Notes for Jean de la Chaumette: Jean de la Chaumette, the Huguenot immigrant to America was born about 1664. He was a native of Rochechouart (often spelled "Rochouard" in early records), Province of Poitou. On the modern day map of France, Rochechouart appears as a community of 3952 inhabitants, located some 42 kilometers east of Saint Junien on the route leading through Chalus to Limoges at the junction of the Craine and Vayres Rivers. In the autumn of 1681, Jean de la Chaumette, who was about twenty-one years old tow of his brtohers, and the Pastor of the Reformed Church at Rochechouart, Clovis Palasy, fled their homeland and escaped to England. Jean, apparently, along the way or in England, married his first wife, whose name is unknown. They had no known children. There is no record for Jean de la Chaumette for the period September, 1681, until September, 1695, and considering he and Marc Hardouin were strong advocates of the Protestant Faith, there is the belief that both may have served together in the English army. It was about this time, that members of the Hardouin-Ardouin families escaped to England and Ireland. Certainly these two formed a long and lasting friendship that bound the two families together for generations. Their names appearing together in the records of Protestant settlements in England, Martinique and America. It is certainly possibly that Jean severed in the British Army under William of Orange, who became William III of England, along with Antoine Daniel de la Chaumette, who is listed as serving in a Huguenot regiment. King William led the British and the Protestants of Ulster to victory in Ireland at the Battle of the Boyne at Drogheda in 1690. On September 29,1695, Jean de la Chaumette, widower, married a widow, Elizabeth Bourgeois Bouvet, in the French Huguenot Church, which was located on Threadneedle St. in London, England. The children of this union were born between 1705 and 1714. The time frame between Jean and Elizabeth's marriage and their first child, may indicate to us that Jean served in the army for a time after their marriage. In 1708, Jean de la Chaumette and other well-to-do, French Huguenots sailed to the West Indies, where they remained for several years. After an epidemic struck and caused the death of Elizabeth, Jean with his three young sons, John II, Samuel and Daniel left Martinique, to seek his fortune on the mainland. Jean left the homestead he had purchased on Martinique, in the hands of his eldest son, Antoine. A tombstone inscription on Martinique, recorded by Stephen Oliver in his book Monumental Incriptions of French Martinique, relates the death of Elizabeth de la Chaumette. Jean de la Chaumette arrived in Isle of Wight to find that his brother, Arnoul, had been dead almost 20 years--and that land was pretty settled. Jean with his three sons, headed Westward to more hospitable land. In passing through Westmoreland Co., VA, he found Mark Hardouin, a Norman Emigrant, who owned an orginary, an inn or tavern, in Stafford Co., VA, near where Germantown trail crossed Elks Run. The Hardouins (also spelled Hardin) were well-to-do. It was through, Mark Hardin, in 1723, Jean bought some choice bottom land along Elk Run from the biggest landowner in the area, William Allen of Overwharton Parish in the County of Stafford. The deed is recorded in Stafford Co., VA, deed book. He bought 200 acres of land, which was an indication that John Shumate I, (as we will hereafter call him), was more than moderately wealthy.
More About Jean de la Chaumette and Elizabeth Bourgeois: Marriage: 1695
Children of Jean de la Chaumette and Elizabeth Bourgeois are:
+Daniel Shumate, b. 1712, Martinique, French West Indies, d. October 1784, Fauquier, VA.