Notes for Josiah Marcum: Josiah's grave is on Jennie's Creek in Wayne County, WV. He is buried 1 1/2 miles from the mouth of Jennie's Creek, off U.S. 52 northwest of Kermit, Wayne County, WV. His tombstone reads: JOSIAH MARCUM/DRUMMER/CAMPBELL'S/ VA. MIL. REV./ WAR.He was a drummer boy in the American Revolution. A song was written about him by Jessie Baker called "Young Josiah - The Drummer Lad".
While still a child Josiah moved to Prince Edward County, Va, where he grew up and entered the Continental Army where he served for eighteen months. The tax records agree with this. Josiah enlisted in early 1780. He was a drummer while marching, and a wagon driver when they were changing positions. He was also a gun smith and had just served out an apprenticeship as a gunmaker. No doubt, he was very valuable to the Army and the title of "Drummer Boy" was given to protect him. He was 21 years old when he enlisted during the Revolutionary War. Josiah stated that he was in the service only a short time. Before the defeat of the Army, under General Gates, at Camden, South Carolina, August 20, 1780 when so many brave lads died - about 2000 to the British 324. After Gates was replaced by General Nathaniel Green, he was in the River CAmpaign. They played "hit and run" through the Carolinas, harassing the Red Coats while they built the morale and strength of the army. The British chased the Americans all the way across the Carolinas and the Frontier Army made their stand before Guilfords Court House in March of 1781. He stated that after driving the baggage wagon through the foothills, the army held Cornwallis and his army off. Another victory, after King's Mountain, and the Red Coats headed North, towards Yorktown. He could not recall the date, but was discharged at Hillsborough Court House.
In the application for his pension, David Adkins said he saw Josiah at Hillsboro Court House. They were marching out to a place where a soldier was to be punished. David said he was Fifer and Josiah beat the drum. David also recalled seeing him after Gates' Defeat. He stated that on the way home after being discharged the apples were ripe and some people would not let them pick them up off the ground.
After his discharge, Josiah returned home to his wife and son in Washington County, VA. He was in Franklin Co., VA for some time and was also in Lee County doing gun work. He moved to Montgomery Co., VA in 1786, and from there in 1789 and no further record of his movements is found until he turns up on the Tug Fork of the Big Sandy River. According to the 1787 Census of VA (p. 448) Josiah Markham owned one black over 16, 2 horses or mules and 4 cows. It is thought that Eadie(McDonald) Marcum, his wife, died some time before Josiah left Montgomery Co., VA. Moses Dee Marcum, Jr. said that his grandfather, Jacob "Jingo Jake" Marcum had only three whole brothers and they were called the McDonald Marcums because of their McDonald's Scotch-Irish blood.
Josiah's other children probably belong to his second wife, Polly. D.R.Marcum, in his book, thinks she was a Chapman. The Canterburys came at the same time, and settled on Laurel Creek. When Josiah first came to the Tug Valley he settled on Laurel Creek.
From History of Lawrence County, pub.1991
Order Book 1Lawrence County Courthouse, p. 366 July 13, 1829
Josiah Marcum, an old Revolutionary soldier produced his declaration. resident of Lawrence County. Enlisted for 1 year on January 1780 in Virginia in company commanded by Captain Bowyer in Regiment commanded by Col. Campbell in Va. until the month of May 1781. (Served about 3 months over time of enlistment.) Was discharged in Caswell County, North Carolina. His occupation is gunsmith. Wife is Polly.
Pensioners Under the Act of June, 1832: Marcum, Josiah, private, Virginia Militia, February 14, 1834; Age 75.
I believe this is from the research of Donald R. Marcum, Rt. 1 Box 210, Crum, WV 25669:
Three Markhams came to VA from Ollerton, England after 1600. In 1607 there was a John Markham in the settlement of John Smith. In 1636 another John Markham arrived in Jamestown. In 1637 Thomas Markham arrived in Jamestown. In 1638 another Thomas Markham arrived at Jamestown. Thomas Markham was given a large land grant in Henrico County, West Moreland County and Chesterfield County, VA in 1636.
There were Markhams on both sides during the Revolutionary War which could account for the change in spelling of the name.
Thomas Markham moved from Chesterfield County in 1762. Josiah Marcum, his son, stated in his pension records that he was born in 1759 in Chesterfield County, VA and while still a child moved to Prince Edwards County, VA. When a young boy Josiah stated they moved to Bedford County, VA where he grew up and entered the Continental Army, where he served for 18 months. The tax records agree with this. Josiah enlisted in early 1780.
On Josiah's children - Harry Marcum of Ashland, KY (606-325-2610) who has researched this family believes that Joshua, Joseph and Josiah may be the same person.
More About Josiah Marcum: Burial: Unknown, Jennie's Creek, Crum, Wayne County, VA/WV.
More About Josiah Marcum and Eadie McDonald: Marriage: 1779