.

When the British forces occupied Augusta in 1780, Colonel Micajah Williamson was listed as one who was "obnoxious to the Crown." He was named a rebel general in the Revolutionary Army. Along with Elijah Clarke, Williamson was part of the victory of the patriots over the British at Augusta on 5 June 1781.

From Micajah and his wife Sarah came an extraordinary number of famous people. U.S. Supreme Court Justic John Archibald Campbell was the son of their daughter Mary. Another daughter, Susannah, was the grandmother of U.S. Supreme Court Justic Lucius Q.C. Lamar. A third daughter, Nancy, was married to John Clarke, Governor of Georgia. Micajah's son Peter was a Methodist preacher known as "the Marrying Preacher."

Micajah was one of the commissioners who authorized the establishment and construction of the Wilkes Academy in 1797. It was authorized in 1783 as the first public school chartered by the State of Georgia.

Sources: Linda Huggins, Frank Oliver Clark, Dave Williamson, Daughters of the American Revolution, Sons of the American Revolution, George S. Scheer, Loreen Thurman.


More About Micajah Williamson and Sarah Gilliam:
Marriage: 25 February 1765, albemarle County, VA.

Children of Micajah Williamson and Sarah Gilliam are:
  1. +William Washington Williamson, b. 14 October 1783, Georgia, d. 12 July 1864, Milledgeville, Baldwin County, GA.
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