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Descendants of Bollinger // Bolinger

5. BARBARA BOLLINGER /3 BOLINGER ("ISAAC" WILLIAM HENRY BOLLINGER /2, BOLLINGER //1) was born 1769 in Glenville, Codorus Creek, York Co., Pennsylvania, and died December 03, 1846 in Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee @ 77 years old. She married HENRY JAGER / HUNTER 1790 in Anderson, Pendleton District 96, South Carolina / Pickens Co., South Carolina, son of JOHANN HUNTER and BARBARA BOWMAN. He was born 1768 in Plum Run, Frederick Co., / Washington Co., Maryland, and died August 1823 in Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee @ 56 years old.

Notes for B
Over the years there has been much discussion about who is buried
in the graves directly behind the Davis Creek Baptist Church and where
Henry Hunter is buried. A consensus of Hunter descendants in the
community believe that Henry Hunter is buried directly behind the Church.
A grave site was mentioned in the court house records. it was their
original intention to put a graveyard there and about five graves are here.
The creek water rose and covered the area intended for a graveyard. When
this happened the graveyard site was moved further up the valley on
Hunter Road and on land owned by Henry Hunter. By the time Henry's
wife, Barbara, died in 1846, the new Hunter graveyard had been
established on higher ground.

More About B
Burial: December 05, 1846, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee @ Hunter Cemetery / behind the Davis Creek Church
Cemetery: (see notes) Barbara is buried at Hunter Cemetery which is located about one mile from the Church (Davis Creek Church), on land that belonged to Henry Hunter her husband and she is buried along with their oldest child, Joseph, and many of their descendants.
Children: 12
Immigration: Bet. 1770 - 1785, To America (USA) from Switzerland by Ship and to Ship Ports in Carolina and Pennsylvania.
Parents (Facts Pg): Daughter of "Isaac" William Henry Bollinger and "Mary" Maria Chatrina ?? - Bollinger - Ausmus.
Religion: November 02, 1798, Baptist (member of Davis Creek Baptist Church, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., ( Washington Co.,) TN. Mary & her sister Barbara Bollinger were admitted to the Church by letter. (from another Church of the same beliefs, Cherokee Creek Baptist Church).
Residence: 1790; living with her spouse on Weaver Creek, Pickens Co., South Carolina & 1794; returned to Cherokee Creek, Washington Co., Tennessee
Siblings: Mary Ann Bolinger and Frederick Bolinger

Notes for H
Captain Henry (Jager) Hunter (1768 - 1826)
son of John Hunter and Barbara Bowman.
Married 1790, Barbara Bollinger (1764 - 1844)
daughter of "Isaac" William Henry Bollinger and Maria Catherine ??...

Henry Hunter (Johann Jager / John Hunter, Heinrich Jager, Jr., Heinrich
Jager, Sr., Johann "Hanns" Jager), was the fourth generation of Swiss -
German immigrants that settled in America. Both Heini, Sr. and Heini, Jr.,
came to America with three year old John. Henry the fourth son of John and
Barbara (Bowman) Hunter was born in the year 1768/1769 on Plum Run
branch of the Conococheague Creek in Washington County, (then Frederick
County), Maryland. He was probably named from his grandfather, Heini Jager.

Henry lived as a child in Frederick County (now Washington County),
Maryland on Plum Run Creek Where he was born. He met and married
Barbara Bollinger, the daughter of Isaac and Catharina Bollinger. Shortly
thereafter, they moved to Pickens County, South Carolina. Joseph, Rachel and
Catherine were the three oldest children that were born in Pickens County, SC.

By 1794, Henry and Barbara were living in Washington County, Tennessee
on Cherokee Creek near his father. Two of their children, Henry and Jesse, were
born there. During this time Henry was involved in an election for the County
of Washington on the third Friday and Saturday of August 1786. Those involved
in the election were Henry Hunter, Fred Bolinger, and Jacob Hunter, his
Brother and Uncle.

By 1797, Henry came with five of his children into what later became
Claiborne County, Tennessee. They settled on Davis Creek where they lived
for about thirty years. His wife, Barbara, was admitted to the Davis Creek Church,
in Speedwell by letter from the Cherokee Baptist Church in Washington County,
Tennessee, on 2 November 1798. Seven of their children were born after they
settled on Davis Creek.

In 1799, Henry paid taxes on the land he owned in Claiborne County, Tennessee.
He purchased 415 acres of land in Claiborne County, Tennessee. The Hunter
property was part of the Henderson Land Grant, dated 8 January 1786, when
Claiborne was part of Hawkins County. The land was Lot D and E of the
Henderson Grant. This land, still known today as the "Henry Hunter Place",
includes the Davis Creek Baptist Church and the Hunter Cemetery where many
Hunter descendants are buried. The spot Henry chose to build his first log
cabin was on Davis Creek Road near the Church. Today a substantial two -
story white frame one hundred year old house stands on the original
homestead site on Davis Creek Road. A sign over the door reads
"built in 1898". One hundred years earlier in 1797/1798, Henry had built on
this site. The spot is known today as the Henry Hunter homesite.

