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View Tree for Mary KittamaquundMary Kittamaquund (b. 1633, d. Bef. March 29, 1666)

Mary Kittamaquund (daughter of Chitomachen Kittamaquund and Mary Kittamaquund) was born 1633 in Piscataway, Maryland, and died Bef. March 29, 1666 in Stafford Couny, Virginia. She married Giles Brent on Abt. 1649 in St. Mary's County, Maryland.

 Includes NotesNotes for Mary Kittamaquund:
"Princes Mary Kitamaguund was mother of six children, all born in Virginia. Princess Kitamaguund was a Piscataway Indian, and the daughter of Chitomachen Kittamaquund, the 'Tayac of the Piscataway Indians', or the king, or the emporer and his wife. The Piscataway Tribe is an offshoot of the Algonguin Tribe. The Piscatoes (Piscataway Indians of Maryland) migrated in the 14th Century to what is now the state of Maryland. There were founded by Utterpoingassinen (Lord over all) thirteen generations before his descendent, Chitamachen (later Kittamaquund). The Princess' father, King Kittamaquund, was the First Catholic convert in Maryland. He was baptized 5 Jul 1639, along with his wife, daughter, and son, by Father Andrew White, Jesuit Priest, who came into the province on the Ark and the Dove in 1634.
Annual letter of 1640 of the Jesuits: "At the same time, the Queen, with an infant at the breast, and another of the principal men, whom he especially admitted to his Counsels, together with his little son, were regenerated in the baptism font. To the Emporer, who was called 'Chitimachen' (before Kittamaguund) was given the name Charles and to his wife Mary."("Narratives of Early Maryland' Clayton C. Hall (1633-1684); p. 131)

The Piscataways, so Father White wrote in his journal in 1634, refrained from liquors except the ones corrupted by white men's vices; they were tall and handsome, chaste, and the women sober and modest and a very gentle people. The settlers of early Maryland owe much of their success to the help and instructions received from this tribe. Soon after Princes Mary Kittamaquund was baptized, she became the ward of Margaret and Mary Brent, to be raised as an English lady. She had become a Christian and was well educated by the Brent sisters. About 1649, Princess Mary Kittamaquund, a child, became the bride of Giles Brent.("Prince William, The Story of First People and Its Places," p. 16) Giles Brent and his Indian Princess are said to have had many children, but Giles and Mary Kittamaquund's children: Mary, Giles Brent, Jr., Richard Brent, Katherine Brent, Henry Brent, and Margaret Brent. (from Colonial Families of the US). Princess Mary was still living 17 Apr 1654, when Giles Brent, prior to making a trip to England, conveyed the whole of his personal estate in both Virginia and Maryland to his sister, Mary Brent, in trust, to educate his children decently and Christianly, and to allow maintenance to Mary, the wife of said Brent.

It was not a happy marriage for the Indian Princess, as she sustained ill-treatment at the hands of Brent. Giles Brent, as her husband, claimed kingship of the Piscataways as well as his son and heir, Giles. Governor Bacon was using his subjects' claims as a pretense to involve the two colonies in war. "Wee have just cause to suspect (Bacon) intends to embroyle yr province in a warr and that he will make the pursuit of the Piscataway Indians his pretence to enter it and use youn Giles Brent and his vaine title to his mother's Crown & Scepter of the Piscataway (as his father used to phrase it) to sett on foot that Brutes Courage to head all the needy and desperate persons in these parts to our disquett.(Ref. Maryland Archives, Vol 15, Folio 124).

Carr reports that "sometime between May 8, 1644 and January 7, 1644/5(15)," Giles Brent married [Mary Kittimaquund], a little girl of 10 or 11 at the time...This event probably occurred before October, 1644, when Leonard Calvert returned from England, where he had gone in the spring of 1643 to confer with his brother, the Lord Baltimore. During Leonard Calvert's absence in England, Giles served as deputy Governor.


Giles Brent, brother of Margaret, had preceded his sister to the New World, originally landing at Jamestown, Virginia and then returned to England prior to his arrivial in St. Mary's County in 1638 with his brother Fulke and sisters. Earlier in his life he is referred to as Captain Giles Brent, and later as Col. Giles Brent. Like his sister Margaret, Giles Brent's "life in the colony was closely associated with that of Lord Baltimore's brother, Leonard Calvert, the resident governor." Upon arrival, Giles Brent immediately became a leader of the colony, but financially did not do as well as his sister. In fact, on Oct. 18, 1642. Giles Brent conveyed to Margaret Brent all lands, goods, debts, cattle, and servants for payment of 73 in English money he owes her, plus 40-60 he owes to his uncle Mr. Richard Reed, 14,000 pounds of tobacco he owes to Mr. William Blunt, 4,000 pounds of tobacco he owes to Mrs. Purfrey of Virginia, plus other smaller debts.

In 1642, Giles Brent turned over his 1000-acre Kent Fort Manor (all the land he had taken up) to his sister Margaret in return for payment of debts he owed: 73 English money owed her; 30 to 40 English money owed to his uncle Mr. Richard Reed; and some large tobacco debts in Virginia. Nevertheless, Carr reports, it is likely that Giles did not cease to manage the Kent Fort Manor so long as he lived in Maryland. As a councillor he needed to act and be seen as a manor lord.

Why Margaret Brent permitted such a marriage between her 11 year old ward and her brother 30 years Mary's senior is unknown; because Giles thereby acquired possible claims to the Piscataway property of Mary's father, in competition to Lord Baltimore's claim, the union was an irritant to Lord Baltimore in subsequent years. Carr notes "it is hard to believe that, if present, Leonard Calvert would have agreed to the marriage, given subsequent events. During the weeks after his return but before Ingle attacked, the court records show him in bitter conflict with Giles. Indeed, not long before Ingle's raid, the Governor ordered the St. Mary's County sheriff to "arrest the Body of Giles Brent Esq, and keepe him in safe custody in the house of John Cook in St Georges hundred, untill I shall call him to make answer to severall crimes agst the dignity & dominion of the right horle the Lord Proprietary of this Province." On the other hand, a few days later, Brent was sitting as a justice again. Perhaps Margaret Brent's decision was affected by her brother's ambitions. "A statement made forty years later by Leonard Calvert's cousin George Talbot hints at what these might have been. At a conference with William Penn in 1684 at what is now Newcastle, Delaware, Talbot was making the third Lord Baltimore's case for lands that he and William Penn both claimed. Talbot mentioned in passing "Capt Brent who in right of his wife the Piscataway Emperors daughter and only Child pretended a right to the most part of Maryland but could doe noe good on't after a great bustle about it." This comment suggests the origins of Lord Baltimore's wrath against the Brents. The comment may be hearsay based on reports of the Proprietor's fears more than actual actions of Giles or Margaret, but the considerable conflict between Leonard and Giles indicates the Calverts' distrust.

More About Mary Kittamaquund:
Record Change: December 06, 2003

More About Mary Kittamaquund and Giles Brent:
Marriage: Abt. 1649, St. Mary's County, Maryland.

Children of Mary Kittamaquund and Giles Brent are:
  1. +Katherine Brent, b. 1649, 'Peace Plantation', Stafford, Maryland, d. 1690, Calvert County, Maryland.
  2. +Brent, b. Bef. 1669, d. Aft. 1701.
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