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Descendants of Francis Wainwright




Generation No. 1


      1. Francis1 Wainwright was born Abt. 1616 in Chelmsford, Essex, England, and died May 19, 1692 in Salem, MA. He married (1) Philippa Sewall Abt. 1647, daughter of George Sewall and Sarah. He married (2) Hannah Abt. 1669.

Notes for Francis Wainwright:
Francis Wainwright was born in England about 1616. In 1630, he was living under apprenticeship with Alexander Knight, an innkeeper from Chelmsford England, and came with him to the colony in that year. Although he may have been the "Mr Wainwright" who purchased the estate of Robert Moulton in Charlestown in 1630, this seems unlikely, since he would have been a mere 14 and hardly worthy of the ranking of "Mr." More likely, he arrived with Mr. Knight and moved early to Ipswich to settle.

Francis fought under Captain Dennison in the Pequot war of 1637 and again in 1642 and 1645. On 31 May 1671 he was admitted as a Freeman, capable of voting and holding public office.

Francis died suddenly in Salem while on his way to Ipswich from Boston on 19 May 1692. He is buried at the Charter Street Burial ground in a large vault which was restored by the Salem Historical Society in1894. The inscription reads as follows:

"Here lyeth buried
ye body of
Francis Wainwright
Aged 76 years
deceased ye 19 of May 1699

Son
Francis Wainwright Jr

Tomb Located and Tablet Restored
1894"


The information on the tablet shows up some inconsistencies of the public records. The date of death comes form the entry in the Salem Vital Records. However, the will, probated at Suffolk County ------, and all other sources use this 1692 date. Also, there was no other Francis Wainwright of record other than the one who is buried at the Ipswich North Burying Ground. Darling suggests that this is actually Benjamin.

Francis' will, on file in the Suffolk County registry Vol. XIII p17, #1954, provides bequests for his wife, and for all his children except for Sarah Perkins, who was deceased at this time. He did leave a bequest for Sarah's son, Francis Perkins. Also
mentioned were his son John's two sons, Francis and John.

Hannah, his widow subsequently married Daniel Epes of Salem on 1 May 1693. She died 23 Nov 1722.

Alexander Knight, the man who brought Francis over from England, remained in Ipswich until his death in 1664. His old apprentice, Francis, was appointed one of the appraisers of his estate.

Francis Wainwright was one of the earliest settlers in Ipswich. His name appears in a list of residents as early as 1635. He later became a prominent merchant, dealing primarily in fish exports. In 1668 the town granted him, along with his son John leave to build 1 wharf along what is now East Street. In 1665 he is listed as having 1 1/2 shares in Plum Island (about 4 1/2 acres) On 27 Feb 1671 Francis purchased a large lot of land along the town dock. This land he gave to his son John "as he promised on his marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. Wm Norton, March 10 1674-5, the house sd John Occupies". On 24 Apr 1683 he purchased land in Haverhill, near what is now the Emerson House and passed this also to his son John.

********** Check out ownership of this land. This is said to be where Simon lived ******

In 1675 Francis Wainwright petitioned the town to permit the construction of a pew in the meeting house "six foot square or so much as amounts to it between the two seats and the stairs on the North side". This was the first such private pew erected in Ipswich and the
concept of erecting private pews for one's family against the walls, rather than in some central location in the meeting house became fashionable for the next century.

In April 1637, the Pequot Indians began raiding homesteads on the fringes of the colony, and young Francis was called to serve in the local militia. His bravery in that encounter was recounted by the Rev. Philip Vincent in his "True Relation of the Late Battle Fought in New England between the English and the Salvages" published in the
"Collections of the Massachusetts Society", 3rd Series, Vol. 5 PP. 40-41:

"A pretty sturdy youth of New Ipswich, going forth
somewhat rashly to pursue the savages, shot off his musket
after them till all his powder and shot were spent, which,
they perceiving, re-assaulted him, thinking with their
hatchets to have knocked him in the head; but he so bestirred
himself with the stock of his piece and after with the
barrel, when that was broken, that he brought two of their
heads to the Army. His own dessert, and the encouragement of
others, will not suffer him to be nameless. He is called
Francis Wainwright."