This land is located at the foot of Cumberland Mountain, in Speedwell,
near the headwaters of Davis Creek that eventually empties into the Powell
River. Speedwell is a picturesque agricultural community hidden away
among forest and mountains. The entire area is referred to as Powell
Valley and can not be surpassed in natural beauty. A historical marker
near Cumberland Gap reads, "Stand at the Cumberland Gap and watch
the procession of civilization, marching single file --- the buffalo following
the trail to the salt springs, the Indian, the fur-trader and hunter, the
cattle raiser, the pioneer farmer --- and the frontier has passed by." This
is the frontier to which Henry Hunter brought his young family about
1796. The area is anything but a frontier today, sometimes reminding
one of a budding metropolis!

Claiborne County, Tennessee, as it now exists is located in the
Northeast part of Tennessee about sixty miles northeast of Knoxville.
Hancock County lies to the east, with the parent state North Carolina
farther beyond; on the north is Bell County, Kentucky; on the northeast
is Lee County, Virginia; on the south is Grainger and Union Counties;
and on the west is Campbell County. The county is in the midst of the
Appalachian chain of mountains, with the Powell Valley going right
through the center. This valley offered some of the first openings
to the white men threading their way through the wilderness.

Claiborne County was formed in 1801. Henry was appointed from
time to time for various duties in the county, having been appointed to
serve on the very first grand jury. The court in 1819 appointed a
number of jurors to form a panel for the next circuit court. Henry's
son, Joseph Hunter, was among that group. About two hundred years
later, Wade Hunter, a descendant of Henry, from Speedwell along with
16 others were elected to govern the county from specific civil districts.
Today, there are numerous descendants of the Hunter family living
in Claiborne County.

Numerous references in the minute books I and II of Claiborne County
attest to the fact that Henry and his sons and brothers contributed
substantially to the community. Examples include:
1801 - Henry Hunter was summoned as juror at next court of pleas and
quarterly session.
December 1801 - Henry Hunter was ordered to oversee the road.
December 5, 1805 -- Abraham and Henry were appointed to view the condition
of Tobitha Drake, who is said to be deprived of eyesight and afflicted with
other infirmities and report her condition to the next court.
December 07, 1805 - Motion of court required court to settle with Henry
Hunter as administrator of estate of James Dever.
March 1806 -- Ordered that Henry Hunter, Henry Ozmus, George Sharp,
Samuel Weaver, John Long, Henry Sharp, John Shropshire, David Cain,
and Martin Miller be a jury appointed to view and lay out a road the
nearest and best way from the mouth of the Cave Spring on Clinch River
to intersect the Powells Valley road at the Haw Branch or near the house
of Stephen Cawood, dec -;
June 1806 - reported on direction of road. In addition, there were many
land transactions by Henry Hunter and his sons.

As late as 14 February 1822, Henry was appointed as juror. It would
seem that Henry was not sick very long before he died in August of 1823.
It was not until August of 1826 that the county court of Claiborne County
assigned dower to Barbara after Henry's death in August 1823. Dower
means that part of a man's property that widow inherits for life. See the
document in this chapter giving Barbara rights of dower. Henry was a
substantial farmer and also a blacksmith, a trade he learned from
his father.

Henry died in Claiborne County, Tennessee about August 1823 at
fifty-six years of age. His father, John died in Washington County, Tennessee
that same year. Henry is buried on a knoll behind the Davis Creek Church.
There is no marker for his grave. His wife, Barbara, was born about 1769
near Glenville, York County, Pennsylvania, and died December 3rd, 1846,
at the age of seventy - seven. She is buried in the Hunter Cemetery along with
their oldest child, Joseph, and many of their descendants. The Cemetery
is located about one mile from the Church on land that belonged to Henry
Hunter. both the Cemetery and the Church are being used today. There
are several unmarked graves in this Cemetery. There are a few very old
crypt style burial sites.

In 1794, Henry, served as a private in Captain Morrison's Company of
Colonel Carter's Regiment in the militia of the "Territory South of the Ohio"
as Tennessee was called before becoming a state. Then on August 10, 1795,
he was called as a juror in Washington County and again in May 1796. In
May of 1796, he was appointed overseer of the road from Robertson's Mill
to Ezekiel Boren's. It was about this time, Henry moved to Claiborne County,
Tennessee where he settled on Davis Creek. When Claiborne County was
formed in 1801, he was designated to serve on the first grand jury convened
in the county.

During the War of 1812, Henry served two tours. One from October 12, 1813
to February 02, 1814, was a private in Captain William Hamilton's company of
Colonel William Lilliard's regiment. His second tour, from September 20, 1814
to May 03, 1815, was a Captain in the Regiment commanded by Colonel
William Johnson. During this tour his company was part of the force positioned
at Mobile, Alabama by General Andrew Jackson to intercept the British if they
tried to land at Mobile, thus ensuring the Battle of New Orleans.

Henry was one of those pioneers who answered the call to defend his
rights, home , and country in the War of 1812, as his father and uncles had
rallied to fight the British in the Revolutionary War. Henry was a captain
in the War of 1812 and helped win the great victory at New Orleans.
he served under Colonel William Johnson in the Regiment of East
Tennessee Militia. This was part of the force left by General Andrew
Jackson to prevent a British landing at Mobile, Alabama, prior to the
Battle of New Orleans." Claiborne County sent its men to fight in the
Battle of New Orleans, and they made gunpowder to fight the battles.
The following sketch was written by Robert Rogers, an native to
Speedwell, who was ninety - four years old in the 1980's:

"Gunpowder was made just a little ways from here. The
pattern was right down the branch that runs just below my house.
There was a mill race that brought the water from the Big Spring
above my house, and there was a little water wave. When I was a
little boy, the logs from the old building, part of the mill race, and
some of the water wave were still there. That's where the gun -
powder was made. They took a yoke of oxen, went to the Saltpeter
Cave in Kentucky, and brought the saltpeter over here. They
burned the charcoal, ground it on the waterwheel, and then mixed
the gunpowder. The gunpowder was made here that fought the
New Orleans in the War of 1812. The battle was fought twelve
days after the peace was declared. They took the gunpowder to
Powell River, made a raft, and drifted it down the river. From the
Powell it went to the Clinch, the Tennessee, the Ohio, the
Mississippi to New Orleans. It took about a week to get it there
from here. the powder was made right in this vicinity, but, there
was not a road here then. All things were hauled by wagon. A
small wagon road came in, crossed the branch, went through
the woods, and came out further up".

Upon the death of Henry, his son Joseph was appointed guardian
of his parent's minor children. Henry's wife, Barbara, lived several years
after the death of her husband. It is not clear why her son, Joseph, was
appointed guardian of her minor children. One could surmise upon reading
the Articles of Agreement listed below that perhaps she was not in good
health and needed considerable help in raising minor children. At any
rate, in addition to giving her son, Joseph, custody of her children,
several years after the death of Henry, on 27 April 1837, an agreement
was drawn up to give her help, support and protection. The agreement
that was attested to by three of her sons and a son-in-law reads as follows:

27 April 1837 - Articles of Agreement between Barbara
Hunter and Fred Bolinger. Chaney Lynch and F. B.
Hunter Witnesses to the agreement between Barbara
Bolinger and Fred Bolinger. They are personally
acquainted with fore said persons.

Article 1: Fred Bolinger binds himself to pay Barbara
Hunter $50.00 annually so long as she should live, in
good trade such as corn, coffee, sugar, cotton, flour,
pork, and such reasonable property as is necessary
for a woman in her situation to live on at a fair price.

Article 2: Said Bolinger is to have free privilege to the
farm so as to include what was laid off for her dower,
except the dwelling house.

Article 3: The said Bolinger is to find her reasonable
fire wood at her hand.

Article 4: The said Hunter is not to take any family in
the house with her or any person without consent of
Bollinger, is not to be controlled by any person what-
ever in anything concerning the farm or about the place
by him consent. In the true performance where of we
bind ourselves our heirs assign do in the final sum of
Signed: Frederick Bollinger, Barbara Hunter
Attest: Abraham Hunter, F.B. Hunter, Jesse Hunter,
Chaney Lynch.

The following litigation settling his estate gives us a list of Henry and
Barbara's twelve children:

In this court, judgment having been heretofore obtained
in favor of the plaintiff against the said FREDERICK
BOLLINGER, HENRY HUNTER deceased and against
the said JOSEPH HUNTER as the administrator of Henry
Hunter deceased for the amount of his debt, damage
and costs to be levied of the goods and chattels, rights,
and credits of the said FREDERICK BOLLINGER and of
the goods and chattels etc. of the said HENRY HUNTER
deceased, in the hands of the said administrator and
executor having been issues upon said judgement and
returned by the sheriff of the county of Claiborne, no
good and chattels of the said HENRY HUNTER to found
in the county, and also on property of the said FREDERICK
BOLLINGER to be found in the county and if being now
suggested to the court here that the real estate descended
of said deceased, to JOSEPH HUNTER, Rachel Hamilton,
formerly RACHEL HUNTER, Catherine Stinnett, formerly
Barbara Sharp formerly BARBARA HUNTER, Betsy Cain
once BETSY HUNTER, Polly Bolinger once POLLY HUNTER,
who have arrived at the age of twenty -one years, and
LYDIA HUNTER, TINA HUNTER, minors under the age of
twenty - one years, and etc. and further suggested to the
court here that the said Rachel Hamilton is intermarried with
William Hamilton, and said Catherine Stinnett with John
Stinnett, Barbara Sharp with Wm Sharp, Betsy Cain with
James Cain, Polly Bollinger with Frederick Bolinger, and it
being further to the court here suggested there is no
guardian appointed and qualified for the said minor heirs...
it is ordered by the court that Joseph Hunter be appointed