The Pequot war ended successfully in October of 1637. For his service, Francis was paid a Private's wage of 20 shillings per month.

For his bravery, in 1639, he was awarded a land grant in Ipswich of 8 acres. Several years later, in early September 1642, Francis again answered the call of the military to march north to put down another Indian insurrection, this time by Passaconaway, Sagamore of the Merrimac. For this short expedition he was paid 3 shillings. On 19 Dec 1645 Francis was again mobilized, this time to stand ready to march; an order never executed. It is not known if he was mobilized again in 1655 to respond to a gathering of several thousand Indians at Piscatagua (now Portsmouth NH), but this is likely, since he was named as a Corporal of Major Dennison's Company in 1664. In April 1676

Francis was credited for service in the Billerica Garrison during King Philips War.

In December 1686 Sir Edmond Andros arrived in Boston and promptly revoked the Charter of the Mass Bay Colony, and replaced it by a "Governors Council" appointed by Andros. He was sent by the King because of displeasure over the independent nature of the colony. The King was entertaining claims by Ferdinando Gorges and Robert Mason that their ancestors had obtained Royal Charters to settle land from the Little River in Salem north to the Kennebeck River which predated the Mass Bay Charter by six years, and the colonial officials had not been very cooperative with the Royal Commissioners sent to mediate the claims. Moreover, it was not forgotten that many members of the Cromwell government in England, which had overthrown the Monarchy in a bloody civil war and had itself been overthrown in a restoration of the Monarchy, had taken friendly refuge in the colony. As his first official act, and as a symbolic gesture to the residents of the colony,
Andros levied a penny per pound tax on every landholder in the colony. He ordered each town to appoint an agent to collect the taxes, and made provision for punishment of any town official who neglected the order.

This order greatly angered the people of the colony, who up until this time had controlled taxation through the General Court. Although most towns proceeded to implement the order, a few towns refused to comply. At a town meeting in Ipswich on 23 Aug 1687 it was voted:

"...Then considering that the sd act doth infringe their
liberty as free borne English Subjects of his Majestie by
interfearing with ye statutory Laws of the Land, by which it
is enacted, that no taxes shall be levied on ye subjects
without consent of an assembly chosen by ye Freeholders for
assessing the same.

"They do therefore vote, that they are not willing to
choose a Commissioner for such an end, without said
privileges."

Not only did the town vote to defy the Royal Governor, they also sent emissaries to the towns surrounding Ipswich to encourage similar votes. As a result, the towns of Topsfield, Salisbury ,and Rowley passed similar resolutions.

Andros lost no time in prosecuting the Town Officials. On 14 Sep 1686 his council began action immediately against the towns who refused to comply. Moreover, Andros immediately ordered the arrest of several residents and town officials of Ipswich for "...in a most factious & Seditious & Contemtuous manner then & there vote & agree that they were
not willing to nor would not choose Commissioner as by a Warrant". On 16 Sep the council ordered the immediate arrest of John Wise o Chebacco Parish, and William Howlett of Ipswich because they "...Did particularly excite stir up his Majesties subjects to refractoryness and disobedience".

Faced with the power of the crown (and its prison in Boston where they were held), virtually every dissident town official recanted and begged the pardon of the Andros government in sickeningly worded letters to the Council. Notable as an exception was John Wise. At his arraignment in closed session on 21 Sep 1686, Wise stood his ground and smartly answered the charges of the Council. Despite the private nature of the arraignment, the gist of the interrogation at the hands of the Council spread throughout Ipswich, apparently from Mr. Wise himself. The council forbade any to repeat the seditious words of Wise and threatened strong punishment for any who disobeyed. Francis Wainwright, at that time one of the most prominent citizens of Ipswich, was singled out by the council for violating this order, and was ordered to appear before them. A "humble" petition of apology sent by Francis to the Governor serves to show the terrified and submissive attitude of the Colonists to the tyrannical rule of Andros at this time:

The Humble Petition of Francis Wainwright

Humbly Showeth

Whereas your Petitioner hath considerably rehearsed and
repeated some words or expressions proceeding from Mr John
Wise which he declared to have passed from John West Esq. at
the time of said Wise his examination before your Excellency
and Council, upon his asserting the privilidges of
Englishmen according to Magna Charta, it was replyed to him
that we had no further privilege reserved saveing to be
exempted from being sold as slaves or to that effect.

Your petitioner is heartilly sorry that he should be
so imprudent and unadvised as to receive and repeat any
such report or expressions, not considering the evill
consequences or tendency thereof: being far from
designing any harm therein or causeing any comotion or
disturbance but would judge himself of folly and
rashness. And humbly prays your Excellency and Councils
favorable construction of his weakness & rashness
therin. And prays your forgiveness, hopeing it will
caution him to more care & circumspection for future.

And as in duty bound shall for ever pray


Francis Wainwright
Boston, 24 Sept 1687

John Wise submitted to the Council eventually, after a stay in the Stone Jail in Boston lasting into late October. He was tried, found guilty and sentenced with a heavy fine and a revocation of his right to preach.

Andros was overthrown by the colonists in May 1689 upon word from England of the impending removal of King James by Prince William of Orange. This was popularly known in Ipswich as "The Revolution of 1689".

Felt, in his "History of Ipswich" says of Francis Wainwright that by his diligence and sagacity in business he became a wealthy, useful and respected merchant. "His descendants have long been among the most noted people of our country.". And Davis writes,"For the next two generations, his descendants formed a remarkable family, noted for its wealth, its military spirit, and the extraordinary number of its college bred men". Sadly, two generations were about all that this prominent family would endure under the Wainwright name.


Notes for Philippa Sewall:
Philippa fell heir to her father's estate in England, and William Norton, an attorney, was retained on 23 Sep 1647 to receive property left her by her father in England through a will dated 28 Aug 1643.
     
Children of Francis Wainwright and Philippa Sewall are:
+ 2 i.   John2 Wainwright, born 1648 in Ipswich MA; died August 03, 1708.
+ 3 ii.   Sarah Wainwright, born Bef. 1649 in Ipswich MA; died February 03, 1687/88 in Ipswich MA.
+ 4 iii.   Mary Wainwright, born 1657 in Ipswich MA; died March 28, 1710 in Lynn.
+ 5 iv.   Martha Wainwright, born January 24, 1657/58.
+ 6 v.   Simon Wainwright, born November 20, 1660 in Ipswich MA; died August 29, 1708 in Haverhill, MA.
  7 vi.   Mehitable Wainwright, born December 04, 1662. She married John Attwater.
+ 8 vii.   Francis Wainwright, born August 25, 1664 in Ipswich MA; died August 03, 1711 in Ipswich MA.
  9 viii.   Benjamin Wainwright, born September 16, 1666 in Ipswich MA; died October 15, 1698 in Ipswich MA.
  More About Benjamin Wainwright:
Fact 1: May be buried next to his father in Salem

  10 ix.   Elizabeth Wainwright, born July 19, 1668. She married Jonothan Cogswell March 24, 1685/86.
  11 x.   Jacob Wainwright, born Unknown.
  Notes for Jacob Wainwright:
killed in an Indian ambush at "Bloody Brook", Northfield in the retreat from Deerfield on 18 Sep 1675, and is buried there. There is some question whether Jacob was actually a son of Francis. He is mentioned in the records of the Indian War as being variously from Ipswich and from Salem, but there is no other mention of him in Town records. Another soldier, William Wainwright, is also listed at the same time, as from Salem and Ipswich, but this name has never been associated with Francis.




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