The litigation quoted above gives us the names of Henry and Barbara's
twelve children and their spouses, and it gives Joseph guardianship of his
parents minor children. Listed below are the children of Henry and Barbara.
Five of their children were born by 1707, the year they settled on Davis Creek
in what is now Claiborne County, Tennessee. Eight were born on Davis
Creek in Speedwell, Tennessee. Henry and Barbara were the parents of
two sets of twins: Joseph and Rachel and Elizabeth and Mary. Also, listed
below are some of their grandchildren moved away from Claiborne County
except Joseph and Malinda.


More About H
AKA (Facts Pg): Captain Henry Hunter
Burial: August 1823, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee @ Hunter Cemetery on a knoll behind the Davis Creek Church
Children: 12
Headstone: There is no marker for his grave.
Land Records: 1799, Settled in Davis Creek & paid taxes on the land he owned in Claiborne Co., TN, in 1799. He owned land on both sides of Davis Creek, Claiborne Co., TN (Claiborne Co., was originally Washington Co.), TN. He purchased 415 acres of land & added more to 500
Military service: Captain (***see notes) & fought during the War of 1812
Nationality: Swiss - German
Occupation: Farmer and Blacksmith
Parents (Facts Pg): Son of John Hunter and Barbara Bowman.
Residence: Henry's father had settled on Little Cherokee Creek in Washington Co., Tennessee in 1783. He had lived on Linville Creek in Rockingham Co., Virginia since 1773, when he moved there from the Conococheague Creek , Washington Co., Maryland.

More About H
Marriage: 1790, Anderson, Pendleton District 96, South Carolina / Pickens Co., South Carolina
Marriage Information: 1790 in Anderson, Pendleton District 96, South Carolina
Children of B
23. i.   JOSEPH (TWIN)4 HUNTER, b. March 15, 1791, Weaver Creek, Pickens Co., South Carolina; d. July 04, 1879, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee @ 88 years 3 months 19 days old.
  ii.   RACHEL (TWIN) HUNTER, b. March 15, 1791, Weaver Creek, Pickens Co., South Carolina; d. Lincoln Co., Tennessee; m. WILLIAM HAMILTON.
Residence: Lincoln County, Tennessee

  iii.   CATHERINE HUNTER, b. 1794, Weaver Creek, Pickens Co., South Carolina; d. Sevier Co., Arkansas; m. JOHN STINNETT; b. 1790, Pendleton Co., South Carolina.
Residence: Sevier County, Arkansas

  iv.   HENRY HUNTER, JR., b. 1795, Cherokee Creek, Washington Co., Tennessee; d. Knox Co., Kentucky; m. SARAH DAVIS, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. Knox Co., Kentucky.
  More About HENRY HUNTER, JR.:
Residence: Knox County, Kentucky

Marriage: Claiborne Co., Tennessee

24. v.   JESSE HUNTER, b. January 11, 1797, Cherokee Creek, Washington Co., Tennessee; d. June 28, 1856, Lafayette Co., Missouri.
25. vi.   BARBARA HUNTER, b. October 09, 1798, Davis Creek, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. August 26, 1838, Scottsville, Macoupin Co., Illinois @ 39 years old.
26. vii.   ELIZABETH "BETSY" (TWIN) HUNTER, b. June 18, 1802, Davis Creek, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. Hancock Co., Illinois.
27. viii.   MARY "POLLY" (TWIN) HUNTER, b. June 18, 1802, Davis Creek, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. July 03, 1866, Bowen Twp., Madison Co., Arkansas.
28. ix.   ABRAHAM "ABRAM" HUNTER, b. 1806, Davis Creek, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. 1888, Knox Co., Kentucky.
29. x.   FREDERICK BOLLINGER HUNTER, b. January 11, 1808, Davis Creek, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. July 20, 1888, Camden Co., Missouri.
30. xi.   MALINDA "LINDY" "LYDIA" HUNTER, b. February 04, 1810, Davis Creek, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. September 23, 1881, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee.
31. xii.   CHRISTINE "TINA" ANTONIA HUNTER, b. April 03, 1813, Davis Creek, Speedwell, Claiborne Co., Tennessee; d. October 15, 1896, Madison Co., Arkansas.

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